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tical, will be interested in a brief descrip, tion of the various processes of preparation of the White House Coffee. The natural bean is imported in gunny sacks or hemp bags containing about one hundred and thirty pounds each. Thousands of these bags come from all countries where coffee is grown, Arabia, Java, East Indies, Brazil, Jamaica, etc., and the first step of the blending, an expert and delicate operation by which each variety is handled accord ing to a special formula, is done on the lower floor of the great establishment. Then it passes through separating machines on the second floor. The coffee is separated by a system of screens and fans and the various sized beans are deposited in metal bins. From here it goes to the top floor, is transferred to other bins, and thence to an automatic weighing machine and is drawn off into hundred pound sacks. Thence it goes to the roasters, and the most extraordinary care is exercised by operatives long trained to the work, in getting it just right. The roaster cylinders, of which there are two batteries, one eight and one six, were built expressly for the Dwinell-Wright Company, and have a capacity of seventy thousand poun 's a day. The coffee is automatically conveyed to these roaster cylinders, kept in continuous motion over hot fires and is watched by men with a keen eye for color, every instant. When it shows exactly the right shade, the standard which determines the flavor, it is automatically transferred from the roaster or oven into large coolers connected with immense fans, which exhaust the heat and steam from the coffee at once—this is essential to retain the full aroma and flavor. It is then conveyed to special bins for further cleaning and separating according to blend and brand. On the fourth floor the coffee is packed for shipment. The packing is divided into two departments-whole coffee and ground coffee. All the grinding is done on the floor above, the coffee dropping by gravity from the mills into the automatic weighing machines, without being touched by hand. All the machinery and apparatus of the establishment is of metal, so that there is no chance of the slightest impurity affecting the coffee and preserving all the l'elicacy of flavor and aroma for which the White House Coffee is famous
Model factory construction in New England has placed this section on the highest plan as regards the sanitary, hygienic and other health conditions that surround the more sedentary and confining employments. In this superbly appointed structure of the Dwinell-Wright Company light and ventilation have been especially well provided; the work rooms are sunny
and airy; the rules require scrupulous cleanliness and the employes—especially the fifty or more young women-look as wholesome and as tidy as college maids. A sense of absolute cleanness pervades the whole establishment. In the products purity is rigidly maintained. The White House Coffee is never touched by han s; it is put up in sealed packages under guarantee labels so that the purchaser always gets precisely what he buysma uniform coffee of perfect quality and gets it at first hand without being tampered with in the course of trade. This is what has made the high reputation of "Boston Coffee.” The Dwinell-Wright Company have their own power, lighting and heating plants and combination of the best known devices for steam and electricity. The building is supplied with automatic fire extinguishers, time-clocks, watchman's clocks and the most approved appliances for safety, health and economic operation.
The Dwinell-Wright building is a sevenstoried structure of the most modern type, at numbers 311-319 Summer Street, and is one of the industrial show places of Boston. Its length is one hundred feet and its width ninety feet. It is abundantly lighted and ventilated, having two hundred and nineteen windows. At the rear of the building are railroad tracks which enable the handling of shipments with promptness and convenience. There is a special place for handling wagon shipments expeditiously without blocking the sidewalk and street. On the first floor adjoining offices which give the visitor an impression of great business activity, is a coffee testing-room, equipped with a battery of six roasters and electrically (riven mills for grinding samples. The practice of roasting green coffee before purchasing large lots has become so essential that the testing room is one of the most important departments of the business. In the olden days samples were roasted in a corn popper, but in the Dwinell-Wright plant the requirements are such that electrically equipped roasters had to be installed in order to keep pace with the business. The allotment of the work upon the various floors of the building is probably as perfect in all respects as the highest class of scientific methods and skilled workmanship can or do display anywhere in this country. A minute and technical description of the boilers, engines, dynamos and other features of the fine steam and electric plant which operates all the machinery would hardly interest the lay reader.
