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CONTENTS OF PART V.

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57

Dedication to Her Most Gracious Majesty, Victoria, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Ireland the Protestant Queen, Defender of the Faith 1. The loyal subject will pray for the happiness as well as the prosperity of Her Majesty. That

praver implies the hope that Her Majesty, when dying, may be enabled to remember that sho bas endeavoured to promote the Union of Christ's Holy Catholic Church, 58.—II. The offering of this prayer is encouraged by the remembrance, both of the reasons which may induce the Sovereign of Great Britain to commence the work of promoting the Reunion of Christians, and of the manner in which the attempt to do so may be made, 60.-III. The three chief reasons on which this hope of Union may be founded. The first reason,-The titles borne by the Sovereign, of Defender of the Faith, and Protestant, 61.-IV. Definition of the Union desired, " that as the Political Union of Nations is founded on the independence of cach State, with the acknowledgment of unpapal international political laws ; so also the Ecclesiastical Union of Nations is to be founded on the independence of each national Church, with the acknowledgment of unpapral international ecclesiastical laws," ib.–V. The title, Defender of the Faith, was assumed by our Kings before it was given by Leo X. to Henry VIII. It implies the maintaining the independence of the National Church, and the desire of the decision of Councils upon the divisions of Christians. The more express conferring of the title by Leo X. does not destroy its first meaning, 63.-VI. The title of Protestant, rightly defined, has the same meaning as Defender of the Faith, 69.–VII. The second reason. The remembrance of the three great services which Great Britain has already rendered to the Christian world, and to the Universal Church, 70.VIII. The third reason. The recognition by the National Church of the foundations on which the attempts at the Reunion of Christians may be begun, 74.-IX. The manner in which the Sovereign of Great Britain may commence the attempt to promote the Reunion of Christians, is pointed out by the mode in which the abolition of the slave trade, as an abstract question of humanity, was proposed and finally decreed to be a part of the law of nations, by the representatives of Sovereigns at various congresses and councils, ib.—X. The principles on which the attempt to promote the Union of Christians may be begun are:

:-The resumption of their Supremacy by Secular Sovereigns; and the formation of a Scriptural Creed, Liturgy, and Canons, with perfect Toleration, 81.—XI. The persons to whom the power of deliberation may be entrusted, and the oath they should be required to take, 85.-XII. The extent to which the decisions of such Council or Congress would be received as a part of the international laws of Christians, 86.—XIII. The effects of the Council upon Popery, Sectarianism, and Episcopacy; upon personal piety, and general peace, 88.–XIV. Conclusion

89

SECTION 116.mp. 279.

will pardon our past falsc excuses; that we

never prefer the pleasures of the world to the 1. TITLE. The reasonings and imaginations of peace of God in the conscience and in the heart;

the heart, however plausible they may appear, and that we ever remember, that obedience to must be deemed false, when they oppose the the will of God is our best privilege, the best written Revelation of God. The reasonings which proof of faith, and the beginning of future bapprobably induced Aaron to make the golden piness. calf. The idolatry of the people. The anger of 5. 'Notes. Theory of the history of Aaron's Jehovah. The intercession of Moscs. Religious making, and of the people's worshipping, tho duties are only the religious privileges of the golden calf.-On the words, “ Make us gods, people of God, which may be forfeited by evil. which shall go before us."--On Aaron fashionThe tables of the Law broken.

ing the figure of the golden calf with a graving 2. INTRODUCTION.

tool, after it was taken from the mould. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxii. 1-19.

SECTION 117.-p. 288. 4. PRAYER. That we never permit our opinions,

or imaginations, or doubtings of the reason- 1. TITLE. No Religion, whatever be its foundaableness of the laws of God, to prevent tion in Truth itself, can be acceptable to God, our obedience to His written word; that God but that which gives the whole heart to Him. VOL. II. PART V.

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The molten calf destroyed, and cast into the and the three great festivals of the Jews aro water of which the people drank. The apology appointed, and idolatry is forbidden, both in its of Aaron. The execution of the chief offenders. corrupting sacrifices, in its corrupting tastes, and The intercession of Moses for the remainder. in its corrupting, though picturesque and romanThe consequences of the idolatry of the people tic devotions. The appearance of Moses on his continue through the whole of their following descent from the mountain, after communing history.

there with God. 2. INTRODUCTION.

2. INTRODUCTION. 3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxii. 3. Portion of SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxiv. 20_35.

