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of which the perspiration had splotched and their lack of education he considered wide stains that resembled a map of the partly the fault of the Church which was continent;" and Lincoln heard him in- more interested in the rich and how earquiring, “Where did that long-arme I crea- nest he was to endeavor to change this ture come from, and what can he expect injustice. As a boy so was the student, to do in this case?"

the teacher, the Bishop, the Primate of The same man, turned away from Lin- all England. “His earnestness, his imcoln's deathbed, shaken with grief, saying, mense industry, his frank and hearty man“There lies the most perfect ruler of men ner, his sincerity and singleness of purpose, the world has ever seen.”

were the same and always the devoted, Chase was a vexing problem, till placed loving respectful son to his remarkable on the supreme bench; Fremont had to be mother.” dropped; McClellan always timid, whin- As Headmaster of Rugby, he was the ing, dilatory, was another trial. I recollect model educator, in the prime of life, full of . that it was the youngest daughter of Judge enthusiasm and devotion to his boys. It Chase, who on passing General McClellan,

was a puzzle, at first, to see him enter for who was leaning gracefully over the back evening prayers, carrying his own candleof a chair at a reception, said: "Ah, Gen stick, instead of being preceeded by a boweral, behind your entrenchments, as usual." ing butler, but all felt his natural dignity

Such men, controlling the situation, and the era of hero-worship soon set in. themselves self-controlled, are rare. Wash Here was a great man, a brilliant scholar, ington, Franklin, Lincoln, stand out grand- who could run a hundred yards, climb a ly; each alone. One college professor has tree, jump a brook, or win at a game with found out that Franklin's famous maxims any of them. One anxious mother begged were not his; all borrowed from many her son not to be led astray from the true sources. We thank him just the same for faith and he replied “Dear Mother: collecting them; maxim is a synonym for Temple's all right; but if he turns Mahomquotation. Does any one suppose that Sol- etan, all the school will turn too." omon created all those Proverbs ? Hough- He succeeded in modifying the rigor of ton and Mifflin publish Rothschild's im- the Rugby game, prefacing his edict with pressive book on Lincoln as “Master of these words “Englishmen have a natural Men.” Price, $3.00.

right to grumble, and so have English boys. I give you leave to grumble at all

I am going to do." And a rousing cheer The late Archbishop Temple, "F. Can burst from the five hundred boys. tuar," wished that no Life of him The two volumes are full of the grandshould appear; but seven distinguished est material but this is not the place for clerical friends have furnished a panoram- an extended notice. Macmillan and Comic estimate of his always upward career, pany. Price $9.00. which is vastly more valuable than a formal Memoir from one writer.

There are two great types of Leaders: Another book naturally places itself just the man with heart on fire, head in the here: “Memories of a Great Schoolmaster, clouds, and brain disturbed by dreams of Dr. Henry A. Coit," by James P. Conover, Reforms, for which the world is not an old Saint Paul's boy. For Dr Coit ready: the other self-forgetting, over deserves a place by Temple as a guide and worked, the uplifter of humanity; Temple educator of bovs. He had a grandlv was essentially of the later class.

tical preparation for his life-work as Like Lincoln, he struggled bravely teacher, missionary, priest and at twentywith actual poverty in childhood and six was made the first rector of St. Paul's youth; like him was plain in his ways, school at Concord, New Hampshire. This never ashamed of labor; like him brusque, he made the American Rugby and the vet tender hearted; like him, a man of scholars paid the same affectionate tributes the people and for the people; like him to him as were given to Temple. Such an blessed with a keen sense of humor. ali pervading influence; "The Doctor was

His sister says, “I remember him in so much present every boy got a share of our square pew in church, when our choir him." A student said to a mother visiting with fiddles and various instruments were the school. “I never saw the Doctor lose playing the Hallelujah Chorus. He his temper; he never scolds, and he writes covered his face in his hands, and finally to all the old fellows." slid down on to the ground to cover his Two of his remarks show his spirit. "It laughter."

