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The Journal.

Published monthly, 307 Society for Savings Bldg.

CLEVELAND, Ohio. CHARLES H. SALMONS, . Editor and Manager.

Address matter for publication Correspondence, Technical and Link Departments; name and address of Outside Subscribers; name and address of Initiated and Reinstated Members, Transfers, Withdrawals, Expulsions, Suspensions, Special Notices, Obituaries, and changes in Division Addresses – to C. H. SALMONS, S. G. E., Editor JOURNAL.

No reading space will be sold for advertising purposes under any circumstances.

All money matters should be addressed to T. S. INGRAHAM, F. G. E., 307 Society for Savings Bldg. Send New York or Chicago draft, Express money order or Postal order, but never send personal check, it is useless.

Changes in Address of the JOURNAL subscribers and orders for Division supplies should be addressed to D. EVERETT, T. G. E., 307 Society for Savings Bldg.

Advertising Department matter and all correspondence relating thereto should be addressed to W. N. Gates, 409 Garfield Bldg., Cleveland, O.

vitation to come in and tell us something of the past, and the editor will be glad to do any necessary work to help the writers in making it presentable if that is necessary. Our Technical Department is also worthy of the attention of every member, the interest in it is unusual at this time, and we are very much pleased to see it and hope for still greater interest in the future. The science article of the series by R. H. Blackall, with four illustrations, appears in this issue and is a part of the series of articles which will give a complete history of the air brake from its inception to the complete device of the present, with each stage of the improvements fully illustrated, and those who preserve their JOURNALS, will be in possession of all that pertains to the airbrake system, while the question and answer column brings out desired knowledge of how to remedy present difficulties, any desired question will be answered in the following issue if addressed to R. H. Blackall, Wilmer. ding, Pa.

The train order questions and answers have produced much thought and consequent correspondence, and we hope this wisl not only continue but enlarge, and that will be an easy matter if we get enough practical problemis, orders with an ambiguous turn, to set our Brothers to thinking. Whoever writes for this department is bound to educate himself, for he centralizes his thoughts and impresses them upon his mind, which he is not likely to do without some such effort. The editor is very thankful for what has been done, and the more that come in on these discussions the better he will be pleased, believing it will contribute to the best interest of all.

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Our Correspondence and Technical

Departments. We desire to again call special attention to our Correspondence Department's special feature, restrospective letters of our old members, reaching back to the troubled times of the war. We present three very interesting letters in this issue, each accompanied by a picture of the author, and we believe they will be found interesting to every reader, and in this connection we desire to say that they involve no discussion of the merits of the controversy of 1861 to 1865. They are simply reminiscenses of personal experiences, and the editor knowing that there are many Brothers still living who were in charge of locomotives on the Confederate side, would be very much pleased if they would favor him with photograph and retrospective letter, telling their experiences as engineers during the same period. Our family of Brothers in the B. of L. E. is as broad as the continent, and whether he wore the Blue or the Gray they are all Brothers to the editor, and he hopes many of our older Brothers whose experiences reach back into the early years of the Brotherhood, whether in war or peace, may find a desire to tell the story to our great family. If the effort is made the Correspondence Department can be the most interesting part of the JOURNAL, because it will interest every member of each family, besides being of special interest to those not of us, who are also readers of the JOURNAL. We shall hope for a ready response to this in

Employers' Liability Bill. We herewith present to our readers the Employers' Liability Bill, S. 6451 and H. R. 15990, as introduced in the Senate by Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts, and in the House by Mr. Bates, of Pennsylvania, which is known as the Lodge-Bates Employers' Liability Bill.

A BILL Relating to the liability of common carriers by

railroad in the District of Columbia and Terri. tories and common carriers by railroad engaged in commerce between the states and between the States and foreign nations to their employees.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Amer. icain Congress assembled, That every common carrier by railroad engaged in trade or commerce in the Districs of Columbia or in any Territory of the United States, or between the several States, or between any Ter. ritory and another, or between any Territory or Territories and any State or States or the District of Columbia, or with foreign nations, or between the District of Columbia and any State or States or foreign nations, shall be liable to any of its employees, or in case of his death to his heirs at law, very enjoyable hour was spent in reviewing an acqaintance of long standing. The Economy car heating system is an original mechanical device of Brother Coggins' for utilizing the exhaust steam from the airbrakes for heating cars, and has proven eminently successful. Come again, Brother Coggin!


for all damages which may result from the negligence or mismanagement of any of its officers, agents or employees, or by season of any defect or insufficiency of its cars, engines, appliances, machinery, track, roadbed, ways, or works.

