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1902. Mr. Hay to Mr. Hardy May 19 Passport application of Bertha Knopí. Sustains

refusal to issue, as reported in dispatch No. 55,!

May 2. Same to same

May 20 Passport application of William Strahlheim,

Reviews circumstances and authorizes io grant. Mr. Hardy to Mr. Hay (tele- | May 28 Protection of Cuban interests by United States gram).

consular officials. Reports consent of Swiss

Government. Same to same

Same subject. Confirms above telegram and in

closes note from foreign office. Memorandum from Swiss May 29 Protection of Robert Beck, a Swiss citizen, by legation.

United States officials in Colombia. Recites grievances of Beck resulting from seizure by Colombian Government of mules and other property, and asks that proper steps for redress

be taken by United States legation. Memorandum to Swiss June 10 Same subject. States that United States minister legation.

reports that everything possible was done by
hiin in the matter and onlls attention to the fact

that good offices only can be used. Mr. Hardy to Mr. Hay.

Referendum and initiative. Exhaustive report

on. Same to same

June 13 Passport application of Meta Schwarz, born in

Germany and residing without the United
States at the time of her father's naturalization,

submits for instructions. Mr. Hay to Mr. Hardy.. July

2 Referendum and initiative. Commends care

shown in preparation of report on, Same to same

July 15 Passport application of Meta Schwarz. Makes

distinction between meaning of "dwelling

and “residing" in the United States, Mr. Hardy to Mr. Hay..

Execution in Switzerland of judgment of a Vas.

sachusetts court. Reports that Swiss authori. ties will grant if the United States will guaran

tee reciprocal action in similar cases. Same to same........

Sept. 1 Passport application of Bernhard Kaufmann.

Reports grounds of refusal to issue.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Hardy..... Sept. 8 Execution in Switzerland of judgment of a Mas-

sachusetts court. States that assurance of reci
procity can not be given. Cites opinion
of supreme court of Massachusetts in a similar

case. Same to same

Sept. 17

Passport application of Bernhard Kaufmann,

Approves refusal to issue.

63

40

41

70

Aug. 22

72

46

978

TURKEY

73

75

1000

79

1004

1901. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Sept. 5 Abduction by brigands of Miss Ellen M. Stone, (telegram).

an American missionary, reported. Same to same

Sept. 13

Same subject. Reports in detail, and incloses

correspondence. Same to same

Sept. 20

Same subject. Reports that no word has been

received from Miss Stone. Same to same (telegram) ... Sept. 23 Same subject. Reports probability that brigands

are Bulgarians, and states that he has advised United States consul-general at Constantinople to proceed to Sofia and take maller up with

Bulgarian Government. Same to same

Sept, 24

Same subject. Reports on line of above tele

gram and incloses correspondence. Mr. Eddy to Mr. Hay (tele- Sept. 28 Same subject. Reports receipt of a letter from gram).

Miss Stone stating that ransom 01 25,000 Turkish

pounds is demanded for her release. Mr. Hill to Mr. Eddy (tele- l....do ... Same subject. States that Consul-General Dick. gram).

inson has been instructed as to conduct of
matter in its Bulgarian aspects, and directs
legation to do all in its power with the Turkish

Government.
Mr. Eddy to Mr. Ilay.. Oct. 2 Same subject. Incloses letter from Miss Stone

89

and reviews situation. Mr. Adee to Mr. Eddy (tele. Oct. 3 Same subject. Directs to invoke good offices of gram).

Russian ambassador, or any other foreign mun

ister who may be able to render assistance. Same to same (telegram)...' Oct. 4 Same subject. Instructs to impress upon Turkish

Government the extreme gravity of the affair,
and to request aid of that Government in se

curing Miss Stone's release. Same to same (telegram).

Same subject and tenor...

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1901. Mr. Eddy to Mr. Adee Oct. 5 Same subject. Reports attitude of Turkish Goy. 1007 (telegram).

ernment and efforts toward release of

Stone. Same to same (telegram) do Same subject. Reports action of various foreign 1008

ministers. Mr. Adee to Mr. Eddy .do... Same subject. States that missionary board, nor 1008 (telegram).

