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one or two children, whose vacation otherwise would be there have been 723 legal executions and 1,118 lynchings. the door steps of alleys or straying about the streets. These startling figures show that crime is rapidly inThe result was the names of fifty families from twelve creasing instead of diminishing. In the last year 10,500 towns, and in the very first summer of Mr. Gannett's ex persons were killed, or at the rate of 875 per month, periment one hundred and sixty childern, from six or whereas in 1890 there were only 4, 290, or less than half eight to twelve or fourteen years of age had an average as many as in 1895." vi ten days of country life and air. Mr. Cole publishes Judge Parker considers the Appellate Court system a tahle snowing the growth of this fine charity since it the most fruitful cause of the increase of crime. The came into thu nands of the Young Men's Christian Union. jury system does not seem to him to need remodeling, Now a paid secretary and two paid assistants are en but the delays and reversals incident to the system of gaged in carrying out the arrangements. From 837 chil appeals are, in Judge Parker's opinion, most baneful in dren sent on vacations in 1877, at an expense of $3,000, their influence. the work has grown to such dimensions that in 1895, The Hon. Hannis Taylor, our minister to Spain, writes 2,527 children and 255 adults were given a frolic in the of England's colonial empire. The article is merely a country, at an expense of $12,712.29, the stay averaging summary of easily accessible information, for the purtwelve days. Of these no less than 356 were invited by pose of showing how elastic and adaptable tlie English hospitable farmers, the rest being boarded at the cost of administrative system is, and how various are the gove entertainment. This successful work gives an impulse ernmental methods employed in different English colto many other vacation societies. But yet, Mr. Cole states, onies. large numbers of the city poor are unreached by any of
HOUSING IN ANCIENT CITIES. the various agencies. His account or the naïve joys and Under the very misleading title of “The Sky Scrapers healthful gains of the youngsters in the wountry ought of Rome," Signor Lanciani contributes an article on the to stimulate a still further extension of tuis excellent housing arrangements of Rome in the time of the emcharity.
perors. There is a good sketch by James L. Hughes of Henry At the time of its greatest development the city numBarnard, “ The Nestor of American Education," illus
bered 1,790 palaces and 46,602 lodging houses, the poputrated with portraits of this fine old gentleman and phil lation being about 1,000,000 souls. These statistics refer anthropist. Dr. Barnard is now a patriarch of eighty to the city limits only, marked approximately by the five, but still he rises at five o'clock in the morning and walls of Aurelian ; but the habitations extended beyond does his writing and reading chiefly before breakfast. the walls for a radius of three miles at least. This subHis garden is his special pride and its condition fully urban belt of houses and lodgings, with gardens and justifies his pride in it. One of his educational maxims is orchards between them, was called the belt of expatian“ Every teacher should be a gardener," and he has lived tia tecta. up to his principles.
This well-known archæologist seems to have desired to
prove that the very tall, densely-populated tenement NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.
house was the prevailing type in old Rome ; but at best
he does not succeed in showing that the average teneHE North American Review for June is a number ment house contained more than three or four families of
We have or that the maximum height exceeded from fifteen to selected for more complete review in our “Leading twenty metres. Articles of the Month" Dr. Otto Arendt's discussion of
OTHER ARTICLES. the Outlook of Silver and Dr. Joseph H. Senner's article Miss Elizabeth Bisland writes discursively rather than on Immigration from Italy. The number opens with an learnedly about “ Dreams and Their Mysteries," while article by Mr. Andrew Carnegie entitled “The Ship of Professor N. S. Shaler, under the ambitious title “ EnState Adrift," quotations from which are also to be vironment and Man in New England," gives us many found among our “ Leading Articles," in which Mr. Car
pages of notes to elaborate the idea that “ between the negie sums up what he considers to be the political mountains of New Hampshire and the lowlands of southcauses of our recent American industrial depression. eastern Massachusetts there are as great differences as POWER OF THE “A. P. A."
