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Sister Misener and one at the home of Brother and Sister Williams.

October 9, our regular meeting day, was one of great pleasure and profit to us, as we had with us our Grand President, accompanied by the following members of Div. 1: Sisters J. c. Vopell, Chas. Slagel and Cora Purcell. Sister Murdock gave us much valuable information, as she always does, and we all appreciate being so near the Chicago Divisions, as it is a help, and inspiration to us to be able to visit these wide-awake Divisions, which now number eight, and we are always glad when any of these Sisters meet with us.

The grand success of our year's work was our bazar, which was held in Clement Hall, November

We had many useful and ornamental articles for sale, chief among them being our autograph quilt, which was composed of 56 blocks 12 inches square, with a star and crescent just large enough to fill the block vicely. In each block we worked ten names each of our friends, who gave their names, accompanied with 10 cents. The two center blocks contained the names of the Grand Officers of the B. of L. E. and the G. I. A. We raffed it off at 10 cents a chance. No. 170 was the lucky number, held by Mrs. George Goodrode, of durora. We are very grateful to all the sister and brother Divisions which so kindly assisted us in securing the names. The quilt brought us $74.75. The contest for the gold watch attracted much attention, the contestants being, Willie Dugan, Willie Wilkins, Harry Mohr and Jimmie Johnston. Willie Dugan received 509% votes and Willie Wilkins 507, there being only 25 cents difference. It came so near being a tie that the Division decided to present Willie Wilkins with a watch of the same value, which was highly appreciated by Master Willie. The greatest interest was centered in the contest for the handsome silver loving-cup, the generous donation of Col. John Lambert. The contestants being Engineer John Haggart and Conductor M, Trainor, we thought this contest would be very close, but if you could have seen the way the engineers hustled, you would have thought they each had a time order to meet the officials' special at Frankfort, or were going to get a turn-around at Roundabout. When the polls were closed and the votes counted, Brother Hag. gart was ahead 1,637 votes. Above all expenses, we cleared $446.26. We feel very proud of our suc cess, but with any energy of our own, we could not have failed with the substantial aid we received from our Brothers, from our traveling engi. neer and roundhouse foreman down. And it is due to the assistance and zeal of the members of Div. 478, which we are so proud to be auxiliary to, that all of our undertakings have met with such unbounded success.

Many of the delegates to the Milwaukee Convention will remember that our Division was only ten days old at that time. When the delegate from Div. 69 asked if we were not afraid to send such a young baby so far from home, our delegate replied: “We will improve with age.". I am glad to say that Div. 246 has redeemed the pledge.

The out-going officers will leave the chairs with the good-will of the members, and with the Division in fine condition, both socially and financially.

Yours in F., L. & P., CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, Div. 246.

were there, the occasion being our regular meet. ing day. Falling on New Year's Day, we had previously sent an invitation to the Brothers of Div. 280, B. of L. E., and their wives and families to be present with us New Year's afternoon for a social gathering in the hall, which was unanimously accepted by the Brothers, for they knew that a social good time was in store for them. After our meeting the doors were thrown open, and our guests were received by the Sisters and escorted to the dining hall, where a bountiful turkey dinner and all the delicacies of the season were served, and I dare say every person there did justice to the dinner. After dinner we listened to speeches from the Chief Engineer and other Brothers present, and vocal and instrumental music, in which we all took part. We departed for our homes at 8 P. M., feeling that New Year's Day, 1903, will mark one of the brightest pages in memory's book.

Hoping this letter will not tire the readers, as it is my first one to the JOURNAL, I will close, wishing all

our sister Divisions a happy and prosperous new year.

Yours in F., L. & P.,

PRES., Div. 56. In looking over the last ENGINEERS' JOURNAL, and finding so many interesting communications from the different Divisions, the thought occurred to me that Maple City Div., 134, Hornellsville, N. Y., had been silent for a long time.

