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came the recipients of the London Gardener's Chronicle, edited by Prof. Lindley, our treasures were inestimable. Many hundred times have we lain awake for hours, unable to throw off the excitement of preaching, and beguiling the time with imaginary visits to the Chiswick Garden, to the more than oriental magnificence of the Duke of Devonshire's grounds at Chatsworth. We have had long discussions, in that little bedroom at Indianapolis, with Van Mons about pears, with Vibert about roses, with Thompson and Knight of fruits and theories of vegetable life, and · with Loudon about everything under the heavens in the horticultural world.

This employment of waste hours not only answered a purpose of soothing excited nerves then, but brought us into such relations to the material world, that, we speak with entire moderation, when we say that all the estates of the richest duke in England could not have given us half the pleasure which we have derived from pastures, waysides, and unoccupied prairies.

If, when the readers of this book shall have finished it, they shall say,, that these papers, well enough for the circumstances in which they originally appeared, have no such merit as to justify their republication in a book form, we beg leave to tell them that their judgment is not original. It is just what we thought ourselves ! But Publishers are willful, and must be obeyed !

HENRY WARD BEECHER.

BROOKLYN, June 1, 1859.

CONTENTS..

PAGE

.... 104

PAGA Preliminary 9 Gypsum

93 Our Creed 10 Acclimating a Plow

93 Almanac for the Year 11 Scour your Plows Bright...

98 Educated Farmers.

20 Plow till it is Dry and Plow till it is Wet. 96 An Acre of Words about Aker.. 23 Stirring the Soil......

97 Farmer's Library... 27 Subsoil Plowing.

98 Nine Mistakes 29 Fire-Blight and Winter Tilling

99 Agricultural Societies 30 Winter Talk

.. 101 Shiftless Tricks...

33
“Shut your Mouth"

103 Electro Culture

86 Spring Work on the Farm Single Crop Farming

39
Spring Work in the Garden

107, 214 Improved Breeds of Hogs and Cattle 41 Fall Work in the Garden

112 Absorbent Qualities of Flour

44 Guarding Cherry-trees from Cold .... 113 Portrait of an Anti-Book Farmer 46 | Shade Trecs ...

114, 174 Good Breeds of Cows

50 A Plea for Health and Floriculture.. 117 Cutting and Curing Grass.

53 Kceping Young Pigs in Winter....... 120 Country and City 55 Sweet Potatoes.....

121 Lime upon Wheat...

56 Management of Bottom Lands . 121 Culture of Hops 58 Cultivation of Wheat..

124 White Clover 60 Pleasures of Horticulture...

136 Plowing Corn 61 Practical Use of Leaves

137 Clean out your Cellars ..

64 Spring Work for Public-spirited Men. 140 When is Haying orer?..

66 Farmers and Farm Scenes in the West, 142 Laying down Land to Grass 67 Ornamental Shrubs...

146 Theory of Manure

Gooseberries...

149 - Fodder for Cattle 18 Pulling off Potato Blossoms

151 The Science of Bad Butter. 75 | Blading and Topping Corn ..

152 Cincinnati, the Queen City 79 Maple Sugar..

153 - Care of Animals in Winter 83, 165 Lettuce...

159 Winter Nights for Rcading 85 Geological Definitions

160 Feathers... 85 Draining W'et Lands....

162 Nail up your Bugs.

87

Oh dear! shall we ever be done Lying?. 164 Ashes and their Use... 90 | Deep Planting

167 Hard Times. 92 Corn and Millet for Fodder.

167

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PAGO

341

PAGE 1 Seed Saving.....

.. 168 Autumpal Management of Fruit-trces. 296 Rhubarb...

170, 203

Pears Grafted upon the Apple Stock . 298 Peas

172 Seedlings from Budded Peaches.. 300 Hot-beds. 175 Care of Peach-trees

303 Original Recipes

176
Renovating Peach-trees

304 Cooking Vegetables

.. 178
An Apologue or Apple-logue.

306 Farmers, take a Hint.. 182 Select List of Apples

307 Mixing Paint and Laying it on.. 184 Origin of some varietic3 of Fruit. S23 Garden Weeds 189 The Quince

825 Vucerne 191 Cutting and Keeping Grafts

326 Family Government... 192 Frost Blight.....

327 List of Flowers, Seeds, and Fruits... 193 Seedling Fruits.

829 Garden Seeds.... .. 196 Time for Pruning..

832 Farmers' Gardens 199 Plums and their Enemies

835 Early Days of Spring 201 Root Grafting..

339 Parlor Flowers.....

.. 202. Blight and Insects A Salt Recipe 203 Xapples for Hogs.

846 Culture of Celery .. 204 The Flower Gardené.

847 Sun-flower Seed ...

.. 212 Preparation of Seed for Sowing.. 851 Rich and Poor Land.

216 Sowing Flower Seeds-Transplanting, 853 Getting ready for Winter.

217 Parlor Plants and Flowers in Winter , 354 Esculent Vegetables... 219 Protecting Plants in Winter

301 Field Root Crops...... 225 To Preserve Dahlia Roots

802 Cultivation of Fruit-trees 226 Hedges

363 A List of Choice Fruits... 288 Watering Trees, etc.....

365 The Nursery Business 241 Labels for Trees

366 The Breeding of Fruits 244 Transplanting Evergreens

307 Pruning Orchards ....

368 Slitting the Bark of Trees 252 Horticultural Curiosities..

309 Downing's Fruits of America 254 | The Corn Crop..

673 Letter from A. J. Downing. 261 | Potato Crop

332 Attention to Orchards ..

266 Potting Garden Plants for Winter Use 390 Wine and Horticulture 269 | Mary Ilowitt's Use of Flowers

391 Do Varieties of Fruit Run out? .. 271 What are Flowers good for

392 Strawberries.......... 275, 281, 286 The Blight in the Pear-tree

393 Raspberries, Gooseberries, Currants .. 236

286. Progress of Horticulture in Indiana.. 411 Spring Work in the Orchard .. 289 Browne's Poultry Yard....

417 Grapes and Grape Vinos.........294, 295 Close of the Year

720

.. 249 Flowers, Ladies and Angels

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PLAIN AND PLEASANT TALK

ABOUT

FRUIT, FLOWERS AND FARMING.

PRELIMINARY.

We understand very well that every region must fashion its system of agriculture upon the nature of its soil, its climate, etc. The principles of agriculture may be alike in every zone, but the processes depend upon circumstances. It would be folly for a new country, without commerce, to imitate an old country with an active commerce; it would be folly, where land is cheap, abundant, and naturally fertile, to adopt the habits of those who are stinted in lands, who have a redundant population, and who find a market for even the weeds which are indigenous to the soil. The husbandry of Holland is suited to a wet soil, and of Eng. land to a humid atmosphere and a very even annual temperature. But our soil is subject to extreme wet in spring and dryness in summer, to severe cold and intense heat. A farm whose bottom-lands are reinvigorated by yearly inundations, may thrive under an exacting husbandry that would exhaust an upland farm in a few years. Modes of agriculture must be suited to circumstances. Nevertheless, the experiments and discoveries and practices of every land are worth our careful attention. We do not import clothes

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