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subdivisions by or under the authority of this Act or any real or personal property that is owned by, or for a period of at least three years immediately prior to the enactment of this Act, has been in the possession and actually in the use or occupation of any Indian, Eskimo, Aleut (including any Metlakahtlan Indian or Metlakahtlan), or any community of such natives; and (2) that the title to any such property of the United States or such natives shall remain subject to the disposition of or extinguishment by the United States to the same extent as though this Act had never been enacted ; and (3) that no taxes shall be imposed by the State upon any such property of the United States or such natives until the Congress provides otherwise, except when held by natives without restrictions on alienation: Provided, That nothing contained in this Act shall recognize, deny, enlarge, impair, or otherwise affect any claim against the United States, and any such claim shall be governed by the laws of the United States applicable thereto; and nothing in this Act is intended or shall be construed as a finding, interpretation, or construction by the Congress that any law applicable thereto authorizes, establishes, recognizes, or confirms the validity or invalidity of any such claim, and the determination of the applicability or effect of any law to any such claim shall be unaffected by anything in this Act.

Third. That the debts and liabilities of said Territory of Alaska shall be assumed and paid by said State and all debts owed to said Territory of Alaska shall be collected by said State.

Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establishment and maintenance of a system of public schools which shall be open to all children of said State and free from sectarian control.

Fifth. That all provisions of this Act reserving rights or powers to the United States, as well as those prescribing the terms or conditions of the grants of lands or other property herein made to said State, [or] are consented to fully by said State and its people.

Sixth. That the lands and other property belonging to citizens of the United States residing without said State shall never be taxed at a higher rate than the lands and other property belonging to residents thereof.

SEC. 4. The State of Alaska and its political subdivisions, respectively, shall have and retain title to all property, real and personal, title to which is in the Territory of Alaska or any of the subdivisions. Except as provided in section 5 hereof, the United States shall retain title to all property, real and personal, to which it has title, include public lands.

SEC. 5. (a) For the purpose of furthering the development of and expansion of communities, the State of Alaska is hereby granted and shall be entitled to select from lands within National Forests in Alaska which are vacant and unappropriated at the time of their selection not to exceed four hundred thousand acres of land, and from the other public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of their selection not to exceed another four hundred thousand acres of land, all of which shall be adjacent to established communities or suitable for prospective community centers and recreational areas. Such lands shall be selected by the State of Alaska with the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture as to national forest lands and with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior as to other public lands: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, right-of-way, or other purpose whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such owner, claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of the land so occupied.

(b) The State of Alaska, in addition to any other grants made in this section, is hereby granted and shall be entitled to select, within twenty-five years after the admission of Alaska into the Union, not to exceed one hundred million acres from the public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of their selection: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, right-of-way, or other purpose whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such owner, claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of the land so occupied.

(c) The State of Alaska, in addition to any other grants made in this section, is hereby granted and shall be entitled to select, within twenty-five years after the admission of Alaska into the Union, from the public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of their selection not to exceed the following amounts for internal improvements :

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For legislative, executive, and judicial public buildings heretofore erected in said Territory or to be hereafter erected in the proposed State, five hundred thousand acres; for institutions for the mentally ill, two hundred thousand acres; for penitentiaries, two hundred thousand acres; for schools and asylums for the deaf, dumb, and the blind, two hundred thousand acres; for normal schools, five hundred thousand acres; for State charitable, penal, and reformatory institutions, two hundred thousand acres; for homes for needy pioneer residents, two hundred fifty thousand acres; for the University of Alaska, in addition to grants heretofore made, five hundred thousand acres : Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, rights-of-way, or other purposes whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such owner, claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of the land so occupied.

(d) Block 32, and the structures and improvements thereon, in the city of Juneau are granted to the State of Alaska for any or all of the following purposes or a combination thereof : A residence for the Governor, a State museum, or park and recreational use.

(e) Block 19, and the structures and improvements thereon, and the interests of the United States in blocks C and 7, and the structures and improvements thereon, in the city of Juneau, are hereby granted to the State of Alaska.