We are in a flourishing condition, and it would be a difficult matter to find a more lively company of ladies than those of Div. 134. We had several pleasant outings last summer, among them a visit to the Division at Corning. We were entertained in a royal manner, and returned to our homes with a feeling of pride that we were members of such a grand and noble organization.

But while we have had so many enjoyable times together, we have not forgotten the Sisters who have been shut in from these pleasures. Our dear President has been among the sick, giving them a word of cheer; and sweet remembrances in flowers have been distributed as a token of love from our Division.

I do not think there is another organization of women that has the strong bond of sympathy between one another that the G. I. A has, for we stand together on the same level as engineers' wives, and as the days are fleeting past may the five grand principles of our orderobe exemplified in the life of each member. Yours in F., L. & P.,

Div. 134.

I WISH to extend my heartiest congratulations to the officers and members of Vanderbilt Div., 264, New York City, for the manner in which they entertained their patrons at a clipping party, held at their rooms, November 25. To say that the affair was a success would be placing the matter mild, as it was the universal opinion that while this Division is in its infancy its members are of the kind that will soon place it on an even basis with the oldest Divisions.

President Marley presided with the ease and grace of one who is master of the situation. The drill given by the officers was perfect in every detail. The vocal and instrumental talent of Sister Elliott was-well, a perfect dream.

Wishing Vanderbilt Division, and all the other Divisions of the G. I. A. to the B. of L E., Godspeed in their noble work, I am, Yours as

A BROTHER, Div. 145, B. of L E.

AFTER a prolonged silence, we will let the readers of the JOURNAL know that Harmony Div., 56. Bradford, Pa., is still alive, and holds its regular meetings alternate Thursdays. We also have many social gatherings, which, I think, promotes sociability and brings us more in unity.

Our Division is small. We have only 28 members, of which eight have moved to other cities. We have a club in our Division called the G. I. A. Sewing Club. We meet at our different homes, and invite our friends. Each pays 10 cents, which adds quite a little sum to our treasury. We also have public socials in the hall, which are always successful, socially and financially.

Our last social gathering was New Year's Day, which will be remembered with great pleasure by the Brothers and sisters and the little folks that

We beg leave for some space in the JOURNAL. On November 10, Riverside Div., 172. Baltimore. Md., visited Sister Marsh as a surprise. On arriv. ing at her home we found her out, so we took entire possession of her house, and upon her arrival she was surprised to find that so many Sisters and Brothers had called during her short absence. The evening was pleasantly spent, and while in the midst of our pleasure it was suggested that we have another surprise party in the near future. We all repaired to our homes at a late hour, well pleased with the evening's pleasure and looking forward to our next surprise,

This is our next: On December 4 we gave Sister B. Collins, of Washington, D. C., a pleasant surprise. A special car was provided for us. We left Camden Station at 6:18 P. M. and arrived in Washington at 7:45 P. M. Upon arriving at the home of the Sister, and after she had recovered from her surprise, we were given a hearty welcome from both Brother and sister Collins. The evening was spent in the usual way of surprise parties, several selections being rendered by Miss Annie Collins on the piano, after which all repaired to the dining room, where a table was spread with the delicacies of the season. We all did ample justice to the edibles, after which good-byes were said. We left Washington in our special car at 11:55 P. M. for Baltimore. Yours in F., L. & P..

ONE WHO WAS THERE.

by Grand Marshal Sister Huffman, of Cambridge, 0., installed the officers on Monday evening in the most beautiful and impressive manner, without the use of the ritual, and in the manner it was done, it made each officer feel the responsibility that rested upon her for the good and welfare of our dear little Division. Sister May has had nearly two years of the most successful work. She has worked dilligevtly aud impartially. We were as one Sister to her. She always had a kindly greeting for us at her home as well as in the Division room. Our treasury is also in a good financial condition. We have just elected a good President, Sister Frank Howard, in whom we all repose the greatest confidence, and the Sisters all feel that we have another year of love and prosperity before us.

