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speeches and in the platform adopted at Norfolk last month, is quite as significant as the repudiation of Bryanism in Ohio.

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General MacArthur arrived at San Philippines, Porto Rico, Francisco on August 18 ; and it is

somewhat startling to discover swift has been the flight of time—that he had actually been on Philippine duty for the period of three years and two months. He had not lost a single day through illness in all this time. He declared on his arrival—and his statements have come to be regarded as possessing great weight

that “a very satisfactory condition exists in the islands." He went on to say, regarding this condition :

It is not perfect, but it is such as to be gratifying to both army and civil officers. The insurrection is almost entirely extinguished. A few groups of armed insurgents are still at large and give some trouble, but they will undoubtedly surrender within a short time. The campaigning is practically confined to scouting and occasional movements in force against some large party. These movements generally result in the surrender of the natives with their rifles, and it has the effect of bringing in other natives who, through fear, have kept away. The natives have now learned that to surrender does not mean death, torture, and other punishment, but the securing of larger liberty, freedom, and protection. Recent reports on the work of Governor Taft From Leslie's Weekly. and the commission are encouraging. Financial

Gov. CHARLES H. ALLEN, OF PORTO RICO, WITH HIS SUCstatistics from Porto Rico show a strikingly large CESSOR, WILLIAM H. HUNT, IN THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE AT gain in trade between that island and this country; and the inauguration of free trade will

(Governor Allen seated in chair.) doubtless result in rapid further development within the next year or two. Gov. William H. the gain has been almost exactly at the rate of 1 Hunt succeeds Governor Allen, his appointment per cent. a year, which is only half the rate of being a promotion from the office of Secretary gain that has prevailed in the United States durof Porto Rico. He hails from Montana, where ing the past decade. Most of the Canadian gain his talents gained him high political, legal, and of half a million souls has been in the far west. judicial positions. The Cubans have been slow The maritime provinces of the east have rein completing their election law, but its general mained stationary, and the great province of Onprovisions were accepted in a preliminary way tario shows only a slight gain. The French early in August. The outcome has been a tri. province of Quebec has gained about 130,000, umph for the friends of full and unrestricted and has now a population of 1,620,974. Ontario popular suffrage. Limitations are not placed has 2,167,978. Manitoba and British Columbia upon the voters, but upon the candidates for have each gained about 100,000, and so have the office. The Cubans are now anxious to get their territories, taken in the aggregate. The princi. new government at work, in order that they may pal cities have not grown notably. Montreal proceed to negotiate either commercial reciprocity now has 266,826 people ; Toronto has 207,971; or else annexation with the United States.

Quebec has 68,834 ; Ottawa, 59,902 ; Hamil.

ton, 52,550; and Winnipeg, Halifax, and St. Interest in the results of the new Ca John have each about 40,000. The Canadians Disappointing nadian census was almost as great in are a healthy and prolific people, and the French

England and the United States as in element especially is famous for large families. Canada itself. The total population of the The small increase in the aggregate population,country, as reported on August 16, is 5,338, less than in either of the two preceding decades, 883. Ten years ago, it was 4,833, 239. Thus, --must be accounted for by the continued mi.




scores of thousands of the disappointed landseekers, some of whom had been waiting for months on the fringes of the reservation.

The Wireless

On August 16, when the Cunarder Telegraph Actu- Lucania approached America on her allý Working. western trip, there was a practical trial of the Marconi wireless telegraph system which, in its complete success, truly marks a new era in the maritime world. Twelve hours before the first news could have been received from the steamer off Fire Island, the Marconi station at Siasconset, Mass., received notice that the Nantucket lightship had signaled the Lucania, and that messages were to follow from the passengers. The great ship slowed up to allow the telegrams to be sent, and for two hours they were received at the rate of ten words per minute. There is said to have been no hitch in the proceedings. The essential instruments of Mr. Marconi's system are two very high poles, fitted with vertical wires, and a device to record the aërial vibrations originated from electric sparks. In the circuit used in connection with the Nantucket lightship there is a huge pole on the steel mast of the lightship itself, rising 106 feet above the level of the sea, and another mast in the village of Siasconset with its point no less than 250 feet above the ocean. The vessel communicates with the lightship, the lightship with Siasconset, and Siasconset with the rest of the world.

gration to the United States.