is never necessary for a man to fall in We first see Temple as an Undergrad- order to be strong." Garfield once said to uate, then as Fellow and Tutor of Bal- him, "I see, Dr. Coit, that you have the liol. The unhappy condition of the poor faculty of impressing yourself upon your

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boys;" to which Coit replied, "I have an weary waste of Fiction! Why is it that other Image in my mind which I hope to we waste so many hours of this pitifully impress."

brief life in poring over the character and His example and influence never lost its actions of creatures we should walk a mile hold upon the Alumni. At his funeral, a to avoid? "Powerful but unpleasant" as stormy, winter day, the chapel was crowded Hamilton Mabie says of one of the most by the old boys and impressive meeting highly praised, would apply to many more. were held in many of our great cities by And books full of inspiration and help are the mourning graduates to honor this waiting for our earnest attention. "Servant of God and Leader of Men." How fleeting the impressions made by Houghton and Mifflin. Price $1.50.

even the highest style of novel. Who can recall an important thought from even

Mrs. Humphrey's earlier novels long Recollection of Joseph Jefferson by his

drawn out? And, Why does Henry James friend and companion actor must be lov find readers and admirers? I would as ingly alluded to. Francis Wilson who just lieve listen to the moonings and maundernow is making his audience smile from his ings 'of the acknowledged insane. Writing unfitness to take a priestly' role, was an the life of his dear friend Story, he used intimate friend. associated with him in the simple Saxon, and was his better self. remarkable all-star cast of "The Rivals..'

I cannot see the benefit to author or pubSheridan, by the way, considered “The lisher in a two column review of a new Rivals" a poor play and wished he had novel, relating in detail, the entire plot and never written it. So poorly do geniuses leaving nothing to be sought out. So mine judge of their own work! We get from shall be brief and to the point. this volume little that is new; it is simply - the informal tribute of a familiar friend

of a dear old man; and we again see him Miss Runkle's second novel, “The Truth as an artist, a fisherman, a faithful friend; About Tolna," is very unlike the first and the most beloved American actor!

is a first rate summer book with which His dramatic career covered a period of to entertain yourself in a lazy hour and seventy years. Wilson wishes that Jeffer- then lend the story to a friend. The only son might have passed away upon the unatural character is Denys Alden, who stage; appropriately beautiful, if in the caused all the excitement. sleep scene of Rip Van Winkle he had one I have always wondere 1 if Mrs. Runkle, night never waked. But he died on the Bertha's wonderfully learned mother, was day Shakespeare was born: Shakespeare not a silent partner in the first great sucwho was Jefferson's Bible. He said many cess? History is her speciality and what pithy things; as "Vagueness is not to be young girl who had been devoted to art mistaken for suggestion;" "Acting is more for several years could have possessed such a gift than an art;" "Art is the actor's accurate and familiar knowledge of the sweetheart;" "I like to be alone when I time and persons she described ? It seemed paint, but have no objection to a great almost a miracle. But probably this is a many people when I act.” Scribners. most absurd imagining ! Price $2.00.

In "Old Washington," by Harriet Prescott Spofford, we have a delightful series of stories concerning the struggles and experiences of refined Southern women at the Capitol, just after the Civil War, and each one seemd to me more charming, than the one just read until at the end "A Little Old Woman” and “The Colonel's Christmas," I was sure were the best of all. Little, Brown and Company. Price $1.50.

Four worth while books from Henry Holt and Company: Immigration and Its Effects Upon the United States; American Public Problem Series, by Prescott F. Hall, Secretary of the Immigration Restriction League. The effect of these immigrants upon the United States, viewed in its political, social and economic aspects is discussed. Price $1.65:

The Negro and the Nation, by George S. Merriam. A witty and scholarly study of the Negro question, interpreting the facts of political history with special reference to present-day problems. Price $1.75.

Dare I speak of novels in general, as I see them?