Sister Howard presented Sister May with a PastPresident's pin, which was received with much pleasure by Sister May. After some very pleasant remarks by the Brothers supper was announced. After all had enjoyed one of Criswell Division's good suppers, the Brothers and sisters and invited guests were all ready for the music and the dance. All present pronounced it an evening of exquisite enjoyment.

SEC.

Div. 225, Pensacola, Fla., is prospering socially and financially. The past year was quite a suc cessful one, and there is no reason why we should not all work together in love and harmony and take more interest in the work. We boast of the charitable work done by our Division during the past year, and this one grand principle is a jewel in our order. Charity not only means money, but smiles and kind words

to a Sister or Brother. We held our regular meeting at the usual time and place Thursday afternoon, at which time our newly-elected officers were installed. Our former President, Sister Bradley, was presented with a Past-President's pin. The presentation was made by our new President, Sister Watson. Sister Bradley responded in a few well-chosen remarks, thanking the members for the honor they had bestowed upon her, she having served her second term as President. We are all feeling now as if we had lost a mother, and wondering, as it were, how our new step-mother will treat us. So with all new officers and a change generally we begin business for the new year.

Brother Comer, Sister Wright and Sister Lund, of Montgomery, visited us recently in the interest of the Montgomery-Pensacola union meeting, to be held in June. We had a meeting arranged for the visitors, which was well attended by representatives of all the railroad organizations. Our mayor and other business and professional men attended, and addresses from all were listened to with marked attention. Through the JOURNAL, we extend an invitation to all Brothers and Sisters to visit us at this time, and we assure you a royal time will await you.

We look forward with much pleasure to the visit of our Grand Officers in June, as it will be our first opportunity to meet them. We hope they will not expect much of us, but like little school girls we will do the best we can. We are young yet, but still have faith that the future has better things in store for us. May this year bring to all Divisions much happiness, and may there be no limit to their successes.

MRS. GEO. HOFFMAN, Sec., Div. 225.

While not wishing to wear our welcome out in the beginning, we will ask for space in the JOUR. NAL, just this ovce, to give an account of the first annual ball given by Div. 274, St. Paul, Minn, which occurred on Thanksgiving eve. The Ryan Hotel was the place decided on to hold the dance, and it proved a good selection, the spacious par. lors, where the guests were received, and the commodious hall affording ample accommodations for all.

The arrangement committee, of which Sister McDonald was chairman, and consisting of Sisters O'Neil. Cavanagh, Morton and Conley, deserve a word of praise for the able manner in which they worked, leaving nothing undone to make it an event to be remembered, and I think the chairman felt compensated in a measure for her hard work when, at 9 o'clock, fully 200 couples formed on the dancing floor and were led through the beautiful figures of the grand march by Brother and Sister Ackerly; and, by the way, Brother Ackerly proved himself the right man in the right place. He worked like a Trojan the whole evening

owing to so many social functions that evening, the Star Orchestra

of Hudson, Wis., was procured for us by Brother Fitzgerald, of Stillwater.

We will never forget Brother Bailey's kindness in so gallantly coming to our assistance and disposing of so many tickets for us.

We wish to specially remember Brother Morton, husband of our worthy President; also Brothers McDonald and Collins, and Brothers Hammond and McMurchie, who came over from Minneapolis to lend a helping hand, and we wish to extend our hearty thanks to each and every Brother on the committee.

At 11:38 supper was served, after which dancing was resumed until a late hour, when we de parted for our homes, feeling that our first dance had been a gratifying success in every sense of the word. From the view point of the almighty dollar, it was certainly a success for we cleared $135.

The thought just occurred to me that our Edi. tress will think, if we are going to have our dances annually, we had better appoint some one to write them up in a briefer manner.

Yours in F., L. & P.,
MRS. J. HIGDON, Sec., Div. 274.

The members of Rescue Div., 53. Minneapolis, Minn., and their husbands tendered a surprise to Sister Geo. N. Willson at the home of Brother and Sister H. D. Clark, Tuesday evening, December 30. Music, cards and conversation were indulged in until a late hour, when dainty refreshments were served to about twenty.