Sec. 2. That in all actions hereafter brought against any such common carriers by railroad to recover damages for personal injuries to an employee, or where such injuries have resulted in his death, the fact that the employee may have been guilty of contributory negligence shall not bar recovery where his contributory negligence was slight in comparison to that of the employer.

SEC. 3... That no contract of employee, insurance, relief benefit or indemnity for injury or death entered into by or on behalf of an employee, nor the acceptance of any such insurance, relief benefit, or indemnity by the person entitled thereto shall constitute any bar or defense to any action brought to recover damages for personal 'injuries to or death of such employee: Provided, however, That upon the trial of such action against any such common carrier by railroad the defendant may set off therein any sum it has contributed toward any such insurance, relief benefit, or indemnity that may have been paid to the injured employee, or, in case of his death, to his heirs at law.

SEC. 4. That nothing in this act contained shall be held to limit the duty of common carriers by railroads or impa ir the rights of their employees under the safety.appliance act of March 2, 1893, as amended April 1, 1896.

The above Bill only applies to the Territories, the District of Columbia, and to those engaged in interstate comme ce, this being the

extent of the jurisdiction of Congress, but if enacted into law it will establish a precedent for state legislation which will be far reaching if the matter is pushed by those whose interests are involved. It modifies contributary negligence, and the fellow servant doctrine, which has stood as a barrier against recovery of damage even to the degree of claiming that the employe accepted the danger when he took service with the firm or company, and the best of all as both law and precedent will be found in section 3, that the acceptance of relief benefits or indemnity for injury or death shall not constitute any bar or defence to any action brought to recover damages for injuries or death. If this law is enacted into law by the United States Congress, it will open the way for similar acts in the state legislatures. Section 4 is for the purpose of preserving the rights of the employees under the present Safety Appliance Law. That this proposed law will be vigorously antagonized there can be little question, and if it is desired to go through it will be necessary to keep your Senators and members of Congress reminded that you consider it to your interest and shall watch the course of events, so as to know what course to pursue in the future.

Divs. 139 and 366 are making arrangements for a monster union meeting, to be held at Houston, Tex., on March 5, 6, and 7, 1903. Brother Arthur has promised to attend, and we expect as many of the Grand Officers (accompanied by their wives) as can be spared from the Grand Office to attend this meeting. We are going to make this the banner meeting ever yet held, and all Divisions and members are heartily invited to come. So you members who are now amidst the ice and snow, we invite you to the land of sunshine and flowers. Come to the country where you don't have to spend your salary to keep warm.

We want Bros. Shandy Maguire and Mickey Fee to send their addresses so that we can mail them in vitations. And we want them to come, too!

Arrangements are being made with the various railroads entering Houston for transportation for members and their families. “Members must make their requests for transportation through the managers of the companies they are working for. When you make your request have it read, “account attending B. of L. E. union meeting at Houston, Tex., March 5, 6, and 7, 1903."

Invitations will be issued the first week in February, giving members time to secure transportation.

Now, Brothers, come and enjoy this meeting with us. We will endeavor to entertain

you, and will certainly give you a royal Texas welcome.

Address all letters of inquiry and communications to W. J. Bissonnet, secretary, 1114 Maury street, Houston, Tex.

W. J. WILSON, Chairman,
W. J. BISSONNET, Secretary.

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BRO. FRANK F. Coggin, member of Div. 61, was in Cleveland on January 16th, representing the Economy Car Heating Co., of which he is one of the principals. He made a pleasant call at the Grand Office, and at the home of the S. G. E., where a

BRO. ROBERT PATTERSON, member of Div. 385, has been honored by promotion to the position of master mechanic of the Rio Grande Southern Railroad, with head.



quarters at Ridgway, Col. We all join in position as superintendent for a gold minwishing him success in his new position. ing company at Tombstone, Arizona. Yours fraternally,

Brother Engle has named as assistant R. C. BROCKIE, F. A. E. road foremen J. H. Haynes and H. H. Hill,

whose territories are co-extensive with his BRO. S. T. PHILLIPS, a member of Div.

The same circular announced the 296, has been honored with promotion to

appointment of U. C. Smith to be traveling assistant road foreman of engines on the foreman. Cleveland division of the B. & O. R. R.

