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Dec. 28, From the Secretary Recommends one general agree-
1917 of War

ment with Germany, cover-
[Rec'd

ing all questions on treat-
Jan. 4,

ment of prisoners.
1918]
Jan. 17, From the Acting Necessity for arranging treaty
1918 Director of the Bu- with Germany before Red
(Rec'd reau of Prisoner Cross can properly care for
Jan. 19] Relief, American U.S. prisoners.

Red Cross
Jan. 26 To the American Draft of proposed arrange-
Red Cross

ment for prisoner relief will
be submitted to Germany
through Spanish diplomatic

channels.
1164 Feb. 21 To the Chargé in For Germany: draft of pro-
Switzerland

posed reciprocal arrangement
regarding treatment and priv-

ileges of prisoners.
1864 May 7 To the Minister in Switzerland is requested to
Switzerland (tel.) provide for internment of

certain U.S. invalid prisoners

captured by Germany.
May 9 From the Assistant Direct conference with Ger-
Secretary of State many recommended in order

to bring about agreement. 1126 May 15 To the Ambassador Spain is requested to inquire if in Spain (tel.)

Germans will meet U.S. dele

gates at Berne. 3461 May 25 From the Minister Quotes Swiss note, May 23, [Rec'd

in Switzerland (tel.) acceding to request for intern-
May 27]

ment in Switzerland of U.S.
invalid prisoners from Ger-

many.
3499 May 29 From the Minister Case of_Corp. Edward Rob-

[Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) erts. Repatriation has been
May 301

requested.
2019 June 1|To the Minister in Proposal to Germany of pro-
Switzerland (tel.) visional agreement regarding

repatriation or neutral in-
ternment of invalid prisoners.

Case of Thomas McCarthy. 3583 June 6 From the Minister Urges definite proposals to

(Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) Germany regarding repatria-
June 8]

tion and internment of invalid

prisoners.
2101 June 15 To the Minister in Germany to be urged to permit
Switzerland (tel.) Swiss examination as to eligi-

bility of invalid prisoners for
neutral internment or repatri-

ation. Special cases.
3703 June 19 From the Minister Germany is disposed to enter

(Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) negotiations with the United
June 21]

States for agreement regard-
ing exchange and internment

of prisoners.
2147 June 22 To the Minister in Proposes date for conference

Switzerland (tel.) with Germany.
3786 June 26 From the Minister Germany not in position to fix

[Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) date for conference at Berne.
June 27)

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2211 | July 1 To the Minister in Request that Germany set date Switzerland (tel.) for conference as soon as pos

sible. 2304 | July 17 To the Minister in Request that Swiss GovernSwitzerland (tel.) ment nominate national to

preside over U.S.-German

conference.
4042 July 22 From the Minister Swiss Government will accept

Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.)] offer to preside over confer-
July 24]

ence if Germany agrees.
2349 July 26 To the Minister in Request that Switzerland as-
Switzerland (tel.) certain whether Germany is

willing for Swiss national to

preside over conference. 2410 Aug. 6 To the Minister in Request that Germany be Switzerland (tel.) urged to make early decision

as to date for proposed con

ference. 1659 Aug.10(?) From the Ambassa- Germany suggests that confer[Rec'd

dor in Spain (tel.) ence take place the middle Aug. 11]

of September.
4302 Aug. 14 From the Minister Germany requests Swiss Gov-

(Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) ernment to preside over com-
Aug. 16]

ing conference. Latter con

sents.
1440 | Aug. 17 To the Ambassador Personnel of U.S. commission

in Spain (tel.) to Berne conference.
Aug. 22 To the Chairman of Instructions regarding negoti-

the Commission to ations with Germany.
Prisoners of War

Conference
4641 Sept. 8 From the Minister Personnel of German commis-
(Rec'd

in Switzerland(tel.) sion to Berne conference.
Sept. 9]
Sept. 13 From the Ambassa- Determination to bring about
Rec'd

dor in France (tel.): equal and humane treatment
Sept. 14] from Garrett of prisoners of war and in-

terned civilians.
Sept. 13 From the Ambassa- Question of U.S. responsibili-

dor in France (tel.): ty for Germans in Cuba, Pan-
from Garrett

ama, etc., and German re-
sponsibility for Americans in

Turkey.
5642 Sept. 17 To the Ambassador Attitude regarding equal and

in France (tel.): to humane treatment of prison-
Garrett

ers is approved.
Sept. 17 From the Ambassa- | Proposals relative to exchange
[Rec'd dor in France (tel.): and internment of prisoners
Sept. 18] from Garrett

on humane basis. Views re

quested.
2776 Sept. 23 To the Minister in Summary of telegrams from

Switzerland (tel.): Legations relative to treat-
to Garrett

ment of Germans in certain

Latin American countries. 2784 Sept. 24 To the Minister in Feasibility of presenting to the