(f) All real and personal property of the United States situated in the Territory of Alaska which is specifically used for the sole purpose of conservation and protection of the fisheries and wildlife of Alaska, under the provisions of the Alaska game law of July 1, 1943 (57 Stat. 301; 48 U. S. C., secs. 192–211), as amended, and under the provisions of the Alaska commercial fisheries laws of June 26, 1906 (34 Stat. 478; 48 U. S. C., sers, 230-239 and 241-142), and June 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 465; 48 U. S. C., secs. 221–228), as supplemented and amended, shall be transferred and conveyed to the State of Alaska by the appropriate Federal agency: Provided, That such transfer shall not include lands withdrawn or otherwise set apart as refuges or reservations for the protection of wildlife nor facilities utilized in connection therewith, or in connection with general research activities relating to fisheries or wildlife. The State of Alaska shall possess and exercise the same jurisdiction and control over the fisheries and the wildlife of Alaska as are possessed and exercised by the several States within their territorial limits, including adjacent waters. The rights of the State of Alaska over fisheries and wildlife of the State of Alaska over fisheries and wildlife shall not be construed to include control over fur seals, sea otters, and such other fish and wildlife resources as are protected under the provisions of international agreements. At the close of each fiscal year, commencing with the year during which Alaska is admitted into the Union and until the Congress shall otherwise provide, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the State of Alaska 50 per centum of the net proceeds, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior, derived during such fiscal year from all sales of seal skins or sea otter skins made in accordance with the provisions of the Act of February 26, 1944 (58 Stat. 100; 16 U. S. C., secs. 631a-6319), as supplemented and amended.

(g) (1) Commencing with the year during which Alaska is admitted into the Union and until the Congress shalỊ otherwise provide, the Secretary of the Treasury, at the close of each fiscal year, shall pay to the State of Alaska, in addition to payments made under the provisions of law codified as title 16, United States Code, section 500, 1242 per centum of the money received during such fiscal year from the national forests of Alaska.

(2) Section 3 (a) of the joint resolution entitled “Joint resolution to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to sell timber within the Tongass National Forest", approved August 8, 1947 (61 Stat. 920), is hereby repealed. Amounts in the special account established under such section on the date of enactment of this Act shall not be subject to the provisions of this subsection and shall be covered into the general fund of the Treasury, and shall be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of law with respect to disposition of receipts from the national forests. Amounts hereafter received from the sale of timber or lands under section 2 of such joint resolution shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts, subject to the provisions of this subsection and the provisions of law with respect to disposition of receipts from the national forests. In lieu of such special account, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to pay such judgments, if any, as may result from adverse native claims to timber or lands described in the Act of August 8, 1947 (61 Stat. 920).

(h) Five per centum of the proceeds of sale of public lands lying within said State which shall be sold by the United States subsequent to the admission of said State into the Union, after deducting all the expenses incident to such sales, shall be paid to the said State to be used for the support of the public schools within said State.

(i) All lands granted in quantity to and authorized to be selected by the State of Alaska by this Act shall be selected in such manner as the laws of the State may provide, and in conformity with such regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe. The authority to make selections shall never be alienated or bargained away, in whole or in part, by the State. All selections shall be made in reasonably compact tracts, taking into account the situation and potential uses of the lands involved, and each tract selected shall contain at least five thousand seven hundred and sixty acres unless isolated from other tracts open to selection. Upon the revocation of any order of withdrawal in Alaska, the order of revocation shall provide for a period of not less than ninety days before the date on which it otherwise becomes effective, if subsequent to the admission of Alaska into the Union, during which period the State of Alaska shall have a preferred right of selection, subject to the requirements of this Act, except as against prior existing valid rights or as against equitable claims subject to allowance and confirmation. Such preferred right of selection shall not have precedence over the preferred right of application created by section 4 of the Act of September 27, 1944 (58 Stat. 748; 43 U. S. C., sec. 282), as now or hereafter amended, nor over other preference rights now conferred by law. Where any lands desired by the State are unsurveyed at the time of their selection, the Secretary of the Interior shall survey the exterior boundaries of the area requested without any interior subdivision thereof and shall issue a patent for such selected area in terms of the exterior boundary survey; where any lands desired by the State are surveyed at the time of their selection, the boundaries of the area requested shall conform to the public land subdivisions established by the approval of the survey. All lands duly selected by the State of Alaska pursuant to this Act shall be patented to the State by the Secretary of the Interior. As used in this subsection, the words "equitable claims subject to allowance and confirmation" include, without limitation, claims of holders of permits issued by the Department of Agriculture on lands eliminated from national forests, whose permits have been terminated only because of such elimination and who own valuable improvements on such lands.

