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degree of importance. One of the places in the Academy that had to be filled was that of the late Duc de Broglie ; and the Marquis de Vogüé, though obliged to make a hard fight, was chosen after a number of ballɔts. The public was most concerned, however, with the contest for the remaining seat, the leading candidate being the popular young poet, M. Edmond Rostand, whose "Cyrano de Bergerac" had made him widely known throughout the world. Against him was pitted the serious historian, Frederic Masson. The situation was deadlocked until M. Paul Deschanel, the most fastidious and popular of all the younger school of French scholars in politics, had to leave the Academy to take his place as presiding officer of the Chamber of Deputies. He was persistently against Rostand. M. de Freycinet, to break the deadlock, changed his vote, and the young poet was successful, to the great joy of Madame Bernhardt and the Parisian public. The general parliamentary elections of France do not come off until May of next year, but every sign points to a determined struggle. The monarchical parties are dead, and the most significant phenomenon is the rapid rise of the Radicals and Socialists as against the Moderate Republicans. Domestic questions, rather than foreign. are engrossing the French mind. The anti-Semitic leader Drumont has been expelled from the Chamber of Deputies; and inutual accusations of the other leaders of the so-called Nationalist movement have brought to light much that has tended to the discredit of that dangerous menace to the republic.

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was shown Queen Wilhelmina and her German husband last month on the occasion of their visit to Berlin, The most explicit denials have been officially made in Germany of the rumors about the proposed purchase of Margarita Island from Venezuela. It is declared that Germany is under no temptation whatever to seek an acquisition that would arouse antagonism in the United States ; nor has Germany, it is added, any use for an island in those waters. On June 16, the great Reinhold statue of Bismarck, which has been placed in front of the Reichstag building in Berlin, was unveiled in presence of the Emperor and Empress and a vast and imposing array of notabilities and visiting delegates. A very eloquent address was delivered by Chancellor von Bülow. The statue represents Bismarck in military dress, helmeted and stern. While bountiful harvests are general throughout the United States, serious crop failures are reported in Prussia, and the government departments have been ordered to provide state aid in one way and another.

In spite

On June 1 there occurred the birth A Daughter to the House of the first child of the young King of Savoy.

of Italy. The arrival of a daughter instead of a son was a keen disappointment, chiefly because the Salic law excludes all women from succession to the throne. The young son of the Duke of Aosta, cousin of the King, thus remains heir presumptive for the present. of the large and constant immigration from Italy, the population of the peninsula continues to increase substantially. The statistics of the recent census give the total population as 32,449,754. The last census was taken twenty years ago, and disclosed a total of 28,460,000. Italy, like most other European countries, especially France, Spain, and Russia, has been the scene of protracted and very disturbing labor strikes, with riotous accompaniments.

The spirit of France is illustrated in French Topics the fact that a greater popular interof the Month.

est was aroused by the election last month of two 6 Immortals” to fill vacancies in the Academy than by any current events of a political, industrial, or financial nature, although there were many passing public topics of a considerable

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had been ardently hoped for, and Dr. Schenck's regency will terminate. It is reported, by the theories are again discredited. Little Anastasia way, that he witnessed his first bull fight on a will not be neglected, however, and will doubt certain Sunday last month. Speaking of disapless be as carefully and wisely reared and taught pointments in the matter of royal heirs, the one as her sisters, who are : Olga, now six years that has made the most extraordinary sensation old; Tatiana, now four, and Marie, aged two pertains to the unhappy reigning house of Servia. years. The Grand Duke Michael, the Czar's The accompanying cartoon from German brother, is still the heir apparent. It is a pity

It is a pity paper shows the woe-begone face of King Alexthat Salic laws should stand in the way of the ac ander as he turns his back on the paraphernalia cession of women to several European thrones, that had been provided for the expected son and for they make quite as useful sovereigns as men ; heir. It is reported that an arrangement has and there ought not to be any ground for un been made between this same King Alexander happiness over the birth of royal daughters. of Servia and the Russian Government by which England's experience is in everybody's memory, Russia is to resume the overshadowing influence of and Holland would not exchange Wilhelmina for twenty years ago. Ever since the Russo-Turkish a veritable paragon of the other sex. The Queen War, there has been intense and incessant rivalry Regent of Spain is a better ruler than any of her between A ustro-Hungary and Russia for the vir. Peninsular statesmen, and it is to be regretted tual domination of the Balkan states. that she is so soon to retire. New Spanish elections have been held, the Ministerialists winning

Mr. Carnegie's bestowal of $10,000by a considerable majority. On the 11th of June

Scotch Gift. 000, announced in our issue of last the Queen Regent opened the Cortes for the last

month, upon the four Scottish unitime, inasmuch as the young King will have at versities is the largest outright and completed tained the legal age of sixteen next year, and the gift to education ever made by any individual.

