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Tea Displaces Beer
centive to the advocates of temperance.
It is surely a significant thing that the THE latest official statistics of the Brit
consumption of spirituous liquors should ish Government show a considerable
decrease in the face of a growing popudecrease in the use of spirits and beer,
lation. and a corresponding increase in the consumption of tea. There has been a decline of nearly 2,500,000 barrels of beer in the annual consumption of the United
How Submarines "See" Kingdom during the past six years. It would be impossible for the comalthough the population has increased mander of a submarine to see to direct during these years by 2,000,000.
the movements of his little eraft were it
During the fiscal year 1906 there were not for the periscope. This is an instruconsumed 33,504,000 barrels of beer, or ment which projects a few inches above 27.9 gallons per capita. The decline of
The decline of the water, and acts as a mechanical eye. about 11 per cent in consumption was in A mirror placed in the upper end of the England and Scotland, Ireland showing tube at an angle of 45° reflects the ima slight increase.
ages thrown on its surface downward to The use of spirits also showed a large a parallel mirror within the submarine. falling off ; the consumption fell from 1.1 This is the simplest type of periscope. gallons per capita to .9 gallon per annum. The French have improved upon this Measured by population, the decrease form. Two tubes instead of a single one was 15 per cent for home products, and are employed, one being fixed in the hull 29 per cent for foreign spirits.
of the boat, the other being arranged to It is only a reasonable deduction to slide up and down. Thus the latter, if it assume that tea is taking the place of be so desired, may be withdrawn combeer as a beverage, as the imports of tea pletely from sight. The movable for the first seven months of 1906
months of 1906 periscope also possesses the advantage amounted to 155,767,710 pounds, an in- of allowing the officer to scan the crease of 10,000,000 pounds above the surface of the waters in every direction same period of 1905. For the year ending by rotating the tube. Officers declare March 31, 1906, the amount of tea re- the images procured are as sharp and ceived from India alone was 217,297,452 clear as those obtained with a field-glass. pounds. All this should serve as an in- But the periscope may also betray as There is a story about Boyne River that an old man crippled with rheumatism accidentally fell into it one night. Up to that time he had been compelled to walk with crutches, but the next day he felt so much better that he threw away the crutches and has not needed them since. He told his neighbors of his experience, but they did not believe it until several of them went in bathing in the river and claimed that it also cured them of rheumatism. Since that time the people of Boyne village, which is located on the banks of the stream, have made a common practice of bathing in it frequently, and invalids have come to the place from elsewhere to get the benefit of its waters. The accompanying photograph shows some of the people bathing in the stream.
well as aid the submarine. It leaves a trail in its course. I However, in the Monument to Flame event that an exceptionally scientific or lucky shot might remove it, a second peri- MANY odd houses have been erected scope could very easily be substituted.
from time to time, but there is one in Chicago that was built thirty-five years
ago and it is probably the only one of Wonder-Working its kind in the world. When the city was Waters
swept by the great fire in 1871 that de"HERE are two little streams in the stroyed 17,000 buildings, a man by the United States which are believed by
name of Rettig conceived the idea of many people to have miraculous power's erecting a house from partially consumed for healing. One is known as Egg Har
relics of the fire, which could be had for bor Creek and is in New Jersey, while
the asking. This queer structure still the other is away up in Michigan, and
stands at No. 900 North Clark street. is called Boyne River. Winter and sum
Melted horseshoes, nails, crockery, etc., mer, people bathe and wade in the waters
went into its composition. It is one of of these streams, believing that they will
the few things left to recall the time of cure such diseases as rheumatism and
the great conflagration. fevers. It is a common thing for people to go into the water attired in their ordinary clothes, as some of them believe that they will be benefited more greatly by so doing. The discoverer of the beneficial properties of Egg Harbor Creek is an old man called Father Smith. He has been using its water for several years, and says that he is growing younger in consequence. Father Smith has built a little house on the banks of the creek, and here he lives with a number of people who are called his disciples -men and women who have heard of the creek and have come here to see if it
MONUMENT TO CHICAGO Fire, 1871 will cure them.
House built from debris of conflagration
millions of dollars have been expended in contracts for reclaiming the arid regions of the West. Plans are now on foot which will involve a further cost of $15,000,000. Ten thousand men are engaged under contractors in this work. The Reclamation Service itself employs directly 2,000 men-mechanics and unskilled laborers. Recently the organization was separated from the parent body, and it now has quarters of its own. The present membership is 400, consisting of engineers and assistants.