(j) Any lease, permit, license, or contract issued under the Mineral Leasing Act of February 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 437; 30 U. S. C., secs. 181 and following), as amended, or under the Alaska Coal Leasing Act of October 20, 1914 (38 Stat. 741 ; 30 U. S. C., secs. 432 and following), as amended, shall have the effect of withdrawing the lands subject thereto from selection by the State of Alaska under this Act. All grants made or confirmed under this Act shall include mineral deposits. The grants of mineral lands to the State of Alaska under subsection (b) and (c) of this section are made upon the express condition that all sales, grants, deeds, or patents for any of the mineral lands so granted shall be subject to and contain a reservation to the State of all of the minerals in the lands so sold, granted, deeded, or patented, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same. Mineral deposits in such lands shall be subject to lease by the State as the State legislature may direct: Provided, That any lands or minerals hereafter disposed of contrary to the provisions of this section shall be forfeited to the United States by appropriate proceedings instituted by the Attorney General for that purpose in the United States District Court for Alaska. For the purposes of this Act the mineral character of lands granted to the State of Alaska shall be determined at the time patent issues and the patent shall be conclusive evidence thereof.

(k) No order of withdrawal of public lands in Alaska made within a period of five years after the date of approval of this Act shall have the effect of withdrawing the lands affected thereby from selection by the State of Alaska under this Act, provided such lands are otherwise open to selection under this Act, and provided an application to select such lands is filed with the Secretary of the Interior before the end of said period of five years. The foregoing restriction shall not extend to withdrawals for military defense or for Coast Guard purposes.

(1) The schools and colleges provided for in this section shall forever remain under the exclusive control of the State, and no part of the proceeds arising from the sale or disposal of any lands granted herein for educational purposes

shall be used for the support of any sectarian or denominational school, college, or university.

(m) Grants previously made to the Territory of Alaska are hereby confirmed and transferred to the State of Alaska upon its admission. Effective upon the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, section 1 of the Act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1214; 48 U. S. C., sec. 353), as amended, and the last sentence of section 35 of the Act of February 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 450 ; 30 U. S. C., sec. 191), as amended, are repealed; but such repeal shall not affect any outstanding lease, permit, license, or contract issued under said section 1, as amended, or any rights or powers with respect to such lease, permit, license, or contract, and shall not affect the disposition of the proceeds or income derived prior to such repeal from any lands reserved under said section 1, as amended, or derived thereafter from any disposition of the reserved lands or an interest therein made prior to such repeal.

(n) The grants provided for in this Act shall be in lieu of the grant of land for purposes of internal improvements made to new States by section 8 of the Act of September 4, 1841 (5 Stat. 455), and sections 2378 and 2379 of the Revised Statutes (43 U. S. C., sec. 857), and in lieu of the swamp-land grant made by the Act of September 28, 1850 (9 Stat. 520), and section 2479 of the Revised Statutes (43 U. S. C., sec. 982), and in lieu of the grant of thirty thousand acres for each Senator and Representative in Congress made by the Act of July 2, 1862, as amended (12 Stat. 503 ; 7 U. S. C., secs. 301-308), which grants are hereby declared not to extend to the State of Alaska.

(0) The Submerged Lands Act of 1953 (Public Law 31, Eighty-third Congress, first session ; 67 Stat. 29) shall be applicable to the State of Alaska and the said State shall have the same rights as do existing States thereunder.

SEC. 6. (a) After a constitution and State government have been formed in compliance with the provisions of this Act, the convention forming the same shall provide by ordinance for submitting said constitution, for ratification or rejection, to the people of said proposed State at an election to be held at a date to be fixed by said convention, which shall be not less than seventy-five nor more than one hundred days from the date of its adjournment, at which election the citizens of the United States who are qualified to vote for members of the Territorial Legislature of Alaska shall vote directly for or against the proposed constitution. The returns of said election shall be made to the Governor of Alaska, who shall cause the same to be canvassed by the canvassing board of the Territory of Alaska in the manner now provided by law for the canvass of votes cast in general Territorial elections, If a majority of the legal votes cast at said election shall reject the constitution, the Governor of said Territory shall, by proclamation, order the constitutional convention to reassemble at a date not later than forty days after the votes have been canvassed as herein provided, and thereafter a new constitution may be formed by such convention and the same proceedings shall be taken in regard thereto in like manner as if said constitution were being originally prepared for submission and submitted to the people: Provided, That not more than two elections shall be held under the authority of this subsection.

(b) When said constitution shall have been duly ratified by the people of said Territory, as aforesaid, by a majority of the legal votes cast at an election held pursuant to this section, a certified copy of the same shall be submitted by the Governor of the Territory of Alaska through the President of the United States to the Congress for approval or disapproval as hereinafter provided, together with a statement of the votes cast thereon.