United States, will pay ransom; that friends of

Miss Stone are enden voring to raise money. Same to same (telegram)

... Same subject. Instructs to say that United States 1008

expects Miss Stone's deliverance will be

brought about by Turkish Government. Same to same (telegram).. Oct. Same subject. States that mission board re- 1008

ports that ransom will be raised, and expresses
appreciation of efforts of legation and foreign

ministers. Mr. Eddy to Mr. Hay (tele- Oct. 7 Same subject. Reports progress of efforts of 1009 gram).

Turkish Government and foreign ambassadors, Mr. Adee to Mr. Eddy Oct. Same subject. Directs not to relax efforts for 1009 (telegram).

Miss Stone's release. Mr. Eddy to Mr. Adee Oct. Same subject. Reports action at Sofia of Consul- 1009 (telegram).

General Dickinson, which he fears may prove

dangerous to Miss Stone's safety. Same to same (telegram) Oct. 11 Same subject. Reports that plan of Consul. 1010

General Dickinson has failed, and advises 1

negotiations for payment of ransom. Jr. Adee to Mr. Eddy .....do... Same subject. Instructs in regard to representa- 1010 (telegram).

tions to be made to Turkish Government. I same to rame (telegram). Oct. 12 Same subject. States that money raised amounts 1011

to $56.000. Mr. Hay to Mr. Eddy (tele. Oct. 16 Same subject. States that total amount raised 1011 gram).

is $64,000. Mr. Adee to Mr. Eddy (tel. ' Oct. 23 Same subject. States that total amount raised 1011 egram).

is $66,000. 11. Mr. Eddy to Mr. Hay....... Dec. Same subject. Incloses an account of manner in 1011

which Colo Singe's ransom was paid and his
release by Greek brigands effected some twen-

ty-five years ago. Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 12 Same subject. Reports that he intends to make 1013

another effort to effect Miss Stone's release for

$66,000. 116 Same to same..

Dec. 13 Same subject. Confirms above telegrams with 1013

details. 117. Same to same..

Dec. 15 Same subject. Incloses and discusses memoran- 1015

dum of Dr. Washburn. Samne to same (telegram)... Dec. 26 Same subject. Reports favorable news from party 1017

sent to effect rescue.

1902. 1.1 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Jan. 9 Passport application of Assadur H. Kludjian. Re- 1023

ports grounds of refusal, and incloses corre

spondence. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman.. Jan. 11 Abduction by brigands of Miss Ellen M. Stone, 1017

an American missionary. States that Depart-
ment has not at its disposal any greater sum
than that previously advised of, and would not

advise the raising of more. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Jan. 19 Same subject. Reports resumption and progress 1018 (telegram).

of negotiations with brigands. 128 Same to same.

Jan. 20 Same subject. Reports that arrangements con- 1018

cluded with brigands by the commission have
been approved as the best obtainable, and
reports dispositions made for the forwarding of

ransom. Incloses correspondence. danie to same (telegram)... Jan. 28 Same subject. Reports temporary interruption 1020

of negotiations. Same to same (telegram) Feb. 3 Same subject. Reports resumption of negotia- 1020

tions. low Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman.. Feb. 10 Passport application of Assadur H. Kludjian. 1024

Discusses question,and approves refusal to issue. Mr Leishman to Mr Hay Feb. 12 : Abduction by brigands of Miss Ellen M. Stone, 1021 (telegram).

an American missionary. Reports payment of

ransom. Same to same (telegram)... Feb. 18 Same subject. Explains difficulties which cause 1021

delay in release of Miss Stone, Same to same (telegram)..

... Feb. 22 Same subject. Reports assuring message from 1021

brigands. Same to same (telegram)... Feb. 23 Same subject. Reports release of Miss Stone... 1021 Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Febr. 26 Same subject. Extends congratulations on eí. 1022 (telegram).

fected release of Miss Stone. 143 Mi Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Mar. 1 Same subject. Commends exceptional services 1022

of Interpreter Gargiulo and Second Dragoman
Lemmi in the negotiations that culminated in
Miss Stone's release, and acknowledges assist.
ance rendered by the British embassy and
consuls.

