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of which the perspiration had splotched and their lack of education he considered wide stains that resembled a map of the partly the fault of the Church which was continent;" and Lincoln heard him in more interested in the rich and how earquiring, "Where did that long-arme i crea nest he was to endeavor to change this ture come from, and what can he expect injustice. As a boy so was the student, to do in this case?"

the teacher, the Bishop, the Primate of The same man, turned away from Lin- all England. "His earnestness, his imcoln's deathbed, shaken with grief, saying. mense industry, his frank and hearty man“There lies the most perfect ruler of men ner, his sincerity and singleness of purpose, the world has ever seen.”

were the same and always the devoted, · Chase was a vexing problem, till placed loving respectful son to his remarkable on the supreme bench; Fremont had to be mother." dropped: McClellan always timid, whin

As Headmaster of Rugby, he was the

As Headmaster of Rugby he ing, dilatory, was another trial. I recollect model educator, in the prime of life, full of . that it was the youngest daughter of Judge enthusiasm and devotion to his boys. It Chase, who on passing General McClellan, was a puzzle, at first, to see him enter for who was leaning gracefully over the back evening prayers, carrying his own candleof a chair at a reception, said: "Ah, Gen- stick, instead of being preceeded by a boweral, behind your entrenchments, as usual. ing butler, but all felt his natural dignity

Such men, controlling the situation, and the era of hero-worship soon set in. themselves self-controlled, are rare. Wash Here was a great man, a brilliant scholar, ington, Franklin, Lincoln, stand out grand- who could run a hundred yards, climb a ly; each alone. One college professor has tree, jump a brook, or win at a game with found out that Franklin's famous maxims any of them. One anxious mother begged were not his; all borrowed from many her son not to be led astray from the true sources. We thank him just the same for faith and he replied "Dear Mother: collecting them; maxim is a synonym for Temple's all right; but if he turns Mahomquotation. Does any one suppose that Sol- etan, all the school will turn too." omon created all those Proverbs? Hough- He succeeded in modifying the rigor of ton and Mifflin publish Rothschild's im the Rugby game, prefacing his edict with pressive book on Lincoln as "Master of these words "Englishmen have a natural Men.” Price, $3.00.

right to grumble, and so have English boys. I give you leave to grumble at all

I am going to do.” And a rousing cheer The late Archbishop Temple, "F. Can burst from the five hundred boys. tuar," wished that no Life of him The two volumes are full of the grandshould appear; but seven distinguished

est material but this is not the place for clerical friends have furnished a panoram

an extended notice. Macmillan and Comic estimate of his always upward career, pany. Price $9.00. which is vastly more valuable than a formal Memoir from one writer.

There are two great types of Leaders: Another book naturally places itself just the man with heart on fire, head in the here: "Memories of a Great Schoolmaster, clouds, and brain disturbed by dreams of Dr. Henry A. Coit," by James P. Conover, Reforms. for which the world is not an old Saint Paul's boy. For Dr Coit ready: the other self-forgetting, over- deserves a place by Temple as a guide and worked, the uplifter of humanity; Temple educator of boys. He had a grandly pracwas essentially of the later class.

tical preparation for his life-work as Like Lincoln, he struggled bravely teacher, missionary, priest and at twentywith actual poverty in childhood and six was made the first rector of St. Paul's youth; like him was plain in his ways, school at Concord, New Hampshire. This never ashamed of labor; like him brusque, he made the American Rugby and the yet tender hearted; like him, a man of scholars paid the same affectionate tributes the people and for the people: like him to him as were given to Temple. Such an blessed with a keen sense of humor. ali pervading influence; "The Doctor was

His sister says, “I remember him in so much present every boy got a share of our square pew in church, when our choir him." A student said to a mother visiting with fiddles and various instruments were the school, “I never saw the Doctor lose playing the Hallelujah Chorus. He his temper; he never scolds, and he writes covered his face in his hands, and finally to all the old fellows." slid down on to the ground to cover his Two of his remarks show his spirit. “It laughter."