The third floor as well as the second, is occupied by the spice department, for the Dwinell-Wright Company, apart from its great coffee business,
also controls the importation, blending, chines have supplanted the hand labor grinding and packing of the Royal Spices, and resulted in a large increase of outthat have become famed in the homes of put. America. This is an enormous business of Standing in the shipping department of itself and necessitates the employment of a this representative establishment of its large number of young women and men. line, one can see at any hour of the day The same careful attention given to the enormous quantities of cases, bags, and many details of coffee roasting and pack- cans of White House Coffee, Royal ing is exercised here with the numerous Spices, and other products in course of kinds of spices, with the constant deter- shipment to every part of this country mination to obtain a fixed standard which and to many foreign markets. A visit to the company boasts, viz: "Nothing but the Dwinell-Wright Company's unique espure, always pure, and of the best qual- tablishment is an experience worth while. ity, too." In this spice department. It will make you a happy coffee drinker also, automatic sealing and weighing ma- ever after.
The National Society of N. E. Women
BY MISS E. MARGUERITE LINDLEY AND MISS JUANITA LELANI)
Interest in the National Society of New England Women is spreading over our great country, and it is not unexpec ed that nearly every issue of the New ENGLAND MAGAZINE will tell of the formation of some new Colony. In the great Middle West, where our forefathers were the first to make a home in the primeval forests and our foremothers showed a like courage with them, and where the population is now cosmopolitan, there should be many
therefrom," and further and more to the point, "to instill into the hearts of the younger generation a love for the traditions of New England and a proper pride for its history."
The Parent Society functions have been a marked success the past month. The most important of these was the annual breakfast, which was held on February gth, at Delmonico's, and was in honor of the navy. The decorations were in accord. The long table at which were seated the guests of honor was trimmed to represent the flagship at full dress, the smaller tables representing the ships of the squadron. When the guests entere1 the banquet room 110 lights were seen except the many fairy lights of red and green that were shown on all the tables. When the electric lights were turned on it was a surprise to everybody to find the suggestion of a fleet of war ships.
Captain Albion V. Wadhams, U. S. N. and Mrs. Wadhams, the principal speakers, came from the U. S. Navy Yard at Norfolk, Virginia, especially for this occasion.
In introducing Captain Wadhams the president, Mrs. George T. Stevens, said, “Among patriotic Americans the navy of our country is a subject of pride and the men who make up the personnel are justly regarded as belonging to the best American type. We expect them to be brave and hardy at sea and agreeable an l amusing on land. If our government provides for relieving these men from care for the future they should be willing in return to dispel all care from us for the present. Captain Wadhams will now proceed to execute this his official land duty by telling us something of life on board a manof-war."
The Captain, after paying the ladies present graceful compliments, spoke of the navy in its earlier years when they felt they were not fitting representatives of the country in their old wooden ships. “The first time I knew I was on a ship that would whip anything that went out of or came into a port, I was the proudest man in the world.” He added, "We want peace, but we want a navy in order to have peace.” He spoke strongly on che splendid personnel of the navy and said that we must not suppose that the men
who wear gold lace look down on the Jackies in white duck. Every man is respected for his value to his country, the only question is, "are you entitled to the protection of the U. S. flag? If so, you shall have it." Throughout his address the Captain held his audience by his ready humor which interspersed the stronger sentiment. Mrs. Wadhams was quite as interesting as her husband as she spoke of the various women's interests in which she held a part.
The other speakers were Mrs. Philip Carpenter, president of the New York State Fe'eration of Women's Clubs, who gave a humorous description of her experience on a yachting trip; Mrs. John Howard Abeel, regent of the Daughters of the Revolution, state of New York; Mrs. Charlotte B. Wilbour, president of Sorosis; Mrs. Albion V. Wadhams, vice president of the Abbott Collegiate Association; Miss Emma G. Lathrop, regent of the New York City chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution; Mrs. Edward Addison Greeley, president of the National Society of Daughters of the Empire State; and Rev. Phebe A. Hanaford, president of the Press Club. Music by Miss Reba Cornett and Mrs. Kirkham.
