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trian advantages, as to see and hear various important things, which we are well convinced have escaped the eyes and ears of every other person, and which, till his mode of making discoveries is universally adopted, will, we fear, continue to remain unnoticed. As our readers will of course take the greatest interest in such of the scenes as are nearest home, we shall mention a few of Mr Stansbury's discoveries on the road from Canada to Boston. Before crossing the American boundary, he met with a sight, which we venture to say no other traveller, unless it be Mr Evans, has ever encountered besides himself. • We progressed* forward, upon the road side, with as much care and almost as slow as those men, who walk slack rope or wire, when we met a drove of two hundred oxen for the market of Montreal, slowly advancing. A gentleman in rich attire, the owner of the drove, who had given his horse to one of his men, and was picking his course along the opposite side, exclaimed over to us in a very piteous tone, Gentlemen, I am sorry
you. The talent of discovery seems to have been mutual, if we may judge from this gentleman drovier's salutation. The next proof of pedestrian advantages is the observation made of the general appearance of the American frontier at Vermont, contrasted with the Canadian.
In the latter, habitations, enclosures, the people themselves, and all their performances, low and humble; here mansions, walls, gigantic citizens, and mighty projects, rivalling the glory of the most enlightened ages and nations !'
After a pathetic description of the resounding sides of the Camel's Rump,' we are conducted by our adventurous tourist to Montpelier, the capital of Vermont. Here he had the good fortune to witness an extraordinary spectacle, viz : that of the shops all in commotion.' In what way the convulsion was produced, and what were its consequences to the persons who might have been in the shops at the moment, we are not informed. Nor was this the only remarkable phenomenon that fell within his notice, for he found four superb hotels in Montpelier, excessively crowded ; and made a discovery in the legislature of Vermont, then in session, which we are persuaded is without a parallel in any other legislative body in America, not excepting the congress of the United States. The members, he avers to be men of large limbs, tall, genteel, and notwithstanding some little peculiarity of dialect, which must be ascribed to their secluded situation among the mountains, very well versed in the art of oratory.' That this art, however, is not closely copnected with that of prophecy, is apparent from what our author adds, that he learned from a 'venerable member, that the bill respecting the judicial regulations of the community was under consideration, and that he guessed it would be passed by a large majority Here the member's gentility stood him but little in stead, and the most rustic legislator could not have come wider of the mark.
* We begin to regret having taken up the cudgels in a former number in favor of this ungainly word. M Stansbury here uses progressing forward,' in distinction from progressing backward.
The next discovery of our author is not positively novel, something like it being recorded, if we remember correctly, in the judicious miscellany of Mr Joseph Miller. We refer to the well known person, who had the good fortune to be able to exhibit a horse, with his tail where his head ought to be. Mr Stansbury encountered in his pedestrian journey in Vermont, a district where droves, not only of fine fat cattle, but of horses also, are continually streaming down the hills. If this should prove on further enquiry to be accurate, it may safely be said of the pastures of Vermont, where the horses and oxen are streaming down hill, that the cattle are where the brooks ought to be. Our author mentions another circumstance highly peculiar to these regions, that he felt an evident change of temperature in mounting alternately to the tops of these ridges, and returning again to the level of the bottoms of the valleys. He adds of the place he is describing, that the plain upon which it stands, is perfectly level, forming in this, we doubt not, a striking contrast with the surrounding hills. Our author's general impressions of the Vermontese character are highly favorable. He says, we are under no small obligations for the respectability of the American character to the assistance of the Green Mountain boys;' and most of the tavern floors, in his way through the country, were occupied by venerable citizens, discussing, at these convenient meeting places, the affairs of governors, states, and nations : a practice wbich must essentially aid these venerable boys, in their husbandry and households.
Our author makes brief mention of the college at Dartmouth, which he tells us occupies 'a perspicuous station. If it were as easy for others to realize, as our pedestrian author to make, his discoveries, we doubt not our brethren at Hanover would imitate the English universities, and set up a number of travel
ling fellowships at once. For he tells us that the funds of this institution are excellent, consisting in the awards of nearly two hundred students, and in the annual income of lands possessed in the northern part of this and the neighbouring state.' What these awards may be, we do not pretend to say; never having enjoyed the means of information furnished by travelling on foot. But if lands in the northern parts of New Hampshire and Vermont are 'excellent funds,' we desire to get a leaf out of the Dartmouth college book. We had imagined a property of this kind to be like the proposal which was made by one of the country parishes of New Hampshire, to raise their pastor's salary from $250 to $300 per annum. Spare me, my christian friends,' replied the worthy man; it is a weary burden to collect the $250 : I should be worn to death by trying to scramble logether the three hundred. Unless awards are exceeding poor stock, we should prefer them to the northernmost lands of New Hampshire or Vermont. Few single circumstances show the advantages of travelling on foot, more than our author's discoveries in the White Mountains. Dr Bigelow and Mr Francis Gray, having no modes of conveyance but horses and chaises, made them short of 7000 feet high. But Horace observes, with singular justice, to the disparagement of all but pedestrians that in vain navibus atque quadrigis petimus bene vivere ; and Mr Stansbury on foot confirms the remark, by his experience on these hills. "The white mountains, which lay in the north of New Hampshire, rise to the height of 10,000 feet perpendicular. We almost wonder here that Mr S. should have failed in his grammar in the word lay. We scarce ever saw an instance where the correct reading would have been more appropriate.
