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make any

ing wage is performing a patriotie duty not only to his own craft, but to society as well by creating a higher standard of living, and consequently a larger number of persons are employed to supply his increased wants and at the same time helping to maintain the remuneration of unorganized labor as well as those of his own trade who hold aloof from the labor union. But after all I do not claim that organization is the ideal condition or that it secures to the worker all that his labor produces, and the principle is generally being recognized that he is entitled to all of it.

In fact, I believe that the necessity for organization resulting as it sometimes does in the strike and the lockout and as a means which the producers of wealth are compelled to resort to to secure justice in this the greatest republic that the world has ever seen, is a reproach to our intelligence and morality as a people.

But no one is to blame but the people themselves, as under our political form of government the people are supreme—are sovereigns--and they can changes in the form of government that they wish and they are greater than Supreme Court judges, Congresses or Presidents. We are too prone to criticise the beneficiaries of our unworthy economic system, when the criticism should extend to the system that fosters an unequal and unfair distribution of wealth instead of to those who profit by it. We frequently hear the expression that great wealth is a trust to be rightly administered; that is all bosh, for if this great wealth was honestly acquired it rightfully belongs to those who earned it and to be done with as they wish; but if not so acquired then the law of wealth distribution should be changed for the benefit of the creator of such wealth.

We as a people have passed through two notable epochs in our history; political emancipation led by that greatest statesman that the world ever produced, Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, and the abolition of chattel slavery by one stroke of the pen of the great emancipator, Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois; and now who will lead us out of the wilderness and strike the shackles from a nation of industrial slaves is an

other question, but no doubt that man is now born that will take rank as a public benefactor with Jefferson and Lincoln.

Jefferson said that he dreaded the time when a large per cent of the population of the country should be concentrated in the large cities, which condition has now taken place. His prophetic vision must have forseen the seething political corruption now in existence in our large cities; and with another of his predictions, I will leave it to the reader to say whether it has become true. “The Federal Judiciary,” said Jefferson, "are the sappers and miners working night and day to undermine the fabric of our Confederation."

The immortal Lincoln also expressed great fears for the safety of the republic through the evil influences of great fortunes acquired through the great convul. sion known as the Civil War. He seemed to have had forebodings of the evils likely to result from suddenly accumulating wealth in a few hands.

According to the United States census of 1850, the producing classes of the country owned 62 72 per cent of the total wealth; by the census of 1900, the same class owned but 20 per cent, while the total amount of wealth had increased from eight billion in 1850 to one hundred billion in 1900, and of the $2,014 produced by each worker during the last decade each only received of this amount $437 in wages. Here is something for the trades unionist, and everyone else, to think about.

What will the next twenty-five years bring forth in this unequal distribution, and will organized labor as such be able to check this condition? I think not. And another unpleasant fact that the last census reveals to us from an economic and trades union standpoint is, that of the 5,321,087 wage earners engaged in manufacturing 1,031,747 were women and 168,624 were children

All honor to the American Federation of Labor for their crusade in behalf of laws for the protection of little children whose parents compel or allow them to work in factories.

While writing this article my attention has been attracted to a press dispatch to

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the Kansas City World of March 25 from Chicago, and headed, “Organized Labor will be Fought to a Finish,” viz:

It is learned on good authority that when the National Association of Manufacturers meets in annual convention in New Orleans next month, a plan will be proposed for welding all the leading manufacturers of the United States into one for. midable organization, in order that they may more effectually act together in common defense against the demands and encroachments of trades unionism,

* * The association is much encouraged in its endeavors along this line by the success that attended its efforts to defeat in the last session of Congress the two pet measures of the Labor lobby -the Eight-Hour and Anti-Injunction Bills. For more than a year President Parry, of the association, has been incessantly at work urging the manufacturing interests to get together to combat the so-called menacing attitude of the trades unions. Persons who see below the surface of things are convinced that the approaching New Orleans gathering will see perfected a defensive organization of employers that in strength and numbers will be fitted to wage a fight to the finish against organized labor. That the latter is not blind to its impending danger is shown by the fact that measures are being taken in all haste to heal the differences between various unions, to combine the smaller and weaker organizations into stronger bodies, and, in short, to marshal the labor forces into one solid army for the coming battle.