Mr. Rockefeller's successive gifts to the Uni

versity of Chicago—that institution having just Windeln kinaben anzugehinderwäsche

now celebrated its tenth anniversary with great éclat-have now amounted in less than a dozen years to about as great a total ; and statements made by Mr. Rockefeller himself last month made it clear that his giving is not at an end. But the Scotch universities were poor, and they were in danger of falling far behind the new standards of university life and work. As finally arranged after much discussion, the proceeds of Mr. Carnegie's gift, which will be $500,000 a year, will be divided into two parts, one of which, according to the deed of gift itself, is to be applied as follows:

One-half of the net annual income is to be applied toward the improvement and expansion of the universities of Scotland in the faculties of science and medicine, also for improving and extending the opportunities for scientific research and for increasing the facilities for acquiring a knowledge of history, economics, English literature, and modern languages, and such other subjects cognate to a technical or commercial education as can be brought within the scope of the university curriculum ; by the erection of buildings, laboratories, class-rooms, museums, or libraries, the providing of efficient apparatus, books, and equipment, the institution and endowment of professorships and lectureships, including post-graduate lectureships, and scholarships-more especially scholarships for the purpose of encouraging research in any one or more of the subjects before named, or in such other manner as

the committee may from time to time decide. ALEXANDER OF SERVIA GOING OUT OF BUSINESS. Closing out, on account of circumstances, a finely assorted

It was at first Mr. Carnegie's idea to use his stock of infants' furnishings.-From Ulk (Berlin).

endowment for the sake of making tuition free

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to all Scotch students in the universities. This Ira Remsen had been at the head of the departidea was greatly modified, however, and it is ment of chemistry ever since the university was now arranged that the universities will continue opened, and in absences of Dr. Gilman on various to charge such tuition fees as they like, but that occasions he had served as acting president. Dr. the trustees of the Carnegie fund will pay the Rowland, whose death we noted last month, and whole or a part of the tuition of such deserving Professor Giidersleeve, like Dr. Remsen,

had been students as may thus be enabled to obtain a associated with President Gilman for a quarter higher education. The trustees have the right of a century in the brilliant work of creating the also in their discretion to use a part of this sec most widely famed of all American universities. ond half of the fund to promote university-ex. Although even then a distinguished specialist and tension lectures, and other educational objects. professor, Dr. Remsen was only thirty years of

age when he organized the department of chem. Fresh interest has been aroused in the istry at Baltimore, and his reputation at home dent at the affairs of the Johns Hopkins Univer and abroad has steadily grown.

He is still in his Johns Hopkins.

sity by the completion of twenty-five prime at fifty-five. As we have said more than years of its marvelously successful career, and by once before, there is no one institution for higher the election of a new president to succeed Dr. education in this country where at the present time Gilman, who had determined to retire. Prof. a large increase of endowment would be so pro.

A New Presi

Other

Notes.

ductive of results. Post-graduate study and re like the Congressional Library, the Smithsonian search literally began in this country at the Johns Institution, and the National Museum. It will Hopkins University; and what has been done enroll hundreds of students in the coming year, elsewhere has been chiefly owing to the initiative and thousands in the near future. The plan, as and leadership of that institution.

finally worked out, has come quite as much from

experienced heads of the Government's scientific President Dabney of the University work as from the university leaders outside. The Washington Memorial of Tennessee, in speaking of the The advisory board will include the President

Institution. Washington Memorial Institution and Cabinet, and other high officials. Presi. last month, assured us that in his opinion it dent Gilman is to be congratulated upon the would be a greater educational agency ten years great national opportunity for usefulness that hence than the University of Berlin. Dr. Dab lies before him. ney was jubilant, and was expressing his enthusiasm rather than attempting exact forecasts.