Heaps of Diamonds EAPS of diamonds, flashing and
burning beneath the artificial lights overhead and aggregating in value $215,000, is what the accompanying photograph represents. For this is a diamondcutter's table. The tools may be seen lying about. The little cup-shaped in
strument just back of the diamonds is the No ONE Was HURT.
glass through which the workman examines the gems. The stones in the cen
ter are cut; the little piles lying about Saved Through Freak
in a semi-circle are still awaiting the
adamant instruments of the workman. THIS is the photograph of a remark
able railroad accident. A freight engine running wild dashed into the rear
Built from One Tree coach of a passenger train. Instead of smashing the car to pieces or telescoping A LARGE Baptist Church that stands it into the next forward car, the loco- in the city of Santa Rosa, Cal., enmotive lifted the coach, filled with pas- joys the distinction of having been consengers at the time, upon itself. Strange- structed entirely from a single tree. Of ly enough not a single one of the pas- course, that includes the woodwork of sengers sustained any injury. This is the structure. The tree from which the one of the most singular and at the same timbers, lumber, and shingles were cut time most fortunate railroad disasters was a giant California redwood. A conknown.
Service FOUR years ago a
dozen men organized the
the Reclamation Service in connection with the Hydrographic Branch of the Geological Survey. The work accomplished since then has been of gigantic proportions. Twenty-five
siderable quantity of the lumber was left sandy soil, and rather on black shoes and over after the church building was com- clothes than on white ones. The natives pleted.
of Madagascar even suspend pieces of This building has a spire seventy feet black fabric from the ceilings of their high; an audience-room capable of seat- huts in order to attract the mosquitoes ing 300; a parlor capable of seating to it. He also found that light-colored eighty; a pastor's study fourteen by dogs were tormented less than dark coltwenty feet. a vestibule and toilet room. ored ones, and negroes more than EuThe building is thirty-five by eighty feet. ropeans. Similar observations were made There are not many buildings in the in India. country all the timber of which came from a single tree.
Strange Spotted Fever Mosquitoes Like Black “MEDICAL science has not yet pene
trated the secret of spotted fever," THE most rational way to wage war
says Doctor W. W. King, of the Public against larvae and eggs of mosquitoes, Health and Marine Hospital Service, which they deposit in swamps and stag- who has recently returned from several nant waters, is done by means of a thin months' study of the disease in the Bitter coating of kerosene. But the number of Root Valley of Montana, where he was bites from this sanguinary insect may sent by the Government. be greatly decreased by the use of light- “There are many baffling characteriscolored clothing, as it is stated by an emi- tics about spotted fever," said he. “In nent German scientist that the mosqui- the first place, the disease is only known toes are strongly infuenced in choosing in a few valleys of the West. It is extheir victims by the color of their clothes. ceedingly dangerous, but not even prevaAs far back as 1841 it was discovered lent where it occurs.
For instance, in that a loose fabric of white threads kept the Bitter Root Valley there were ten mosquitoes away much more effectively cases this year with eight deaths. than one of black threads. Joly observed “A peculiarity of the disease is that it in Madagascar that the insects prefer to appears only on the east side of the Bitter alight on black soil rather than on white Root Valley. People on the west slope
have never been affected. In other valleys in the mountains it may appear on the west side, but it is always. confined to one side.
Dr. King has brought back with him several guinea pigs and monkeys infected with the disease. These subjects are being experimented upon at the Hygiene Laboratory at Washington, and the hope is expressed that the germ of spotted fever may ultimately be discovered, and that it may be eradicated. Practically all the progress made thus far has been to deter
mine that spotted fever CHURCII BUILT
is a blood disease.
hurled earthward. It whizzes into the lower curve of the incline, is flung outward and upward. Then it plunges downward again to complete its revolution and crashes into the platform below. The timbers snap and the car strikes the ground amid the wreckage, the force of the iinpact broken.
It is hard to believe that a woman would
care to take such treMlle. D'Arcı LOOPING THE LOOP IN HER AUTOMOBILE,
mendous risks, and, yet
on one occasion, when The Dip of Death Mlle. D'Arci wanted a substitute she
found scores of women eager to take MLLE. YVONNE D'ARCI was the first woman, or indeed the first per- and the glory-all are incentives.
her place. The money, the excitement, son, to loop the loop in an automobile. The feat of looping the loop by a bicycle rider has become, relatively speaking, quite common. The somersault in mid The “Bride's Special" air with the auto is a "thriller” that is still something new for summer resorts NOTABLE genius has been displayed the automobile introduced a new prob- Scotia, in the building of a complete locolem: how to neutralize the tremendous motive of the same style as the ones in force of the fall that a heavy machine use on the Intercolonial Railroad, using necessarily must experience on striking for building material nothing but cookthe earth.
A Frenchman solved the riddle. Consulting his mathematics, he placed a collapsible platform where the machine would drop.. It was thirty feet from the end of the incline. His mathematics also told him that before the car reached the earth, its momentum would force it to turn a complete revolution. With a dummy of the same weight as a human figure, he pursued the problem and found that in nine cases out of ten, the car would finish its somersault before it struck the platform.
To break the tremendous force of the fall, the collapsible framework suggested itself and the apparatus for the act was complete.
Each day, at the appointed hour, Mlle. D'Arci steps into the automobile and is slowly hoisted skyward. Not until it reaches the extreme edge of the skeleton-. like incline does it pause. Of a sudden, the ropes are severed, and the car is Mlle. Yvonne D'Arci Starting On Her Perilous Trip.