is never necessary for a man to fall in We first see Temple as an Undergrad- order to be strong," Garfield once said to uate, then as Fellow and Tutor of Bal- him, “I sce, Dr. Coit, that you have the liol. The unhappy condition of the poor faculty of impressing yourself upon your

boys;" to which Coit replied, "I have an weary waste of Fiction! Why is it that other Image in my mind which I hope to we waste so many hours of this pitifully impress.”

brief life in poring over the character and His example and influence never lost its actions of creatures we should walk a mile hold upon the Alumni. At his funeral, a to avoid ? "Powerful but unpleasant" as stormy, winter day, the chapel was crowded Hamilton Mabie says of one of the most by the old boys and impressive meeting highly praised, would apply to many more. were held in many of our great cities by And books full of inspiration and help are the mourning graduates to honor this waiting for our earnest attention. "Servant of God and Leader of Men.'' How fleeting the impressions made by Houghton and Mifflin. Price $1.50.

even the highest style of novel. Who can recall an important thought from even

Mrs. Humphrey's earlier novels long Recollection of Joseph Jefferson by his drawn out? And, Why does Henry James friend and companion actor must be lov

find readers and admirers? I would as ingly alluded to. Francis Wilson who just lieve listen to the moonings and maundernow is making his audience smile from his ings 'of the acknowledged insane. Writing unfitness to take a priestly' role, was an the life of his dear friend Story, he used intimate friend, associated with him in the simple Saxon, and was his better self. remarkable all-star cast of "The Rivals.:' I cannot see the benefit to author or pubSheridan, by the way, considered “The lisher in a two column review of a new Rivals" a poor play and wished he had novel, relating in detail, the entire plot and never written it. So poorly do geniuses

leaving nothing to be sought out. So mine judge of their own work! We get from shall be brief and to the point. this volume little that is new; it is simply the informal tribute of a familiar friend of a dear old man; and we again see him Miss Runkle's second novel, “The Truth as an artist, a fisherman, a faithful friend; About Tolna," is very unlike the first and the most beloved American actor!

is a first rate summer book with which His dramatic career covered a period of to entertain yourself in a lazy hour and seventy years. Wilson wishes that Jeffer- then lend the story to a friend. The only son might have passed away upon the unnatural character is Denys Alden, who stage; appropriately beautiful, if in the caused all the excitement. sieep scene of Rip Van Winkle he had one I have always wondere 1 if Mrs. Runkle. night never waked. But he died on the Bertha's wonderfully learned mother, was day Shakespeare was born: Shakespeare not a silent partner in the first great sucwho was Jefferson's Bible. He said many cess? History is her speciality and what pithy things; as “Vagueness is not to be young girl who had been devoted to art mistaken for suggestion;" "Acting is more for several years could have possessed such a gift than an art;" "Art is the actor's accurate and familiar knowledge of the sweetheart;" "I like to be alone when I time and persons she described ? It seemed paint, but have no objection to a great almost a miracle. But probably this is a many people when I act.” Scribners. most absurd imagining ! Price $2.00.

In "Old Washington," by Harriet Prescott Spofford, we have a delightful series of stories concerning the struggles and experiences of refined Southern women at the Capitol, just after the Civil War, and each one seemd to me more charming, than the one just read until at the end "A Little Old Woman" and "The Colonel's Christmas," I was sure were the best of all. Little, Brown and Company. Price $1.50.

Four worth while books from Henry Holt and Company: Immigration and Its Effects Upon the United States; American Public Problem Series, by Prescott F. Hall, Secretary of the Immigration Restriction League. The effect of these immigrants upon the United States, viewed in its political, social and economic aspects is discussed. Price $1.65:

The Negro and the Nation, by George S. Merriam. A witty and scholarly study of the Negro question, interpreting the facts of political history with special reference to present-day problems. Price $1.75.

