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CONTENTS FOR JULY, 1896.
William McKinley, of Ohio....... Frontispiece.
3 The Gold Plank at St. Louis..
10 Free Silver and the Democratic Situation.
10 Candidates at Chicago.
10 A Split Almost Inevitable
11 Meanwhile, the Prohibitionists.
11 The St. Louis Tornado...
12 Adjournment of Congress..
12 The Coronation of the Czar.
13 The Church and the Czar..
13 The Manifesto of the Coronation.
13 The Crowd's Tragedy ....
14 The Heir to the Austrian Throne.
15 The Pretender in France.....
16 Other Thrones
16 President Kruger and His Hostages.
16 Mr. Rhodes and the Charter ...
16 Cecil Rhodes and William of Orange..
16 Progress by Closure..
17 The Objection to the Education Bill.
17 The Commercial Revival in London.
17 Sepoys in Suakim....
17 The Trouble in Crcte.
17 The Late Jules Simon.
18 Death of Kate Field ..
18 With portraits of Hon. M. A. Hanna, Hon. Warner Mil
ler, Hon. Garret A. Hobart, Mrs. Garret A. Hobart,
19 With portraits of Maj. J. W. Thomas, Hon. Timothy E.
Byrnes, the late Austin Corbin, the late Gen. Lucius
27 With reproductions from American and foreign journals. William McKinley. A Study of His Character and Career...
33 By Eugene V. Smalley. With portraits of Mr. and Mrs. McKinley, and Mr. Mc
Kinley's father and mother, and other illustrations. “Stand by the Flag !" The Story of a Patriotic Song......
Dr. Gray's Tribute to Major Bright.... ... 48 The South American Poets......
49 By Hezekiah Butterworth. With portraits of Carlos Guido y Spano, Eduardo de la
Barra, Domingo F. Sarmiento, Luis Dominguez,
58 By Charles D. Lanier. With illustrations from daily and weekly periodicals
showing the universal journalistic interest in athlet
ics. The World's Currencies....
64 Leading Articles of the Month
Dr. Arendt's Latest Word on the Silver Question. 65
67 The State of Ohio...
68 An Ideal News Service
69 Immigration from Italy
70 Observations in Mexico.
71 Gen. Miles' Idea of War.
72 Our Schoolboy Soldiers
75 “ Ouida " on the Evils of Royalty.
77 Francis Joseph's Brother..
78 The Late Shah and His Successor.
79 In the Sultan's Palace
80 In Praise of Baron Hirsch..
81 The Late Baron de Hirsch
82 The Character of Lord Kelvin.
82 Mr. James Bryce on Cecil Rhodes..
83 Kipling. as an Indian Journalist...
83 “The Case Against Goethe "
84 A Pessimistic Russian .....
85 A Glance at Recent Western Literature,
86 The Place of Music and Musicians.
86 Music as a University Course..
87 The Schumanns.
88 Feeding the Metropolis.
89 Making a Metropolitan Fireman Thc Expert Accountant.
91 Current Ethical Problems
91 Increasing Influence of the Church.
91 Catholic Candor on the Borgias.
91 The Lesson of Our Scientific Conquests..
92 Dr. Nansen's "Throwing Stick".
97 Cycling for Women..
97 Periodicals Reviewed.
98 Summer Reading-Notes Upon Many Season
Gras, Emile Zola,
Lecky and Robert Burns, and a literary cartoon.
118 Contents of Reviews and Magazines... 120 Index to Periodicals......
By Marshal H. Bright.
and a page of music.
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THE REVIEW OF REVIEWS.
NEW YORK, JULY, 1896.
THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.
The Republican Convention at St. coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. The vote the Louis is already ancient history, and which rejected Mr. Teller's substitute was 81812 to Programme.
the attention of the country is fixed 10542, while the vote which indorsed the majority upon the marshaling of the Democratic clans for proposition was 81212 to 11042. The money plank as the tremendous struggle that seems destined to oc. actually adopted reads as follows: cur at Chicago in the second week of July. Thus The Republican party is unreservedly for sound money. far the expected has happened at every step in the It caused the enactment of the law providing for the unfolding of the season's political developments. resumption of specie payment in 1879; since then every For several months it has been clear that this year's
dollar has been as good as gold. We are unalterably campaign was to be fought upon well-defined ques
opposed to every measure calculated to debase our cur
rency or impair the credit of our country. tions of monetary and fiscal policy, and that ambig
therefore, opposed to the free coinage of silver, except uous positions would not be tolerated. It was ap
by international agreement with the leading commercial parent to discerning men that the Republican party
nations of the world, which we pledge ourselves to at St. Louis would nominate Major McKinley for promote, and until such agreement can be obtained the the presidency, and would adopt a resolution de. existing gold standard must be preserved. All our silver claring in the most unmistakable terms for the main and paper currency must be maintained at parity with tenance of the existing gold standard and against gold, and we favor all measures designed to maintain the free coinage of silver. Furthermore, it was
inviolable the obligations of the United States and all equally well-understood that a group of Western
our money, whether coin or paper, at the present stand
ard, the standard of the most enlightened nations of the silver advocates, led by Mr. Teller, of Colorado, and
earth. his fellow members of the Senatorial free-silver
This utterance has been accepted by the conservagroup, would present a minority resolution in favor of free silver, and upon its rejection at the hands of
tive business and financial interests of the country the majority would withdraw from the gathering
as entirely satisfactory to them. It is free from and immediately sever their relations with the Re
ambiguity, and it gives clear assertion to the idea
that the United States ought to continue to measure publican party. It was perfectly well known that these free-silver bolters would immediately issue an
values, and to interpret contracts which call for the appeal to the country and enter into communication
payment of money, by standards that shall not
be different froin those recognized and employed with the Populists, the free-silver Democrats, and the other organized bodies of free-silver advocates,
throughout the great world of commerce and exwith a view to forming the largest possible combi
change. It accepts the judgment of a business nation against the Republicans and gold-standard
world which has its universal laws and methods, men. No cut-and-dried political programme ever
and which denies that money standards can properly
be made a local or a national affair. moved to its consummation with greater smoothness than the one we have thus summed up.
