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From the Southern Literary Journal. NATURAL HISTORY OF THE NEGRO RACE,

By Mr. J. H. GUENEBAULT. WE perceive that this work is about being issued from Mr. Dowling's press—the subject itself is of great importance. We attended a Lecture of Mr. Gue iebault, delivered before the Literary and Philosophical Society, on the subject, and were much pleased with the extent of knowledge and clear systematic illustration of it he displayed.

It is very questionable, whether the abolitionists, in their efforts for the ema acipation of the Negro race, are not attempting a thing, physically and morally impossible-if by emancipation be meant, enabling them to be republicans. For ourselves, we are free to confess, that we consider the ability of sustaining the republican representative form of government, the highest evidence which can be given by a people of intelligence and civilization. Other sources or evidences of refinement there may be, and certainly are, and many enjoyed by monarchies. But the true moral refinement—the elevating and ennobling the whole people in the moral scale, and giving full play to the capabilities and energies of the species-can only be brought about by the republican form-and this form of govern:nent has never been sustained, and scarcely imagined rightly, by any but the Caucasian or European race of men—the most beautiful as well as the most perfect of the races in their organization and moral traits. Of this republican liberty in government, we believe the black race absolutely incapable. They never have shewn any susceptibility—though one of the most ancient races known, from the earliest history to the present time. The fate of St. Domingo, now in barbarism and despotism, still more clearly proves it-and as they never have, we truly believe they never will, exhibit such capacity. It is not in the blood -they never were made for it! And those who seek to bring them to it are only attempting a physical and moral impossibility. The abolitionists are not only wicked, but foolish.

Whether their being individually free, but under a barbarous despotism, be for their benefit, is a question; and one far too doubtful to

authorise the stir which is now making about it in some quarters. We do believe it to be the only practical question, the physical condition —the cerebral developement of the Negro affords them—and this all the moral or political history of the race but more fully corroborates. We believe the patriarchal government, for such it is and a mild one, in spite of all that has been said to the contrary-we believe the patriarchal government to which they are subjected in the Southern parts of this Union—at least as good as any other they have ever shewn themselves as a race, susceptible of. We believe it better, and they are more happy under it than any which have come under our knowledge in ancient or modern history. We wish Mr. Guenebault success-his work will be interesting and its object useful.

Froin the Charleston Courier. MESSRS. EDITORS.-While so much activity and enterprise is displayed by our fellow-citizens in promoting every undertaking useful and honorable to the South, we would respectfully call the attention of your readers, to a prospectus lately issued by Mr. D. J. Dowling. Mr. J. H. GUENEBAULT proposes to publish on obtaining a sufficient number of subscribers, a concise and luminous History of the Negro Race. The work is a translation from the French of J. T. VIREY, a distihguished naturalist of France, who has devoted much attention to the scientific examination of the relations and analogies existing in ihe organization and structure of the animal creation. 1 he subject is even to the indifferent observer interesting, but to us highly impor ant, presenting itself in many points of view worthy a curious investigation. The author treats it with the calmness and impartiality of one, whose only object was the investigation of truth. He leads us to deduce from physical organization, from the undeviating testimony of history, and from the present experience of the world, the unfitness of the race for the momentous responsibility of self-govern

An extract from the work w::s re:d by Mr. J. H. GUENEBAULT, at one of the sittings of the Literary and Philosophical Socicty, and it was understood received the approbation of those who heard it. The translatio i isy Mr. GUENEBAULT, a gentleman well qualified, from his knowledge of both languages, to render the meaning of the original f ithfuily and perspicuously. We heartily recommend it to the patronage of our tellow citizens.


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Sold by J. P. Beile, W. H. Berrett, and S. Babcock & Co.;

New-York-Wiley & Long, C. & G.H. Carvill; Boston-
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Trann from 1.6.2
Nee, 302


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