Brother Engle was secretary of the G. C. We are pleased that the company has of A. for several years, and was an enthuchosen one of our members to fill an offi.

siastic worker. The members of Div. 34 cial place. We believe in the selection of

and all the members of the system join in Brother Phillips the company has secured

wishing the greatest success to Brother a man fully capable of filling the position

Engle in his new and broader field, and in a creditable manner, and we heartily

feel that the company has made a wise endorse his appointment. May he be suc- choice in his selection. cessful is the wish of Div. 269. C. E.

Brother Gabriel, on his retirement from

the Hocking Valley, was presented by the BRO. T. J. CLARK has

employees with a diamond and handsome from traveling engineer of the Kalispell umbrella, accompanied with expressions of Division of the Great Northern Railway to good wishes for his future success. Brother that of master mechanic of the Cascade

Gabriel, in connection with his other Division, headquarters at Evert, Wash. duties, will have charge of some thirty Bro. A. E. Carle, has been promoted to

engineers. Yours fraterually, traveling engineer of the Kalispell Divi

J. T. Booth, F. A. E. Div. 34. sion. This speaks well for Div. 499, and we will all join in helping these Brothers to

CHRISTMAS Eve several members of Div. make their new calling a success.

No. 274 pleasantly surprised Bro. Chas. C. B. HART, F. A. E. Div. 499.

Brebner and wife at their home on Iowa

av. by presenting them with a handsome THE Legislature Board of Indiana was silver tea set. A fitting address was deconvened at the Capitol on Tuesday, Jan. livered by Bro. Thos. Malee at the presen6th, and met in the hall of Div. No. 11 at 2 tation of the beautiful gift, and the donors P. M., with Bro. John Cummins of Div. were amply rewarded when they witnessed 248 in the chair, twelve Divisions being re- the surprise and delight of our Brother presented. The election of officers for and wife. Bro. Brebner has for the past 1903-4 followed, when Bro. John Cummins five years acted in the capacity of F. A. E., was unanimously chosen as chairman, Fred and by faithfully discharging all duties reWood treasurer, and J. B. Torrence secre- quired of him, justly merited his reward. tary, and Bro. F. B. Alley was employed as

Yours fraternally, the board's representative during the pre

Member of Div. No. 174. sent session of the legislature. Many important measures of needed legislation were

At the last regular meeting of Div. 280, given him to foster, and others pointed out,

Bradford, Pa., held in December, our F. A. which are not desirable, to watch. During

E. read an invitation from Harmony Div. their stay the members mingled with the

56 G. I. A. to attend a turkey dinner to be law-makers of the state as much as possible,

held in our hall on New Year's day, and of making acquaintances which might be course we accepted the invitation, as everyuseful in the future, and they were much

one here knows what those dinners are, as pleased with the assurance of assistance in

this one was not the first, the ladies havall needed legislation. The session of the ing given us a dinner every year since they Board was extremely pleasant, and harmony

were organized. There were about 50 of prevailed to a greater extent than at any

the Brothers and Sisters, and 25 children previous session, a very good omen of suc

from 5 to 14 years present. The evening The Board adjourned on the roth at

was spent in dancing, and the children's I2 M. Fraternally yours,

grand march was led by the president, WM. M, BLYTHE, F. A. E., Div. No. II.

Sister Nelson and past president Sister

Davis and vice-president Sister Weld and BRO. L. C. ENGLE, member of Div. 34, guide Sister Spyke. The grand march of Columbus, O., road foreman of engines on the children was beautifully executed and the Ohio Central and Kanawha & Michigan occasioned many complimentary remarks. roads, has been honored with further pro- The grand march of the older people was motion to general road foreman of engines, led by Sister Nelson and Bro. Leonlace. with territory extended to include the A most enjoyable evening was spent and Hocking Valley, Bro. Charles Gabriel, hav- we closed by singing the closing ode, “God ing resigned as road foreman of the Hock- be with us till we meet again.' ing Valley, effective January 1, to accept a

