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by the length of the femur, or thigh-bone---that tions, but to no purpose so far as the discovery of the left leg—the creature must have been of other remains of the ape-man was concerned. nearly equal in size to a modern man. But the And finally Professor Haeckel himself detershape of the skull indicates that he was only a mined to go to Java, hoping, yet hardly expectlittle more intelligent than the apes, the size of ing, to find some further evidences of the “misshis brain being only abont two-thirds that of a

ing link.' civilized man, although equal to that of a modern

NOT INDISPENSABLE. Veddah woman of Ceylon, the human being lowest in the scale of intelligence. This ances "It is significant that, although he is now in tor of ours was probably well covered with hair, the land of the pithecanthropus on such an er. was tailless, like the present-day baboons and rand, Professor Haeckel has long asserted that men, and had the power of walking upright. the story of the origin of man is complete in all His arms were doubtless long, so that he might of its essential details; all that remains to be climb and swing about among the trees of his done is to fill in here and there such concrete native jungle. Curiously enough, also, certain evidences as paleontological and zoological regrowths on the thigh-bone of this ages-dead crea search shall reveal. This belief in the thorough ture indicate that during life he was lame, suf establishment of the law of development is vig. fering from a malady to cure which in man orously expressed in all of Professor Haeckel's requires the most careful hospital treatment. later books, especially in his great work, Sys. And yet there are evidences that the creature tematic Phylogeny,' which comprehends in tliree recovered, though possibly remaining lame, and volumes, on an immense scale, a systematic ar. it may have been that it was on account of this rangement of the vegetable and animal worlds, serious handicap in life that his skeleton reached living and extinct, on the basis of the law of ev. the place where it was preserved through all the olution—a vast pedigree-tree, with man at the centuries, while his fellow-ape-men wholly disap- top and the lowest, non nucleated cell at the botpeared.

tom. To such a scientist as Professor Haeckel,

therefore, there is in theory no missing link,' HE LIVED 270,000 YEARS AGO.

—the scheme of creation is coinplete. If there " In the jungles of southeastern Asia and the are links between different species of animals islands near by, which have long been known to which have been lost in the lapse of the agesscience as the cradle of the human race, and and there are many such—the scientist may which are still inhabited by the very lowest or. name and describe them with great accuracy, ders of human beings, the pithecanthropus lived fitting them into his pedigree as hypothetical with the elephant, tapir, rhinoceros, lion, hippo. species. The search for the missing link,' potamus, gigantic pangolin, hyena, and other therefore, becomes a search either for the ac. animals, remains of which were found round tual fossil bones of missing species, or else for about him. It has been computed that this an the living representative of those species, alcestor lived somewhere about the beginning of ready anticipated by scientists. Twenty-five our last glacial epoch, some 270,000 years ago. years before Dubois unearthed the bones of the In other words, about 17,000 generations have ape-man in Java, Professor Haeckel had foreseen been born and have died between him and our just such a creature, and had given it in his ped. selves. It will assist our understanding of what igree the name Pithecanthropus allalus." this relationship really means to know that merely 250 generations carry us back beyond the dawn of history, 5,000 years ago.

TIGERS KILLED TO ORDER. 6. To the discovery of these few bones the scientific world attached the utmost importance, Bar, writes upon the supernatural in India. as giving indisputable visual evidence of one of the particulars he gives about the power posthe steps by which the ape-form of creature has sessed by some of the natives over wild animals developed through the processes of evolution to will give rise to many incredulous questionings. the man-form. Yet the discovery, though im. The charm-vender, who in this case was a wizened, mensely significant, was meager enough. Here emaciated, feeble old person, would make no were two bits of bone, a skull-cap and a femur promises to Mr. Wilmot and his friend that tigers and two teeth, very dark of color and thoroughly would be forthcoming on the morrow, but he petrified—all too little to satisfy the knowledge. consented to join the hunt. Mr. Wilmot gives seeking appetite of the zoologist. Consequently, the following description of the events which then Dr. Dubois pursued his investigations in Java, took place : spending much money in making further excava "I was both astonished and angry when the


