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S. 50
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE ADMISSION OF ALASKA

INTO THE UNION

JANUARY 20, 21, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29, FEBRUARY 1, 2, 3, 4, and 24, 1954

Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1954

CONTENTS

Statement of

Department of Defense:

Office of the Secretary of Defense:

Page

Franklin G. Floete, Assistant Director of Defense, Property

and Installations..

160

Department of the Army:

Lt. Col. W. H. Waugh, Facilities Branch, Service Division,

G-4; Maj. S. C. Hansen, Army Communications Service

Division, Office of Chief Signal Officer and Liaison Officer,

Alaska Communications System; Maj. T. L. Rainey, Plans

and Operations, G-3; J. B. Cantrel, Corps of Engineers. 160

Department of the Navy:

Comdr. W. J. Keating, Office of Chief of Naval Operations,

Overseas Base Maintenance -

160

Department of the Air Force:

Col. J. L. Dickman, War Plans Division, Directorate of Plans,

Headquarters; Lt. Col. B. C. Joseph, Deputy Chief, For-

eign Section, Directorate of Installations, Headquarters;

Murray Comarow, Chief, Foreign Section, Directorate of

Installations, Headquarters--

160

Department of the Interior:

Orme Lewis, Assistant Secretary of the Interior.--

194

Bureau of Indian Affairs:

Harry M. Critchfield, Chief, Division of Lands, Bureau of

Indian Affairs...

194

Bureau of Mines:

Paul Zinner, Chief, Minerals Division; Harry Perry, Assist-

ant Chief, Fuels and Explosives Division; and Louis Turn-

bull, Mining Engineer, Fuels and Explosives Division,

Bureau of Mines

85

Fish and Wildlife Service:

Clarence Rhode, regional director, Juneau, Alaska; John N.

Ball, Chief, Section of Operations, Branch of Wildlife

Refuges, Washington, D. C.; and A. A. Riemer, Chief,

Branch of Lands...

Geological Survey:

John C. Reed, Staff Coordinator, Office of the Director,

Geological Survey-..

85, 105

National Park Service:

Conrad Wirth, Director, National Park Service; Ben H.

Thompson, Chief, Recreation Planning Division, National

Park Service; Anthony T. Lausi, Deputy Director, Office

of Territories; and Robert Coote, Staff Assistant, Tech-

nical Review Staff

23

Department of Justice:

Ralph Barney, Chief, Indian Claims Branch, Lands Division---- 206

Heintzleman, B. Frank, Governor of Alaska; accompanied by George

Rogers, Governor's staff; Elmer F. Bennett, legislative counsel,

United States Department of the Interior, and assistant solicitor;

Herbert J. Slaughter, Chief, Reference Division, Office of Legislative

Counsel; Anthony T. Lausi, Deputy Director, 'Office of Territories,

and Robert Coote, staff assistant, technical review staff..

122

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205

353

350

49

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118

251

Additional information:

Data on administration-native use areas in Alaska, Bureau of Indian

Affairs, submitted by Harry M. Critchfield, Chief, Division of

Lands, Bureau of Indian Affairs.--
Disclaimer provisions affecting public and Indian lands in enabling

acts, States admitted to the Union, 1864-1910.-
Letter from

Arnold, W. C., managing director, Alaska Salmon Industry, Inc.,
to Hon. Guy Cordon, February 10, 1954, re Submerged Lands

Act.
Bartlett, Hon. E. L., Delegate in Congress from the Territory of

Alaska, to chairman, January 18, 1954, re boundaries of Glacier

Bay National Monument.
Bartlett, Hon. E. L., Delegate in Congress from Alaska, to Hon.

Clinton P. Anderson,

Bartlett, Hon. E. L., to Hon. Guy Cordon, with enclosures, Feb-

ruary 15, 1954, re declaring Bristol Bay as an historic bay-

Bartlett, Hon. E. L., to Hon. Guy Cordon, February 20, 1954, re

amount of land which should be taken from existing Federal

withdrawals and turned over to the new State-

Carson, Comdr. M. V., Jr., USN, Director, Naval Petroleum

Reserves, to chairman, November 30, 1953.

Cordon, Hon. Guy, to w. c. Arnold, managing director, Alaska

Salmon Industry, Inc., February 18, 1954, re Submerged Lands

Act.