A. W. Fox, C. E.


BRO. W. H. SAMPLE, a member of Div. The usual discussion of matters per330, St. Albans, Vt., who has been Chair- taining to the good of the order was man of the General Committee of Adjust participated in by many of those present. ment on the Central Vermont Ry. for At the closing hour of the meeting it was the past four years, has received the ap- decided to hold the next fifth Sunday pointment of road foreman of engines meeting under the auspices of Div. 22, for the northern division of that company. Camden, N. J., on March 30, 1903, when Brother Sample's whole railroad life has they hope there may be a good attendance. been in the service of the C. Vt. Ry, and as a member of the Brotherhood he has been an active worker and always had

BRO. H. H. HILL, member of Div. 408, the nnqualified confidence and esteem of

Middleport, O., has been appointed assistthe members, and it is evident his many

ant road foreman of engines on the K. &

M. Ry. Brother Hill, having been an engood qualities were recognized by the officials as well. We are very sorry to

giveer on the K. & M. for several years, is lose him as our chairman, but we wish him

highly thought of by all who know hini.

Div. 408 extends congratulations anl best the greatest success in his new vocation.

wishes for his success in his new line of The position is a well-earned compliment

work. Yours truly, to both his character and mechanical abil


CHER, ity, and we hope that higher office will be conferred on him in the future, as we feel Brother Sample will not disappoint the BRO. E. J. Burton, member of Div. No. management who have honored him. 19, has been appointed general forman, J. E. RICHARDSON, F. A. F. Div. 330. Mobile & Ohio shops at Meridian, Miss.,

and has charge of all car and locomotive “ PITTSBURG & Lake Erie R. R. Co. repairs. Bro. Burton, after running a locoPittsburg, Jan. 1, 1903. D. D. Kessler is motive for 12 years resigned to take a hereby appointed road foreman of engines, course of mechanical engineering at Perwith headquarters at McKees Rocks, Pa. due University, consequently he goes to Effective this date."

the M. & 0. well equipped for the position. This appointment is one of the most worthy that has been made by the P. & L. E. R. R., and the position will undoubt

PRESENTATION ON THE LACKAWANNA. edly be filled to the utmost satisfaction by

Being the recipient of an invitation to Brother Kessler, who has been an active

attend a presentation gathering at Scranmember of Div. 148 since 1882, and has

ton, Pa., on the last day of the old year, I been unceasing in his efforts to raise the

got there. standard of the B. of L. E., both by his

I fatter myself that the Lackawanna own work and his example to the younger

Railroad is not entirely unknown to JOUR

NAL readers. It ought not to be, considerrunners, and brings to the office to which he has been appointed years of experience,

ing the numberless times the scribe of this

article has ranted enthusiastically about it, and still being in the prime of life should niake one of our most capable officials.

with a pen prejudiced in its favor. Many Brother Kessler has served for years on our

will no doubt recall the speech the Grand

Chief made to the one hundred and fifteen General Committee, both as chairman and member, and much is owing to him for the

engineers in Hoboken, on a Sunday in rate of pay on the P. & L. E. The mem

February, 1899, as the road was about to bers of Div. 148 wish to extend to Brother

change management, wherein he assured Kessler their best wishes, and hope in the

us that he knew Mr. Truesdale personally, future to know of him advancing still

and that we disciples of ancient methods

there in the room of doubt could possess higher.

Div. 148.

our souls in patience, and await the comTHE last fifth Sunday meeting of the

ing. We did. Mr. Truesdale came, and Brothers on the Pennsylvania system was

is with us yet; and he is all the picture held in Washington, D. C., November 30th.

painted of him, and a little more. He The meeting was well attended by Brothers brought with him a staff of officials to from many points on the system. Bro. F.

assist in the organization of the departT. Bowen was elected to preside at the ments, among whom was L. T. Canfield meeting, which proved to be interesting to

as master car builder, Pete”

» Kilduff, all. In appreciation of the advance in pay,

of Chicago, fired a shot at me, about the the following resolution was unanimously

time the new officials came, which cost him adopted:

two cents, the bullet being of paper. “Pete" Resolved, That a vote of thanks be extended to

said to me: “Look out for Canfield. He the officers of the P. R. R. for the ten per cent in- is a clean up-and-downer; a mighty strong crease of wages given all employees on Nov. 1, man for you to run up against. But if you 1902, and that a copy be sent to the B. of L. E. JOURNAL for publication and a copy to the officers

keep your eye on your gun you will find of the P. R. Ř.

him a square man,

I have never forgotten “Pete's” shot. I was under the authority of Mr. Canfield just four years, and I certainly found him all he was described. I am the only man on the Lackawanna who was left in charge of cars and engines; all others were separated. (I merely allude to this to let our readers know that I am a “laster." I have the same wife I had about forty years ago, and it isn't everyone who reads this can say the same. And it was not death that separated them, either.)