(c) If the Congress approves said constitution, it shall be the duty of the President to certify such approval to the Governor of said Territory, who shall within thirty days after receipt of such notification from the President issue a proclamation for the election provided for in section 7 of this Act, said election to take place not earlier than two months nor later than six months after the date of issuance of said proclamation by the Governor.

(d) If the Congress shall disapprove the constitution, such disapproval shall immediately be certified by the President to the Governor of said Territory, with the objections to the proposed constitution; the Governor thereupon by proclamation shall order the constitutional convention to reassemble at a date not later than forty days after receipt of such notification and thereafter a new constitution may be formed and the same proceedings shall be taken in regard thereto in like manner as if said constitution were being originally prepared for submission and submitted to the people: Provided, That not more than one election shall be held under the authority of this subsection.

(e) When said new constitution as provided for in subsection (d) of this section, shall have been duly ratified by the people of said Territory, as aforesaid, by a majority of the legal votes cast at an election held pursuant to this section, a certified copy of the same shall be submitted by the Governor of the Territory of Alaska through the President of the United States to the Congress for approval, together with a statement of the votes cast thereon; thereafter the procedure shall be as prescribed in subsections (c) and (d) of this section.

SEC. 7. (a) The constitutional convention shall by ordinance provide that in case of ratification of the constitution by the people and in case the Congress of the United States shall approve the same, an election shall be held at the time named in the proclamation of the Governor of said Territory hereinbefore provided, at which election officers for a full State government, including a governor, members of the State legislature, one Representative and two Senators in the Congress of the United States to be elected at large from said State, and such other officers as the constitution shall prescribe, shall be chosen by the qualified voters of Alaska. Unless the constitutional convention shall by ordinance otherwise provide, such election, and an antecedent primary election, shall be held, and the returns thereof made, canvassed, and certified by the canvassing board, in the same manner, as nearly as practicable, as is now prescribed by law for the nomination, filing, and election, and canvass and certification of election of Territorial officers and members of the Territorial legislature. When such State and other officers and members of the State legislature and a Representative and Senators in the Congress of the United States shall be so elected and the returns thereof made, canvassed, and certified as herein provided, the Governor of said Territory shall certify the result of said election to the President of the United States, who shall thereupon immediately issue his proclamation announcing the result of said election so ascertained, and upon the issuance of said proclamation by the President of the United States the State of Alaska shall be deemed admitted by Congress into the Union by virtue of this Act, on an equal footing with each of the other States of the Union, and the Representative and Senators from said State in the Congress of the United States so elected and certified shall thereupon be entitled to seats in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States and to all of the rights and privileges of Representatives and Senators therein. Until the issuance of said proclamation by the President of the United States and until said State is so admitted into the Union and said officers are elected and qualified under the provisions of the Constitution, all of the officers of said Territory, including the Delegate in Congress from said Territory, shall continue to discharge the duties of said respective offices in and for said Territory.

Upon admission of Alaska as a State as herein provided and upon election and qualification of the officers of the State government formed in pursuance of and in accordance with the provisions of said constitution, said officers shall forthwith proceed to exercise all of the duties and functions of their respective offices; and all of the Territorial laws in force in the Territory of Alaska at the time of admission of said State into the Union shall be and continue in full force and effect throughout said State except as modified or changed by this Act, or by the constitution of the State, or as thereafter modified or changed by the legislature of the State. All of the laws of the United States shall have the same force and effect within said State as elsewhere within the United States. As used in this paragraph, the term "Territorial laws" includes (in addition to laws enacted by the Territorial Legislature of Alaska) all laws or parts thereof enacted by the Congress the validity of which is dependent solely upon the authority of the Congress to provide for the government of Alaska prior to its admission as a State, and the term "laws of the United States” includes all laws or parts thereof enacted by the Congress that (1) apply to or within Alaska at the time of its admission as a State, (2) are not "Territorial laws" as defined in this paragrah, and (3) are not in conflict with any other provision of this Act.

(b) The State of Alaska upon its admission into the Union shall be entitled to one Representative until the taking effect of the next reapportionment, and such Representative shall be in addition to the membership of the House of Representatives as now prescribed by law: Provided, That such temporary increase in the membership of the House of Representatives shall not affect the basis of apportionment established by the Act of November 15, 1941 (55 Stat. 761; 2 U. S. C., sec. 2a), for the Eighty-third Congress and each Congress thereafter.

SEC. 8. The sum of $200,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury of the United

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