February 15th the annual meeting was held and the following were elected officers for the coming year:Second vice president. Miss Lizzie Woodbury Law; recording secretary, Miss Sara A. Palmer: corresponding secretary, Miss Ruth M. Holden: treasurer, Mrs. Charles E. Quimby; assistant treasurer, Miss Mary F. Bowron. The four new members of the Board of Managers elected were: Mrs. George Thomas Stevens, Mrs. Thomas Abernethy Fair, Mrs. James S. Lehmaier and Mrs. Theodore F. McDonald.
* * * * * * * The officers and colony committee of the National Society have set aside the 29th of March as Colony Day, to which are invited all of the officers and committees of the various colonies, the object being general social advantages. The season is a particularly prosperous and happy one in the Parent Society and Colonies, and all feel pleased that the New ENGLAND MAGAZINE is serving as so favorable a medium of information regarding the interests of all. Through its columns, Buffalo, Colony Two sends greetings to the various members of all the Colonies and says that their February meeting was the largest held in the history of the organization. Their president reports as follows:
"A very interesting paper was given on Lucy Larcom-several poems written by Miss Larcom were read and several of them which have been set to music were
sung. The atmosphere was of a spiritual nature and greatly enjoyed by all. The members of Colony Two are preparing for a "Loan Exhibition" of New England relics-a candy and cake sale will be held in connection with the "Loan Exhibit.” The affair will undoubtedly be one of the social successes of the winter and may offer a valuable suggestion to other Colonies.”
Montclair, Colony Three, is still ca ing on most interesting work besides their social meetings which have always been of the highest order. Their report is as follows: “The regular monthly meeting of the Montclair Colony was held Thursday, January 25th, at the residence of Mrs. Ogden Brower. Reports were given of the work of the district nurse employed by the Colony, and also a report by Mrs. James Trimble of the last meeting of the New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs, at which meeting this Colony became a member of the Federation.
"It was decided to have a card party at the residence of Mrs. Frost on Washington's Birthday, to raise funds for the support of the district nurse."
Colony Four. It is a matter of regret to all that Mrs. Bertha M. Robbins, president of the year just ending, has finished her administration. She was not only a popular leader, but strong and capable, building the Colony up to nearly twice its former membership. The Colony are fortunate, however, in havirg as her successor Mrs. C. David White. Among the other unique features of Colony Four's methods, is the selection of a board of counsellors from the various New England states as will be noticed in their report as follows:
"At the regular meeting which was also the annual meeting, held February 19, 1906, at the residence of Mrs. Ellis Logan 1253 Irving street, the annual reports were read and accepted, the election of officers for the ensuing year followed. President, Mrs. C. David White, 1443 Girard street; ist vice president, Mrs. G. W. Benjamin; 2nd vice president, Mrs. Charlotte E. Main; recording secretary, Mrs. Paul Burkett; corresponding secretary, Miss J. C. Webster; treasurer, Mrs. Richard Rathbun and historian, Mrs. Bertha M. Robbins. Council: Maine, Mrs. J. S. P. Ham; New Hampshire, Mrs. W. H. Seaman; Vermont, Mrs. C. G. Gould; Massachusetts, Mrs. Charles Lyman; Connecticut, Mrs. H. H. Barroll; Rhode Island, Mrs. H. T. Guss. After the business meeting adjourned, a short program was given of patriotic music, reading of the article in the New ENGLAND MAGAZINE; also the
reading by Mrs. Robbins of a letter writ- crippled in its early start by the death of ten in September, 1748, at Nantucket Plan their honorary president, whose picture aptation, by a young lady, Ruth Starbuck pears in this issue, still they have comWentworth, to her parents who were pleted their charter membership and are pioneers seeking a new home in the inter- prepared to take their place as a repreminable forests of central New York. The sentative Colony. letter goes on to relate the home coming In the death of Mrs. William D. Wolof her cousin Nathaniel Starbuck from a cott who died at her home in New York long voyage to China and the making of Mills, Oneida County, New York, on some of the tea which he had brought, December 8th, the Utica Colony of New the first of this beverage known on the England Women lost one of its prominent island of Nantucket. The original letter is
members and organizers. She was the in the possession of an old lady residing mother of William Stuart Wolcott, presiin New York. The copy of the letter was dent of the New York Mills Co., whose read before the Society of Mayflower death in September came to her as a Descendants' in Illinois eight years ago, crushing blow. Mrs. Wolcott was one of and recently before the Society of May a long line to reflect honor upon a Conflower Descendants' in Washington and necticut ancestry. Her mai 'en name was now before our own Colony."
