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“Third. That our sincere condolence be expressed on account of the loss of those Americans who met their death on the field of battle, at sea, and in the performance of their duties during the American intervention." With sentiments of the highest consideration, Very respectfully,

PELAYO GARCÍA, Speaker. A true copy: CARLOS DE ZALDO,

Secretary of State and Justice.

Mr. Adee to Señor Quesada. No. 12.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, August 2, 1902. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of June 17 last, in which you inclose a certified copy of the resolutions passed unanimously by the Cuban House of Representatives on May 21 last, thanking the Government and people of the United States for their intervention in behalf of Cuba.

Copies of the resolutions have been communicated to the President and to the Secretaries of War and the Navy, and I have the honor to assure you that they have been received by this Government with sincere appreciation. Accept, etc.,

ALVEY A. ADEE,

Acting Secretary.

ANNOUNCEMENT OF ESTABLISHMENT OF CUBAN REPUBLIC.

Mr. Squiers to Mr. Hay. No. 23.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, June 16, 1902. Sir: I have the honor to inclose copy of a communication, with translation, sent by the President of the Republic of Cuba to the King of Spain, and also to heads of other Governments. I have, etc.,

H. G. SQUIERS.

[Inclosure.— Translation.] Tomás Estrada Palma, President of the Republic of Cuba, to His Majesty Alfonso XIII,

King of Spain. GREAT AND Good Friend: I have the distinguished honor to inform Your Majesty that on the 20th of the present month, at 12 o'clock noon, the Republic of Cuba was established, inasmuch as the military occupation of the United States of America ceased on that date, and that I have assumed the duties of Chief Executive, as empowered by the Cuban constitution.

In communicating to Your Majesty such a happy event for this country, I take pleasure in informing you, in the name of the Cuban people, of the unalterable wishes of their present Government to maintain the warmest and most cordial relations of friendship with all nations and especially with the Government and people of Spain.

I express the best wishes for the personal welfare of Your Majesty and the prosperity of the Spanish nation. Your good friend,

T. ESTRADA PALMA. Given at the executive mansion the 26th day of May, 1902.

CARLOS DE ZALDO,

Secretary of Justice.

COURTESIES OF CUBAN GOVERNMENT ON OCCASION OF ANNI.

VERSARY OF INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES.

President Palma to President Roosevelt.

[Telegram.—Translation.]

HABANA, July 4, 1902. On this memorable date for the American people I send my greetings to Your Excellency, and make wishes for the prosperity of your great nation.

T. ESTRADA PALMA,

President of the Republic.

Mr. Squiers to Mr. Ilay.

[Telegram.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, July 4, 1902. President Palma writes that he shares with the people of the United States the happiness they enjoy in celebrating this holiday, the anniversary of the Independence of the thirteen English colonies, which, by the blessing of democratic institutions and love of liberty, have reached the highest stand as one of the most powerful nations in the world, and heartily wishes that the American people may enjoy forever the greatest prosperity and happiness.

SQUIERS.

Mr. Hay to Mr. Squiers.

[Telegram.-Paraphrase.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, July 5, 1902. (Mr. Hay states that President Palma's message of congratulation by reason of the national anniversary of the Independence of the United States is received with much gratification by this Government.)

Mr. Squiers to Mr. Tlay. No. 59.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, July 7, 1902. SIR: I have the honor to confirm your telegram of the 5th instant referring to President Palma's message of congratulation by reason of the national anniversary of the Independence of the United States, and also to inclose a copy of my note to the foreign office conveying your cable acknowledgment. I have, etc.,

H. G. SQUIERS.

[Inclosure.]

Mr. Squiers to Mr. Zaldo.

F. 0. No. 26.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, July 7, 1902. YOUR EXCELLENCY: I have the honor to inform your excellency, with the request that the matter be brought to the notice of the President, that I am just in receipt of a cable instruction from my Government advising me that President Palma's mes. sage of congratulation by reason of the national anniversary of the Independence of the United States was received with much gratification. I avail, etc.,

H. G. SQUIERS.

Mr. Squiers to Mr. Hay. No. 60.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, July 7, 1902. Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith, with translation and copy

of my acknowledgment, copy of a note received from the foreign office advising me of the adjournment of the Cuban house of representatives in honor of our Independence Day, and beg to suggest that I may be instructed to make some due and proper acknowledgment in the name of my Government. I have, etc.,

H. G. SQUIERS.

[Inclosure 1.--Translation.]

Señor de Zaldo to Mr. Squiers.

