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ently; "glad to meet ye. Take a “Well, Mrs. Dobson,” the brideseat.

groom said, taking the widow Peter Claflin nodded in a dazed (widow no longer) tenderly by the fashion but sat, open-mouthed, ap- arm, "I guess we'll have to be goparently unable to speak.

ing. We can see these kind friends The color had left Elias E1- some other time before we leave.” dredge's face, but he stood up, in The three old men sat stupefied his turn, his big figure swaying a as the Reverend Mr. Dobson led little, and shook hands with the his new-made spouse away through beaming parson. “Bein' friends o' the syringa bushes. For a long Piketon's," he said solemnly to the minute no one said a word. Then bride, "we all wish you a heap o' Orson Stringer threw the piece of joy. We've all been takin' a pine he was whittling far into the friendly interest in your wife, Elder dust of the road. Dobson, bein', as I said, friends o' "Boys,” he said, “I've got a propPiketon's.”

osition to make. Comrade Claflin Mr. Dobson smiled blandly. “Very '11 treat us to ice cream, an' i'll hire kind, I'm sure," he murmured, with a rowboat an' row ye both aroun' ministerial perfunctoriness.

the lake, an' 'Lias here 'll take his “I told him he'd got to wait at catarrh along an' play 'n' sing fer least six months,” said Mrs. Dob- us. I guess the joke is on us, an' son, smiling impartially on the we may as well get what we can group, “but he got nervous and out of it by celebratin' the weddin' came on just a day or two after I o' the Widder Phelps.” left. He said," and her plump form “Good idee,” said Peter Claflin. shook merrily as she spoke, “that “Let's do just that. But first let's there was too many attractive old shake hands all 'round. There ain't widowers around this institution an' nothin' to prevent our bein' friends he wanted to see that I wasn't givin' now, as fer's I c'n see.” any of 'em too much encourage- Elias Eldredge said not a word, ment.” The three comrades smiled but as he shook hands with the faintly at this sally, but seemed to others his grip was the hardest and think of no appropriate response. heartiest of all.


THE NEW ENGLAND MAGAZINE order. This was the “Freeman's FOUNDED 1758

oath” which every man, over twenty and six months a householder, must take in order to become a legal citizen of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This oath in its original draft was the work of John Winthrop and is now one of the treasured possessions of the Boston Public Library. It reads as.

follows: Published monthly at


) 8 Dıx Place, Boston, Mass., U. S. A.

“I (A. B.), being by God's proviEDITOR, WINTHROP PACKARD. dence, an Inhabitant and Freeman,

within the Jurisdiction of this ComSUBSCRIPTIONS

monwealth; do freely acknowledge United States, Canada and Mexico

$3.00 per year

my self to be subject to the GovernForeign Countries ... $3.75 per year ment thereof; And therefore do here

swear by the great and dreadful Remit by draft on Boston, Express or Post Office Order, payable to

Name of the Everlasting God that New ENGLAND MAGAZINE.

I will be true and faithful to the

same, and will ac-cordingly yield The First Printing Press

assistance and support thereunto,

with my person and estate, as in ROBERT F. RODEN, in his equity I am bound; and will also " "History of the First Printing truly endeavor to maintain and prePress Established in English Amer- serve all the liberties and priviledges ica,” relates that "in the summer thereof, submitting my self to the of 1638 “the John of London, whole-some Lawes & Orders made bearing a printing press, a printer and established by the same. And and three pressmen, approached the further, that I will not plot or pracshores of New England, and ended tice any evil against it, or consent one of the most memorable of voy- to any that shall do so; but will ages.” This first press of the Eng- timely discover and reveal the same lish colonies was by no means the to lawfull Authority now here esfirst printing press in America. The tablished, for the speedy presenting Spaniards had antedated that by thereof. just a hundred years. In 1538 one "Moreover, I doe solemnly bind Juan Pablos in the City of Vexico my self in the sight of God, when I had set up a press and printed “a shal be called to give my voyce compendium of Christian doctrine” touching any such matter of this under the auspices of the regnant State, in which Free-men are to Spanish church. Thus Mexico led deal, I will give my vote and sufMassachusetts by a century. The frage as I shall judge in mine own first work of the new press of 1638, conscience may but conduce and however, was of a far different tend to the publike weal of the



body, without respect of persons, or of the Apostle Eliot. Prodigious favour of any man. So help me God labor went into the translation of

this work and equally prodigious It is a noteworthy matter and labor into the printing, which was shows the trend of thought and completed in 1663. single-hearted groping toward the Stephen Day was the first printer, path of personal freedom that was followed by Matthew his son and characteristic of the thought of the later by Samuel Green. In its later day that the first printed matter years the old press led the life of issued in the colony should be this vicissitude which is commion to cath. Moreover the last clause in most printing presses. It wandered the oath is one that every voter of from its Cambridge home to Conthe country to-day would do well to necticut, thence to Vermont, where subscribe to and follow freely. It it came to be consigned to attics would seem to prove that the in- and barn lofts with other relics of dependent voter, the man who the pioneer days of New England. follows his conscience only in The newspaper men of that state, his action for the welfare of the with commendable patriotism, resstate, was logically born of Massa- cued it some years ago and prechusetts long before the term sented it to the Vermont Historical “mugwump" came to be applied to Society. It now adorns their rooms him by men of less broad gauge. in the State House at Montpelier,

This first press was set up in the one of their most prized historical house of Henry Dunster of Cam- relics. The work that this humble bridge, the first president of Har- hand machine did for the enlightenvard College, and there it continued ment of the colonies cannot be for years to do good work for the overestimated, and its very first colonists, printing next "an alma- issue cannot be too highly recomnack made for New England by mended to the freeman and voter Mr. Peirce, Mariner,” a publication of to-day. which might well have been the germ from which grew Franklin's

