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service during the days of earthquake and fire at San Francisco. This government station has a Postal Telegraph wire in connection and while every other Postal office as well as Western Union and every telephone wire was placed out of commission this one retained communication with Seattle and Portland for three days over an accidental cross in the wires. The Pacific fleet steaming northward from San Diego to Long Beach, were notified of the great catastrophe by wireless from this station. Plans for the landing of a force of bluejackets and marines and supplies of food and medicine were completed while the
ing utensils and small hardware. The builder's name is Stuart Wetmore. The total number of cooking utensils and other pieces used was 231. .
This interesting duplicate locomotive is 10 feet long, 5 feet 4 inches high and 3 feet wide. The boiler is formed of four number 9 round washboilers, with one galvanized wash tub for the flaring portion. The cab was formed out of four cake boxes, with a curved stove board for the roof. The eccentrics and working gear were represented by transom lifts and brass tubing of paris green sprayers.
The complete list of utensils and small hardware which went into this locomotive is as follows: Two stove boards, three waiters, two oil stove ovens, three coils hose, nine patty pans, one egg beater, one pint cup, two conductor elbows, one milk pan, one fruit press, seven milk skimmers, two creamers, two door stops, two dampers, two clamps, one A. B. C. plate, one carriage lamp, one covered pail, two transom lifts, two ox knobs, three bread boxes, two kettle coyers, twelve fuse tubes, twenty-five butter spades, three knobs, one lamp heater, three cake pans, four funnel tubes, two stair rods, one stove toaster, twelve stove lifters, seven dripping pans, eight creamer taps, four cake pans, nine pokers, one dish pan cover, eleven pipe collars, two brackets, two levels, two meat saws, one cake closet, fourteen lamp collars, one trivet, six pie plates, one lamp top, two jelly molds, three powder cans, four vegetable presses, two cake turners, ten chain links, four pot covers, two cage borders, two filters, two stove pipes, four table mats, four graters, four iron hoops, three axe
ships were still three hundred miles away. When the Chicago, flagship of the feet, arrived and took up anchorage off Fort Mason, where General Funston had established his headquarters, the burning city obtained direct telegraphic communication with the outside world by means of wireless to Yerba Buena and then to the East over the abovementioned Postal wire.
. GROUP OF CHINESE SOLDIERS. In addition to this great aid to the military commander and other tators' exit. For use in aisles where it government officials by placing them in is desired temporarily to have a seat, it touch with their heads at Washington, will be especially welcome to theatre great service was rendered by the Com managers. mandant of the Yerba Buena station in As shown in the drawing, an opening directing from there the movements of is made in the floor, corresponding in the fleet of naval tugs and tenders in size and shape to the folded chair. The giving succor to the stricken city. back, when released, falls forward upon
the seat. A rod supports the chair, which, as occasion may require, is low
ered to the floor by releasing a spring. Chinese “Chesty" THE Chinese are rapidly developing a
well-drilled and well-equipped modern army; and here is photographic evidence of this development. The Chinese soldier looks strikingly like his Jap cousin, and, in fact, is being trained by Jap officers, to a large extent. Because she is developing a new army, and knows that it is a good one, China has lately been threatening to drive Russia out of all Chinese territory.
There seems to be no reason why the Chinese, when properly drilled and officered, should not be classed as among the world's best soldiers. They are quick to learn, are obedient and possess patience and endurance.
Seat that Disappears A DISAPPEARING chair for use in A halls and theatres is designed by its inventor to safeguard large audiences. In case of panic, the chair may be folded and lowered instantly into the floor, thus affording ample floor space for the spec
DISAPPEARING THEATRE SEAT.
Automatic Signal Lead (Fig. 2), it is automatically detached
from its couplings; and, the strain on the MR. SJOSTRAND, a Swedish en
wire being removed, an efficient signal gineer, has invented an ingenious
is given by the clockwork included in the automatic signaling lead which affords a
apparatus on deck. Being now free from means of protecting a vessel from get
its couplings, the kite rises to the surface . ting aground when nearing the coast or
· of the water, and, after having been whilst in dangerous waters. This is
hauled in, is ready again to be thrown achieved by means of a "water-kite” fixed to a slender but substantial line in such a way as to remain always at a given depth with a given length of line, independently of the speed of the vessel. By. paying out a sufficient length of line, the kite may be made to touch at any depth. As soon as the water shoals to the depth at which the kite is set, the latter, touching the bottom, causes a signal to be given in an apparatus installed on deck.