are found in Great Britain in passing from the highlands Mr. W. J. H. Traynor, who is president of the Amer
of Scotland to the plains of Norfolk." Mr. Gladstone ican Protective Association, writes upon the “Policy
concludes with this sixth installment his discussion of and Power of the A. P. A.” Mr. Traynor says that the
“ The Future Life and the Condition of Man Therein." A. P. A. has a membership of nearly 2,500,000 persons, who influence at least 4,000,000 votes. He makes it apparent that he believes the political tactics of the order
THE FORUM. should be negative rather than aggressive. He does not 'HE Forum for June has much sober merit, even if consider it so much the business of the A. P. A. to set up it is not so compellingly readable or timely as it candidates of its own as to bring its power to bear for might be. Elsewhere we quote from “Ouida's " diatribe the defeat of candidates who are repugnant to its prin against royalty, Mr. Smalley's account of “ Our Sub- . ciples.
The great timeliness and importance. We have
Arid Belt," and Mr. Pratt's article on “Music.” The
opening article is by Senator Mitchell, who favors the Judge Parker, of the United States District Court for election of United States senators by popular vote, and the Western Arkansas district, writes upon the increase recites with convincing effect the facts and arguments of homicides in America, and gives the following start which have led most thoughtful men to desire this ling statistics :
change in our political machinery. “ When we go to facts, we find that during the last Mr. Björnstjerne Björnson, the distinguished Norsix years there have been 43,902 homicides in the United wegian writer, contributes the second part of his review States, an average of 7,317 per year. In the same time of modern Norwegian literature, telling us in this install
HOMICIDES IN AMERICA.
lem schools for girls. Of higher schools for Mohamme dan girls, under the auspices of the government, there are about forty, with more than 3,000 pupils.
The Rev. M. M. Mangasarian, of the Chicago Society of Ethical Culture, formerly a Presbyterian minister in Philadelphia, is an Armenian by birth, and what he has to say about the condition of affairs in Armenia is naturally worth reading. His article is entitled “ Armenia's Impending Doom : Our Duty.' The article is eminently discriminating and fair. Mr. Mangasarian holds that the Armenians are hopelessly doomed unless the English-speaking people hasten to their assistance. The writer does not make it clear how he would have this country proceed, but his object is to arouse interest rather than to prescribe a policy.
Mrs. Josephine Shaw Lowell writes a practical and instructive article entitled “The True Aim of Charity Organization Societies,” in which she shows that the object is not simply to relieve immediate distress, but to make workers rather than idlers of the poor and to educate them to a higher standard of living if they happen to have a low one.
N our department of " Leading Articles " we have
ment about Jonas Lie, Alexander Kjelland, Arne Garborg, Amalie Skram, Hans Rinck, and Knut Hamsun.
PROF. SUMNER ON ANNEXATIONS.
Professor William G. Sumner, of Yale, endeavors to lay bare what he entitles “ The Fallacy of Territorial Extension." Mr. Sumner is given to sweeping generalities; but his purposes in this article are specific. He desires, for instance, to have it understood that he thinks it of no importance to the United States whether the Alaskan boundary dispute is settled one way or the other. The implication, however, is that, if anything, it would be advantageous to us to have it settled in Canada's favor. The annexation of Hawaii would seem to Mr. Sumner an unfortunate affair, while the acquisition of Cuba would “ be a great burden and possibly a fatal calamity to us." The ideal thing, Professor Sumner thinks, would be for England to take Cuba. Mr. Sumner would almost rather fight than admit Canada to union with the United States ; and he declares that “our territorial extension has reached limits which are complete for all purposes and leave no necessity for rectification of boundaries. Any extension will open questions, not close them. Any extension will not make us more secure where we are, but will force us to take new measures to secure our new acquisitions.”
Unfortunately, Mr. Sumner does not prove these assertions ; and many persons whose opinion is not less entitled to be heard are asserting just the contrary.
Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson has had access to a photograph of the original manuscript of the first two stanzas of Keats' “Ode on Melancholy," and he is in. spired to write a pleasant article about it.
