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mestic Reform League this year. a nice luncheon so far have the fame The League has also conducted in of its restaurant and food salesroom vestigations in regard to conditions flown. Among the many branches in household labor.
of the Union's activities, however, Investigations have been a great the lunch room occupies a worthy part of the work of the Educational place because it is the only departand Industrial Union. It has the ment which really pays. attitude of a student as well as a So confident were the women orhelper. A recent bill before the ganizers of the worth of their enHouse directed against the evils of terprise, so confirmed in this belief instalment buying was proposed by visible results day by day, that there from the Union and its suc- they gave themselves to it freely cessful passage will save hard for years. There were no paid earned wages from the pockets of workers in the beginning and there unscrupulous instalment merchants. is on record such service as that of Old age insurance and its status in a Hospitality Committee which had New Zealand and on the Continent, members in attendance daily at the though known here only in Illinois, Union for twenty-seven years. is being studied by the Union's There is still the same generosity agents. Many an institution has of service from women who are profited by, if it has not owed its heart and mind with the Union initial impulse to, the investigations cause, but the growth of the enterof this union of woman. Through prise has necessarily made a busisuch efforts, the Massachusetts As- ness of it with business positions. sociation for Promoting the Inter- The Union numbers three thou-ests of the Adult Blind was formed sand members and is conducted toand the industrial experiment sta- day by a governing body of one tion for the blind begun at Cam- hundred women, employing one bridge. A School of Housekeeping, hundred and twenty paid workers since merged in the Home Econom- and doing a yearly business of $169,ics department of Simmons, was an 000. Notwithstanding this amount, interesting part of the Union's there is a yearly deficit of $4,000 to achievements. An inter-municipal $5,000 “from departments which committee on household research represent a constant outgo withnow takes its place and in connec- out appreciable income or from extion with committees from New periments undertaken by the Union York and Philadelphia studies house- as one of its most important funchold work conditions and acts as a tions." This yearly excess of exclearing house for the many insti- penditures over receipts is likely to tutions which affect the household. continue while the Union continues From so much study given to the its philanthropies and is as yearly problems of women and from its met by the Union's friends. practical and progressive activities, When Dr. Harriet Clishy was the Union has built its place as a called to England, Mrs. Abby MorSocial Experiment station.
ton Diaz succeeded her in the presiTo many an out-of-towner, the dency and served for a number of chief significance of the Women's' years, until 1892. Since that time, Education and Industrial Union is Mrs. Mary Morton Kehe'w has been president. Dr. Clisby and Mary F. in their behalf. This past winter it Eastman are honorary vice-presi- has maintained a trained nurse in dents. Among the vice-presidents the Wells district of the Boston proper are Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells, schools in pursuance of the New Miss Lucia M. Peabody and Miss York system of school nurses. It Sarah L. Arnold. On the plan of has established mothers' clubs also the Boston Union, like institutions in the poorer sections. But the have been established in other prettiest part of the work and the large cities. The Union was started one most like mothering is the two in the days when the club move weeks' long outing at the summer ment for women was just begin- cottage, given to a dozen or so chilning, in the days before the great dren at a time. Besides the vacaimpulse of civic organizations and tion pleasure gained, the discipline settlements, when positions for and home training in courtesy and women were few . “With the cour- the affection of the family life brings age born of youth and inexperience, out the best qualities of the urchins, the Union took upon itself to min- and when they are back again in the ister to these three classes of city many of them keep coming to needs : a non-resident settlement, a the confidence of their vacation woman's exchange and a woman's mothers. Mrs. Mary Pamela Rice club." From its purpose framed is the president of this club, Prof. years ago, expressed differently James B. Taylor, the vice-president down the years yet intrinsically and Mrs. Charles C. Bailey, secrenever changing, the Union stands tary. to-day in a social and indus- Among the many movements of tial strength which is particularly women in Boston, there are three, modern.