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1902. Vr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Mar. 20 Exchange of compliments between the President 1145 (telegram).

of the United States and the Sultan of Turkey on the recurrence of the Bairam. Conveys

compliments of the Sultan. President Roosevelt to the Mar. 24 Same subject. Tenders felicitations

Sultan of Turkey (tele

gram). The Sultan of Turkey to Mar. 25 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram President Roosevelt(tele

with thanks. gram). 158 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.....do.... Same subject. Reports that the President's con

gratulatory telegram to the Sultan was highly
gratifying to the latter and will be productive

of beneficial effects. 143 Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman.. Apr. 25 Restrictions on American life insurance com- 105

panies in Turkey. Incloses correspondence

and instructs to report. 153 Same to same

May Abduction by brigands of Miss Ellen M. Stone,

1035

an American missionary. Instructs to express
appreciation of services of persons mentioned

in dispatch No. 143, Mar. 1. 209 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. June 9 Protection of Cuban interests by United States 1041

consular officials. Incloses notes to minister

for foreign affairs relative to. 210 Same to same

June 10 Restrictions on American life insurance com- 1030

panies in Turkey. Reports that restrictions
are not discriminatory and have been repre.
sented against by European representatives,

but without success. Incloses correspondence. 218 Same to same

July 1 Same subject. Reports that matter could be ar

ranged by foreign insurance companies agree

ing to make slight concessions. Mr. Hill to Mr. Leishman July 9 Same subject. Advises of seizure of policies of

103 (telegram).

New York Life Insurance Co. and instructs to

investigate and use good offices. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay July 11 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram (telegram).

and reports that demand has been made for

return of policies. 237 Same to same

July 24 Protection of American interests by British vice- 1012

consul at Bitlis. Incloses letter from United

States consul at Erzerum requesting.
Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 7 Friction between the United States minister and 1014

the grand vizier. Reports details of, and re-
quests permission to demand passports unless

affairs are satisfactorily adjusted. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 11 Same subject. Reports advances made by the 1014

Sultan, and expresses conviction that good re

sults will ensue írom firm stand taken. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman..

Jews in Roumania. Discriminations against,

condition of helplessness to which they are re-
duced, and objection of United States Gorern-
ment to immigration of such persons. In con-
nection with pending naturalization treaty
with Roumania, discusses at length the forego-
ing questions, and appeals to the principles
laid down in the treaty of Berlin for ameliora-
tion of said conditions. Instructs to present
above considerations to the Government of

Turkey.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Leishman Aug. 14 Friction between the United States minister and

10-15 (telegram).

the grand vizier. Instructs to insist upon ad-
herence to agreements made with minister for

foreign affairs. 216 Same to saine

Aug. 16 Protection of American interests by British vice- 1043

consulat Bitlis. Instructs to request authoriza

tion from foreign office for. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Aug. 18 Friction between the United States minister and (telegram).

the grand vizier. Reports details of differences

and advocates a firm stand. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 21 Samesubject. Reports that the Sultan promises 1016

settlement of all pending questions. 252 Same to same

..do Same subject and tenor Mr Adee to Mr. Leishman Aug. 22 Same subject. Expresses gratification at settle. 1017 (telegram).

ment reached and instructs as to future pro

cedure. 253 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Aug. 23 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram, 1047

and makes brief statement of difficulty and its

settlement. 256 Same to same......

Aug. 26

Jews in Roumania. Reports that Department's 1048

instruction of August 11 will be communicated
to the Sublime Porte.

do...

1045

1016

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1013

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1019

1019

1902.
258 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Aug. 26 Restrictions on American life insurance com-

panies in Turkey. Incloses correspondence
with managers of the New York Life Insurance
Company giving legation's view of the situa-
tion and of the extent to which it can afford

assistance.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Leishman. Aug. 27 Protection of American interests by British vice-

consul at Bitlis. Instructs to apply to British

ambassador for authorization of. President Roosevelt to the Sept. 1 Congratulations on anniversary of Sultan's | Sultan of Turkey (tele

accession to throne. gram). The Sultan of Turkey to .do... Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram President Roosevelt (tel

with thanks.
egram).
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Sept. 3 Treaty of 1830. Interpretation of Article IV.