4. Prayer. That we never mistake metaphysi4. PRAYER. That we never blend the wilful in- cal curiosity respecting the nature of God, for

dulgence of the sins of the heart and life with the devotional humility which lays the foundathe faith we profess, the worship we offer, or the tion of religious inquiry upon the desire to obey hopes we form; that we be not blotted out of His commandments, as the Triune God of Revethe book of life, but that we be daily more and lation; that we rejoice in the Lord's Days, in more prepared, by the power of God's Holy the festivals of the Church, and in the Holy Spirit, for the society of angels, and the

presence

Sacraments; that we give to God the homage of God.

which God has commanded, and not the homage 5. Notes. On Moses reducing the molten calf to which man has invented; that our light may so

powder.-On the gate of the camp.--On the shine before men, that they may see our good changing the malediction pronounced by the works, and glorify our Father which is in heaven; dying Jacob, on the tribe of Levi, into a bless- and that after ihe death of the body, we may ing.-On the prayer of Moses ;

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go on, for ever and for cver, advancing in pray thee, out of thy book."-On the difference knowledge, happiness, and holiness, under the between the angel Jehovah and the created angel. continued influence of the eternal Spirit of - On the people making the calf, which Aaron God. made.

5. Notes. On the theory of Dr. Whewell, that

the union of duty, happiness, and religion, may SECTION 118.-p. 295.

be identified as the one threefold motive to

human actions.-On the revealed character of 1. Title. As time is a measured portion of an

God, as the forgiver of sins.-On the version of unknown and immeasurable eternity, so is the

Exodus xxxiv. 7, in the Targum of Onkelos, as visible world a measured portion of an unknown and immeasurable infinity. A created angel is

preferable to that of Rosenmüller or Dathius.

On the omission of the command to destroy the promised to lead the people into Canaan, while the peculiar manifestation of the presence of

temples of the heathen. On the vail of Moses. the God of Israel shall be withdrawn. The grief of the people (ver. 1-3). The separation of the spiritual Church of Israel from the gene

SECTION 120.-p. 317. ral mass. The conduct of Joshua. The prayer of Moses. Its acceptance. The promise is given

1. TITLE. The first commands of Moses to the to Moses that he shall see that glory of God, which should be more fully revealed in the latter

people, and the manner in which they were

obeyed, after he had put the veil on his face, days. 2. INTRODUCTION.

may shadow forth the future condition of the

Church on earth, when the veil shall be removed 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxii.

in the conversion of the Jews, when the religion 4. PRAYER. That God be our Guide through the

of the slave shall have become the religion of a wilderness of this evil world; that we be the

son, and the free-will offerings of the wealth of members of the spiritual Church as well as of

the Jews will build the Christian tabernacle in the outward and visible Church of God; and

the wilderness of the world. The sabbath to be that we never know the misery of believing God to be our Father, while we dare not and cannot

kept. The people willingly and sufficiently

offer. The union of the increase and of the worship Him as His beloved and loving children. That we study God's glory by our own actions, 2. INTRODUCTION.

right use of knowledge is from God. and in His revealed will; and that we abide in

3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxv. the Rock of the Church, protected by His pro

1-5, 20–35, xxxvi. 1-7. vidence, humbly there to contemplate the pre

4. PRAYER. That we be not partakers of the sent and the future glory of the God who made

blindness which happened unto Israel, when and saves us. 5. NOTEs. On the difference between the Jehovah

Moses spake unto them the Word of God; that

we keep holy the sabbath day, as the earnest of angel and the created angel.–On the Israelitish

the true sabbath of rest " which remaineth for and Egyptians' notions of tutelar Deities, and

the people of God;" that we offer to God the the grief of the people.-On the separation of the spiritual Israel from the general and visible

sacrifice of ourselves, our souls and bodies, our Church.-On the translation of Exod. xxxiii.

wealth, our influence, our time, and our talents,

as free-will offerings to the service of the ark, 23, " Thou shalt see my back parts." The value

and the mercy-scat, of the tabernacle, of the of the interpretations of Scripture by the fathers.

altar, and the priesthood of God.

3. NOTE. On the tablets inentioned, Exod. xxxv. SECTION 119.-p. 306.

22. 1. TITLE. The tables of the Law are renewed. 6. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxv.

God's attributes are proclaimed. The Sabbath 6--19.