DEMOCRACY'S PROMISE AND FULFILLMENT. Professor Frank W. Blackmar, of the University of Kansas, writes an article entitled “ The Promises of Democracy : Have They Been Fulfilled ?" Professor Blackmar looks back to inquire what the leaders in the movement for popular government a hundred years ago promised and expected, and attempts to show to what extent those expectations have been realized. The article is a discriminating one, and yet far more hopeful and optimistic than the conclusions reached by Mr. Lecky in his recent work, “ Democracy and Liberty," which enters more elaborately upon the same line of reflection. Mr. Blackmar's article is the more interesting because it was evidently written before the appearance of Professor Lecky's work. Having summed up the pros and cons, Professor Blackmar thinks that we have upon the whole the best government on the face of the earth, that we have a freedom of individual life not approximated to in any other nation, and that as regards aver. age welfare, industrial and social as well as political, our institutions have yielded better advantages to the people than any other form of institutions elsewhere has ever secured.
quoted from Professor Parsons' series of papers on “ The Telegraph Monopoly.”
The Rev. Dr. Samuel J. Barrows makes an interesting rustatement of the arguments of Celsus," the first Pagan critic of Christianity," and of Origen's famous reply.
“If we ask what is still valid ip Origen's refutation, we shall find it not in his allegories, not in his philosophy, not in his speculations, not in his tedious exegesis. but in his claim that the moral fruits of Christianity are the best vindication of its place in human history. The divinity of any religion is best shown in its worth to humanity. Not through its metaphysics, but through its ethics, has Christianity reached the heart of men.”
MEXICO'S SILVER MONEY. Justice Walter Clark has completed his interesting series of articles on Mexico. On the currency of that country, Justice Clark comments as follows :
“We have an object lesson of unmistakable import in the fact that in Mexico, where the standard of redemption has remained gold and silver, cotton brings 'sixteen to eighteen cents, and wheat and corn $1.25, and fixed charges like debts, taxes, and railroad rates have not gone up. Gold does not circulate there in the ordinary transactions of life, nor does it do so here. That it is the standard of value and not the metal that causes the appreciation of our dollar is proven by the fact that our silver dollar is worth as much there as our gold dollar."
PLATFORM OF BANKER W. P. ST. JOHN.
Miss Mary M. Patrick, president of the American College for Girls at Constantinople, writes concerning the education of women in Turkey. Her article is a very instructive one. It will surprise many readers to known how much the Turkish government is now doing for elementary education. The instruction of boys in the Turkish schools is very general, and there are now also 300,000 girls enrolled in the official Turkish schools. More than half of these are in some 1,400 separate Mos
Mr. William P. St. John, president of the Mercantile National Bank, of New York City, proposes “ A National Platform for the American Independents of 1896," the chief demands of which are for the re-opening of the mints to equally unrestricted coinage of gold and silver into the unlimited legal tender money of the nation, for a tariff to protect the farmer and planter as well as to furnish revenue, and for the application of the principle defined as the Initiative and Referendum to all national legislation which involves any radical change in public policy.
THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. E notice elsewhere the articles on South Africa,
and the Education Bill. Mr. Alex Maclure, in a paper on “America as a Power," argues that as against Great Britain the United States have no power, because, first, they have next to no fleet, and secondly, because a cessation of their trade with Great Britain would spell general ruin. He also says :
“Even making every allowance for the patriotic cohe sion which the call to arms evokes in all ranks of a nation, there are grave doubts whether the United States, with its immense alien population, has yet reached a degree of national solidity sufficiently strong to justify a declaration, or even a menace, of war at the present time."
MR. GLADSTONE ON SHERIDAN.
