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versions would afford more aid to the critic, if their texts were corrected by the readings of the best manuscript copies. Fragments only have been published of the Sahidic and Syriac of Jerusalem. Many Greek manuscripts, of no little value, have been but partially and negligently collated ; and the Florence library alone is said to contain no less than a thousand, which have never been examined. But this is probably of far less importance than it might, at first view, appear. By means of the manuscripts which have been already collated, together with the versions and quotations of the fathers, the several classes of authorities have become so established, as to leave to the exertions of future critics but little prospect of a change.

From the survey we have now taken of the vast and valuable accessions, which have been made to the stock of critical materials, by the labors of Mill, Wetstein, and Griesbach ; the advantages possessed by the modern critic for the emendation of the sacred text, it is obvious, must surpass, in an almost inestionable degree, the humble pretensions of the editors of the Received Text.

They copied, as we have seen, almost solely from the third edition of Stephens; a few variations of no authority being taken from Beza. Stephens closely followed the fifth edition of Erasmus; a very few places only, together with Apocalypse, being excepted, where he preferred the Complutensian edition. And Erasmus, who alone appears to have had any pretensions as a critical editor, being destitute of all aids for determining the genuine reading, prepared his text, as well as he could, from a very few modern manuscripts, by means of inaccurate editions of a few of the fathers, an interpolated vulgate, and his own conjecture.

But the labors of Mill, Wetstein, and Griesbach, in the collation of hundreds of manuscripts that have since been discovered, some of which have claims to as high an antiquity as the fifth century ; together with the eastern versions, made in the earliest ages of christianity; and the quotations from the New Testament in the writings of the fathers, have furnished a collection of various readings, amounting probably to more than one hundred thousand, by means of which an editor of the Greek Testament is enabled, at the present day, to give to the world a text, alike freed from the errors, which have arisen from the unavoidable mistakes of transcription, or intentional corruptions.

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ERRATA. p. 392, sixth line frora bottom, for course' read 'the course.'

401, last line read · Quiéēts and Tartlelum.'

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