SECTION 121.-p. 325.

of the Holy Seriptures; that we commune with

God at the altar and table of our Lord ; till our 1. Title. The spiritual Church of God must souls be admitted to the true Holy of Holies, in

prove its sincerity, repentance, faith, and love, by heaven.
building up the visible Church of God in the
world; and they must seek to do this in that way

SECTION 123.—p. 345. which God has commanded. The people of Israel still further demonstrate their zeal for God's 1. TITLE. The one true religion, which God service, by bringing their free-will offerings in commands, and which alone He accepts, is desuch abundance, that the tabernacle, and all its scribed by the two words-faith and works. We vessels and furniture, the ark, the mercy-scat, read in this Section of the institution of the the candlestick, the altar, the cloths of service, sacrifice of burnt offering. Faith is the principle and the robes of the high priest, are all completed by which the Jewish worshipper resolved to according to the type, model, fashion, or pattern, obey the command to bring the sacrifice: which God had shown and commanded to Moses Works are represented by the actions which atin the mount.

tended and followed the offering and slaying of 2. INTRODUCTION.

the victim, namely, the sacrifice of the heart of 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxvi. the worshipper, with repentance, covenanting, 8, and xxxix. 22, to the end.

and communion with God. All religious ob4. PRAYER. That we follow the example of jects whatever are implied in the institution of

the spiritual and wise-hearted Israelites, who sacrifice; but more especially the atonement of devoted and dedicated their wealth to the ser- Christ, the condemnation of idolatry, and the vice of the tabernacle and of the priesthood, till necessity of personal holiness. all that the Lord commanded was accomplished; 2. INTRODUCTION. that we worship God " in spirit and in truth ;" 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS i. that we serve Him with all our heart, and soul, 1-17. and mind, and strength, in communion with 4. PRAYER. That we may have the faith in God, His holy Church upon earth.

in Christ, and in the Holy Spirit of God, which 5. Notes. On the placing chapters xxxvi. xxxvii. so “ worketh by love," that we offer and present

Xxxviii. xxxix.- On the women who assembled to God, not only our belief in the Sacrifice and at the door of the tabernacle, and offered their Atonement of Christ, but that we offer also ourmirrors for the making of the brazen laver.

selves, our souls and bodies, as living, holy, ac6. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xxxvi. ceptable, reasoning, and reasonable sacrifices to

9–38 ; xxxvii. ; xxxviii. 1-22; 23, to the end; Him; that we study God's will in the types and xxxix. 1_21.

and shadows of God's law; that we depart from the idolatries of the world; remember our holy

covenant; and live in communion with God. SECTION 122.-p. 339.

5. Notes. On the origin of sacrifice.-On the

reason for slaying the victims in the tabernacle, 1. TITLE. The Christian believer will always on the north side of the altar.-On placing the

regard his self-dedication to God, every morn- hand on the head of the sacrifice.
ing and evening, to be both his best privilege,
and his bounden duty : but there are peculiar
times and seasons, when he will renew the vows

SECTION 124.-p. 352. of his covenant. The people are commanded to set up the tabernacle in the wilderness on the 1. Title Every act of religion, and therefore first day of the first month after their departure every sacrifice under the law of Moses, has refrom Egypt. The altar of burnt-offering, and ference to the past, the present, and the future; the brazen laver, are set up in the court of the to the past, as a memorial of promises granted, Tabernacle, for sacrifice and washing. The or sins committed ; to the present, as acts of golden altar of incense, the candlestick, and the faith and worship; and to the future, as proofs table of the shewbread, are set up for fragrance, of the hope of a better state. The command to light, and food, in the Holy Place. The mercy- offer the wheat offering, the renewal of the seat, with the cherubim, is set up in the Holy earliest sacrifice after the creation of man, with of Holies. The union of all these in one sacred the additions of oil, incense, and salt, without place represents the progress of the soul of man leaven or honey. from carth, throngh the Church, to heaven, 2. INTRODUCTION. when the glory of the Lord shall be with man 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS ii.

1-16. 2. INTRODUCTION.

4. PRAYER. That we commemorate in our wor3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. EXODUS xl.

ship the glories of God in creation, as well as in 4. PRAYER. That we daily devote and dedicate redemption; that we contemplate God in the

ourselves, our souls and bodies, as holy temples past with hope in His mercy through Christ, to the Lord; that we soleninly renew our with gratitude for His promises, and with recovenant on the commemoration of our birth

pentance of our sins; that we contemplate God days, and on the return of our new years ; that in the present with the conviction of His love, we remember the sacrifice of Christ, and offer and of our own unworthiness; that we contemthe sacrifice of our hearts in the faith that plate God in the future with belief in the “rest “worketh by love; that we be sanctified by the that remaineth for the people of God;" and that Spirit of the living God; that our “prayers as- all our services daily, sabbatical, or sacramental, cend as the incense;" that we walk in the light be such as God has commanded.

for ever.