Mr. Gladstone contributes a brief paper paying high tribute to Sheridan, being impelled thereto chiefly because of Sheridan's hostility to the Union. At the head of the small residue who stood to their guns in opposing the Act of Union, says Mr. Gladstone, was that true, and brave, and also wise politician, whose position on the page of the final historical record we are now considering. He resolutely fought the battle through, supported by minorities, which were, numeri. cally, little better than ridiculous. But the insignificance of his resistance as measured by a merely external criterion is the true measure of its moral grandeur. His work would have been an easy one in comparison had he been sustained by such volleys of cheering as sounded forth from the crowded benches of the ministerial side. The truest test of a statesman's worth is to be sought and found in the conduct he pursues under the pressure of adversity, and no statesman can better stand the application of that test than Sheridan on the occasion of the Irish Union."
He also calls attention to the fact that in the political partnership between Fox, Burke and Grey, Sheridan was not only the working horse of the teanı, but the man employed to conduct the most delicate operations.
MR. F. HARRISON ON J. A. SYMONDS. Mr. Frederic Harrison contributes a critical essay upon the late J. A. Symonds. He says :
“There are not wanting signs that the reputation of J. Addington Symonds had been growing apace in his latest years ; it has been growing since his too early death, and I venture a confident belief that it is yet destined to grow. His later work is to my mind far stronger, richer, and more permanent than his earlier work-excellent as is almost all his prose. For grasp of thought, directness, sureness of judgment, the · Essays' of 1890 seem to me the most solid things that Symonds has left. He grew immensely after middle age in force, simplicity, depth of interest and of insight. He pruned his early exuberance ; he boldly grasped the great problems of life and thought; he spoke forth his mind with a noble courage and signal frankness. He was lost to us too early; he died at fifty-two, after a life of incessant suffering."
A PLEA FOR HERALDRY. Everard Green, who rejoices in the designation of “ Rouge Dragon," pleads for the resurrection of Her. aldry :
“If the lamp of heraldic art and lore burns low at this hour, the prodigious skill, fecundity of invention, energy, and thoroughness of execution in the old heraldic work, for instance, in Westminster Abbey, and on her
aldic seals, say from the end of the reign of Edward the Third to the end of the reign of Henry the Sixth, must be studied before heraldry is again a living art. Modern heraldry is no longer a noble science or art, since it is deficient in depth, deficient in true dignity and harmony, deficient in those suggestive beauties which inspire a dream and awaken sympathy in a beholder ; it lacks, too, that vehement reality which throbs in the old work."
ENGLAND'S ARMY AND EMPIRE. Lieut.-Col. Adye maintains that no one can truthfully assert that“ in the light of recent experiences, 300,000 men is a sufficient British regular force for the defense of an empire comprising one-fifth of the surface of the land portion of the globe and one-fourth of its estimated population. That our enormous colonial empire (inclusive of Egypt, but exclusive of India) should contain only 38,000 British regular troops, and that, to reinforce it in India, and Great Britain, we should possess only about 80,000 regular troops in reserve, appears to me to be a foolishly dangerous state of things."
France and Germany each can put four million trained soldiers into the field. We have hitherto escaped conscription ; but unless we can increase our reserves Lieut.Col. Adye fears it will become inevitable. But “such a system can most certainly be avoided if the employers of labor, great and small, will rise to the situation as created by our widespread empire and world. wide interests, and will consent to receive into their employment the men who, having passed their probationary period in the active army, are passing through the various stages of reserve, and will give facilities for these men to come out periodically for a brief training."
MUTUAL AID AMONG OURSELVES. Prince Krapotkine concludes his series of lectures on mutual aid in the world of animals and men by describing some manifestations of the principle among ourselves. He winds up his interesting study as follows :
“ In the practice of mutual aid, which we can retrace to the earliest beginnings of evolution, we thus find the positive and undoubted origin of our ethical conceptions ; and we can affirm that in the ethical progress of man, mutual support--not mutual struggle-has had the leading part. In its wide extension, even at the present time, we also see the best guarantee of a still loftier evolution of our race."
OTHER ARTICLES. Mr. Jusserand gives his reasons for believing that Chaucer did meet Petrarch. Mr. J. C. Hadden discusses the regulation of street music, and Cornelia Sorabji writes a short “Story of a Queen,” and two doctors discuss measles and mortality.