In spite of the apparently prosperous condition of the nation there seems to be more than the usual amount of unrest among the workers as shown by the large number of labor disturbances all over the country and even in Western Canada. The working element seem to feel that they have not received their share of the country's prosperity. Even though wages have been advanced, in many cases the cost of living has more than over balanced the increased wage. On the other hand there seems to be growing up a pronounced antagonism and a regular campaign against organized labor as shown by the action of the president of the Wabash railroad and the Manufacturers' Association, the defeat of nearly all of the labor bills in the various state legislatures as well as the national legislature at Washington, the passing by Congress of the Bill placing 100,000 militia under the Federal government and then being supplied by the general government with arms and riot bullets, and last but not least, the menacing attitude of the Federal Judiciary in labor disputes.

One of the leading magazines of the country thus comments on the threatened situation:

It is a mournful commentary on human wisdom that with all the general knowledge of the sources of these industrial disasters the American public is as powerless to avert them as the ship

owner is to avert the tornado which the weather bureau has told is starting from the West Indies.

There is no reason why political economy should not be reduced to an exact science as well as the study of geology, medicine, and other well-known sciences. It seems that the Creator in his infinite wisdom must have provided some orderly and systematic method for his children living in peace, harmony and plenty in this beautiful world that He has provided for our use, and the failure to so live must be accounted for by our ignorance and disregard of natural law in the social world; therefore it is our duty to investigate and try to find out what that inethod is.

I have written these lines with the inten. tion of paving the way in suggesting to my craft—the B. of L. E.—that we should be doing something to remedy the situation as far as lies in our power. First, that we affiliate with the American Federation of Labor and the American Anti-Saloon League (the headquarters of the latter being at Washington, D. C.), and second, and most important, and which is the sine qua non of the labor movement, “direct legislation," or the Initiative and Referendum. The latter would place the people in the saddle, and make them independent of the judiciary, legislature and governor.

Under direct legislation, a measure adopted by the people would have the same binding effect as a constitutional amendment, and could not be set aside by the supreme court or vetoed by the executive. ROBT. HERIOT, Div. 182.

Cost of Conventions.

ALLEGHENY, PA., March 5, 1903. EDITOR JOURNAL: Some decided changes must be made in our laws at the next convention in Los Angeles, in regard to the number of delegates and cost of same at future conventions. The March number of the JOURNAL shows that we have 598 Divisions at present, with one year yet before we meet. May we not safely assume that there will be 500 delegates present in Los Angeles, when our Grand Chief shall declare the convention open and ready for business. The majority will be from the Eastern states, and will require from ten to twelve days to go and come, with two to three weeks in convention. On an average, all over the country our membership represents, thirty days is a small estimate of the time we must pay dele.

gates' expenses.
As we have no law in

many we may arrive at a fair and just regard to amount per diem each delegate decision to all. Whoever our delegates is to receive, and some will get consider- may be, let them be impressed with the ably more than others, probably $5 per feeling that they should vote to spend our day would be a fair average. 500 X $5 X money as though it actually belonged to 30 = $75,000 + 500 X $2.50 (hotel ex- themselves, and I am positive there would penses) X 30 $37,500, a total of $112,- be a large saving to our members. 500. To this must be added expenses of Above and beyond all else, Grand Officers, hall rent, stenographers,

“To thine own self be true, etc., which will increase this amount to

And it must follow as the night the day

Thou canst not be false to any man." about $115,000 or $3,833% for each day. Truly a big sum of money that must come

