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free silver joined the group of bolters ; and the form, and that the gold men, by virtue of the twosmallness of the secession detracted from Mr. Tel. thirds rule, will be able to prevent the nomination of ler's prestige. Governor Campbell, of Ohio, and a free-silver candidate. The only logical outcome of Governor Matthews, of Indiana, are prominent as such a situation would be the repudiation of the pirants, and they represent the class of men who, two-thirds rule, followed by the withdrawal of the though willing enough to accept a free-silver plat gold men from the convention. In case of such a form, have not posed as free-silver apostles. Mr. result, the sound money Democrats would nominate William R. Morrison, of Illinois, who under different a separate ticket, when the ex. Republican “Tel
lerites," with the Populists, and the so-called Silver Party, meeting later in the month at St. Louis, would probably indorse the ticket nominated by the free-silver Democracy at Chicago. But the event is too near for any further attempt at prophesying ; and our readers will know for themselves before the middle of the month just what shape the presidential campaign is going to assume. Every one seems glad, led it be said, that there is a prospect of a fight to the finish on the silver question.
The Prohibitionists freely admit that Meanwhile,
this is not their year. They held their Prohibitionists.
convention in Pittsburgh in the closing days of May, and nominated for president Mr. Joshua Levering, of Baltimore, Md., and for vicepresident Mr. Hale Johnson, of Illinois. These candidates belong to the so-called “ narrow-gauge wing of the party, holding to the view that it is the business of the Prohibitionists to stick to the temperance question and not to make opinions upon
EX GOVERNOR BOIES, OF IOWA.
circumstances would be exceedingly prominent as a
Altogether the situation promises a con-
is apparently inevitable, matter which wing of the party may find itself in the majority. The chances are that the silver men will be able easily to prevent the adoption of a gold plat
HON. JOSHUA LEVERING, OF MARYLAND,
The first session of the Fifty-fourth Adjournment
of Congress, which came to an end on the Congress.
eleventh day of June, was noteworthy for its brevity, as compared with the corresponding sessions of recent Congresses. For little else was the session remarkable. In the first few weeks of its life an unusual degree of interest was developed in the proceedings of this Congress by President Cleveland's message on the Venezuelan question, but so far as Congress itself was concerned, the Venezuelan episode ended for the time being with the passage of the law creating the Commission. Then succeeded a long debate on Cuban belligerency, with the details of which our readers have been made familiar. It might naturally have been expected that the government's recent financial embarrassments, and the demonstrated insufficiency of the national revenues to meet the national needs, would have caused the prompt passage of some measure for the immediate increase of Uncle Sam's income. The crisis seemed to demand such action, and it was the part of broad and constructive statesmanship to secure it. But from the first it was perfectly evident that the Senate, as at present composed, would make futile every effort to amend the revenue system unless the House of Representatives could be induced to accept some proposition having in it the free coinage of silver at 16 to 1. This
other subjects a test of allegiance. The attempt to capture the convention for free silver failed; and the platform as adopted deals only with the temperance question, taking the well-known position in favor of laws against the manufacture, import, export, interstate transport and sale of alcoholic beverages. The convention was a large one, and a test of strength between the factions was had on the question of the adoption of a free-silver plank. The proposition was defeated by a vote of 427 to 388. The broad-gauge
men were led by Ex-Governor St. John of Kansas. Failing to impress their views upon the convention, this wing withdrew and nomi. nated a separate ticket, headed by Mr. C. E. Bentley, of Nebraska, for President, and Mr. J. H. Southgate, of North Carolina, for Vice-Fresident. The platforin declared for free silver, woman suffrage and a variety of other reforms in addition to prohibition of manufacture and sale of alcoholic drinks; and this faction will doubtless take a much livelier interest this year in the silver question than in the suppression of the rum traffic.
Every year, in late spring or early sum. The St. Louis mer, when conditions of unequal temper
ature in the vast Mississippi valley cause conflict between hot and cold air currents, electric storms are generated and resistless eddies on a huge scale known as tornadoes are an accompanying incident of the atmospheric disturbance. Many of these tornadoes spend their force on the open prairie, while some of them cut clean swaths through dense forests. Sometimes, however, they devastate towns and villages, and in the month of May several such calamities were recorded. The most appalling, however, that has ever visited the Mississippi valley was the tornado which culminated in St. Louis on the afternoon of May 27. It swept across the city from the southwest, wrought devastation along the river banks, and tore through the heart of East St. Louis, on the Illinois side of the river. Nearly five hundred people altogether lost their lives in consequence of this storm, and the loss of property seems to have aggregated about twenty millions of dollars, half of the amount falling upon the residents of the city of St. Louis, while most of the other half was entailed upon property on the east side of the river. The track of the tornado lay somewhat south of the principal business district of St. Louis, but a considerable portion of the comely and prosperous city was swept away. Characteristic American energy and buoyancy will quickly rebuild the muti. lated area and remove visible evidences of the disaster; but the memory of it all will remain as the greatest calamity in the history of St. Louis. Naturally the tornado distracted local attention from preparations for the Republican convention which was soon to meet in St. Louis; but the community quickly recovered its eqnipoise, and a little more than two weeks later the vast concourse of visitors from all parts of the country was received and entertained as if nothing had happened.