Dare I speak of novels in general, as I see them?

By the press notices, each one seems to be the best seller and the finest work of the author; or one praises his special favorite as an oasis in the present dreary,

Problems of Babyhood, by Rachel Kent Fitz, A.M. and George Wells Fitz, M.D.

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That the desert should blossom like the rose was the dream of a prophet-poet, but it is coming true. One desert is already blossoming in a most wonderful manner, and the example thus established is to push far into the future the time feared by the Malthrisians when the earth will fail to produce crops to feed its population. Within the last quarter century scientific irrigation has reclaimed from "The Great American Desert” of the old geographies an area equal to that of the state of Massachusetts, and made the worthless land worth a hundred and fifty million dollars for agricultural purposes. About ninety millions has been expended in the work, and it is an investment worth much more to the nation and to the world at large that the same amount spent on fortresses and war ships. And the work is as yet hardly begun. Government contributions were necessary at the start, and are still desirable, but as practical conditions and

possibilities are better determined private enterprise will join in the undertaking and what is already accomplished will be seen to be but the beginning of a new era of agricultural progress. Much of the work thus far has been in a semi-tropical region where great and frequent crops are realized but in time even "sterile New England" will feel the magic touch, and much waste land will become productive. Here drainage and irrigation will go hand in hand, and the maintenance of thousands of acres of morass that an insignificant millprivilege may be preserved will be seen to be criminally wasteful, while the streams will be led along the barren hillsides, until the productive area will be largely increased. The work is waiting, and the advantage is apparent. Little by little it will be accomplished.

* * London philanthropists are discussing the

Union. It is a surprise, therefore, to learn that of her one hundred and five counties eighty-five are without a pauper, twentyfive have no poorhouses, and thirty-seven are without a criminal case pending trial. The "why?" of this remarkable record should interest all civic reformers. It is hard to believe the claim of the woman suffragists that municipal suffrage for women is the "why?" although it may be contributory. Certainly the field is worth stu:lying. That Kansas is an agricultural state does not explain the situation, for "there are others !"

excessive rate of mortality of infants among the working classes, and have concluded that the employment of mothers in shops and factories is largely responsible. For some years the Factory Act has exclured mothers from work for four weeks. after confinement, and it is proposed to extend this restriction to six months. It is recognized that this, if enforced, woull tend to reduce the size of families, and to offset this it is proposed that the government make some stated payment for motherhood. At Huddersfield the mayor already pays a sovereign for each child attaining the age of one year. The result of a French experiment is approvingly quoted. In one commune for nearly a hundred years every fourth child died during its first year. The mayor established a free medical aid fund, to assist all prospective mothers, and also a relief fund from which mothers were paid if the child lived to the end of its first year. It is recorded that for ten years after this plan was put in operation no infant deaths OCcurred for ten years, and there was but one still-born child in fifteen years. Naturally the system would also work toward the future health of both mothers and children, and in time the physical condition of the whole community would be improved.

The nursery hero of the seven league boots has been realized recently in Paris. An inventor is exploiting motor boots with which he makes a speed of twentyfive miles an hour, with no other physical effort than to maintain his perpendicular. His boots are a combination of roller skates and the automobile. They are about fifteen inches long and have four wheels each eight inches in diameter. The user wears a belt in which is an electric power equipment. Each boot weighs sixteen pounds, but this does not matter as they are not lifted from the ground. On park roads they might serve as admirable playthings, but on an ordinary country road, and in all weathers, the wearer would be in danger of going several ways at once. "Shank's Mare" is not yet displaced for sure and safe locomotion.