ELINZER D. CAWLEY, Div. 293. from the members of our Brotherhood. In addition, we vote away quite a large Union Meeting to be Remembered. sum at each convention for charity. In many cases it is purely sympathy. We

EAST ST. LOUIS, April 6, 1903. handle and vote large sums of money EDITOR JOURNAL: We left St. Louis where the applicant clearly has no just on Tuesday morning, March 3, at 9 A, M., case, and I have heard the remark made, on the M., K. & T. for Houston, Texas, when papers were being made to present accompanied by Mrs. Duncan, to attend to former conventions, “that so much the union meeting given by Divs. 139 and would be voted away anyhow, and we 366, March 5, 6, and 7. On arriving at New might just as well have our share of it.” Franklin, Mo., two Brothers of Div. 556 Cannot our Brothers recall an almost simi- boarded the train, Brother Blackmar and lar conversation at some time or other? Bro. J. L. Parish, and on our arrival at Clearly this is not only wrong, but a great Sedalia Brother Doucher, of Div. 179, and injustice upon the members of the B. of L. wife boarded the train, and on arriving at E., and should be stopped. Let us have Parsons, Kan., Brother Downs and wife, more business methods and less sympa- Brother Russell, wife and daughter, thy when we are spending other people's Brother Fletcher and quite a number of money. Laws should be passed limiting other Brothers, all of Div. 579. With this representation to conform to active mem- addition our crowd became quite a happy bership, a delegate for a certain number family. of members, or system membership. For The following morning found us in instance, at present Divs. 293, 306 and 590 the Indian Territory and we breakfasted are located on one railroad division, mak- at Muskogee, and after leaving ing us entitled to three delegates, when Muskogee we were notified that a bridge one delegate would, and should, be enough ahead of us was burned, and we had a deby all means. The same thing exists on lay of seven hours; but it gave the all the large systems of railroads to a Brothers and Sisters a social time, although greater or less extent. Then in the mat- we were on a side track out in the counter of paying delegates' expenses, laws try. All went well until noon, and then should be passed making a uniform rate the Brothers and Sisters began to think to be paid each delegate, together with about something to allay hunger. There hotel bills, etc., for actual time necessary being nothing in sight, a committee waited to go to and from convention and while in on the conductor and he made arrangesession. All time spent in attending pic- ments to transfer us across the river, and nics, excursions, or things of a like nature, have the wrecking train take us to dinner. to be at delegate's personal time and ex- Then the fun came in, to see the Sisters pense, and all bills to be forwarded to riding on fat cars piled with lumber and the Grand Office, under Division seal, and ties, and hanging to their hats while going prorated, an assessment levied, and then to Wybark for dinner. After dinner we paid from the Grand Office, so that one boarded our flat cars again and returned to member will not be obliged to pay $5 sim- our train. The delay was annoying, but ply because of small membership in the the crowd made fun to while the time Division he happens to belong to, and away. some other member in a large Division We left the bridge at four o'clock arrivonly have to pay 50 cents. It is decidedlying at Denison, Tex., at eight, where we unfair to tax one member ten times as were met by a committee of Brothers and much as some other member, simply be- Sisters and notified that our sleeping car cause he happens to belong to a small would be attached to the train following, Division, when each is to receive the same on which our good old Grand Chief, P. M. benefits.

Arthur, was a passenger, and everybody In conclusion, let us make use of the was delighted to know that they would be columns of the Journal in discussing with him the remainder of the trip. We some of the problems we must decide in went to the depot to meet Brother Arthur Los Angeles, and from the counsel of on his arrival, and he seemed very much

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pleased to meet us, and we had the pleasure of having him in our car from Denison to Houston. We left Denison at 8:30 and arrived at Houston, at 4 o'clock the next evening, where a committee of Brothers and Sisters met us to guide us to the Audi. torium, which had been beautifully decorated, where we heard our Grand Chief and others deliver addresses, after which we returned to the hotel for refreshments and rest, returning to the Auditorium at 9 P. M. for the ball and banquet, which proved to be an exceedingly pleasant affair. On the following day the Brothers held a business meeting, the record of which will be found in the JOURNAL. The second evening we were invited to the Auditorium to a reception given by the Sisters of the G. I. A., which was very largely attended and added very much to the pleasure of our stay, and on Saturday we visited the Southern Pacific shops, which proved very interesting, especially to the Sisters who had never seen such a large railroad plant.