No. 86.]
REPUBLIC OF CUBA, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE,

Habana, July 4, 1902. MR. MINISTER: The President of the Republic directs me to communicate to your excellency the following note addressed to him this day by the president of the house of representatives: “This house, in its session of to-day, resolved as follows:

"Considering that to-day, the 4th of July, the United States celebrate the glorious anniversary of their Independence, and that the great American nation contributed in an efficacious way to the constitution of Cuban nationality, it is resolved as a homage of gratitude, affection, and admiration for the noble country of Washington that the house rise and adjourn for the day, and that such resolution be communicated to the Government of the United States.'

“Which I have the honor to communicate to you for your information and that you may inform the Government of the United States."

I beg your excellency to please acquaint your Government with the foregoing resolution. I avail, etc.,

Carlos De Zaldo, Secretary.

[Inclosure 2.)

Mr. Squiers to Señor de Zaldo.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Habana, July 7, 1902. YOUR EXCELLENCY: In acknowledging receipt of your excellency's note of the 4th instant communicating the resolution of the house of representatives adjourning the session on that day in honor of the anniversary of our national Independence, I beg to request that you will convey to the proper quarter my personal thanks and appreciation of the honor and courtesy shown my country, with the assurances of the pleasure that it will afford me to advise my Government of this special act and evidence of friendship and good feeling entertained for the United States by the representatives in congress of the Cuban people. I have, eti.,

H. G. SQUIERS.

Mr. Hay to Mr. Squiers. No. 43.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, July 15, 1902. SIR: In reply to your No. 60 of the 7th instant, I have to say that you may convey to the Cuban Government an appropriate expression of this Government's appreciation of the action of the Cuban house of representatives in adjourning in honor of the Fourth of July. I am, etc.,

JOHN HAY.

PROTECTION OF CUBAN INTERESTS BY UNITED STATES

CONSULAR OFFICIALS. a

Señor de Zaldo, Cuban secretary of state, to Mr. Hay.
[Telegram-Translation.]

HABANA, May 22, 1902. The President of the Republic charges me to convey through you to the President of the United States his desire that the American consuls accredited to the several countries may continue to represent the interests of the Republic of Cuba, and of its citizens, until Cuban consuls shall have been appointed, and to ask of the President of the United States that he may see fit to comply with this desire and issue appropriate instructions to the consuls.

CARLOS DE ZALDO,

Secretary of State.

Mr. Hay to Señor Zaldo.

[Telegram.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 24, 1902. I have received your telegram of the 22d of May. The President directs me to say that it will give him great gleasure to comply with the request of the President of the Republic of Cuba, and the appropriate orders will go at once to all our embassies, legations, and consulates.

JOHN HAY.

Señor Quesada to Mr. Hay.

[Translation.) No. 8.]

LEGATION OF CUBA,

Washington, June 28, 1902. EXCELLENCY: In compliance with instructions of my Government I have the honor to request that your excellency will have the goodness

a See index for same subject under various other countries.

to inform me of the purport and scope of the authority given by the United States Government to its diplomatic and consular officers for the temporary protection of Cuban interests abroad. Accept, etc.,

GONZALO DE QUESADA.

Mr. Hay to Señor Quesada.

No. 10.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, July 16, 1902. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 28th ultimo, in which, under the instructions of your department, you ask to be informed of the purport and scope of the authority given by the United States Government to its consular officers for the temporary protection of Cuban interests abroad.

I have the honor to say in reply that the Department is preparing instructions which will be communicated to you.

In general it may be said that the authorization given to the consuls does not empower them to act as agents of Cuba under the instructions of the Cuban Government, but to use good offices, as intermediaries, in all matters affecting Cuban citizens, reporting to this Department, which in turn communicates with the Cuban Government. Any requests of the Cuban Government for consular action on behalf of Cuban interests, upon being addressed to this Department, will be communicated to the respective United States consuls for appropriate action. Accept, etc.,

JOHN HAY.

Señor Quesada to Mr. Adee.

[Translation. 1

LEGATION OF CUBA,

Washington, August 12, 1902. SIR: Dr. Ramon Neyra, a Cuban citizen, writes me from Panama to deplore the helpless condition of our fellow-citizens residing in the United States of Colombia, and the great peril to which they are exposed by reason of the state of war existing in that country.

By your valued note No. 10, dated July 16 last, I was informed that your Department was preparing instructions for the consuls of the United States, and that those instructions would be communicated to me; but that, in a general way, the authority given to the consular corps of your country for the temporary protection of Cuban interests abroad did not empower them to act as agents of Cuba, subject to instructions from the Cuban Government, but to use their good offices as intermediaries in all matters affecting Cuban citizens, and to report to your Department, which, in turn, would communicate with the Cuban Government; and that it was added) any request from the Cuban Government would be transmitted to the proper consul of the United States for appropriate action.

Without any knowledge of the text of the instructions referred to in the said note No. 10, the note itself affords me sufficient ground to

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