The long-drawn-out investigation of life insurance matters in New York is en 'ed, and the report is far too voluminous for popular digestion. It criticizes and condemns most generously and impartially, That condemnation was necessary and inevitable was a foregone conclusion from the first. Several bills accompany the report covering the legislation considered desirable by the committee. That the members of the legislature, neophytes in the details of insurance matters, are to adopt only the best is hardly to be expected. One most important bill puts a mass of supervision upon the State Insurance Commissioner which he can never accomplish. Heretofore the department has been held to guard the legal reserves of a company so that the prospective claims of all policy holders are fully protected, both as to their amount and the safety of their investment. This being done the companies are left to manage the details of their business without interference. The few bill practically makes the Insurance Commissioner the manager of each and all the companies—life, fire. accident, surety, etc., and responsible for all the details of the business. It makes him an autocrat, or would if it were possible for him to perform the duties required, but such a work is practically impossible. It would compel a department representative in the office of every company, and a tremendous clerical force at the head office of the department, at incalculable expense. When the matter works itself out it is probable that company managers will be left in control of business details, but with a more rigid review by the Insurance Commissioner of their complications and alliances with other financial institutions. So far as has yet appeared this, with the present warning both to company officials and the Department would secure the public against a repetition of the recent scandals.


"Bleeding Kansas" is now a misnomer. In fact some highly complimentary title should be invented for “The Sunflower State." Her population is cosmopolitan, and her social statistics might be expected to parallel those of other states in the

The National Society of N. E. Women


It is with pleasure that we present in this issue the photograph of Mrs. Philip Carpenter. Mrs. Carpenter is well known throughout the country, not alone as one of our brightest lawyers, man or woman, but also as the brightest of writers and of after dinner speakers. Of recent years her popularity as a club woman has been widespread. She was president of the National Society of New England Women, 1903 and 1904, and is now president of the New York State Federation of Woman's Clubs. She is also first vice-president of Sorosis, honorary member of the Daughters of 1812, member of the D. A. R.,

of ancestry descended from Peter Hallock, who landed in 1640 on Hallock's Neck, Long Island. This line were mainly ministers, and all were deeply religious men. "Remember that there is a long eternity" lias been handed down in her family from the earliest generation. Mrs. Carpenter's father was Thos. H. Rouse, also a minister, and of the old Dutch stock, who lived on the Hudson 150 years; and who has the Dewey blood of Vermont and that of the northern Breckenridges and Hendersons in him. Her mother was Eliza Hallock, one of the twin daughters of Leavitt Hallock of Plainfield and Amherst, Massachusetts, and niece of Gerard Hallock, late editor of the Journal of Commerce and of Homan Hallock who invented Arabic type and translated the Bible into the Arabian language; also niece of William A. Hallock for forty years with the American Tract Society, New York City.

Mrs. Carpenter was born in Connecticut, but spent most of her childhood and youth in California and the Hawaiian Islands. Her husband, Philip Carpenter is son of Alonzo P. Carpenter, Chief Justice of New Hampshire.


The functions of the Parent Society the past month have been largely the holding of several important meetings of the Board of Managers with reference to the revision of the by-laws. This revision was

accepted by the Society at their business MRS. PHILIP CARPENTER

meeting, April 26th. One revision was

the establishment of the Trust Fund and Woman's Press Club, College Woman's Colony Committees as standing committees Club, Women Lawyer's Club, Women's instead of Special Committees as they had Association of the Bar, National Arts Club hitherto been designated. Another was and member of the New York Bar.

the revision of the by-laws concerning It is small wonder that her achievements Colonies which now gives a Colony repreare as above stated when we understand sentation in the National Society which her ancestry; she is descended from had not hitehrto been accorded them; this John and Priscilla Alden through their revision which had been drawn up by the granddaughter Anna Alden, who married Colony Committee secured more privileges Thomas Snell, from whom was descended for Colony delegates than had hitherto Elizabeth Snell, grandmother of Mrs. Car- been accorded them. penter. (William Cullen Bryant was of The closing social affair of the year was the same stock, and own cousin to Eliza- the fourth literary meeting, which took beth Snell, brought up side by side with place at Delmonico's on Friday, April 20, her.) Mrs. Carpenter from another line 1906. The President in a feeling manner

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