An invitation having been extended by the committee to go to Galveston, we gladly accepted, and left Houston Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, arriving in Galvestou at 10 o'clock. On our arrival at Galveston the Galveston Electric Street Car Company tendered the Brothers and Sisters a trolley ride through the city which added greatly to our pleasure. Later we went to the beach and saw several large steamers, the day being delightfully spent, and we returned to Houston where we spent the night.

Having received an invitation from the Brothers of Divs. 177 and 568 to return to Denison in their private car and to accept their hospitality while there, we gladly accepted and had a jolly time on the way On arriving at Denison Brother Mays had a carriage waiting at the depot and we were driven to his

home where we were delightfully entertained.

The Brothers and Sisters of Denison seemed to make a special effort to make our stay pleasant, and we not only thank them most heartily, but will never forget their kindness on our trip to the South.

Fraternally,
C. A. DUNCAN, Div. 49.

Div.

14... 21. 22. 24. 29 31. 32 35. 41 44. 49. 53 56. 58 66.. 73.. 94. 99. 106 IIO 120.. 121.

G. 1. A. TO B. L. E. DIVISIONS.

Ami. Div.
$ 500

138.
2 00 141.
2 00 143
5 00 144
5 00 147
5 00 160
5 00
5 00
5 00 180
4 25 184.
2 00
5 00

201
5 00 I 24
5 00 216.
2 00 218.
I 00 219
5 00

231 2 00

241. 5 00

243 2 00 244 I 00 275 3 00 282

187

Amt. ..$ 500

2 00 5 00 3 00 5 25 2 00 5 00 5 00 5 00 10 00 5 00 5 00 3 00 30 00 1 00 2 00 5 00 5 00 2 00 5 00 2 00 1 00

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Grand total..

$1209 76 CONTRIBUTIONS, L. A. to O. R. C.-Div, 154, 14 sheets; 200, 3 sheets; 4, 12 sheets; 168, 10 sheets, 139. 13 sheets, 12 pillow cases and 4 cans of fruit; 91, box of canned fruit; 71, 6 sheets; 96, 6 sheets.

L. A. to B. of R. T.-Lodge 179, ó sheets; 128, 12 sheets; 53, 7 sheets and 26 pillow cases; 232, 6 sheets; 164, 4 sheets and 8 pillow cases; 58, 6 sheets; 40, 6 sheets.

G. I. A. to B. of L. E.-Div. 167, 12 sheets; 177, 16 sheets; 53, 8 sheets; 233, 12 sheets; 246, 12 sheets, 51, 6 sheets; 274, 12 sheets; 19, 6 sheets; 253, 13 sheets and 21 cans of fruit; 96, 6 sheets; 225, 6 sheets; 194, i comfortable; 269, i quilt; 35, 12 sheets; 110, i quilt.

L. S. to B. of 1. F.-Lodge 10, 6 sheets and 12 pil. low cases; 96, 8 sheets and 16 pillow cases; 141, 6 sheets; 70. 6 sheets and 6 pillow cases; 38, 8 sheets and 16 pillow cases; 134, 4 sheets and 8 pillow cases; 168, 6 sheets and 8 pillow cases; 125, 12 sheets and 12 pillow cases; no clue, 32 sheets and 40 towels.

Mrs. A. L. Banister, 2 sheets.

Twelve sheets credited to Mrs. C. A. Bradley in my February report was by Lodge 146, L. S. to B. of L. F. Respectfully submitted,

MRS. T B. WATSON,
S. & T. Railroad Men's Home.