Our author on his way to Boston, having been belated on the road, and unable to reach an inn, accepts the friendly offer of a person of whom he inquired bis way, and entered 'a very large country mansion.' It was the abode of a plain har working farmer;' but by an effort of the same kind, which enabled a distinguished traveller in Spain to see wondrous things in the windmills and flocks of sheep, our author declares of the house of this plain hard working New Hampshire farmer, that wealth smiled on its exterior, while the apartments within gave tokens of superior magnificence.' Mr Stansbury, however, is only managing a pretty surprise for his readers; and this plain hard-working farmer is, in fact, a retired sea captain. Captain or farmer, he got the blind side of our author, who declares with enthusiasm that the evening fled in the most interesting manner; the jests went round; the mug of cider circulated, and the rosy apple brightened each laughing lip. This cider, however, had an effect on the worthy captain himself, at which our author only hints. Always jocular, the old gentleman became exceedingly so, and even permitted one of his men, who was standing, to sit down upon a wash basin instead of the chair, which he had silently removed.' The man was unquestionably highly pleased with the permission. The worthy captain seems to have taken the phrase of drowning care in the bowl somewhat literally; or was perhaps living his youth over again, and thought he was letting a green hand into a tub, on crossing the equator ; a mistake the less to be murmured at, as the mug of cider had circulated, and the ancient navigator appears to have been half seas over.
Our author, who, to all appearance, is a bit of a wag himself, declares, that he left this house with regret.' His agreeable entertainment in it was but an unfaithful augury of his company in the stage coach to Boston. Among them were two persons, whom he pronounces to have been, . in the mild signification of the term, Boston sharpers, and who commenced business by a boisterous colloquy about such smart men of their town, such and such sharp fellows of their neighborhood, and made many shrewd remarks concerning horse dealing, swapping, purchasing molasses, and vending clocks, wooden bowls, and pumpkin-pie dishes to the southward. We think we see the wicked smile of these rogues in making our poor pedestrian swallow all they chose to put themselves off for; and a high treat they must have had to see worthy Mr Stansbury entering them in his note-book, first as horse jockies, then West India supercargoes, then travelling pedlars, or rather all at once, without the good man's dreaming of the hoax. The Boston folks are sharp indeed ; rather too much so to blow themselves thus to Mr Stansbury. We have no doubt he expected every moment to see the dogs pull out a bag of wooden nutmegs.
Approaching nearer the ocean from Connecticut river, our author had the good fortune to find the land grow more fertile ; whence it is plain that the luck of making discoveries, which attends him on foot, does not desert him in the coach. His vehicle rolled speedily, he tells us, through Bedford, Nashford, and Tungsborough, each a splendid place, without one
small or ill looking house about it. This is travelling with a witness; and a very valuable annotation informs us that the New England currency is 6s. 8d. to a dollar; from which we are sorry to argue, that we have lived all our days with a set of sharpers, who have put the odd eight pence in their pockets, for every dollar they have exchanged for us.
But the glorious things which it was reserved for our author to disclose, crowd fast upon us. We passed,' saith he, through Dunstable, Chelmsford, Billerica, Burlington, and Woburn, without stopping more than ten minutes in each place. Burlington has become famous for its extensive theological institutions, which are brick buildings of extraordinary elegance as well as simplicity. This discovery of Mr Stansbury's at Burlington strikingly confirms a remark often made, that travellers will find out more of a place in a few moments, than inhabitants and neighbors in a long life. Struck with shame on reading this part of Mr Stansbury's valuable work, we immediately set off on foot to do penance with a fifteen miles walk, and make a pedestrian trip to Burlington. We did not allow the word pedestrian, however, nor our purpose of taking a walk, to betray us into a too literal accomplishment of that plan. Availing ourselves of one of those advantages, which Mr Stanbury declares to be peculiar to pedestrians, that of jumping into the first vehicle which we encountered, we craved a seat in the one horse chaise of our former academical associate and esteemed friend, the reverend Mr Sewall, of Burlington, not doubting that if there were a theological institution in his parish, he would certainly know the fact, and peradventure belong to the establishment. Our friend was not less surprised at the strain of our remarks, than we had been in reading the paragraph of Mr Stansbury's work. Too mild, however, to express a disparaging judgment, he half whispered with a significant smile, • fuit haud ignobilis Argis,' and bid us good morning.
Mr Stansbury put up at the Rising Sun in Boston, the only sign we are sure at all appropriate to the happy day, when he entered our walls. With a peculiar talent at getting over the ground, which his habit of walking probably conferred, he contrives to bring his observations on Boston, Charlestown, and Cambridge, within the compas of one day, and starts off the next morning for Newport. His conscience having smitten him for his intemperate indulgence in a seat in the Concord stage, he determined once more to adopt what he learnedly
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