Switzerland (tel.): conference the condition of
to Garrett

Belgians and French in occu-
pied territory, with view to

amelioration. Instructions. 2789 Sept. 25 To the Minister in Conditional approval given

Switzerland (tel.): proposals relative to exchange to Garrett

and internment of prisoners.

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2995 Sept. 25 To the Minister in Germany and Austria-Hun

Switzerland (tel.): gary notified that American
to Garrett

Red Cross, Y.M.C.A., etc.,
are authorized U.S. relief so-

cieties.
Sept. 25 From the Minister in First meeting of conference.
(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): Adjournment for separate de-
Sept. 27) from Garrett liberation on bases of agree-

ment. Essential differences

of respective proposals.
Sept. 28 From the Minister in Report on deliberations in sec-
(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): ond meeting of conference.

Sept. 30) from Garrett
3026 Sept. 30 To the Minister in List of cases of injury to Amer-

Switzerland (tel.); icans in Turkey, of possible
to Garrett

use as deterrent to German

claims and threats.
3045 Oct. 2 To the Minister in Agreement desired regarding

Switzerland (tel.): treatment of Germans in U.S.
to Garrett

Army, naturalized during the
war, when taken prisoners by

Germany, and the converse.
Oct. 1 From the Minister Free hand for commission re-
(Rec'd in Switzerland(tel.): quested as to employment of
Oct. 3] from Garrett exchanged and repatriated

prisoners.
3073 Oct. 5 To the Minister in Free hand given commission as

Switzerland (tel.): to employment of exchanged
to Garrett

and repatriated prisoners.
Oct. 5 From the Minister in German proposal of U.S. decla-
(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): ration against internment or
Oct. 8] from Garrett

deportation of Germans in
China; other proposals in con-

ference.
3095 Oct. 9 To the Minister in Instructions regarding question

Switzerland (tel.): of treatment of Germans in
to Garrett

Cuba and Panama and of
Americans in Turkey and

Bulgaria.
3106 Oct. 11 To the Minister in German proposal with regard

Switzerland (tel.): to internment or deportation
to Garrett

of Germans in China not

acceptable.
Oct. 14 From the Minister in Further negotiations regarding

(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): release and repatriation of
Oct. 16) from Garrett civilian prisoners.
Oct. 18 From the Minister in Commission desires to propose

Switzerland (tel.): advance payment to officer
from Garrett

prisoners.
3147 | Oct. 18 To the Minister in Attitude toward proposed ex-

Switzerland (tel.): change of civilian prisoners.

to Garrett
Oct. 19 From the Minister in Departure of German delegates
(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): to Berlin for instructions.
Oct. 20] from Garrett
Oct. 20 From the Minister in Terms of proposed agreement
Rec'd

Switzerland (tel.): with Germany for exchange
Oct. 21] from Garrett

of interned civilians.
Oct. 25 From the Minister in Germany will not accept pro-
(Rec'd Switzerland (tel.): vision recognizing as Ameri-
Oct. 27] from Garrett

can citizens Germans captured by German forces if naturalized after Aug. 4, 1914.