By the press notices, each one seems to be the best seller and the finest work of the author; or one praises his special favorite as an oasis in the present dreary,

Problems of Babyhood, by Rachel Kent Fitz, A.M. and George Wells Fitz, M.D.

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That the desert should blossom like the possibilities are better determined private rose was the dream of a prophet-poet, but enterprise will join in the undertaking and it is coming true. One desert is already what is already accomplished will be seen blossoming in a most wonderful manner, to be but the beginning of a new era of and the example thus established is to agricultural progress. Much of the work push far into the future the time feared thus far has been in a semi-tropical region by the Malthrisians when the earth will where great and frequent crops are realfail to produce crops to feed its population. ized but in time even "sterile New EngWithin the last quarter century scientific land” will feel the magic touch, and much irrigation has reclaimed from “The Great waste land will become productive. Here American Desert" of the old geographies drainage and irrigation will go hand in an area equal to that of the state of Mass- hand, and the maintenance of thousands of achusetts, and made the worthless land acres of morass that an insignificant millworth a hundred and fifty million dollars privilege may be preserved will be seen to for agricultural purposes. About ninety be criminally wasteful, while the streams millions has been expended in the work, will be led along the barren hillsides, until and it is an investment worth much more the productive area will be largely into the nation and to the world at large creased. The work is waiting, and the that the same amount spent on fortresses advantage is apparent. Little by little it and war ships. And the work is as yet will be accomplished. hardly begun. Government contributions were necessary at the start, and are still desirable, but as practical conditions and London philanthropists are discussing the excessive rate of mortality of infants Union. It is a surprise, therefore, to learn among the working classes, and have con- that of her one hundred and five counties cluded that the employment of mothers in eighty-five are without a pauper, twentyshops and factories is largely responsible. five have no poorhouses, and thirty-seven For some years the Factory Act has ex- are without a criminal case pending trial. clured mothers from work for four week: The "why?" of this remarkable record after confinement, and it is proposed to should interest all civic reformers. It is extend this restriction to six months. It hard to believe the claim of the woman is recognized that this, if enforced, woull

suffragists that municipal suffrage for tend to reduce the size of families, and to women is the "why?" although it may be offset this it is proposed that the govern contributory. Certainly the field is worth ment make some stated payment for

stu lying. That Kansas is an agricultural motherhood. At Huddersfield the mayor

state does not explain the situation, for already pays a sovereign for each child

"there are others !". attaining the age of one year. The result of a French experiment is approvingly quoted. In one commune for nearly a

The long-drawn-out investigation of life hundred years every fourth child died

insurance matters in New York is en 'ed, during its first year. The mayor established a free medical aid fund, to assist all

and the report is far too voluminous for

popular digestion. It criticizes and conprospective mothers, and also a relief fund

demns most generously and impartially. from which mothers were paid if the child lived to the end of its first year.

That condemnation was necessary and inIt is

evitable was a foregone conclusion froni recorded that for ten years after this plan

the first. Several bills accompany the rewas put in operation no infant deaths oc

port covering the legislation considered curred for ten years, and there was but

desirable by the committee. That the memone still-born child in fifteen years. Nat

bers of the legislature, neophytes in the urally the system would also work toward

details of insurance matters, are to adopt the future health of both mothers and children, and in time the physical condi

only the best is hardly to be expected.

One most important bill puts a mass of tion of the whole community would be

supervision upon the State Insurance improved.