THE CONTEMPORARY REVIEW. 'HE most important paper in the Contemporary
Review is Dr. Fairbairn's exposition of the “ Policy of the Education Bill,” which is noticed elsewhere.
LONDON REVISITED. Mr. William O'Brien writes a very interesting paper under this head. He has been in London lately in attendance at the law courts again, and he gives us here his impressions interspersed with many suggestive reminiscences of old days. There is one very notable passage in which he describes how the Irish members used to feel when getting out of the Irish mail train at Euston on their way to fight the Coercion bill in the House of Com.
mons. We have exulted, said Mr. O'Brien, to think that we possessed a grip over the very throttle valve of the English Empire. It was as if Caractacus had been allowed to march up to the golden houses of the Cæsars, and match himself with his imperial majesty, beard to beard, on his own hearthstone. The pleasantest prospect in London to Mr. William O'Brien is the platform of the railway station that leads out of it, but although he dislikes the city, candor compels him to confess that “London is, in the language of Sam Weller, wisibly swelling'-swelling not merely in the miles over which it is stretching its prodigious arms and legs into the fields, but in the wealth, health, and energy with which it supports its mightly carcase. I never saw London in such monstrous health. The carriages were more numerous and more splendid than ever ; there were fewer of the wan-faced men who sit on the park seats as long as the policemen would let them, and turn the pleasuregardens of the County Council into such ghastly sarcasms ; the hideous struggle for life in the streets, with the policeman standing solemnly in the centre of it all to see that too many bones were not broken, was never so fierce or, in spite of wood pavement and asphalt, and the opinion of M. Alphonse Daudet, so deafening ; the well-dressed throngs glittering, eddying, and swelling around the theatres, the jewel shops, the restaurants never so filled with the sublime self-confidence of Britons who had got the men, and got the ships, and got the money too. No suggestion of a fin de siècle here ; none of the sickly nonsense about Tout lasse, tout casse, tout passe ; but more than ever the burly British energy and appetite, seeking what it may devour.”
NATAL AS A FIELD FOR IMMIGRANTS. Emile McMaster writes a very pleasant description of the Highlands of Natal, which from many points of view he thinks afford a much more attractive field for the British emigrant, especially the middle-classes, than even New Zealand. Natal is much nearer than England. Zulus are admirable neighbors ; the soil is good, easily tilled, the trees grow with astonishing rapidity, the land is beautiful to look upon, dotted over with railway stations, and the climate is the best in the world. Mr. McMaster says :
“ While there remains around 30 degrees S. latitude an immense choice of handy and cheap land, no more tropical or sub-tropical in climate than the Channel Islands, and where malaria is no more heard of than in England, it seems inhuman that any European should voluntarily punish himself, his family, his stock, by choosing, or being misdirected, to a tropical latitude."
WANTED-IMPERIAL CABLES. Mr. Percy A. Hurd, writing on “ Our Telegraphic Isolation," urges that India as well as Africa should be connected with Australia by a great trunk line of all British cables, aggregating 65,000 miles in length, and built in co-operation with the colonies in India. At present £1,000 a day is spent in cablegrams between Great Britain and Australasia. When the Pacific cable is laid, the rate will be reduced from 48. 9d. to 3s. a word. England's trade with India, Australasia and South Africa is now £145,000,000 a year ; her American trade is £100,000,000 a year, which keeps five cable systems constantly going. Mr. Hurd appeals to Mr. Chamberlain to take occasion by the hand, and bring about that union of the empire by cable which must precede the realization of all schemes of political federation.
OTHER ARTICLES. Mr. W. W. Peyton writes an article which reads like a somewhat eloquent sermon on the “Incarnation : a Study in the Religions of the World.” It is somewhat mystical, and quite impossible to summarize. Dr. George Harley, in an article upon “Champagne," stoutly traverses the almost universal belief that gouty subjects ought to avoid sugar. Mr. Linda Villari tells a very remarkable story of the finding of the Frangipani Ring. Vernon Lee contributes the second part of her article on “Art and Life.” Mr. W. H. Mallock replies to Mr. Hobson's recent paper on poverty. Canon MacColl gossips pleasantly about the “ Late Marquis of Bath."
THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW. E notice the South African and Russian articles
A TRIBUTE TO MR. TUKE.
the Obscure,” which calls for no notice except to wonder why so much attention should be called to the book it it deserves all that is said against it.
WHY NOT GIVE COREA TO RUSSIA ? “ W." writes to suggest that if John Bull were wise he would lose no time in handing Corea to the Czar on a silver salver.
“In Corea Russia could obtain all that she really wants without threatening, or even interfering with a single British interest. In the Gulf of Pechili she would be. come arbiter of a volume of British trade worth nearly fifty millions sterling a year. By intimating to Rus. sia that we no longer regarded her pledge of 1886 as binding upon her, and that we should be gratified to see her undertaking in Corea a similar task to that which we have been carrying out during the last fourteen years in Egypt, we should solve two problems, which are now a standing menace to the peace of the Far East --the present situation in Corea and the exclusion of Russia from the ice-free Pacific."
JUDGE MORRIS ON THE LAND BILL. Mr. Judge O'Connor Morris writes a criticism of Lord Salisbury's Irish Land bill. He does not like it, but although he makes a wry face he is willing to accept it if it is amended :
“It would be infinitely better that the measure should be deferred than that it should be rushed through the House of Commons-a bill of supreme importance to one of these islands should not be treated with the lazy contumely ' denounced by Grattan as the sin of English politicians in Irish affairs. If carefully amended and revised, this measure will probably do real good, and will, to some extent, improve landed relations in Ireland."
Mr. Sydney Buxton, M. P., and Mr. Howard Hodgkin unite in writing to pay a tribute to the merit of Mr. Tuke, a Quaker philanthropist, whom Mr. Forster employed to lay the foundations upon which Mr. Balfour ultimately reared the Congested District Board. They say, after describing Mr. Tuke's character and labors :
· The good that Mr. Tuke accomplished was not limited to the material benefits that were brought to cer. tain districts in Ireland during his lifetime ; nor even to the benefits still to be derived from the policy which he inaugurated-namely, by the creation of a permanent non-political and representative commission to watch over the interests of the congested districts. His action and its results afforded another proof that wise and patient well-doing on a hard, though not hopeless quest, will at length attain its end, and so earn its reward."
Max Nordau's “Degeneration” under the title, “Deterioration of Soul."
THE OLYMPIC GAMES. This article by Mr. G. S. Robertson, who competed this year at Athens, is full of interest. He thinks the games were badly managed by Frenchmen, who took no pains to secure the presence of Englishmen. The-scene in the stadium, which has been rebuilt by the munificence of an Alexandrian Greek, seems to have been very thrilling :
"The feeling of absolute entrancement with the beauty of the sight, the rapture of sensation, and the joy of recollection, which overmastered all who shared in this spectacle, found vent in ardent wishes that the Olympian games should be reserved to dignify Athens and to be glorified by her glory."
Nevertheless the French insist that the next games shall be held in Paris at the time of their exhibition of 1900:
"The opposition is so sharp that it would be fair to describe it by asserting that these games, if held at Athens, would be Olympic, but, we fear, not international ; if held elsewhere than at Athens, international but not Olympic.”
A PLEA FOR A PREFERENTIAL TARIFF. In an article entitled “ From Cobden to Chamberlain” Mr. E. Salmons tells us :
“ Free trade within the Empire is a possibility of the future, but there will be no Empire to adopt free trade if we do not make a beginning with a preferential tariff. The free trader defends the ruin of agriculture on the ground that the interests of the whole community are greater than the interests of a class. Much more forcibly may the advocate of an Imperial Customs Union contend that the interests of the Empire are greater than those of England ; and there is this much to be said in defense of the latter argument which cannot be urged in favor of the former : in advancing the interest of the whole, we should not ruin, but advance, the interest of the part. Under a preferential tariff England would take a new lease of vigorous and prosperous life, and the Empire would become a more potent force for good than it has ever been."