each of which forms itself along one The Fathers' and Mothers' Club line and that only and stands out is an organization short in history sharply as a great enterprise — but large in heart. As the title the Suffrage League, Civil Service shows, men are included though Reform and Consumers' League. they are as yet few in number. Though the Woman's Suffrage Their purpose is to befriend and movement is credited with beginmother the children of the poor who ning in New Jersey in 1776, if it know little enough of the love and ever had a beginning, this one city confidence of family life. Or their can claim to be the home of a great aim may be expressed in President many women leaders in the moveRoosevelt's words: “All questions ment-Lucy Stone, Mary Liverof social life will solve themselves more, Mrs. Howe and many others, if children are brought up to be the and served as the national headhighest they are capable of being." quarters from '69 to '89. The While the society conducts a regu- Woman's Journal, published by l'ar club program in the winter with Henry B. Blackwell and Alice Stone its interest centering in all that Blackwell, half a dozen clubs, touches childhood in home, school, among them the Boston Equal Sufstate or legislation, it accomplishes frage League for Good Governmany a piece of practical work of ment of which Mrs. Quincy A. Shaw friendliness with children and efforts is president, and the College Equal Suffrage League with Mrs. Charles subjects and their legislation. There Park as president, further and main- has recently been inaugurated a tain the ideals so warmly cham- committee on ladies' tailors, which pioned by their famous advocates in keeps a constantly corrected list of Boston thirty and forty years ago. tailors who do not send their work
Much younger than the Suffrage out to sweat shops. Such a comLeague is the Woman's Auxiliary mittee shows the tendency of the of the Massachusetts Civil Service League to increase the influence of Reform Association which has twice the conscientious shopper. Miss distributed thirty thousand pam- Elizabeth H. Houghton of Camphlets to the public schools and bridge is the president of the seen to it that one lesson was given League. Many men are among its to the children on this subject. Its members and officers. representation of the merit system Among the many clubs which was so simply and well written that are prominent are the Daughters of Germany and Japan have made the Revolution, the Daughters of translations of the pamphlet for use Vermont, the Abbot Academy Club, in their countries. Such tribute the Boston Business League, the from abroad and efforts to influence New England Women's Press Aslegislation at home have crowned sociation. Two societies of women the work of the association for this for whom the word club has not year. Mrs. Richard C. Cabot is the the women's sense of improvement president.
but rather the man's club meaning The Consumers' League of Mass- of sociability are the Mayflower and achusetts is a branch of the na- College Clubs. Both have handtional organization second in size somely and comfortably appointed only to the New York branch and clubhouses. The College Club on is in communication, also, with sev- Commonwealth avenue has rooms eral similar organizations in foreign for its members to use permanently countries. The officers and com- or in passing through the city, an mittees do the active work of the excellent cuisine and holds many League, its investigations, free ad- receptions for its friends among dresses and exhibitions of labelled prominent people. Since the Colgoods. The large body of members lege Club has moved from its rooms support the association's aim by in the Grundmann studios to its buying such goods and at such places own home, the membership has as are authorized by the League or bounded to eight hundred members. bear the League's label. The .n- The Mayflower Club on Park street creasing list of membership yearly looks out from its breakfast room bears witness to the increasing in- upon the Common and from its parterest in this practical stand of the lors in the rear upon the peaceful shopper against such industrial inclosure of the Park street churchevils as the sweatshop.
