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Commone of England, here assembled, with high crimes and misdemeanors! I charge him with fraud, abuse, treachery and roblery!-I charge him with cruelties unheard of, and devastations almost without a name charge him of having scarcely left in India—what will prove satisfaction for his guilt?
And now (added he) I address myself to this assembly, with the most perfect reliance on the justice of this High Court. Among you, I see a venerable and religious band, whose province and whose duty it is to venerate that government which is established in piety and mercy: To them, what must have been the principles of Mr. Hastings? Amongst you, I descry, an illustrious and virtuous train of Nobles, whose forefathers have fought and died for the constitution! men who do even less honor to their children, than those children do to them, who are here assembled to guard that constitution which they have received: From them, what must the violator of all forms and constitutions deserve? With one voice they will encou. rage this impeachment, which I here solemnly maintain.
I impeach, therefore, Warren Hastings, in the name of our holy religion, which he has disgraced. I impeach him in the name of the English constitution, which he has violated and broken. Iimpeach him in the name of Indian millions, whom he has sacrified to injustice. I impeach him in the name and by the best rights of human nature, which he has stabbed to the heart. And I conjure this High ånd Sacred Court to let not these pleadings be heard in vain!"
Mr Fox then rose, and stated to their Lordships, that he was directed by the committee to submit the mode in which they meant to proceed, which was, to open the first charge, then to call the witnesses to corroborate the same, then to permit the counsel for the prisoner to speak to the charge, and to examine witnesses, then the managers to reply, and their Lordships to decide upon it. And to proceed on each charge in like, man
The above method being strongly objected to by the counsel for Mr. Hastings, was ordered to be taken into consideration by their Lordships on the 21st, and the Court adjourned.
This business heing taken into consideration by their Lord. ships on the 21st, the Lord Chancellor spoke for some time a. gainst the mode proposed by the Committee.
Lord Coventry wished to give the prisoner every advantage the law afforded.
The Earl of Abingdon said, if a divinity was to be tried in the manner proposed by the managers, he must be convicted.
Lord Loughborough contended in favor of trying the charges seperate, or at least reducing them into such classes as might render the vast complicated matter easy to be comprehended.,
Lord Stormont asserted that the defendant was intitled, by the immutable and eternal laws of justice, to make his defence in any mode he pleased.
The Duke of Norfolk contended that as the commons could at their pleasure, bring up fresh articles of impeachment, aris, ing out of the evidence, it was more manly to give into their propositions in the first instance.
Earl Stanhope, in a speech of considerable length, declared he was averse to carrying on the trial article by article; and likewise, he thought it highly improper to determine all the charges together. He therefore wished a inedium might be struck out, which was to class the crimes, viz. all the acts of cruelty under one head. In like manner, the charges of corruption, &c. &c. fis Lordship concluded with moving,"That the managers for the commons of Great Britain be directed neither to proceed upon the whole of the charges, nor upon their accusations article by article, but to proceed upon the criminating allegations one by one.” Withdrawn.
Question was afterwads put, to agree with the proposition as stated by the managers for the commons: Contents 33, Non Contents 88.
Question. "That the managers of the Commons be direct
od to proceed upon the whole of the charges, before the pri. soner be called upon to open his defence.” Carried in the affirmative without a division."
To add to this farcical parade, the best talent of the British empire, was in active array against him. But even the splen. did eloquence of Fox, and the unparalleled eloquence of Burke, is lost on such occasions, where the aristocracy is inr plicated. It is the little criminal that is punished in England. This monster in crime, this infamous wretch, was only cashier ed from office. So much fer British aristocracy in India.
They plunder the world, both by land and sea. Their navy is but the most powerful combination of pirates that ever, the world witnessed. Observe their conduct at the neutral port of Copenhagen, in siezing the Danish fleet by stratagem; while Jackson, their ambassador, pretended the most friendly intercourse. Observe the like conduct in admiral Cockburne, on our Atlantic frontier, in robbing hen-roosts pig-pens, and plun dering without discrimination, churches and private dwellingo of all the plate, clothing &c. during the war of 1812, in our own country.