THE NESTOR OF GERMAN SOCIALISM. Miss Edith Sellers contributes a character sketch of Liebknecht. the German socialist, who lectured last month in England. She says :
“ Wilhelm Liebknecht is an old man now; on the 29th of last March his seventieth birthday was kept as a red. letter day by the wage-earning classes throughout Germany. For nearly fifty years his life has been one long fight, a fight for the poor against the rich, for the helpless against those in high places. He has had ranged against him the privileged classes to a man, and all the power of the state, with the great chancellor at its head, while the forces on his side have been not only weak, but often wavering and torn by faction. None the less it is with him that the victory rests. He has made mis. takes, no doubt, in the course of the struggle ; he has been too vielding sometiines. too unbending at others. and has sacrificed doctrine to expediency. In his eagerness to redress the grievances of the poor he has been apt to forget that the rich have rights which must be considered, and that even German officials have a claim to be treated as human beings.”
OTHER ARTICLES. Mr. H. D. Traill discourses on “Our Neglected Tones. " Mr. H. H. Statham describes at length the Royal Academy and the New Gallery, and Vernon Lee criticises
THE NATIONAL REVIEW. THE articles in the National Review for June are
I varied, brisk, and interesting. We noticed elsewb where the African articles. There is also a paper interesting to writing men on “Editors,” and a sketch of “Arthur Young,” the author of “Travels in France.”
MONEY IN THE FAR EAST. The Hon. George Peel, Secretary of the Gold Standard Defence Association, calls attention to a proposal made by Japan that an Asiatic Silver Union should be formed under the headship of Japan for settling the silver question. Mr. Peel argues in favor of continuing to carry on without any system within the British Empire. He thinks there is no reason why India and other dependencies should, for the sake of a uniform currency abandon their own present interests ; but Mr. Peel seems to believe that even China herself will gravitate surely and inevitably toward a gold currency. She is. sued her latest loan in gold, and it is probable that the future of China's currency will have to be decided by Europe, and especially by the gold currency nations.
A WARNING TO THE JEWS. A Quarterly Reviewer, who astonished the readers of that staid periodical by sounding a summons for a Judenhetze in England, shows his hand and still more clearly in the article entitled “Emancipation from the Jews,” which he has written in reply to Mr. Cohen's paper. Here is the anti-Semitic naked and unashamed :
“ The day may dawn, even in France, when a popular Government will be the voice of the people. In coun. tries not so manipulated and hoodwinked in the German Empire, with its military feudal spirit on one side, its spirit of Socialism on the other ; in Austria, where the Hebrew conquest dates from yesterday ; in Russia, which M. de Vogüé calls' a mightier Islam,' the reaction may take a swift and sudden turn that would be far more dreadful than any Judenhetze known since the expulsion of the Marrånos from the Spanish Peninsula. It is not an appeal to the principles of '89 which would then avail to prevent scenes of horror and confusion. The European democracy has no mind to be shorn of its golden fleece for the benefit of the Rothschilds and the Oppenheims. Let the situation be clearly understoodand it is growing clearer with each day's news, in Italy, in the Transvaal, at Vienna–who can believe that Christendom will allow itself to be made a farm, a tenement of which but a handful even among the five million Jews are to enjoy the fruits and the revenue? The
Emancipation of the Jews'-that old Liberal watchword-has already given place to its antithesis Emancipation from the Jews,' economic liberty for the Christian working class, defense against usury and speculative finance, and the rest of a sound social programme. Sooner or later, these new ideas will issue in iegislative enactments; or, if they do not, a worse thing may happen in countries which have to choose between the rule of productive industry and the despotism of capital wielded by a cosmopolitan and anti-social power."
JUSTICE TO EGYPT. Lord Farrer returns to the charge about the Soudan expedition. His paper is strenuous, although brief The gist of it is in the following paragraph :