yard. The club occupies several The committee on industrial leg floors, offers all conveniences to its islation upholds hearings at the members when downtown, and State House and in conference with rooms where the out-of-town memmany representatives from charities hers often stay over night. and societies considers industrial The Boston branch of the Asso
ciation of Collegiate Alumnae in proteges. Mrs. Julius Andrews terests itself in the day's questions serves as the president of the and problems. It is a body espe- branch. cially representative of education There are many clubs of workfor women, numbering many col- ing girls in the city in different lege professors, college graduates localities which, in company with in the professions or active in phil- like clubs from adjacent cities and anthropy. To better follow out the towns, meet as a federation of clubs plans of the national body of the at the Educational and Industrial same name, its work is united with Union several times a year. Miss the State Board of Statistics and Edith M. Howes is the federation with committees from the Woman's president. Education Association and from the Not the least courageous of the Women's Educational and Indus- women's organizations in the city trial Union. Investigations and col- are civic clubs in districts which lecting of statistics have been con- are certainly most discouragingducted in this manner and the way Warrenton, Hanover and Tyler opened for the college alumnae to streets. Club women from up town improve poor conditions, either by have organized these clubs, which timely assistance or by interesting in their turn have appointed comother people. Under committees mittees on clean streets, on visiting on education, home economics, so the schools in their neighborhood cial service and fellowships, the aim and on window gardens. Their aim is to make educational training of is civic welfare. The officers of practical advantage to the commun- these bodies are of many nationaliity. Radcliffe, Wellesley and Bos- ties whom club interests have not ton University graduates are in only brought together but into harlarge majority in the association. monious work side by side. Mrs. Ellen H. Richards of the Boston is the centre of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- Massachusetts State Federation of nology has lately succeeded Miss Women's Clubs and their activities Caroline J. Cook as president. Mrs. in the person of their president, Rachel T. Fitz is vice-president. Miss Helen A. Whittier. The Fed
The Boston branch of the Coun- eration Bulletin, as the official orcil of Jewish Women is a very ac- gan of the general federation of tive club, first organized for further women's clubs throughout the counknowledge of Jewish history, re- try and of the state federation of ligion and literature, but nowadays Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Conlargely interested in social work necticut and New York, contains and particularly in helping chil- their official reports and is devoted dren. An education committee as well to the sociological and edugives its time to public school cational problems which interest work. A probation officer daily women to-day. Miss Helen M. visits the courts to assist the young Winslow, the editor and publisher Jewish delinquents. The members of the Official Registry and Direcsupport three mission schools for tory of Women's Clubs in America the children of the Jewish school and a writer of note on women's and make good citizens of their clubs is a Boston club woman.
A Rose-Garden Story
By R. McD. DANIELS
THE house stood far back from surrounded by a hedge, stood in 1 the street. It was of the the centre; over the top even before
plain, substantial type, built one entered, one could see the roses three-quarters of a century ago, nodding. Here was a bed of portuwhen houses were not erected in a laca, there one of pansies, around day. The steps leading to the front the tall protecting hedge the leaves door were of stone and low and easy of the lilies-of-the-valley grew. Cutof ascent, and on either side were leaf birches and tall apple trees tall pillars supporting the roof of made a grateful shade and the wind the porch. On the right was a nar. sounded through the evergreens row balcony, overgrown with purple even on the hottest day. clematis which showed through its Further on was the asparagus broad leaves the iron framework of bed, now tall and feathery and full the railing. At the left was a wing, of wondrous places for the game of and here on the porch and broad Hide-and-Seek. The vegetable garstone steps the young people were den was to the left,-potatoes and wont to gather of an evening and corn and tomatoes, the red of these sing college songs. The clematis and of the currants, whose bushes grew here also, and on either side surrounded the garden, giving color tall ferns reached up after the climb to the scene. A fairy-land for chiling vine. The walk stretched in a dren, a trysting-place for youths semi-circular path to the two gates, and maidens, a garden sweet with enclosing in its curve a broad grass saddest memories for the old. plot where not a weed dared to But the woman upstairs was not raise its head under the watchful thinking now of the garden. A card eye of the gardener.
had been brought to her and she Among the many trees in the had read the name with a tremor yard, stood two elms, one at the left she could not control. rising tall and stately above the "I will be down directly," she house, its trunk covered with cling- said; and her voice, as she answered ing ivy; the other by the road, di- the maid, seemed distant and full of rectly in front, with branches droop- strange tones. She sat still for a ing almost to the ground. They moment after the maid had gone, were the guardians of the place, the looking at the card. Why had he centenarians who held the rule. come? It had been many years
Back of the house, shale paths led since she had seen him. How would gently down a decline to a garden it be to see this man again? The where by circuitous ways one wan- joy of it—or was it the pain ?-made dered into unexpected nooks and her catch her breath. tiny summer-houses. A rose-garden, They had grown up together, he