Sister Willson has served Div. 53 as Guide for the past three years, and a most faithful worker she has been. She was presented with a recognition pin as a slight token of appreciation.

Brother and sister Willson are now living at Barron, Wis., and were in the city for the holidays.

We left after having spent a very pleasant evening

Yours in F., L. & P.;
MRS. ARTHUR C. McLANE, Sec., Div. 53.

DEAR Sisters of the G. I. A. we come to you with greetings and the wish that each and every one of you may enjoy a happy and prosperous New Year. The past year has been an exceedingly happy and harmonious one with us, and we have prospered in love and sisterly feeling as well as financially. We will tell you a bont some of the social occasions we have enjoyed during the past year.

On the nth of March, in response to an iuvitation from Monona Div., 238, to attend their in

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stallation of officers, about forty of our members went to Madison, Wis. The officials of the C. & N. W. Ry. generously gave us free transportation round trip. Those of us who went will long remember the happy time we had and how pleasantly we were entertained while there.

A social was given in April at the home of Sis. ter Stockwell, which was well attended and proved a success in every way.

June 19th, we together with Divs. 5, 96, 165 and 236 gave our Grand President a reception in our Division Hall on her return from convention, which was enjoyed by a large number, including many visitors representing out of town Divisions.

August 28th we gave our annual picnic at the Railway Men's Home, Highland Park, Ill., the c. & N. W. Ry. again furnishing us free transportation for ourselves and our friends. The day was perfect and a general good time was reported by all. A table loaded with good things to eat was set especially for the inmates of the Home which they thoroughly enjoyed. The tables were placed on the lawn under shade trees and the grounds being very spacious there was plenty of room not. withstanding a large gathering was assembled there. Ice-cream and coffee was served and the sum of $16.50 was given the Home.

October 30th Sister Grand President invited us all to a social at her home and so many responded that it kept our executive committee busy serving refreshments to the hungry. Sister Murdock had donated a hand-made handkerchief to be raffled for the benefit of our treasury and about $20.00 was realized thereby. The net proceeds of the social were $30.82.

Our Division gave a ball on November 20th which was well attended and added $58.00 to our treasury.

We are hoping to make this new year productive of much good. We know this may be done if the spirit of unselfishness prevails and self is lost sight of while we work together for the common good of all. Let us be truly faithful to our obligations and we shall rise above all petty annnoyances and be able to bear and forbear. May each one of us earnestly try never to say an unkind word to or of each other.

Mrs. W. W. HAMILTON, Sec. Crescent Div. 1.

far short. But to err is human, and as the new year dawns upon us I wish that we might not only make good resolutions, but keep them also.

As correspondent for Div. 84. Springfield, III., I have tried to do the best I could. The G. I. A.' is very dear to me, and I shall ever work for its ad. vancement. It has been the means of forming many tender ties of friendship that would otherwise have been unknown.

We are again on the threshold of a new year, and may God grant that it will be a happy year for each one of us. We Sisters who have been fortunate enough to have our loved ones spared to us through the past year should lift our voices in prayer to our wise and almighty Father, who doeth all things well.

Sister and Brother Thos. Burns entertained the Brothers and Sisters of Divs. 83 and 84 at their beautiful home on Chase street. It was one of the pleasantest socials our Division ever held, Sister Burns making a most charming hostess. The afternoon was spent in music, games and social chat. Quite a number of our Brothers were out. Mrs. J. Hart, of Monett, Mo., and Mrs. Neff were the guests of honor. An elegant lunch was served to about twenty-five persons, Sister Burns being ably assisted by Sister Shaw. Each guest went away voting it a pleasant afternoon and Sister Burns a royal entertainer.

On Deceinber 9, Div. 84 met in K. of P. Hall for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing year. There was a good attendance and everybody was smiling. Very few changes were made, as the ability of our officers is too well known. Too much praise cannot be accorded our dear President.