suggestion the House resolutely refused to entertain, cost $25,000,000, and some critics are asking to what and the result has been the utter absence of any legis- purpose is all this waste. But a Russian coronation lation looking to present or future financial relief. does not cost more, if we reckon the average life of a In the face of this fact the wisdoın of passing a Czar at twenty years, than the United States or the river and harbor bill calling for appropriations of United Kingdom will spend in a similar period over $12,600,000 may be fairly questioned, and yet the re- general and presidential electione. Considering the passing of this bill over President Cleveland's veto vastness of the Russian Empire, the inertness of the shows the determined attitude of both House and minds of the millions over whom the Czar reigns,
and the immense importance of compelling both ruler and ruled to realize the existence of each other, it is unnecessary to regard the coronation ceremonial as excessive or extravagant. It is, indeed, more than probable that it was a very economical investment. The spectacle of the illuminated Kremlin and the swarming millions may have impressed some of the Asiatic delegates to such an extent as to nip, as with a frost, vague schemes of revolt that might have cost Russia ten times the millions squandered at Moscow.
The part played by the clergy at the Church and coronation was to Westerners the most the Czar.
interesting and suggestive feature of the ceremony. The coronation took place in the cathe dral. Before the Czar and his wife could take their seats, or be enthroned, they must kneel before the sacred icons. Before the coronation service began the Metropolitan of St. Petersburg confronted the Czar, and in a loud voice challenged him to make public profession of the orthodox faith before all his faith
ful subjects. Not until the Czar had done this, read. THE METROPOLITAN OF KIEFF, Who officiated at the coronation of the Czar.
ing the solemn declaration in a clear, firm voice, was Photograph by Denier, St. Petersburg.
the ceremony permitted to proceed. After he had
received the blessing of the Metropolitan, the Czar Senate. The appropriations authorized for fortifi- was free to crown himself, and the august ceremo. cations ($7,397,888) seem by no means extravagant nial went on to the end without interruption, amid when the defenseless condition of our seaports is the singing of the choir and the sweet voiced music considered, although this sum exceeds the aggregate of church bells. What a vista of victory of spirit of all appropriations for this purpose made since over matter does not this coronation open up, and 1888. The naval appropriations were also liberal, as how little the fierce old predecessor of the Roman. compared with those of former years, but the in. offs, who selected the Greek faith rather than that crease was by no means excessive. A few impor- of the Jew, the Moslem or the Roman, dreamed tant bills await action at the next session, which will that the new creed would make its profession the meet in December. Among these the bankruptcy indispensable preliminary to the assumption of the bill, which has passed the house, and the Arizona crown of Russia ! and New Mexico statehood bills, which have been favorably reported, will probably receive early con
“Grant him, Lord, success in every
The Manifesto sideration. The Nicaragua Canal bill and the bill
thing," sang the cathedral choir,
Coronation. to liquidate the indebtedness of the Pacific railways
the Lord satisfy the desires of his to the government are also upon the calendar.
heart and fulfill his intentions ”—prayers destined
not to be answered, for such boons are given to no While the citizens of the United States The
mortal save to Polycrates, and then only as the preCoronation are preparing to elect a ruler for four
cursor of doom. The Imperial manifesto announcof the Czar. years, the Russian nation has in a suf.
ing remissions of taxation and of punishment ficiently emphatic fashion approved of the succes- opens with a passage not unworthy the Church and sion of Nicholas II. to the throne of his father. The Emperor of the peasant democracy of Russia: splendid pageantry at Moscow has been described at
Be it known to all ye our faithful subjects, such length in the daily papers that it is unneces
After we, by the will and grace of Almighty God, had sary to attempt to condense into paragraph pem
fulfilled our sacred coronation to-day and had received mican the square yards of magnificent descriptions the Holy Unction, we knelt at the throne of the King of which filled the press of Europe and America. The Kings with humble and earnest imploring that He might ceremony was very gorgeous and impressive. It vouchsafe to bless our throne to the welfare of our be
the pageant came to an end, and Russia now, with crowned and consecrated chief, enters upon a new period in her eventful history.
loved country, strengthen us in the fulfillment of our sacred oath, and enable us to continue the work handed down to us by our crowned predecessors, of completing the Russian nation, and promoting religious faith, good morality, and true enlightenment. Inasmuch as we recognize what all our faithful subjects stand in need of, and in particular turn our eyes upon the wretched and heavy-laden, whether their case be through their own fault or through forgetfulness of duty, our heart impels us to grant also the utmost possible relief, so that entering upon the path of a new life on this memorable day of our coronation, they may gladly be able to take part in the general jubilation of my people. And so, amid great manifestations of jubilation,
The festivities at the coronation were The Crowd's Tragedy.
marred by a frightful catastrophe which
filled Europe with horror. Arrangements had been made to distribute a commemorative mug with some sausage, sweetmeats and sweetcake to the multitude. Each parcel was not worth more in cash value than a rouble, or say half a dollar; but the rush to the place of distribution was so general that the officials charged with the task of
serving the million lost their heads and threw the gifts to be scrambled for. A scrimmage began, the like of which has never been known before. A great crowd in motion is one of the most destructive of known forces. There were about a quarter of a million people there; but supposing there were only 100,000 actually engaged in the scramble, and we average each person as weighing 112 pounds, twenty persons would weigh a ton, and 100,000 persons would represent 5,000 tons of solid matter moving tumultuously hither and thither. When once such a mass is in motion, it is impossible to restore its stability. So it was found in Moscow; for order