Incloses note verbale from the Porte com-
plaining that consuls refuse to serve sum-
monses on United States citizens and thus
paralyze the action of justice, and his reply
declaring inability to change or modify inter-
pretation given to treaty by United States

Government.
The Sultan of Turkey to Sept. 4 Accident to President Roosevelt. Congratula-
President Roosevelt (tel.

tions on escape.
egram).
President Roosevelt to the Sept. 5 Same subject. Acknowledges above telegram
Sultan of Turkey (tele-

with thanks.
gram).
272 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Sept. 7 Restrictions on American life insurance com-

panies in Turkey. Incloses correspondence
with agents of New York Life Insurance Com-
pany regarding apparent discrimination in

favor of English and German companies. 1. Mr. Eddy to Mr Hay

Sept. 17

Protection of Cuban interests by United States!

consuls. Reports unsatisfactory interview

with minister for foreign affairs regarding. 236 Mr. Adee to Mr. Eddy...

Restrictions on American life insurance compa

nies in Turkey. Acknowledges dispatch No.

258, August 26, and approves course reported. 243 Same to same

Sept. 25

Treaty of 1830. Interpretation of Article IV.

Acknowledges dispatch No. 268, September 3, 1

and approves course reported. 282 Mr. Eddy to Mr. Hay.

Sept. 30

Protection of American interests by British vice

consul at Bitlis. Reports that authorization
has been granted for.

1050

1050

1039

1012

Sept. 20

1010

1050

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Threatened seizure of the Viking. Instructs to

inquire into.
Same subject. Reports that Venezuelan Govern-

ment denies knowledge of affair.
Same subject. Incloses memoranda of the New

York and Bermudez Company regarding.
Same subject. Directs to investigate report that

Venezuelan consul at Port of Spain refused to

clear vessel.
Same subject. Reports statement of minister for i

foreign affairs that Venezuelan war ships are
compelled to capture any ship not duly cleared

Apr, 23

1063

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by Venezuelan consuls.
Same subject. Takes exceptions to position of

Venezuelan Government.

Mr. Hill to Mr. Bowen (tele

gram)

Apr. 25

1063

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90

1061

92

106

93 99

10/29

1902. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay(tele

Apr. 30

Same subject. Reports that Venezuelan Govern. gram).

ment protests against clearance of the Fiking

by United States consul at Port of Spain.
Mr. Hill to Mr. Bowen (tele- do Same subject. Instructs to inform Venezuelan
gram).

Government that the United States declines to
recognize the closure of a port unless supported

by an effective blockade. Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tele- May 1 Same subject. For reasons stated, instructs to gram).

request that the vessel be cleared with innocent

cargo. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay May 2 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with

foreign oftice. Same to same

..do... Renewal of diplomatic relations between Vene

zuela and France. Incloses text of protocol. Same to sume (telegram)...! May Threatened seizure of the Viking. Reports that

clearance will be issued by Venezuelan consul. Same to same..

do. Same subject and tenor. Reports in detail.. Same to same.

June 1 Protection of Cuban interests by United States

consular officials. Reports consent of Vene

zuela. Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tel- June 13 Blockade by decree. Instructs to report if Oriegru).

noco River is blockaded. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (lel- June 19 Same subject. States that minister for foreign egram).

affairs advises that Orinoco River is not block

aded. Same to saine (telegram)... June 29 Same subject. Reports that he has been noti

fied of blockade of certain ports, but doubts its

etficiency. Same to same...

.... Same subject. Incloses decree on lines of above

telegram. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 15 Same subject. Reports that blockade is not

effective. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 19 Samie subject. Reports having outlined policy

of United States in regard to blockade by de

cree. Same to same.

Sept. 7

Same subject and tenor.. Mr. Adee to Mr. Bowen.

Sept. 19

Same subject. Approves minister's course. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (tel- Sept. 24 Improper use of United States flag by Venezuelan egram).

gunboat Restaurador. Reports incident. Same to same (telegram)...

Samesubject. Reports reparation made by Vene

zuelan Government. Same to same.

1070

1070

105

1070

1071

1071

1071

122 81

107,

do...

1072

do

Same subject. Reports in detail.....
Mr. Adee to Mr. Bowen.... Oct. 3 Same subject. Incloses report of commanding

officer of U.S. S. Marietta regarding.

127 82

1073 1071

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