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WASHINGTON, March 23, 1801, ago your favor of the 16th, citations on my election ; but entation, permanently, will be no pay. The important subjects * see degree of courage and con

te talents to be associated with oqily we will religiously pursue at

alence of my fellow citizens In these objects. 142?r duty which I must meet with 12 without pain ; that is, the appointS offices. Madison and Gallatin

** yet decided on our rules of con

nyomo ought to be removed from office, amankind will agree. But where to

R:"will agree. Consequently, nothing ossy of this subject can be looked for.

As the subject of conversation, but not

of determination ; e. g. 1, all appointments to civil offices during pleasure, made after the event of the election was certainly known to Mr. Adams, are considered as nullities. I do not view the persons appointed as even candidates for the office, but make others without noticing or notifying them. Mr. Adams' best

' friends have agreed this is right. 2. Officers who have been guilty of official mal-conduct are proper subjects of removal. 3. Good men, to whom there is no objection but a difference of political principle, practised on only as far as the right of a private citizen will justify, are not proper subjects of removal, except in the case of attorneys and marshals. The courts being so decidedly federal and irremovable, it is believed that republican attorneys and marshals, being the doors of entrance into the courts, are indispensably necessary as a shield to the republican part of our fellow citizens, which, I believe, is the main body of the people.

These principles are yet to be considered of, and I sketch them to you in confidence. Not that there is objection to your mooting them as subjects of conversation, and as proceeding from yourself, but not as matters of executive determination. Nay, farther, I will thank you for your own sentiments and those of others on them. If received before the 20th of April, they will be in time for our deliberation on the subject. You know that it was in the year X. Y. Z. that so great a transition from us to the other side took place, and with as real republicans as we were ourselves; that these, after getting over that delusion, have been returning to us, and that it is to that return we owe a triumph in 1800, which in 1799 would have been the other way. The week's suspension of the election before Congress, seems almost to have completed that business, and to have brought over nearly the whole remaining mass. They now find themselves with us, and separated from their quondam leaders. If we can but avoid shocking their feelings by unnecessary acts of severity against their late friends, they will in a little time cement and form one mass with us, and by these means harmony and union be restored to our country, which would be the greatest good we ton that these people did not differ : " '1 neuced me to define the principles

1. und to urge a reunion on those prin

i u hope it has conciliated many. I Ertuves of the quondam faction in and ** I eensider as incurables, on whom all

* W therefore will not be wasted. But ir dock from returning to them.

e bushal of Virginia, I refer you confi'n one for information. I leave this about .U mãe some arrangements at home preeuroval to this place, from which I shall

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WASHINGTON, March 24, 1801 - re to acknowledge the receipt of your

Free Rh, and the pleasing sensations produced inctionate contents.

I am made very happy se entiments expressed in my inaugural adcestaetion, and holds out a ground on which eta once more unite.

I am the more pleased, lents have been long and radically mine, and ... pursued honestly and conscientiously. I know with wale which very possibly may check the confiSweated otherwise have been more generally reposed Ume of these principles. This obstacle does not

che areasures to be pursued, as to which I am in no Ni walisaction, but from appointments and disap

sa stand ti to office. With regard to appointments, I have so Teri Bukizdee in the justice and good sense of the federalists, Libve doubt they will concur in the fairness of the position, that after they have been in the exclusive possession of all offices from the very first origin of party among us, to the 3d of March, at 9 o'clock in the night, no republican ever admitted, and this doctrine newly avowed, it is now perfectly just that the republicans should come in for the vacancies which may fall in, until something like an equilibrium in office be restored. | But the great stumbling block will be removals, which though made on those just principles only on which my predecessor ought to have removed the same persons, will nevertheless be ascribed to removal on party principles. 1st. I will expunge the effects of Mr. A.'s indecent conduct, in crowding nominations after he knew they were not for himself, till 9 o'clock of the night, at 12 o'clock of which he was to go out of office. So far as they are during pleasure, I shall not consider the persons named, even as candidates for the office, nor pay the respect of notifying them that I consider what was done as a nullity. 2d. Some removals must be made for misconduct. One of these is of the marshal in your city, who being an officer of justice, intrusted with the function of choosing impartial judges for the trial of his fellow citizens, placed at the awful tribunal of God and their country, selected judges who either avowed, or were known to him to be predetermined to condemn; and if the lives of the unfortunate persons were not cut short by the sword of the law, it was not for want of his good-will. In another State I have to perform the same act of justice on the dearest connection of my dearest friend, for similar conduct, in a case not capital. The same practice of packing juries, and prosecuting their fellow citizens with the bitterness of party hatred, will probably involve several other marshals and attornies. Out of this line I see but very few instances where past misconduct has been in a degree to call for notice. Of the thousands of officers therefore, in the United States, a very few individuals only, probably not twenty, will be removed; and these only for doing what they ought not to have done. Two or three instances indeed where Mr. A. removed men because they would not sign addresses, &c., to him, will be rectified—the persons restored. The whole world will say this is just. I know that in stopping thus short in the caner of remoral, I shall give great offence to many of my friends. That torrent has been pressing me heavily, and will require all my force to bear up against; but my maxim is fiat justitia, ruat clum.” After the first unfavorable impressions of deing too much in the opinion of some, and too little in that of others, shall be got over, I should hope a steady line of conciliation very practicable, and that without yielding a single republican principle. A certainty that these principles prevailed in the breasts of the main body of federalists, was my motive för stating them as the ground of reunion. I have said thus much for your private satisfaction, to be used even in private conversation, as the presumptive principles on which we shall act, but not as proceeding from myself declaredly. Information lately meived from France gives a high idea of the progress of Nience there; it seems to keep pace with their

I have* juist merived from the A. P. Society, two volumes of Comparative Anatomy, by Cuvier, probably the greatest work in that line that has ever appeared. His comparisons embrace every organ of the animal carcass; and from man to the

Accept assurances of my sincere friendship, and high consideration and

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WASHINGTON, March 26, 1801. Dein Sin-The Secretary of State is proceeding in the conAideration of the several matters which have been proposed to us buy you, and will prepare answers to them, and particularly as to our pensels taken by French cruisers, and carried into the ports of Spaint, contrary, as we suppose, to the tenor of the convention withi Prance. Though ordinary business will be regularly transacted will you by the Secretary of State, yet considering what you mentioned as to our minister at Madrid to have been private and contidential, I take it out of the official course, and observe

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