5. NOTE. On the wheat or bread offering in in families. On the placing or laying of hands

Paradise, before the institution of animal sacri- on the head of the victims offered in sacrifice.fice; under the law, in conjunction with that On the right idea of Atonement, and the admisacrifice; and after the law, in commemoration rable statement of the doctrine of the Atoneof the sacrifice of Christ.

ment in the Sacramental Services of the Church

of England. SECTION 125.--p. 358.

SECTION 127.-p. 377. 1. TITLE. The theory of sacrifices.--As the holiness and happiness of heaven are represented to

1. Title. The minuteness of God's laws dethe Christian believer in revelation under the

monstrates the extent of the weakness and detypes or emblems of white robes, crowns of gold,

pravity of the human heart. We, like the and palms, and harps, the wall of jasper, the

Israelites, are in danger of sin, arising from our gates of pearl, the descending Jerusalemn, and the crystal river, so were holiness and happiness

places in this world, from our tempers, from represented to the Jewish believer under the

our very profession of religion, and from the

confidence and estimation in which we may be types or emblems of the washings, the cleansinys, the purifications, and sacrifices of the Jew

held by society. Hlustrations of these dangers. ish law. "The reasons for which the peace offer

All sins, however scemingly minute, require the ing was commanded after the burnt offering and

expiation of atonement. The difference between

the sin offerings and the trespass offerings. meat offering, and before the sin offering and

2. INTRODUCTION. trespass offering.

3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS v. 2. INTRODUCTION.

and vi. 1-7. 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS ji. 4. PRAYER. That we so approach to God with

4. PRAYER. That we prove our faith in Christ, humble faith, and with the desire of inward

as the great Sin Offering for the sinfulness, and holiness of motive and affection, that we obtain

as the great Peace Offering for the guilt of man; that peace in the contemplation of the mercy

by that love to Christ which shali conquer alike and love of God, which the world cannot give,

the evil of the heart, the temptations of society,

and “the sin which doth so easily beset us," nor remove, nor destroy ; that we enjoy the same peace of God in prosperity, in adversity, in

from our place and station in the world ; that the loss of friends, in the decline of health, and

we never esteem those offences to be light or

trivial, which God has forbidden; and that we in the prospect of death ; that the peace of God in heaven, begin in the peace of God on earth.

do all our duty to man, in obedience to the will

and law of God. 5. NOTE.

5. NOTES. On the voice of swearing.--On the SECTION 126.-p. 364.

difference between the sin offering and the tres

pass offering. 1. TITLE. What is truth? God alone is in falli

ble, unchangeable, supreme, and free from the possibility of error. Because both God's chosen

SECTION 128.-p. 385. priests, and Church, and rulers, and people, may err and sin through ignorance, inadvertency, 1. Title. The more spiritual exhortations of wrong reasoning, impulse, or mistake, sin offer- the New Testament are illustrated and exings for the effect of these sources of evil are plained by the peculiar precepts of the Levitical commanded. The victims selected; the place law. As the fire on the altar of the tabernacle where they were to be killed; the sprinkling of was never extinguished; our bodies are the a portion of the blood before the veil, and on temples of the Holy Ghost, which is never to be the horns of the altar of incense; the pouring quenched within us, as the priests of the living out of the remainder at the foot of the altar of Ciod. Personal holiness is requisite for the mithe burnt offering; and the burning of the whole nister's office in the Church of God. The law body of the victim without the camp.

of the sacrifice of the meat offering teaches us, 2. INTRODUCTION.

that the commencement of God's service is 3. PortiON OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS iv. sacrifice, and the result of God's service is com4. PRAYER. For the priesthood and the Church; munion with God.- Atonement, communion,

for the government, the nation, and ourselves. - and holiness of heart and life, ought ever to be For the ministers and dispensers of God's Holy inseparable. Word and Sacraments, that they may teach the 2. INTRODUCTION. whole truth of God to the people fully, faith- 3. PORTION OF SCRIPTURE. LEVITICUS vi. fully, and wisely ;-for Christ's holy Catholic 8_-30. Church, and more especially for our 4. PRAYER. That we ever consider ourselves to Church, that it become reformed from all be the temples of the Holy Ghost; that we errors, and be enlarged till it become co-exten- never defile the temples of God by any known sive with the whole race of mankind;-for the sin; that we ever keep the light of the golden government, that it increase the happiness, pros- candlestick burning, the fire of the Holy Spirit perity, influence, and union of the people:- unquenched, and the altar of the heart purified for the people, that they never abuse their by the sacrifice of Christ; that we consecrate power ;--and for ourselves, that God will pardon and devote our souls and bodies to God, in boly

all our sins of negligence, ignorance, and crror. communion, in solemn dedication to His ser5. Notes. On the reading of the Levitical law vice; and that we be made entirely holy by the

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