At the present rate of increase, it will take Canada one hundred years to double her population. In proroguing Parliament on the day that the Canadian census was announced, King Edward referred in a sweeping way to what he termed "

“ my

dominions beyond the seas. A competent Canadian authority in an English journal, not long ago, stated that Canada's best immigrants were those who were coming from the United States, and her poorest those who were coming from Eng. land ; and it was predicted that many thousands of Western American farmers would go this year and next to take up land on the northern side of the boundary line. But Canada must not expect this tide of migration to be large or permanent so long as she is participating in the wars of a European monarchy.

Lot in

The rush of sturdy settlers last month Farms by

on occasion of the opening of an Oklahoma. Indian reservation in Oklahoma shows how great is the instinctive land-hunger of the American farmers and their sons. But very few of them could be induced to expatriate themselves. After allotments to about 3,000 Indians, there remained 13,000 quarter-section (160-acre) farms to be allotted to bona fide white settlers, with 167,000 people present and registered. The occasion was one of great picturesque interest, although much hardship was incurred by

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From Leslic's Weekly.


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Sir Thomas Lipton's new challenger "Shamrock il.' Comes for for the America's Cup, Shamrock 11.,

the Cup. arrived at New York on August 12, after a very quick passage of fifteen days from England. Over some two thirds of the distance she was towed by her steam tender, the Erin. The new boat arrived in excellent condition ; she was at once put into dry dock, and later her enormous mast was stepped in, the largest single spar, it is said, that has ever been put into a yacht. Naturally, the hull of the new challenger was the object of much interest as she lay in dry dock exposed to the public gaze. The unanimous verdict is that the boat is very

much handsomer in her lines than the first Shamrock and is altogether a most commendable product. Her overhang is much more marked than the first Shamrock's, ard on the whole she looks ‘more like the Co. lumbia, but with longer and finer lines. In the meantime, the



struggle between the Constitution and Columbia for the honor of meeting Shamrock II. in the final races was going on in nip-and-tuck fashion. Out of thirteen races altogether, when this note was written, seven were won by the Constitution and six by the Columbia. Most yachtsmen thought last year's defender had improved over her 1900 6 form." However this may be, it is certain that there seems to be little choice be. tween the Columbia and the Constitution in a good wind, although the changes that have been made from time to time in the rigging of the new boat may finally show a clear superiority for her. In light airs, the Constitution has


early demonstrated her greater speed ; in fact, her performances are under such conditions remarkable. It is worth while noting that at the time of the year the championship races are held a considerable majority of instances show just such light breezes and weather as the Constitution excels in. Mr. Lawson's Independence, after dem onstrating that she was a good fast yacht in a heavy blow, was withdrawn from the competition. Our picture of the America's Cup shows the ob. ject for the possession of which there has been expended, between Sir Thomas Lipton, Mr. Lawson, and the Constitution's owners, probably three. quarters of a million dollars this year. There is in one of the departments of this issue of the REVIEW an excellent personal sketch of the plucky Englishman who is willing to devote his time and wealth in such large measure to his country's glory in maritime sport. It will be remembered that as a result of the dismasting of the new challenger in a squall, last May, the races were postponed till September 21.


Russia is assuredly a land of myste. Famine and Plenty in ries and contrasts. We received last Russia.

month almost simultaneously a most alarming report as to the widely extended failure of this year's crops due to excessive drought and heat, and a highly optimistic report on Russia's confident expectation of soon being able to supply England and western Europe with breadstuffs and provisions in boundless quantities at prices to cut out the American farmer. Paradoxical as it may seem, it is true that Russia, like India, is a country that exports food supplies in years of famine at home. This results from two very simple facts: first, that famine-stricken neighborhoods lack the money to buy the surplus food of distant provinces ; and, second, that the net. work of highways and railroads is not sufficiently minute to admit the ready distribution of sup. plies. Thus, railways and rivers will bring to exporting points great quantities of wheat, while vast districts lying remote from lines of travel are starving. This year's crop failure is said to affect provinces having an area twice as great as France and a population of 43,000,000. Russia is now endeavoring to colonize her territory along the Amur River, and the Japanese are freshly alarmed over the indications that Russia means to stay permanently in Manchuria.