So fully predetermined was the course Harmony in
of the convention that the crowds of The Republican convention was unan
men who had assembled to share in imous to a man upon every plank in what might prove to be the exciting scenes of a
the elaborate and strenuous platform great occasion found little to reward their journey. that was offered by the resolutions committee, ex The attempt on the part of Mr. Platt as leader of cept the plank declaring for the gold standard. Our the New York delegation to make it appear that readers will remember that last month we expressed the adoption of a definite money plank was at first the opinion that not more than one-tenth of the del very doubtful, and that the outcome was due to his egates to the St. Louis convention would represent valiant efforts at St. Louis as a champion of the the free-silver doctrine. Our estimate was not seri existing standard, was a bit of by play intended to ously amiss ; for when the roll of the convention impress some of Mr. Platt's followers in his own was called it was found that about one-ninth of the state. The Republican party had made up its mind delegates were against the gold plank, so called, and on the currency question weeks in advance of the in favor of Mr. Teller's resolution demanding free convention ; and the story widely published that the
The Gold Plank
at St. Louis.
doughty Mr. Platt compelled the reluctant Mr. Hanna to abandon a proposed monetary straddle, was purely apocryphal. So far as we have been able to ascertain, no other of the presidential candidates had made his desire for a strong sound-money plank so positively known to his supporters as had Mr.
of the New York delegates, led by Ex Senator Warner Miller, had stoutly resented the tactics employed by Mr. Platt ; and doubtless the majority of intelligent Republican voters in the State of New York were in sympathy with Mr. Miller and the so-called “Better Element” of the party as against Mr. Platt and his machine organization. No Republican nomination has ever been more kindly received by the party as a whole than has that of Mr. McKinley.
The question of a vice-presidential Selecting a " Running Mate” nomination involved enough of un
certainty to keep the delegates on the qui vive for a few hours ; but there was nothing disputatious or controversial in the friendly rivalry for that honor excepting Mr. Platt's offensive at tempt to force Governor Morton upon the conven. tion for the second place, contrary to the Governor's own instructions, and to the obvious embarrassment of those who were still pretending that their mission at St. Louis was to secure first place for Mr. Morton. Mr. Chauncey M. Depew, who made the nominating speech in behalf of Governor Morton, was able to checkmate Mr. Platt's humiliating scheme, and to convince the convention and the country that Gov. ernor Morton was not a yearning aspirant for two great offices at the same time. As a harmony maker,
HON. MARCUS A. HANNA, OF OHIO, Chairman National Republican Campaign Committee.
McKinley. It was entirely proper, even if somewhat stupidly perfunctory, that the other candidates should be presented to the convention and that their supporters should pay them the honor of a vote, al. though the result was a foregone conclusion. At the end of the roll call, Senator Thurston, of Nebraska, -who was permanent chairman of the convention, and whose eloquence and efficiency were rewarded with much praise,--announced that 661% votes had been cast for William McKinley, 84% for Thomas B. Reed, 61% for Matthew S. Quay, 58 for Levi P Morton, 35% for William B. Allison, and 1 for Don Cameron. Excepting that which had been led by Mr. Platt of New York, none of the opposition to Mr. McKinley had been of a disagreeable or personally malicious character ; and it was therefore entirely easy for the great convention to proceed at once to make the selection of the Ohio candidate heartily unanimous. A very influential minority
HON. WARNER MILLER, OF NEW YORK,
Anti-Platt Candidate for Governor.
Mr. Depew was as felicitous as usual ; and doubt deemed wise to select an Eastern man, and Mr. Ho. less the convention would have been very glad to bart was accordingly chosen upon the first ballot. nominate him for the vice-presidency if his ap It is true that the name of this gentleman is not a proval could have been obtained. The desire of Mr. household word throughout the country, but he is McKinley's supporters was to secure the consent of very well known to the active Republican politicians Speaker Reed to allow his name to be used for by reason of his membership for some years in the second place on the ticket ; but Mr. Reed cannot be National Committee, and by reason also of his prom. blamed for preferring to keep his position of im inent participation in national conventions and party mense power and influence in the House of Repre. conclaves. He has been the favorite of New Jersey sentatives, rather than to enter upon the dignified Republicans for the United States senatorship on but not directly authoritative office of the vice presi- perhaps more than one occasion ; but New Jersey is dent. Mr. Reed and Mr. Depew, therefore, not usually a Democratic state, and that accounts for the being available, the choice of the convention finally fact that Mr. Garret A. Hobart has not hitherto been lay between the Hon. Garret A. Hobart, of New one of the conspicuous public men at Washington. Jersey, and the Hon. Henry Clay Evans,of Tennessee. The esteem in which his fellow-citizens of New Either of these candidates would have been accept Jersey hold him was shown by remarkable ovations, able to the Republican party as a whole ; but it was joined in by men of all parties, when he returned.