Apart from the organization of the Yet he would be ready, doubtless, to make a se Educational Washington Memorial Institution, the rious defense of his prediction. Elsewhere in

most significant new undertaking in this number, Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, of Co. the educational world is perhaps the founding of lumbia University, has at our request explained the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. to our readers just what the Washington Me This enterprise is not to be carried on in rivalry morial Institution is designed to do. It was a with existing medical colleges, but is to coöperate happy coincidence that as President Gilman was with them all in the field of special and extended retiring from a meeting of the board of directors investigation. Its headquarters will be in New of the Johns Hopkins University, in which he had York, but the president of the board of directors been participating in the choice of his successor, is at present Dr. William H. Welch, of the Johns he was met by a committee of the trustees of the Hopkins University, of Baltimore, the secretary new Washington Memorial Institution, whose being Dr. L. Emmett Holt, of New York. The object it was to inform him that he had been other members of the board are men of like unanimously chosen as the man to initiate and prominence in New York, Philadelphia, and Bosdirect its work. The new institution will be under ton. Mr. Rockefeller has advanced $200,000 for the auspices of the leading universities and higher immediate or early expenditure, with more to technical schools of the country, with the active come. President Schurman announced at Cornell aid and participation of all the departments and on June 19 that Mr. Rockefeller had offered that bureaus at Washington, including not only the university a gift of a quarter of a million dollars scientific and technical establishments and agen on condition that an equal amount should be subcies of the Government, but also great institutions scribed by others. Brown University has re

ceived the equivalent of more than a million in the form of the famous John Carter Brown Li. brary, with money for building and endowment. Many smaller gifts to various universities and institutions have been announced from the commencement platforms. The Rev. Dr. Richard D. Harlan, of Rochester, N. Y., has accepted the presidency of Lake Forest University, near Chicago. He is one of the sons of Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court. The principal col

leges for women are showing exceptional growth, UNIVERSITY

and the graduating class at Smith College numbered 254, which is the largest class ever graduated from any woman's college. Vassar's largest class, numbering 142, also graduated last month. American colleges and universities were never before in such close relation to the practical life of the country, and the great army of new graduates will find plenty of good work to do, and will be the better fitted for that work, as well as for

all the opportunities, duties, and pleasures of life, THE COLLEGE GRADUATE OF 1901 : " The world is mine!” by reason of the superior educational advantages From the North American (Philadelphia).

that they have enjoyed.

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Notes.

In our obituary, record occur the lish literary men, Sir Walter Besant and Robert Obituary

names of several American public W. Buchanan, passed away early in June. Each

men of prominence. Of these, the of these writers had visited the United States, only one who died in office was Gov. William J. but the American public is probably more faSamford of Alabama. Former Governors Pin miliar with the work of Sir Walter Besant, espegree, of Michigan, and Tanner, of Illinois, had cially his famous story, -- All Sorts and Conditions

of Men,” than with the poems and criticisms of Mr. Buchanan. In recent years, Sir Walter had been more actively occupied with his great work of studying and recording the history of London, section by section, than in the writing of fiction. On the day when the Bismarck statue was being unveiled occurred the funeral of Count William von Bismarck, the second son of the Iron Chancellor, in the fiftieth year of his age. The Rev. Dr. Joseph F. Tuttle, who died at Crawfordsville, Ind., in his eighty-third year, had in his day been one of the most influential and useful educators of the Mississippi Valley, and was for thirty years

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THE LATE EX-GOVERNOR PINGREE, OF MICHIGAN.

ness.

only recently retired from official station.

Mr. Pingree was born and grew up in Maine, and served through the Civil War, after which he removed to the West and made his home in Detroit. For a time he worked at his trade in a shoe factory, and soon became a shoe manufacturer on his own account, building up a very large busi

As a man of rugged energy and great independence of character, his entry into politics as a candidate for the mayoralty of Detroit marked an era in the history of the State. He served four successive terms as mayor and two as gov. ernor, and, quite apart from specific achievements, he lifted public life out of mere party ruts and gave a forcible example of the influence that a successful business man may wield in public office. Ex-Representative Boutelle, of Maine, had been for several years incapacitated by illness for service in Congress, and, in fact, had never taken his seat in the Fifty-seventh Congress, to which he had been elected. Mr. Boutelle's record at president of Wabash College. The Hon. Hiram Washington had been a long and honorable one. Price, of Iowa, who lived to be eighty-seven years Mr. Edward Moran, the artist, and Mr. James old, and who had served many years in Congress A. Herne, the actor and playwright, had won and as a commissioner of Indian affairs, was au distinction in their respective professions, and excellent type of the useful citizen and honor. were still in active life. Two well-known Eng. able man of affairs.

THE LATE SIR WALTER BESANT.

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