When I rep.

tiger-charmer stopped at the edge of a small INDIAN BASKETRY IN THE FAR WEST. patch of grass which might have concealed a pig or deer, but certainly could not, in my opinion, ALTHOUGH specimens of Indian basket

work now command far higher prices afford suitable cover for a tiger.

that formerly, it is a regrettable fact that the art resented this to the old man, he merely replied :

itself is dying out; the squaws who practise it · The tiger is there ;' and we, traversing the

are not receiving anything like fair return for grass, passed out on the other side without dis

their skill and industry, nor does the rising gen. covering any living creature. We again appealed eration feel encouraged to continue in so unprofitto our leader to cease his fooling and take us to a

able an employment. more suitable spot, but were met by the same

Probably no one in this country has made a stolid reply.

more thorough study of Indian basketry than the curator of the National Museum, Prof. Otis T.


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"There was nothing to be done but to try again, and this time we discovered an immense tiger lying crouched between two elephants. He arose on being discovered, and walked slowly in front of the howdah to the edge of the patch of grass ; there turning in a dazed way, he calmly regarded us, and fell at once with a bullet be. hind the shoulder. The extraordinary behavior of this tiger impressed me more as a sportsman than the proceedings of the old man ; but we both ackrowledged that the incident was in every way uncanny. It was yet early in the day, and the bell again sounding, we were led in a bee line to another tiger, which suffered itself to be slaughtered in a similar manner. In five days we bagged six tigers, and only desisted because the old man explained that if we killed all the tigers his trade in charms would be ruined. Con. cluding that virtue lay in the bell, we offered large sums for its purchase ; these were sternly declined, the owner protesting that he would not part with it till his death, and then only to his son."

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The tiger.charmer, however, taught Mr. Wilmot's orderly a charm which he said would de. Mason. In an article contributed to the North. liver tigers into their hands. A few days later west Magazine for June, Professor Mason de. they tried the charm on an old and cunning scribes the coiled basketry found among the Intiger, with the following results :

dians of the Pacific slope. Speaking of the work "I was full of faith in our venture, resolved done by the squaws of the Pomos, the Clickitats, in my own mind that if nothing happened it the Washoes, and the Wascoes, Professor Mason would be due to some error in our incantations ; says : and in this frame of mind I was not surprised to · In the coiling of the finer pieces, months see our tiger arise from beneath a thorn bush in of steady toil are expended. The makers of a most unlikely locality and walk in the usual these treasures are among the most forlorn artists dazed condition in front of the line of elephants. on earth.

One is filled with compassion and His appearance and behavior were greeted with amazement, seeing one of them at work, herself a murinur of satisfaction by the elephant-drivers ; unkempt, her garments coarse and often dirty, here, they said, is a beast we have all known for her house and surroundings suggestive of any. years, and who has already shown himself supe. thing but beauty: Models, drawings, patterns, rior to our calculations ; to-day he is indifferent pretty bits of color effect, she has none. Her to his fate ; what manner of charm is this that patterns are in her memory and imaginationcan destroy his sense ?"

in the mountains, the water-courses, the lakes




mineralogist, botanist

, geologist, spinner, weaver, IN with interest 10 Mr. Robert Sherard's paper

and forests, and in tribal tales and myths. Her no bigger than a pint cup, which is now in the tools are a rude knife, a pointed bone ; that is National Museum. It is beyond all price, this all.