As seen from Fig. 1, the kite is designed like a roof with its planes aslant against the motion of the vessel, so as to cut down into the water when the latter is moving. It thus sinks to the bottom in the same way that an air-kite rises in the air. The wire to which the kite is fastened is kept strained, taking the shape Fig. 2. When the LEAD STRIKES BOTTOM, A DEVICE IS of a bow. The bend of the curve is quite independent of the speed of the vessel, as the resistance of the water increases or into the water, after a slight adjustment decreases in the same proportion on each has been made. part of the line and kite irrespective of In dangerous or unknown water, or in any alteration in speed. The actual ver
foggy or misty weather, when approaching a coast, or in other difficult cases, the signal-lead will afford a certain knowledge of the minimum depth of the water throughout the ship's course. In fact when giving out as much of the line as corresponds to a certain depth of water, the lead will give a signal immediately the vessel gets into shallower water. The depth may be ascertained at any time by slowly giving out the line until the lead strikes bottom. And, finally, the lead may be used in connection with observations to be used for pricking charts, and
will prove useful in saving time and Fig. 1. SIGNALING LEAD CARRIED AT END OF CABLE. work, the signal being obtained as soon
as a certain depth is passed, without any tical depth at which the kite follows the slacking of speed. ship, accordingly, depends only on the The arrangement for signaling is a length of line which is paid out, being mechanism placed in a kind of cupboard independent of the speed; this depth is on deck, which acts as soon as the strain read off the apparatus placed on deck on the line is released by the uncoupling
As soon as the kite touches bottom of the kite. .
UNLOCKED, RELIEVING STRAIN ON CABLE, AND
Flying Machine Model
EFFECT. NOW that the Wright brothers have 1. Weight too far for
made a successful flying machine it ward or curvature of is natural that this new departure should wings too great with Darting attract the attention of a great many tail not slanted up downwards. unscientific people who are interested enough to counteract enough to try a few experiments of their these conditions. own. Not all, however, care to hurry life insurance along by testing mancarrying machines. Here is another line of endeavor for such.
Everybody has seen a bird soar and a few observers have spent a good deal of time and energy wondering how it is done. If they never tried to imitate they are probably still wondering, for mere watching the birds will never teach us to fly. A machine that will imitate the birds and give to a beginner his first lessons in flying is easily made out of inexpensive materials as shown in the sketch.
It is made of heavy drawing paper cut into the shape shown and braced with a thin piece of wood glued on top. The weight which is glued to the bottom of the model and which corresponds to the body of a bird may be made of any piece of wood or rubber shaped so as to present the least possible resisting surface to the action of the wind. The wings are curved as shown in the end view and the
a ! ? 3 4 6 8 10 12 tail should be bent slightly upwards. The
INCHES position of the tail, the curvature of the
Small FLYING Model. wings and the location of the weight will have to be altered in winds of different 2. The opposite of Darting speeds in order to make the model fiy at the conditions in l. upwards. its best.
To test one of these gliders it is best to 3. Weight too much begin by casting the model from the to one side or both sides Swerving to hand at a height of about six feet and of wings and tail not ad- one side. by comparing the action of the glider in justed evenly. each flight ascertain the correct adjustment of the wings, tail and weight. It may then be launched into the wind from
4. Weight too far
Fore and aft
back, or tail slanted up any height with the assurance that the
ation. resulting flights will well repay you for
too much. the time spent in making and testing it.
Much can be learned by watching the 5. Weight too far flights of this and similar models, and it back or wings slanted at is not long before the experimenter a dihedral angle when learns just what changes in the machine the type of machine Lateral are necessary to prcduce certain results. Used goes better with oscillation. To the beginner, however, the accom- them horizontal or with panying table of cause and effect may the tips slightly decome in handy in clearing up some of his pressed. • principal difficulties.
Cycles for Police and Soldiers
By Fritz Morris
VEVELOPMENT of the bi- volvers, which they are not supposed to
cycle-police idea has been use except in extreme emergency, yet steadily growing in many their service is competent and effective. of the big cities of the They ride the boulevards and greater world and American cities thoroughfares always in pairs, and traffic
have not been behindhand of all kinds is absolutely under their conin making use of the wheel as a help to trol. Motorists and cyclists have a their police departments. But the city of wholesome respect for them, for they Brussels has an organization, perfected carry speed indicators in their wheels within the past five years, which, in some and when an offender against speed-limit features at least, leads other municipali- regulations appears, they have only to ties along this line, and which in some follow him a short distance to secure respects is unique.
certain proof of his offense. Arrest, imThe bicycle police of Brussels ride mediate or subsequent, is sure to follow chainless wheels, carry neither swords and fitting penalty is exacted. The men nor clubs and are armed only with re- are carefully selected for their task upon
the streets, are experts in handling blockades and other street troubles and are under a system of telephone reports and calls which makes them quickly available at any point. The statement is made by observers of their work that two mounted men are worth ten foot-men. They are also used as messengers in all sorts of police duty.
During the last ten
years the Belgian army BELGIAN SHARPSHOOTING RIFLEMEN WITH THEIR FOLDING CYCLES, has made use of the bi