Commissioner which he can never accomplish. Heretofore the department has been

held to guard the legal reserves of a comThe nursery hero of the seven league pany so that the prospective claims of all boots has been realized recently in Paris. folicy holders are fully protected, both as An inventor is exploiting motor boots to their amount and the safety of their with which he makes a speed of twenty- investment. This being done the comfive miles an hour, with no other physical panies are left to manage the details of effort than to maintain his perpendicular their business without interference. The His boots are a combination of roller new bill practically makes the Insurance skates and the automobile. They are about Commissioner the manager of each and fifteen inches long and have four wheels all the companies-life, fire. accident, each eight inches in diameter. The user surety, etc., and responsible for all the wears a belt in which is an electric power

details of the business. It makes him an equipment. Each boot weighs sixteen

autocrat, or would if it were possible for pounds, but this does not matter as they him to perform the duties required, but are not lifted from the ground. On park such a work is practically impossible. It roads they might serve as admirable play would compel a department representative things, but on an ordinary country road, in the office of every company, and a treand in all weathers, the wearer would be mendous clerical force at the head office in danger of going several ways at once. of the department, at incalculable expense. "Shank's Mare” is not yet displaced for When the matter works itself out it is sure and safe locomotion.

probable that company managers will be

left in control of business details, but with * *

a more rigid review by the Insurance

Commissioner of their complications and "Bleeding Kansas" is now a misnomer. alliances with other financial institutions. In fact some highly complimentary title So far as has yet appeared this, with the should be invented for “The Sunflower present warning both to company officials State.” Her population is cosmopolitan, and the Department would secure the puband her social statistics might be expected lic against a repetition of the recent scanto parallel those of other states in the dals.

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The National Society of N. E. Women


It is with pleasure that we present in this issue the photograph of Mrs. Philip Carpenter. Mrs. Carpenter is well known throughout the country, not alone as one of our brightest lawyers, man or woman, but also as the brightest of writers and of after dinner speakers. Of recent years her popularity as a club woman has been widespread. She was president of the National Society of New England Women, 1903 and 1904, and is now president of the New York State Federation of Woman's Clubs. She is also first vice-president of Sorosis, honorary member of the Daughters of 1812, member of the D. A. R.,

of ancestry descended from Peter Hallock, who landed in 1640 on Hallock's Neck, Long Island. This line were mainly ministers, and all were deeply religious men. "Remember that there is a long eternity" lias been handed down in her family from the earliest generation. Mrs. Carpenter's father was Thos. H. Rouse, also a minister, and of the old Dutch stock, who lived on the Hudson 150 years; and who has the Dewey blood of Vermont and that of the northern Breckenridges and Hendersons in him. Her mother was Eliza Hallock, one of the twin daughters of Leavitt Hallock of Plainfield and Amherst, Massachusetts, and niece of Gerard Hallock, late editor of the Journal of Commerce and of Homan Hallock who invented Arabic type and translated the Bible into the Arabian language; also niece of William A. Hallock for forty years with the American Tract Society, New York City.

Mrs. Carpenter was born in Connecticut, but spent most of her childhood and youth in California and the Hawaiian Islands. Her husband, Philip Carpenter is son of Alonzo P. Carpenter, Chief Justice of New Hampshire.


The functions of the Parent Society the past month have been largely the holding of several important meetings of the Board of Managers with reference to the revision of the by-laws. This revision was

accepted by the Society at their business MRS. PHILIP CARPENTER

meeting, April 26th. One revision was

the establishment of the Trust Fund and Woman's Press Club, College Woman's Colony Committees as standing committees Club, Women Lawyer's Club, Women's instead of Special Committees as they had Association of the Bar, National Arts Club hitherto been designated. Another was and member of the New York Bar.

the revision of the by-laws concerning It is small wonder that her achievements Colonies which now gives a Colony repreare as above stated when we understand sentation in the National Society which her ancestry; she is descended from had not hitehrto been accorded them; this John and Priscilla Alden through their revision which had been drawn up by the granddaughter Anna Alden, who married Colony Committee secured more privileges Thomas Snell, from whom was descended for Colony delegates than had hitherto Elizabeth Snell, grandmother of Mrs. Car- been accorded them. penter. (William Cullen Bryant was of The closing social affair of the year was the same stock, and own cousin to Eliza- the fourth literary meeting, which took beth Snell, brought up side by side with place at Delmonico's on Friday, April 20, her.) Mrs. Carpenter from another line 1906. The President in a feeling manner

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