At least sixty men, more noted for brains than beauty (P. J. Langan, H. A. Carpenter, and myself are in the latter class, and we confess to some impudent pretentions of kinship with the former) were assembled in Mr. Canfield's office at the appointed time, with Mr. T. S. Lloyd, who belongs to both the above classes, as ranking officer. Mr. P. J. Langan, the air-brake instructor of the system, stepped up alongside of Mr. Lloyd and paid a very eloquent tribute to Mr. Canfield, in a cool and finely punctuated manner recounting his impartiality as an official, disciplinarian, and friend to those who attended to their duties; expressing the heartfelt regrets of the department at his departure, assuring him of our unlimited wishes for his future prosperity, and presenting him with a diainond-studded Knights Templar watch charm and a Shriner's button set with diamonds; also an engrossed set of resolutions-as fine a piece of workmanship as the eye of man ever saw.

Mrs. Canfield was also generously remembered. A set of one hundred and fourteen pieces of Haviland china and a silver tea service were her gifts from the men who were there to honor her husband.

When Mr. Langan concluded, Mr. Canfield got up to respond. He started off fairly well. Said he: “Mr. Langan and boys--" Then came a little impediment in his utterance; next he looked out through a window with a misty sort of a glance; he turned his eyes inward toward the “boys" and tried it again but made a poor fist of it. To help matters along, we were all on the point of needing tear urns. After a breathing spell he managed to pull himself together, and gave us to understand how tenderly he felt the kiudness of the donors. It was not necessary for him to tell us; we saw it and felt it ourselves from the distinguished gentleman who was to succeed him down to the humblest man in the assemblage. He concluded his disjointed remarks as follows:

In remembering Mrs. Canfield, you touch me in a very tender spot, because while, with all of you, we have had our ups and downs for the past three and one-half years, Mrs. Canfield and I have had our trials and troubles for the past twenty-one years, and while you have all been friends to me through our difficulties and through our successes, the same can be said of Mrs. Canfield. No matter

what our troubles were, we shared them together. It pleases me a great deal to think that in remembering me you have also remembered her.

My friend, Mr. Lloyd, and his department, have treated me not as a brother mechanic, but as a friend. We have worked together hand in hand, which is something that cannot be said of a great many organizations that have been organized as we were up to date. We have worked together side by side, agreeing wholly on everything.

In closing my remarks, boys, I want to say that, in addition to leaving with your good will, I am leaving with the good will of the management of this road. I do not claim the credit for it. The good will of the management of a railroad is obtained by certain results. Every man in the car department has helped me to bring about these results, and it is as much to you that the credit should go, for what we have been able to do.

I do not know that I can say much more, boys; my feelings get the better of me. I thank you from my heart.

When he concluded we all took leave of him, and as we pressed his hand the moisture again came running back to the eyes of many. He leaves the Lackawanna' to take the position of vice-president of the Standard Railway Equipment Co., of St. Louis, Mo., with headquarters in New York, and having general jurisdiction over all its eastern business.

Mr. Lloyd, who takes over the car department with his other duties as superintendent of motive power and machinery, is so well and favorably known, particularly in the southern part of the country, that it is only necessary to assure our readers in other places that, along with his being master of his calling and a most thorough organizer and leader of men, he is also a sterling friend of our Brotherhood. If a man makes an effort to succeed, he has no better friend than him. This assertion will be corroborated by J. E. Clark, chairman of the board of adjustment of the system.

Personally, I wish to inform some of the Rock Islanders and other Windy City correspondents that I ran across “Harry" Louther, as he is familiarly called, and fouud him all they described him to be. Ere we were many minutes swapping compliments, I found myself calling him * Harry," which shows the knack he has of making a man feel at his ease. He is Mr. Lloyd's chief clerk, and as such fills a very important position.

Among the officials attending the pres. entation was my old friend Mr. David Brown, the assistant master of motive power and machinery. We have often met before and hope to again. And, to pay off some recent pleasantries of his on me, perhaps in the near future I shall tell our readers how he lost his cuffs, and so forth, while going to attend the Master Mechanics' Convention at Alexandria Bay, a few years ago.


THE members of Div. 494, on their first regular meeting in January, were very

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