Byron's III Canto of Don Juan, when speaking of the Firate, justly describes their conduct in the following lines.
* Let not his mode of raising cash seem strange,
Although he fleeced the flags of every nation, ,
His title, and 'tis nothing but taxation; .
Of life, and in an honester vocation
CHAPTER IV. THE SAME SUBJECT STILL CONTINUED. The English papers are full of dreadful accounts of distressen We seleect as an example, the following simple and touching narrative, copied from the Tralee Mercury.
“Three fellow creatures have perished in this neighborhood, the victims of hunger and cold. A poor woman, with her two children, driven by grinding poverty to seek that sustenance which nature wants, by begging for it among the humane and charitable, in making her way from one village to another, had to pass through a tract of unsheltered bog, about six or seven miles to the north of Killarny, in the centre of which they were found, by a country-man on Sunday morning, lifeless corpses, having, in all probability, been so since the preceeding Friday, which was here a rather .severe and bitter day.They were strangers here, and not recognised, save as having been during the previous week begging from house to house, in the usual manner; and it is supposed, the poor woman, exhausted from previous suffering and want, had not sufficient strength to make her way in the tempestuous weather through this bleak moor, but sunk down mid-way, to rise no more.The poor little innocents who accompanied her, being out of view of any house, and unable to act of themselves, sat down with her, and night overtaking them, perished together. The spectacle presented by this clay-cold group, and the conviction to the beholders of the manner of their death, was irrisitably affecting. The mother of the little family, a rather young woman of mild and interesting features, lay extended on her back at full length as if asleep; supported in her right arm, on which it rested, lay the body of her youngest child, a female, about four years old, and with its face downward. Across the parent's knees, as if embracing them, lay a fine boy, apparently of the age of eight years. The scene was indescribably moving and heart-rending. Their habiliments were ragged and wretched, denoting extreme destitution and poverty of no re.. cent date, the scanty and miserable attire of the whole three being scarcely sufficient to give shelter to a single limb.
«What a crying and cruel sin, that some parochial refuge be not afforded in cases of such utter and helpless deprivation.An inquest being held, the jury returned a verdict pf died of cold and exhaustion. The Coroner made application to the Church wardens of Killarny for coffins, which were promptly and humanely granted. A lady in the neighborhood sent linnen for decent covering, and the sympathising pesantry per, formed the last rites of burial in a neigboring Church yard. A suggestion being stated that the death of these unfortunates may, perhaps by some, be said to be the act of some human fiend, the coroner prudently had a medical gentleman sent for, who set that question at rest-no mark of violence appearing to him on the strictest examination. . On the contrary, he fully confirmed the previous in.pression of their having perished by cold.”
This distressing and appaliing scene is one more item in the history of the countless millions of victims that have been saca rificed on the altars of aristocracy. We can find the true cause of suffering, misery, starvation and death, in the following instances of oppression, unfeeling cruelty and misrule of the few over
taken from that excellent paper, the New York Sentinel.
“Dr. Lushington asserted on the floor of the House of Come mons, that the income of the Archbishop of Canterbury did not exceed £32.000, (about $150,000) six times as much annually as the salary of our Chief Magistrate; and that the Bishop of Durham's income was only £22,000, per annum.
Now every body knows that these fat priėsts constitute a part of the national.senate; for the lords spiritual and temporal make up one branch of the Parliament. But their unholy misrule will not be much longer. The people are now able to contrast the pure and holy religion of the bible with the professions and practices of these base hypocrites, these wicked Atheists that do not believe a word of that blessed book, which they profess to venerate as divine.”
In the British house of Parliament- In the course of his observations on the subject of church reform, Lord Mountcashel observed that "he knew an archdeacon in Ireland he would