are said to have shown a disposition to sulk. A month or two hence it will be possible to summarize the action that the Jesuits, the Assumptionists, the Benedictines, and the Dominicans have concluded to take. French activity in northern Africa seems to be making steady gains. The distinguished French diplomatist, M. Pichon, who passed through New York a few weeks ago on his way home after great perils and arduous

duties in Peking, was received with the highest tokens of official honor and acclaim at Paris, and is destined to the important post of governor of Al. geria. An arrange. ment has been reached between the Moorish lega. tion and the French minister of foreign affairs by virtue of which French con. trol is acknowl. edged in southern Algeria. Morocco further agrees to

abandon the Sahara to France; the opening of new regions for French trade is promised ; more favorable conditions are granted for pushing forward the construction by the French of their notable African railway proj. ects, and other advantages are secured which it will fall to the lot of M. Pichon to oversee and energize. A propos of the serious criticisms passed upon the French judicial system at the time of the Dreyfus trial, we may note the death of M. Edouard Laferrière, procureur-général of the Court of Cassation, and the appointment to take his place of M. Baudoin. Both of these men have enjoyed great eminence at the Parisian bar, and we find the French press unanimous in their praise. Prince Henry of Orieans, who had renounced all pretensions to the throne and become an avowed Republican, died in French Cochin China on August 9, at the age of thirtyfour. He was an indefatigable traveler and ex. plorer, and was popular in France. His father, the Duc de Chartres, was on General McClellan's staff in our Civil War.




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holding depart. mental and ar. rondissement elections in France, with the result of general and im.' portant Repub. lican gains, that is to say, decided losses for the Royal. ists on the one hand and the


ÉRAL OF THE COURT OF CASSATION. other. This augurs well for stable conditions, and is a deserved compliment to the admirable presidency of M. Loubet, and to the patriotic and efficient premiership of M. Waldeck-Rousseau. It also serves to give popular ratification to the great legislative meas. ure of the recent parliamentary session—namely, the bill for the suppression of illegal religious orders and the termination of their educational work. The more important of these orders

In Germany, among many topics of Topics

the monih, three have been most Germany. noteworthy. One is the death of the Empress Dowager, eldest child of Queen Victoria, widow of the late Emperor Frederick, and

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mother of the present Kaiser. She was a woman of wide attainments, noble character, and great influence for good. Next month we shall pub. lish a more extended account of her career. The second of these three topics is the return of Count von Waldersee from China. In the opin. ion of the German newspapers, as well as of the out. side world, Waldersee's return has been made a matter of too much pomp and ceremony. His speeches have been in. discreet, boastful, and positively of fensive in their allusions to other nations. The Em. peror has personal credit for the de. sign of a medal to commemorate the Chinese expedition which has been aistributed to the returning troops. The third of these German topics is the new tariff bill, which involves the surrender of the German Government to the demands of the land holding class, and which is intended to shut out not only American food products, but also those of Russia and other neighboring countries. The Govern ment and people of the United States have not shown the slightest degree of annoyance over this tariff, holding that Germany has a perfect right to arrange her schedules to suit herself. But Russia is greatly irritated, while Austria advocates similar tariffs on the part of all European countries,





with reciprocity treaties among themselves, in order to shut out American food supplies.

In the Netherlands, as a result of the Premier Kuyper, elections held in June, a new minisof Holland.

try has at last been formed under the leadership of Dr. Abraham Kuyper. It will be remembered that the elections were won by a co. alition of Catholics and Protestants against the Liberal party on the question of religious instruc. tion in the public schools. Dr. Kuyper, the new premier, is better known outside of Holland as a theologian than as a politician. Three years ago he lectured on Calvinism at Princeton, and within the past year his famous work on “ The Holy Spirit" has received an English translation. For nearly thirty years, Dr. Kuyper has been editor of De Standard, an influential daily newspaper. He has long been the head of the " anti-revolutionists" in the lower house of the States-General, and now this ultra-Calvinist, by an alliance with the ultra-Catholic element, has succeeded in driving the Dutch Liberals from power. It is distinctly a triumph of the - Cleri.

cals," and from the American point of view it indicates de. cidedly reactionary tendencies.


Matters in The forma.

Belgium, and tion of a

Radical ministry under the premiership of M. Deuntzer has been the absorbing topic in Denmark. We shall

publish an interesting article next month giving an account of this remarkable political revolution. In Belgium, the Congo Bill was passed through the Senate by a vote of 54 to 6. The acquisition of the Congo Free State will make Belgium an important factor in African affairs. The old-age pensions act of the Belgian Government has just gone into operation with 175,000 applications of people past the age of sixty-five, for the small pension, which amounts to abouí twenty-five cents per week in American money. In Italy, the death of Crispi is to be noted. We are holding iintil next month a sketch of his career from the pen of a well-known Italian writer. Governmental machinery in Italy has been working with a good deal of friction since the Zanardelli ministry came into office.

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