basket ; for the magic in Kesh bim's stubby fin. “ Yet her art has meanings that lie beyond gers is an unequaled gift that will die with her. the obvious beauties of the workmanship. The « The foundation of the basket is of willow triangles on one of her specimens are mountain. rods, and the sewing is done, not with linen

peaks; everyone with thread, but with roots split so fine that in some

This bold cycloid, parts there are sixty stitches to the inch. The ascending like a stairway design is the pictograph of a feast at which Kesh. from bottom to top of an bim would give this basket to her dearest friend, other bowl, is the trail over demanding something equally precious in return. which weary feet must pass up

On the bottom are black-and-white squares in the shining steps of nature. checkerwork. These represent the mats that The whole basket country is a she will spread on the ground at the feast. The

range of verdure-clad moun. band of rhomboid figures around the bottom is A SQUARE INCH FROM

tains, where the ideal vege the roof of the dance-lodge, with rafters crossed tation for the basket-maker and interlaced. The human figures about the

the redbud, the Hind's wil. top are Kesh bim and her friends, men and women low, and the carex roots—reach perfection in dancing and celebrating the food-falling, or certain valleys. For these baskets the sounding acorn-harvest." beaches of the Pacific are visited for their pearly shells, and the forests hunted for birds of bright.

A KING WHO CAN WRITE. colored plumage. The basket-maker must be

N the , colorist, designer, poet, and sorcerer.”

on “King Oscar of Sweden," who, however, inMARVELOUS EFFECTS IN MOSAIC.

sists strongly on being known as King of Sweden " Indian basketry is either plicated with the and Norway. Mr. Sherard says: fingers or sewed with an awl or needle. It is 1. All things taken into consideration, one may the needle or .point' basketry, to use a lace justly describe King Oscar as the most accom. maker's term, that is under consideration here. plished king in the world, He is an excellent You will find it in northern Africa in the soft, musician, he is a great traveler, he is a doctor of thick ware of the Moors; in Siam, done in philosophy, he is a popular poet and a splendid rattan, wherein the regular glossy fiber conspires speaker. He has the reputation, also, of being with the small, delicate hand of the artist ; but

a wit.

And he has found time to distinguish in perfection you will find it on the Pacific himself in all these ways in spite of the fact that coast.

he has had, as a king, one of the most difficult " There, varied materials take away the mo tasks that has fallen to the lot of any monarch of notony of Africa and Asia. Different colored

recent years.

For he has to wear two crowns, materials, dyes and pigments, overlaying and and whatever may be the case with a single appliqué work, feather and quill work, shell and crown, there can be no disputing the fact that bead work, and, above all, the primitive mythol. the head that wears two crowns always lies ogy dominating the ornamentation, produce the uneasy. myriad effects over which the collector is in ecstasies. Coiled basketry is a mosaic, the elements being stitches all of the same width and length. The King's tastes were far more inclined to. The marvel is that such bold effects as clouds, ward the life of a country gentleman with literary flames, mountain-chains, and water are success and musical instincts and a passion for traveling. fully produced within these limits.

He would never, from choice, have worn - The most delicately woven coiled basket in crown. He and his family mix freely with their the world is the work of a Yokiaia woman, liv. people ; indeed, in many ways more freely, it ing on Russian River, California. Her name is would seem, than any European sovereign. Mr. Kesh bim, and if she had lived long ago she

Sherard says : would have been one of the dryads, for all wood • One sees them everywhere. I have ridden lore is hers. She knows where the slender wil. in a street car with the princes, and have looked lows grow, and can see beneath the ground the into the same shop-window as the King. But tough white roots of the sedge. Keshibim worked this familiarity has bred no contempt, but rather seven months continuously on the little treasure, a more profound feeling of attachment.





" There is no king in Europe who is more ac To pass on to the actual arrangements behind cessible in his kingly capacity than King Oscar. the scenes, M. d'Avenel complains of the smallIt is true that during the summer months any. ness of the wings in French theaters ; this is body who seeks after the conversation of kings ticularly the case in the new Opéra Comique, the can enjoy a chat any day on the front at Ostend architect of which was so anxious to provide with Leopold of Belgium, who is always ready staircases and corridors and foyers in front that for a crack' with strangers of respectable ap- anything like a procession passing across the pearance, but there the King of the Belgians is stage has to go through the manager's office. under an incognito.

