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thereof, (as amended) may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this twenty-seventh day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and two, and of [SEAL]
the Independence of the United States the one hundred and twenty sixth.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT By the President: JOHN HAY
Secretary of State.
CHILE-ARGENTINE TREATY. a
Mr. Hutchinson to Mr. Ilay.
Santiago, September 22, 1902. Chile-Argentine treaty ratifications exchanged here 4 o'clock to-day. Government now fully turning attention to national improvements, railways, bridges, suppression drunkenness, and consideration of States with whom best to have commercial relations. Argentine commission under General Campos being enthusiastically entertained here now. General prosperity seems assured.
Mr. Hutchinson to Mr. Hay.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
Santiago, September 23, 1902. Sir: I have the honor to confirm my telegram of yesterday to the Department.
The exchange of ratifications was announced to the public by the firing of twenty-one guns from the Cerro Santa Lucia shortly after 4 o'clock.
The hour for the exchange had been originally announced for 3 o'clock, but this hour would have interfered with the breakfast tendered the Argentine commission by the Santiago municipality.
Those present at the ceremony were His Excellency President Riesco, the members of his cabinet, the subsecretary of the department of foreign relations, the Argentine minister and secretary of the Argentine legation, the former's private secretary, Gen. Luis Campos and other distinguished members of the Argentine commission, several Chilean generals, and also the intendente of Santiago.
After the ratifications were read by the Chilean subsecretary of foreign relations and the secretary of the Argentine legation, these secretaries affixed the seals respectively of the Chilean Government and of the ring worn by the Argentine minister to the minutes of the
a Printed, page 19.
• Printed, ante.
meeting, and then the minutes were signed in duplicate by the Argentine minister and the Chilean minister of foreign relations with a gold pen presented several years ago by the archbishop of Buenos Ayres to the archbishop of Santiago when the latter visited the Argentine capital to consecrate his present colleague. The pen was presented at a time when a pax multa or peace at any price policy was expected to prevail, and the newly consecrated archbishop expressed the hope that the respective treaties might be signed with that pen.
In conclusion, my telegram of yesterday's date is a pleasant end to those telegrams sent by Mr. Wilson last year, which gave grave cause for apprehension of war between these most southern sister States, stretching side by side for over 1,500 miles. The constant anticipation of a serious war was ever before them, and the treasuries gave to increasing the war ship and the regiment what is now so thankfully given to that national improvement which is only born of peace and the confidence in a prolonged peace.
The new proofs of this new Riescoan era of peace are the turning of the Congress to the serious consideration of the moral betterment of the country; such a consideration as only comes forcibly with the feeling of continued peace. I refer to the suppression of drunkenness, and to compulsory education; and, further, extensive improvements and additions to be made in the railway service of the country, and new and adequate bridges to be constructed over those rivers which have been a constant yearly danger to the public in the winter season.
The words of His Excellency President Riesco (copy and translation of which I inclose), spoken at the beautiful banquet given last night in the Palace of the Moneda in celebration of the exchange of ratifications and in honor of the Argentine commission, are words of noble import which will be respected the world over, and which I hope may often be solemnly but gladly reread by loyal Chileans as one of the brightest pages in their national history.
In concluding this dispatch confirming my telegram of yesterday I may include a word about the royal and brotherly manner in which the members of the Argentine commission have been received here.
The commission occupies a palace belonging to Señora Adela Perez de Balmaceda (the widow of a brother of the late President), taken and furnished by the Government expressly for this occasion. Its principal members are Gen. Luis M. Campos, Gen. José Garmendia, and Admiral Solier.
The commission, besides attending the banquet last evening, has had in its honor a military parade and tournament, three balls, and numerous banquets, etc. To-day the commission breakfasts at the country seat, near the city, of Señor José Arrieta, the minister of Uruguay and dean of the diplomatic corps.
The members of the commission, especially General Campos, have been much cheered by the public, when seen in parade, though the Chilean public, as a rule, is not naturally very effusive.
I have been invited to the banquet and ball to be given to a hundred guests by the Argentine minister, Señor José Antonio Terry.
Any further information concerning the visit of the Argentine commission which may prove to be interesting will be sent in a later dispatch. I have, etc.,
From El Mercurio, Santiago, Chile, September 23, 1902.
SPEECH OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC.
GENTLEMEN: I welcome the distinguished member of the commission which the Government of the Argentine Republic has designated to solemnize the exchange of the treaties of May.
I salute the Argentine plenipotentiary, Señor Terry, bearing testimony to his intelligent and exalted action in the negotiation of these treaties.