Railroad Employees' Home.

HIGHLAND PARK, ILL., April 1, 1903. EDITOR JOURNAL: Following is the statement of receipts for the Home for the month of March, 1903:

FROM B. OF L. E. DIVISIONS.
Div.
Amt. Div.

Amt. 33.. .$30 00 265....

$ 600 34.... 12 00 309..

10 00 36. 10 00 312..

10 00 $2......................... 12 00 343

I SI

Oh, the morning, happy morning! when the

beautiful a wakes That life and love and strength renewed, to all

the world can bring. Oh, life's morning! happy childhood, that of good

alone partakes And that tunes the golden harp to which in after years we sing!

-G. B., in Golden Days.

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Harmony.

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Ladies' Department.

Communications for publication must be written on one side of the paper. Noms de plume are always permissible, but to receive consideration must be signed by the full name and address of the author, and addressed to the Editress, Mrs. M. E. CASSELL, 922 Dennison Av., Columbus, Ohio, not later than the 8th of the month.

The Editress reserves the right to revise, reject or use matter sent in, governed entirely on its merits.

In the Morning

Oh, the music of the morning! when the sun has

climbed the hill, And the hidden choirs a greeting give from out

the singing leaves; Hear the lowing of the cattle, and the barnyard

never still, And the cooing of the pigeons on the overhang

ing eaves. See the day-delighted robin, with a cherry in his

bill, How he turns his head to sideways, with a cun

ning little leer; Then he drops the pilfered dainty, just as if he'd

had his fill, While his song of satisfaction, it would do you

good to hear. There's the ever-restless chipmunk, how he leaps

from rail to rail; You can only catch a glimpse of him before he

flees away. He will give a quirk so quickly, with his queer,

long bushy tail. Then he's "lost to sight, to memory dear," look

for him as you may. Here's a host of little children, now come winding

through the lane How their happy faces glisten-how their

laughter fills the air! Just to see them in their innocence, it rrakes us

young again, For the past no vain regretting. for the future

not a care.

How often we hear the expression, “There is a little trouble in our Division!" Now, mind you, it is only a little trouble we say, but we all know that “'tis the little rift within the lute” that is calculated to do the most damage; for if it were a big, serious trouble, it could be taken up in the right way and by the right people and set straight and made right, but it is these interminable little whisperings, this keeping the little story alive and fresh, that is playing havoc with one of our grandest principles-harmony.

Those who want to do the right thing are usually left in no position to right the wrong. We are told that it takes all sorts and conditions of people to make a world, and we are well aware of the truthfulness of this assertion; and in daily contact with these sorts and conditions we become broaderminded and intellectually brighter if we meet them in a broad way, but warped and narrowed should we blindfold ourselves to the good qualities of others, attributing all the virtues to ourselves and looking with disfavor and distrust upon all who do not coincide with our own view.

I have ever thought the practice of making New Year's resolutions, only to be broken or forgotten as soon as made, verily child's play; but this New Year's Day just past I made one resolve, and I hope I may have the God-given grace sufficient to keep inviolate that resolve, and 'twas simply to practice the Golden Rule in my own life as I have never done before.

If we could only bring ourselves to stop and consider before we are led into saying rash and hasty words, “Would I like to have that said of myself?” I am sure, and I know that every woman in this land will agree with me, that many, many things said calculated to cause heartaches would be left unsaid, and thus many of the little troubles would be averted. " For every wound you give another,

The beauty of his life to mar,
Oh! bear in mind, my thoughtless brother,

Your own poor heart must wear scar." If we would only stop one moment and turn that light, with which we so readily search out the faults and failings of others, back onto our own hearts and consciences, I am sure we would find that a searchlight was needed at home as well as abroad. This old world was made before any of us came into it, and it will never be altered to suit the individual taste, however much we may feel aggrieved that it is not so.

There is work, and enough for us all, and the

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