The accommodation for scenery is not less mea• The audience-room at Stockholm is open to ger; in most of the French theaters, as a rule, all. No other form of presentation is needed it will only take the necessary scenery for four or than the mere formality of writing one's name in five acts, and if more is wanted it must be a book three days before the open reception is brought from the quarters at Clichy, where is held, which takes place every week, while the situated the storehouse of scenery which is comKing is in Stockholm, on Tuesday afternoons. mon to all the theaters which receive a subven. Here people of every class and of all parts of the tion from the state. Recently the government two kingdoms, to say nothing of curious foreign sold the other storehouse which it possessed. ers with their red guide-books in their hands,

SHIFTING SCENERY. may be seen in communion with their monarch, -bulky farmers from the north, squat Lapps, It is a curious and perhaps rather melancholy bronzed sailors, and frock-coated townsmen. He experience to go through a miscellaneous assorthas a word for them all."

ment of scenery ; here is a bit of bosky dell Besides original works, the King has published carefully numbered “Romeo IV. 3," which many translations, especially from German. He means that it is wanted for the fourth act of is an early riser, and a hard, systematic worker, " Romeo and Juliet.” Of course, the more elab-altogether, a very sympathique character, as orate pieces of scenery require a large number of the French would say.

workinen to operate them. At one theater, where a piece was played in as many as twenty

scenes, the staff of mecbanists numbered 80 men, BEHIND THE SCENES OF THE FRENCH

of whom only 12 were employed in the day-time, THEATER.

while at the Opéra the workmen at night vary M.

D'AVENEL, in continuation of his series from 100 to 130, with 75 men employed all day.

of articles on the machinery of modern M. d'Avenel describes in great detail the in. life, begins in the second June number of the genious devices adopted by theatrical managers Revue des Deux Mondes a section on the theater. to produce the various illusions on the stage, and Although, as is well known, the mounting of it is curious to note the strength of tradition stage plays in Paris is, as a rule, much less ex. which, for example, will firmly prevent the pensive than in New York and London, it is still change from day into night or from night into interesting to see in what directions French man. day, which may be demanded by the play, froin agers spend the money that they have available. being effected with a reasonable gradation, which, In one respect there can be no doubt that English though only taking a few minutes longer, would and American theaters compare favorably with greatly assist the illusion in the spectator's mind. French ones—-namely, in the precautions against fire. The French fireman is a soldier who is

176,000 POUNDS OF HAIR. serving his three years with the colors, and counts As regards the dresses of the actors and ac. the days before his release with the impatience of tresses, the theaters which receive a state sub. a schoolboy awaiting the holidays. M. d'Avenel vention have workrooms in which the clothes found in one of the Paris theaters the scribbled are made, while the other theaters order them words, “318 days more to-morrow morning ; from various shops. Among other interesting indeed, the firemen are so fond of writing on the facts which M. d'Avenel tells us is that concerned walls these pathetic inscriptions that one often with the amount of hair required for theatrical sees notices posted forbidding the practice. wigs and beards; the mere weight of hair an. Further, by an extraordinary piece of adminis. nually required in France for this purpose is not trative stupidity, there are never the same fire. less than 80,000 kilogrammes, or about 176,000 men at a given theater on two successive nights, puunds avoirdupois. About half this vast mass with the natural result that they are not suffi. of hair comes from French heads, the other half ciently acquainted with the geography of each from Scandinavia, Hungary, Italy, and, above theater to be of much use in the event of a fire. all, from China and Japan.