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Oct. 25 From the Minister in Proposed U.S. declaration in
(Rec'd

Switzerland (tel.): conference: not present inten-
Oct. 27]} from Garrett

tion to transport to the
United States prisoners sub-

ject to compulsory labor.
Oct. 26 From the Minister in German delegates acquiesce in
[Rec'd

Switzerland (tel.): certain clauses of agreement;
Oct. 28]
from Garrett

other matters pending.
3248 Nov. 1To the Minister in Reply to suggested advance

Switzerland (tel.): pay for officer prisoners; sec.
to Garrett

3648, Revised Statutes,

quoted.
3258 Nov. 2 To the Minister in No objection to proposed dec-

Switzerland (tel.): laration in conference regard-
to Garrett

ing transport of German pris

oners to the United States. 3293 Nov. 7 To the Minister in U.S. position regarding treat

Switzerland (tel.): ment of Germans, naturalized
to Garrett

in the United States during the
war, who may be captured by

Germany, and the converse.
Nov. 11 German-American Treatment of prisoners of war,
Agreement

sanitary personnel, and civil-
ians.

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PROPOSED AMERICAN-AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN CONFERENCE

157

war.

158

1434 Aug. 16, To the Ambassador Instructions to inquire through
1918 in Spain (tel.)

Spain whether Austria-Hun-
gary is disposed to agree to a
conference to conclude agree-

ment regarding prisoners of 1871 Oct. 1 From the Ambassa- Austria-Hungary agrees to con

(Rec'd dor in Spain (tel.) ference with the United
Oct. 2]

States to conclude agreement

regarding prisoners of war. 1629 Oct. 3 To the Ambassador Instructions for arranging date

in Spain (tel.) of proposed conference.
5680 Nov. 9 From the Minister Austria-Hungary requests that

[Rec'd in Switzerland (tel.) opening of conference be post-
Nov.11]

poned.
3340 Nov. 15 To the Minister in Conference indefinitely post-

Switzerland (tel.) poned. Instructions.

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II. ENEMY ALIENS
TREATMENT OF ENEMY ALIENS

160

4993 Feb. 4, From the Ambassa- Interview with Zimmermann

1917 dor in Germany on provisions of treaty of 1799
(Rec'd (tel.)

allowing citizens or subjects of
Feb. 5)

both countries nine months in

which to leave in case of war. Feb. 10, From the Swiss Quotes German proposal of in1917 Minister

terpretive and supplementary agreement as to art. 23 of treaty of 1799 between the United States and Prussia.

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416 Mar. 20, To the Swiss Minis- U.S. refusal to acquiesce in
1917 ter

proposed supplementary
agreement. Cases cited of
German violation of existing

treaties.
Mar. 30, From the Swiss Quotes German communica-
1917 Minister

tion denying violation of
[Rec'd

treaties and accusing the Mar. 31)

United States of violations. 1364 Apr. 6, Proclamation Formal declaration of a state of 1917

war with Germany and regu-
lations prescribing conduct

toward alien enemies.
Apr. 19, From the Minister Inquiry regarding entrance
1917 in China (tel.) into the United States of

Germans not of military age
and of German women and

children.
Apr. 21, To the Minister in Enemy aliens not permitted
1917 China (tel.)

to enter the United States
without special authoriza-

tion.
Apr. 21, To President Wilson Question of the detention of
1917

Germans inimical to the
United States without abro-

gation of the treaty of 1799.
May 8, From President Privilege of discrimination
1917 Wilson

against Germans desiring to
leave who are believed to be

inimical to the United States.
May 9, To the Attorney | Transmission of the Presi-
1917 General

dent's letter of May 8, supra. 353 May 11, From the Minister U.S. press representative re

1917 in Sweden (tel.) turning from Germany re-
Rec'd

ports conditions and general
May 12)

attitude toward Americans

remaining there.
473 | May 17, To the Swiss Min- No objection to distribution
1917 ister

by Prisoners of War Relief
Committee of necessary funds
to needy Germans in the

United States.
479 May 21, To the Ambassador For Berlin: representations
1917 in Spain (tel.) against undue detention of

U.S. citizens in Germany and
German-occupied territory.

Cases of Clayton and Whipple. 641 June 28, From the Ambassa- | Formalities alleged as causing 1917 dor in Spain (tel.) delay in departure of Ameri

cans from Germany and of
Germans from the United

States.
584 July 10, To the Ambassador U.S. policy toward departure
1917 in Spain (tel.) of German subjects from the

United States.
July 20, To the Swiss Minis- Status of German subjects de-
1917 ter

tained at Ellis Island.
Aug. 9, To the Swiss Chargé Reply to request for list of
1917

Germans detained in the
United States as suspicious
aliens and charges against
them.

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