I salute also the representative of His Britannic Majesty, Mr. Lowther, who, serving with appropriate zeal the noble initiative of his Government, has cooperated in this work of peace.
To the President of the Argentine Republic, Lieutenant-Colonel Roca, I send expressions of sincere friendship. His love of peace, his firm purpose to maintain it and consolidate it, associate him in the highest degree with the happy event which we celebrate to-day.
It is a great honor to represent a nation, and a happiness to serve it in its exalted and generous aspirations. I therefore give thanks to Providence that I have been given this honor and this happiness.
The Argentine Republic and Chile, bound together by nature, bound themselves together in their infancy by the noble sentiments of their independence, and, united, they contributed to the liberty of our continent.
Chile and the Argentine, always jealous of their sovereignty and decorum, always respectful of the rights of others, have always removed the discords almost inherent to territorial demarkations, and both Republics have to-day sealed, with the support of a noble and powerful nation, treaties of peace which insure to them an era of loyal confraternity and profitable labor.
This happy era will be lasting, it will be continual, because it is the work of two free and prudent peoples, enlightened by the most vivid light of modern civilization.
I invite you, gentlemen, to associate yourselves with this triumph of civilization, and with the ardent wishes which I express for the happiness of the Argentine people and the Chilean people in this era of honorable peace.
RESTORATION OF SILVER BULLION SEIZED BY UNITED STATES
FORCES AT TIENTSIN.
Mr. Wu to Mr. Hay.
Washington, July 13, 1901. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY: In respectfully calling your attention to the inclosed newspaper clipping containing a dispatch, dated at Wasbington, June 26 last, to the effect that your Government has decided to return to China the $375,000 in silver bullion taken from the salt-tax yamen in Tientsin by American troops, I beg to inquire whether this money is still in China or in this country; whether the reported decision has actually been reached by your Government, and if it has been, how you propose to return the money,
If you desire to return the money through me, I should be pleased to place my services at your disposal and would undertake to see that the money is returned to the proper authorities in China. With renewed assurances, etc.,
THE UNITED STATES TO RETURN TO CHINA THE $375,000 IN SILVER BULLION TAKEN AT
WASHINGTON, June 26. The Government has decided to return to China the $375,000 in silver bullion taken from the salt-tax yamen in Tientsin by American troops. This bullion was deposited in a bank in China, and a check covering the amount sent to the Treasury Department in Washington. Under the terms of the settlement China is to pay the C'nited States $25,000,000 indemnity, and the authorities here regard it as unfair to keep the money seized as a military measure. When the peace negotiations have been concluded the Government will arrange to return the bullion. It may require the authority of Congress, however, to do this.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Wu.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, July 18, 1901. MY DEAR MR. Wu: In view of your personal letter of the 13th, I have made inquiry respecting the disposition of the $375,000 in silver bullion taken by the American troops from the yamen of the salt-tax
FR 1902, PT 1-9
commissioner in Tientsin. I learn that the bullion was converted into bills of exchange which have been turned over to the United States Treasury for collection at maturity, the proceeds to be subject to official check upon the approval of the President.
While there is every disposition to give favorable consideration to the question of returning the sum to China, the time and manner of so doing remain to be determined by the President. I am, etc.,
Mr. Wu to Mr. Ilay.
Washington, December 31, 1901. Sir: Referring to our conversation and personal correspondence in July last respecting the disposal of the $375,000 in silver bullion taken last year by the American troops from the yamen of the salt-tax commissioner in Tientsin, and understanding that there is every disposition on the part of your Government to give favorable consideration to the question of returning the sum to China, the time and manner of so doing to be determined by the President, I beg now to ask if your Government has yet come to a decision in the matter.
If a favorable decision is arrived at, and as the money is already in this country, and to simplify matters, I would venture to suggest that its return be made through this legation.
If this suggestion should be accepted, I shall be glad to give a proper receipt for the money returned on behalf of my Government. Accept, etc.,
Mr. Wu to Mr. Ilay.
Washington, January 13, 1992. Sir: Referring to my note to you, dated December 31 last, and my conversation with you regarding the disposition of the $375,000 in silver bullion taken from the yamen of the salt-tax commissioner at Tientsin in 1900, I have the honor to inform you that I have received a cablegram from the Imperial Government indicating its preference to have the above-mentioned money paid over to this legation, and authorizing me to receive the same on its behalf. Accept, etc.,
Mr. Wu to Mr. llay. No. 228.
Washington, January 24, 1902. Sir: I have the honor to inclose the formal receipt for the check for $376,300 which you were good enough to hand to me yesterday, this sum being the equivalent value of the silver bullion taken in 1900 by the United States troops from the yamen of the salt commissioner at Tientsin, China.