Our Auxiliary has prospered during the past year, having gained several new members. We ballotted on two applications at our last meeting, and are expecting more.

Hoping to see many familiar faces at our school of instruction which Sister Murdock will hold with us on January 13 and 14, I am,

Yours fraternally.

MRS. J. C. D.

0. I. A. Voluntary Relief Association.

The infrequent communications from Div. 99 may suggest indifference or dormancy, but I assure you that we are very much alive and always interested in everything pertaining to our order. Div.99 has over ninety members. We average one initiation at each meeting. Last fall our members voted to have a supper with an entertainment once a month during the Winter. So far these affairs have been successful financially and socially. The last Saturday in January we are to hold a sale of useful articles made by the members of our sewing circle, also have a supper and entertainment.

I think the advice given by our Grand President in her New Year's greeting to the Sisters most excellent and worthy of our consideration. No mat. ter how efficient an officer may be, without the help of the members she can accomplish but little. My Sister, when tempted to criticize (adversely) an officer, ask yourself whether you could do any better were you in her place. When I hear these unkind criticisms (which is seldom) these lines come to my mind: "Search thine own heart. What paineth thee in others, in thyself may be." Let us be charitable one to another and ever ready to help the weak and faltering by our counsel and encouragement. I sincerely hope that Sister Cassell will tell us more about ber trip abroad. Wishing you all a happy and prosperous New Year, I remain, Yours in F., L. & P.,

Vice-PRESIDENT, Piv. 99.

TOLEDO, O., Feb. 1, 1903. To Division Insurance Secretaries, V. R. A.:

You are hereby notified of the death of the fol. lowing members of the Association, and for the payment of these claims you are ordered to collect 50 cents from each member holding one policy, and $1.00 from each member holding two policies, providing, however, that no one be assessed on a policy if the application for said policy was dated later than Dec. 31, 1902:

ASSESSMENT No. 95. Died Dec. 10, 1902.

Sister Allie M. Ohlson, aged 37, of Div. 191, Water Valley, Miss. Cause of death, consumption. Held two policies, dated Feb. 3. 1898, payable to Peter Ohlson, husband, and Alfred Nelson, son.

ASSESSMENT No. 96. Died Dec. 28, 1902. Sister John M. Wandell, aged 74, of Div. 1, Chicago, Ill. Cause of death, cerebral hemorrhage. Held one policy, dated July 19, 1895, payable to John M. Wandeli, husband.

Members will pay their Insurance Secretaries on or before Feb. 28, 1903, or pay a fine of 10 cents on each policy. Insurance Secretaries will remit to the General Secretary and Treasurer on or before March 10, 1903, or stand delinquent till remittance is made.

Members in good standing Dec. 31, 1902, twenty-two hundred and seventy-one carrying one policy, and fifteen hundred' and seventyone carrying two policies. All claims are paid in full-$500 on each policy.

MRS. GEO. WILSON, Pres. V. R. A. MARY L. ROBERTSON, Gen'l Sec'y and Treas,

It is with a feeling of sadness mingied with joy that I sit and meditate over the things which have come and gone during the year that has just passed. When I think, have I done my duty to my Sisters as best I could, I fear not. Yea, I fear there have been many times that we all have come

Technical.

found in circus trains and on freight cars

belonging to Western roads, which were Contributions for this department must be re

practically the pioneers in equipping freight ceived by the Editor on or before the 12th of the cars with air brakes. It is still used to a month to be in time for the succeeding issue.

large extent with engine truck, driver, Plain Automatic Triple Valve. and tender equipments, but the quick

action triple is being used more and more BY ROBERT H. BLACKALL.

on passenger tenders, and without doubt The plain automatic triple valve was for

will soon be a general standard throughout merly employed on engines, tenders, and

the country in this class of service. It is

now the standard on all tenders 22

equipped with the high speed brake. To BRAKE CYLINDER

The older form of plain triple valve formerly used in passenger equipment contained a cock oper

ated by handle, by means

of which the triple could FIPE TAP

SPIPE TAP. ITO AUXILIARY RESERVOIR

be cut into automatic,

TO TRAIN LINE
Y

into straight air, or cut W

out entirely. With the P24

handle pointing straight out, the automatic feature is cut in;

when lowered to a position midway 20

between this one and the one in which 32

it points straight down, the valve is cut out entirely ; when the handle points straight down or straight up, the straight air feature is cut in.