THE CHILDREN'S EXHIBITION AT PARIS. really more humane. Those pictures, for inIN N the Revue de Paris, Madame Tinayer de. stance, which show medieval schools nearly al.

scribes delightfully a delightful exhibition. ways chose to describe the unfortunate scholar By a happy inspiration, the charming - Little being severely punished. Royal children were Palace,” which is one of the permanent buildings not exempt from blows, and' Louis XIII. prob. erected in connection with last year's great ex.

ably owed his lifelong delicacy to the brutality hibition, has been filled with every kind of exhibit

with which he was treated by his tutors. Near connected with children and infancy. The French, by may be seen curious drawings done by chil. as a nation, are devoted to children-some people dren who afterward developed into the great think too devoted; for the French child, save in painters of their day. some exceptional cases, really lives with his pa. rents, even one-year-old babies being often, for

THE SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND RELIGIOUS instance, present at all the family meals. Ac.

TENDENCIES OF YOUNG FRANCE. cordingly, in this exhibition the tastes of all those interested in children, from the practical and THE editor of La Revue, thinking that France from the sentimental point of view, have been may be at a turning point, and certainly is consulted ; and side by side with model cradles, at a critical period, of her history, las conceived patent feeding-bottles, and all kinds of baby in the idea of collecting, through their presidents, cubators may be seen a marvelous collection of

the views of all the chief associations-political, toys, ancient and modern, and a unique set of religious, and social—into which French youth paintings and portraits of lovely and famous chil. has banded itself together. The results, given dren of both past and modern days.

in the number for June 15. are as instructive as

the views expressed are contradictory. Mon16 WHEN I WAS LITTLE."

archists and socialists, Catholics, anti-religionists, Every visitor to this exhibition," says the

and ecstatic advocates of a new religion, antiwriter, “ cannot but feel, as he walks through

Semites crying d bas les Juifs," and federal. the room, recollections of his own childhood ists. On tlie whole, the tone of the French crowd upon him, and even the most frivolous youth is hopeful, but the brightness is twice cannot but be impressed by the curiously fleeting overcast by the darkness of the inost hopeless character of childhood.” Nowhere is this more

pessimism. The general opinion, indeed, is that shown than in the section of the exhibition where

there is much rotten in the state of France. This are gathered together the portraits of famous is quietly taken for granted by one and all. people in early youth, including touching coun.

WHO IS TO BE THE MOTHER OF THE NEW FRANCE ? terfeit presentments of the luckless Louis VII., the King of Rome (the Eaglet), and the Prince Coöperation, association, taking power from Imperial

the state to give it to organized, intelligent labor, -in some form or other the coöperative idea has

considerably more votes than any other. Every woman who remembers how great a Republicanism also finds many fervent advopart dolls played in her life will look tenderly at cates, the monarchists' claim being voiced by a the great collection of orphan dolls here gathered solitary individnal. France, says one writer, is together, and which range from medieval wooden to fulfill Victor Hugo's ideal and be a Christ images, dressed in gorgeous brocades and cloths among the nations. Republicanism, provided of gold and silver, to the moslern poupée, who

that it unites with the necessary strength the bears an almost startling resemblance to real life. maximum of justice, is more likely to give France The little arms which once nursed these dolls so the glorious future the dawn of which seems to tenderly are now, for the most part, dust; and him already breaking yet these orphan dolls seem surrounded by an Religion is naturally held by some, and espe. atmosphere of love and protection far more than cially by Catholic associations, to be the one solu. do their modern sisters, who, however perfect

tion for all France's difficulties. One representaand lifelike in appearance, have never been

tive thinks that the old religious principles being played with, and are, when all is said and done, dead, a new religion inust be founded. Another only trade exhibits.

pleads for a religion of humanity; a third for

. socialism transformed into a religion," "able OLD-TIME SCHOLARS.

to glorify life on earth and exalt human dignity," One section of the exhibition shows us schools adds a fourth. Besides the advocates of the new and scholars of every century, and it is pleasing religions, those of orthodox Catholicism are arto learn that in this matter the world has become rayed in considerable force.


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