Du Pont, F. V., Commissioner of Public Roads, Bureau of Public

Roads, Department of Commerce, to Hon. Hugh Butler, Au-
gust 13, 1953, re highway expenditures in Alaska and approxi-
mate amounts of Federal-aid funds to be apportioned to Alaska
if present formulas extended to include Alaska --
Floete, Hon. Franklin G., to chairman, with enclosures (memos

from the Department of Defense, Army, and Air Force), Febru-

ary 5, 1954
French, Stewart, committee counsel, to Hon. Guy Cordon, Febru-

ary 2, 1954, re effect of statehood upon navigable waters..
French, Stewart, counsel, Senate Interior Committee, to Hon.

Guy Cordon, February 3, 1954, re sea boundaries in enabling

acts of State constitutions approved by Congress.-
Gates, Hon. Thomas S., Jr., Acting Secretary of the Navy, to

chairman, February 17, 1954, re suggested language--

Heintzleman, Hon. B. Frank, Governor of Alaska, to Legislative

Counsel, Office of the Solicitor, Department of the Interior,

March 3, 1954, re suggested amendment to section 38 (b) of

S. 49..

Morton, Hon. Thruston B., Assistant Secretary of State, to

chairman, January 20, 1954, re establishing of no limit beyond

the 3-mile limit

Studds, Rear Adm. R. F. A., Director, United States Coast and

Geodetic Survey, Department of Commerce, to Hon. Guy Cor-

don, February 1, 1954, re nautical, geogrphical, and statute

miles...

Memorandum from Orme Lewis, Assistant Secretary of the Interior,

to heads of bureaus and offices, May 18, 1953, re review of land

withdrawals in Alaska

Native use and administration areas in Alaska established by Execu-

tive order and special acts of Congress (population and location),
submitted by Harry M. Critchfield, Chief, Division of Lands, Bu-

reau of Indian Affairs.

Negotiations with Canada on Alaskan problems, statement by Senator

Hugh Butler in the Senate, January 29, 1954..

Proclamation No. 2688, signed by the President of the United States,

September 25, 1945—Policy of the United States with respect to
coastal fisheries in certain areas of the high seas..

188

225

352

350

63

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Additional information - Continued

Page

Proposed amendments:

Freeze contributions to state for public roads as of date of passage

of Statehood Act (Senator Barrett).

318

Carried as amended.

319

Grant to Alaska right-of-way along highways presently reserved
by the Federal Government (the Chairman)

323
Grant to new state all minerals enumerated in oil and gas leasing
act of 1920 (Senator Barrett)-

309
Defeated..

317

Make available to new state potential power sites (the Chairman)-308, 319

Prohibit Federal Government's making further reservations of

public land from Alaska for 5 years from date of passage of

Statehood Act; Federal Government eprmitted to lease lands

under Mineral Leasing Act; Alaska to have right of selection of

such lands and to receive royalties paid thereon (Senator

Cordon)-

316

Carried.

319

Carried (as amended)

326

Repeal of Coal Reserves Act of 1914 (the Chairman). ...307, 309

Repeal of section 2 of act of May 1, 1936, and rescind certain

orders of the Secretary of the Interior establishing Indian

reservations.---

308

Report favorably pending bill, with amendments, agreed upon

(Senator Jackson).

326

Tongass National Forest Act..

252

Proposed form of bill as worked out by the subcommittee in accordance

with the instructions of the full committee of February 4, 1954.-- 329

Reference to:

Admission, description of new State..

-219, 280

Appropriation for expenses of elections and convention.

301

Assumption of debts.

340

Care of mentally ill..

301
Citizen's shall form new State.

339

Disposal of land..

340

Disclaimer clause-

339

Drafting and approval of constitution...

259

Drafting of constitution-Failure of Congress to approve con-

stitution --

296

Election of officers of State government-

297

Elections...

226

Indian claims disclaimer...

226

Land grants:

Categories and amount..

241

Selection of land to be granted.

242

Existing claims, locations, or entries, and rights ther-

under.

242

Control of school and colleges, and disposition of proceeds

from sale of lands granted, for educational purposes.

258

Disposition of proceeds of sales of public lands by United

States.--

259

Disposition of revenues from sales of public lands, et cetera,

derived by Federal Government, which are not paid to

state...

259

Grant of fisheries and wildlife lands and control thereover;

percentage of proceeds from sales of seal and otter skins.. 256

Grants of land and structures in Juneau..

254

Grants of land for internal improvement.

255

Grants to Territory confirmed..

258

Land and structures in Juneau..

-.279, 295
Later selection of additional lands.

243
Categories and amount --

243
Payment to Alaska of National forest income

252
Proposed amendment to Tongass National Forest Act- 252

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