After the cars equipped with the 29 triple valve became so numerous that

the provision which permitted the use 21

of straight air when desired was found 27

to be unnecessary, lugs were so cast 31

upon the handle so that it could only be placed in either of two positions, that in which the automatic is cut in, or that in which the brake on this car was cut out altogether. Now that there is no further

use for the key and the handle, they are 28

not included in the plain triple valves of today; the part of the triple in which

the key was formerly placed is now cast passenger, mail, baggage, express and

solid, with the ports as shown in Fig. 2. freight cars, but owing to its inability to

To provide a means of cutting the triple produce a quick serial application in re

valve out when desired, a cut-out cock sponse to a sudden reduction of train-pipe is placed in the cross-over pipe which pressure, it rapidly gave way to the quick- connects the triple valve at w with the action triple valve when this was intro

main train pipe. duced. While the plain triple is practi- The former plain triple valve used with cally only a recollection as to its use on freight car equipment was of a different cars, nevertheless it is sometimes seen on structural appearance, but its operation an occasional and somewhat antiquated was identical with the one shown in freight or passenger car, such as may be Fig. 2.

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TEIPE

TAP

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The triple valve is always located at the piston with a pin, indicated by dotted lines, junction of the train pipe, auxiliary reser- must respond to each movement of the voir and brake cylinder.

piston. It derives its name from the three func- In order to properly understand the tions it performs in the operation of the probable action of a triple valve in rebrakes, namely, to charge the auxiliary sponse to certain governing conditions, the reservoir, to apply the brakes in response to first thing to be considered is the piston a reduction of train-pipe pressure, and to which is the dividing line between the release the brakes in response to an in- auxiliary-reservoir and train-pipe pressures. crease of train-pipe pressure.

The lower face of the piston is called the There are four positions of the plain train pipe, and the upper the reservoir or triple valve: Release position, shown in Fig. 2; service, Fig. 3; lap, Fig. 4; and

X EPIPE TAH

TO BRAKE CYLINDER emergency, Fig. 5.

The different parts of this valve are: 20, the body; 21, cylinder cap; 22, cap nut; 23, the triple piston and stem; 24, the slide valve; 25, the graduating valve; 26, the graduating

To AUXILIARY RESERVOIR stem; 27, the graduating

IQ TRAIN spring; 28, the graduating nut; 29, the cylinder cap gasket; 30, the triple-piston packing ring, and 32, the slide-valve ring; m and n are

32 the feed ports.

20 The object of the slide valve is to so control the ports as to permit the passage of air from the reservoir to the brake cylinder to apply the brake, and to permit the air in the brake cylinder to escape to the atmosphere to

30

-29 release the brake.

The service port in the slide valve is controlled by the graduating valve, and the movements of both the graduating

31 and slide valves are controlled by the triple piston.

It will be noticed that there is a small clearance between the upper end of the slide valve and the lug at the end of the piston stem, 23; hence, when the piston

28

FIG. 3. is forced down, the position of the slide valve is not affected until the lug on the piston stem has engaged it. When the piston starts back the same lost motion ex- slide-valve side. The movement of the ists between the lug on the piston stem, triple piston is controlled by the variations upon which the graduating valve rests, and of these pressures, and in response to the the slide valve, and the position of the movement of the piston the graduating and slide valve is not affected until the piston slide valves are also controlled. If the has moved a distance which corresponds train-pipe pressure is less than the auxilwith this clearance.

iary-reservoir pressure, the piston will be This is not true of the graduating valve, forced down; if greater, the piston will which being fastened to the stem of the tend to move up. This same question is

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