Hannah Coe Hubbard. She was born at Rutherford, Colony Six, is also in a Middletown, Connecticut, July 3, 1817, and flourishing condition. At their annual was the daughter of Captain Charles Hubmeeting which was held recently, an origi bard and Lucretia Miller. Captain Charles nal poem was read by Mrs. Sarah L. Hubbard was one of the ten children of Flowers, in which she set forth not only Lieutenant Hezekiah Hubbard and Esther the pride they have in the example estab Foster both of Middletown, Connecticut. lished by our Plymouth Rock and other In "One Thousan 1 Years of Hubbard Hisearly ancestors, but the aim of their colony tory, from 866 to 1895," it is stated that and the articles of their constitution and "Hezekiah Hubbard was a Revolutionary by-laws. I regret that lack of space will war patriot, was engaged in the siege of not permit its being published in this
Boston, and that he served until the end of issue.
the war, and was one of the original memPittsburgh, Colony Seven, is also pro- bers of the society of the Cincinnati." Mrs. gressing most satisfactorily in the increase Wolcott's ancestry, in the Hubbard line, of its numbers and the character of the included many distinguished New England social meetings they are holding. Their families, among whom were the Fosters, report is as follows: "The Pittsburgh and Porters, (Noah Porter a president of Colony of the National Society of New Yale College being of this family) and England Women held its regular meeting many other families of note. Among the on the second Tuesday in February at the maternal ancestors, the Millers, the Coes. residence of its president, Mrs. David Kirk. descendants of the martyr Coe, mentioned After a brief business meeting the distin- in "Fox Book of Martyrs," Curtisses, Robguished writer, Miss Nella Sebert Cathee, insons, Mosses, and Joseph Hawley, who who had lived at one time in Pittsburgh, was born in England in 1603 and resided read one of her unpublished stories and in Wethersfield and Stratford. In 1837 then at the request of many members con she married William Dexter Wolcott, an sented to read some of her best known Oneida County manufacturer, and since poems. After the reading the President that time her home has been in New York invited those present to the dining room Mills, which she efficiently helped to make where tea was served and red and white a "model village.” Mrs. Wolcott had ever carnations showed forth the club colors. entertained deepest interest in the village
"The Pittsburgh Colony now numbers and soon after she made her home in forty-one members and a club baby, repre New York Mills she was known to every senting every New England state. At family in the community. Her interest in the March meeting, Mrs. John Shelley the affairs of those employed in the facDetwicke, one of its number who has latelytories conducted by her husband and Mr. returned from a long residence in Russia, Campbell was not of the obtrusive sort, will talk to the Colony on the bome life the many visits she made being always of that country.”
welcome. The good old families who Brooklyn, Colony Eight, asks to with gained their livelihood at the loom were hold her report uintil next month, as their dear to her an l she made many suggesmeetings of the last month have been rions that added to their comfort. Mrs. largely executive with little that would in- Wolcott was a woman of fine appearance terest the Colony readers generally.
and dignified bearing, a person of deep Although Colony Nine, Utica, was sympathy and warm affections, and un