Old Home Week idea for his “Poor Richard's Almanack.” Later it issued “The Bay N a recent address before the Psalm Book,” showing that though

I Twentieth Century Club Mr. the first idea of the colonists was Thomas F. Anderson, secretary of toward the upbuilding of the state, the Massachusetts Old Home Week the church came not far behind in Association, gave some facts and their thoughts. Later came “Spir- figures which deserve to be widely itual Milk," by John Cotton, which quoted. He said: with the “New England Primer” no “In 1899 New Hampshire enthudoubt puzzled the wits of our siastically adopted the Old Home ancestors with its reasoning on Week idea, organized a state Old theology and its hints of eternal Home Week association and inaug. damnation. The weightiest and urated its first Old Home Week most noted work of this old press celebration in nearly one hundred was without doubt the Indian Bible different cities and towns. and has ever since continued to loyally sup parades, concerts, exhibitions, carniport the institution.

vals, picnics, illuminations, religious “The movement was no sooner services and other features, would launched than it brought to light require a volume of ponderous disome surprising facts regarding the mensions. number of natives of the Granite “The success attending the social state that had become residents of and sentimental side of these reother states. Nearly 125,000 of its unions has been marked; but the sons and daughters-two out of best and most hopeful thing about every family of six-have left their it all has been the fact that the peoold homes there; while from Massa- ple in the far West and South, for chusetts 300,000 have gone forth, whom all these elaborate receptions and Maine has lost 216,000, Ver- were gotten up, have really been mont 168,000, Rhode Island 61,000 glad of the opportunity to come and Connecticut 142,000—a grand back to their old homes and meet total of about 1,000,000 for all of once more their old friends and New England.

schoolmates, some of whom they “The other New England states had not seen for twenty, thirty and were not long in deciding that what even forty years. was proving to be such a good thing “Not only have they come back for New Hampshire ought to be and pulled the latchstring by hunequally good for them; and, so, in dreds, but they have given, in many 1900, Maine adopted the Old Home instances, substantial evidence of Week reunion idea; in 1901 Ver- their reawakened interest in their mont took it up, and in 1902 Massa- native place. Some have erected chusetts fell into line with consider- public drinking fountains, some able enthusiasm, followed later by have donated public libraries, and Connecticut and Rhode Island others have helped to lift the mort

"In Massachusetts the Legisla- gage on the local church, or have ture has legally recognized the in- presented the town a park or mestitution by enacting a law giving morial. cities and towns authority to appro- “Many, also, have shown their inpriate money for Old Home week terest in the very practical way of purposes, and many have availed determining to hereafter spend their themselves of the privilege. Re- annual vacation at their former unions have thus far been held in home, which is the next best thing something like one hundred and to coming back for good. twenty-five different Bay State “In other ways, too, Old Home cities and towns, some of them of week has proven itself to be a helpa very elaborate nature, and a num- ful influence, and one that should ber of the towns have annually ob- be heartily supported by every pubserved the festival without a break lic spirited citizen. Among other since 1902.

results, it has caused a great awak“To give even a brief history of ening of interest in the local history all these happy reunions, with their of towns, and will in time lead to long list of banquets, entertain- the compilation of many permanent ments, trade processions, floral histories. This interest has also found expression in the marking of Newfoundland, and this year Louisscores of historic sites and land- ville, Kentucky, is going to take marks by tablets and monuments, it up on a most elaborate scale, so that in some towns to-day the dedicating special days to Daniel salient points of history may be Boone, Stephen C. Foster and other read by all who walk abroad. illustrious Kentuckians, and keep

“It has brought new hope and ing “open house” for such survivors spirit to more than one discouraged of Kentucky's six hundred thousand hill town—for communities can be- absent sons and daughters as are come despondent, as well as individ- able to attend the reunion. uals. It has had some good influ- “If only a small percentage of ence upon the industrial life of New England's absent natives can many a town and city, its social be induced to come back and settle benefits have been immense. for not down among us again, if merely in only has it brought the permanent the capacity of summer visitors, residents of country towns into something will have been accomcloser touch with one another, but plished toward counteracting the it has made for a distinctly better drain upon our resources that we understanding between the natives are now feeling so seriously. and the wealthy city people who “The general and hearty support have summer homes in many of of Old Home week will unquestionthese places, both working together ably do much in this direction, and for the common interest during it should receive practical encourOld Home week.

agement from every local board of “There is at least one instance trade, improvement society, historiwhere an organization of city resi- cal association, civic club, grange dents composed of natives of a and woman's organization in New country town—the Candia Club of England." Boston—takes full charge of the Old Home week observance in the

Northampton's Opportunity little New Hampshire town from which its members came; and not PROFESSOR HAYS of the Unisatisfied with that, holds an annual versity of Minnesota said a few winter "new home" reunion in the years ago: "Five hundred are takmetropolis.

ing our agricultural High school "These are a few of the concrete course, and two hundred or three results that have already been ob- hundred other agricultural courses. tained from the observance of Old The farm, the farm home and the Home week in New England. · farm community are being greatly Surely they are all well worth enlarged in the minds of our young the while.

people.” “The movement has already spread Professor Hays went on to show far beyond the confines of this sec- how the spirit of such a school digtion. It has been adopted with nifies the country life and sends all success in Ohio, Indiana, New York, its graduates back to build up their Pennsylvania, Ontario, New Bruns- fathers' acres and keep the old wick, Prince Edward Island and spirit of the farming community

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