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way. The last two volumes of the series, which have recently been issued by the Harpers, cover the years 1797-1828. Even after Barras had retired to private life he remained a keen observer of all political events, was in constant communication with the leaders of parties, and for many years acted as adviser to those in power. So that his narrative has a unique value and authority.
Last month we noted the appearance of Mr. Morse's “Life and Letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes," which seems destined to rank as the leading American biography of the year. In the same number we mentioned Mrs. Maud Wilder Goodwin's “Dolly Madison," in Scribner's series of lives of American women. Another volume in this series has just appeared ; it is devoted to Eliza Pinckney, the wife of Chief Justice Pinckney, of South Carolina, and was written by Mrs. Ravenel, the great-great-granddaughter of Mrs. Pinckney. The book pictures South Carolina life in Colonial and Revolutionary times with great fidelity. It is based chiefly on an unusually large collection of family letters and records.
In sharp contrast to the eighteenth century matron whom Mrs. Ravenel has all but brought back to life stands out the more modern personality of Maria Mitchell, the astronomer, whose career in Eliza Pinckney's day would bave been quite as impossible as that gracious Colonial dame's would be for a woman of this age. Miss Mitchell's Life and Correspondence, edited by her sister, Mrs. Kendall, will have a permanent interest as a partial revelation of the soul-life of one who has always been regarded as a path-finder for women in the domain of science.
An American woman whose work belongs to the most recent past and whose success in her chosen calling will not be forgotten by this generation at least, has just completed a modest volume of autobiography. Mme. de Navarro's “ Few Memories ” will have a charm for all who followed the stage career of Mary Anderson, and it will engage the interest of others by its intrinsic qualities. No book of the year contains so many allu. sions to eminent persons of our time, and yet the freedom from mere gossip is preserved religiously. The serious lesson of the book lies in the picture which it gives of the present condition of the dramatic profession and its difficulties. “I have written these pages," says Mme. de Navarro, “ more for young girls who may have the same ambitions that I had than for any one else : to show them that the glitter of the stage is not all gold, and thus do a little toward making them realize how serious an undertaking it is to adopt a life so full of hardships, humiliations, and even dangers.” Five beau. tiful portraits illustrate the volume, which is further graced by Harper's best typography.
Perhaps no better summer reading in the line of biog. raphy can be found than is furnished by “Mark Twain" in “ Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc.” Many readers of this volume will doubtless fail to realize at once that it is genuine biography ; their condition will be that of the man who suddenly learned that he had been talking prose all his life without knowing it. So persistent is the popular tradition about Mr. Clemens that people have not yet been brought to look to him for serious or scholarly work, and yet the work which has been put into this new story of Joan of Arc's life has been both serious and scholarly. Moreover, the literary form is in the highest degree attractive, and aside from the suspicion which must still rest, in popular estimation, on everything that “ Mark Twain" writes, and which
seems to be a part of the penalty that every successful humorist has to pay, it may be said that the “ Sieur de Conte's " memoirs have already won a place in the front rank of recent historical literature. Mrs. Oliphant's “ Jeanne d'Arc : Her Life and Death,” which has just been published in Putnam's “Heroes of the Nations" series, is a less ambitious attempt to fix the place of the Maid of Orleans in history. In our April number we made mention of Mr. Lowell's volume devoted to the same purpose.
The Life of Cyrus W. Field, edited by his daughter, Mrs. Judson, is one of the most satisfactory biographies of the season. It tells the whole story of Mr. Field's interesting career as it has not beer told before. The laying of the Atlantic ca
MARK TWAIN. ble was, of course, the great exploit with which Mr. Field's name and fame are associated, and the account of this achievement recorded in his letters is very full. Throughout the book Mrs. Judson has drawn freely on personal correspondence and other unpublished data. The reader is made to feel that he is getting information at first hand. Not only is Mr. Field's personal history most effectively presented in this way, but in the publication of some of the letters, those of Gladstone and Bright, for example-a real contribution has been made to the history of the times.
Pending the completion of the exhaustive work by M. Hanotaux, historical students have reason for gratitude to Mr. Richard Lodge for his admirable little sketch of Cardinal Richelieu, which is also a well-proportioned epitome of a very eventful period in European history.
Apropos of the centenary of the death of Robert Burns, which occurs in this month of July, 1896, Messrs. Longmans, Green & Co. have brought out an entirely new edition of Dr. Chambers' “Life and Works of Robert Burns," in four volumes, elaborately illustrated. A complete revision of the text has been made by Mr. William Wallace. This is not only the standard biography, but the standard edition of the poetry and other writings of the Scottish bard as well.
POLITICS AND SOCIOLOGY. In the field of political dissertation the work which attracts most attention this season is Lecky's “Democracy and Liberty,” reviewed in our June number. Mr. Lecky's volumes will doubtless prove suggestive and stimulating to many thoughtful American readers who would decline to admit the force of their conclusions. -Mr. Herbert Thompson's “Russian Politics" is also an important and timely book which has received previous notice in our columns.
We do not know of a more appropriate publication for this campaign year than “Lincoln's Campaign," by Osborn H. Oldroyd. Captain Oldroyd has made an in. teresting compilation of materials from newspaper files and other records bearing on the memorable campaign
of 1860. Among the unique features of his book are reproductions of Lincoln portraits and cartoons used during the canvass. The campaign songs of 1860, too, will be new to most readers of this generation.
influence of the later schools of economic thought in the shaping of his views, which are, however, in the main conservative. It may be fairly questioned whether the discussion has ever had much profitable result, but an adequate restatement and revision of the fundamental principles will be appreciated by economists.
Bankers and others who desire a fuller treatment of the subject of modern banking than is given in Mr. Horace White's excellent “Money and Banking,” will find Mr. Conant's “History of Modern Banks of Issue” both exhaustive and interesting. Much of the material used in his chapters on foreign banking systems has not heretofore been accessible to American readers, except in official records and reports. Ail this information is useful and instructive. A list of authorities is appended, together with a good index.
Mr. George B. Waldron's" Handbook on Currency and Wealth” is a convenient and useful manual of the essential facts in the history of our monetary system. It also includes chapters on the currency and finances of foreign countries, on the ownership of wealth, and various allied topics. The work of compilation seems to have been done without bias, and the result is a compendium of statistical information which will doubtless be frequently utilized by campaign speakers and editorial writers during the next few months.
The fact that nearly 40 per cent. of the revenues of the federal government are now derived from excise taxation, with the strong probability that other sources of internal revenue will be resorted to in the near future, should bespeak for Mr. Howe's treatise on "Taxa.
MR. W. E. H. LECKY.
The new low-priced edition of Mr. Henry Demarest Lloyd's “ Wealth against Commonwealth” will probably have a larger circulation than has been enjoyed by any other American book of its class, with the possible exception of Henry George's “ Progress and Poverty." Dr. Hale has pronounced “Wealth against Commonwealth” “as much an epoch-making book as 'Uncle Tom's Cabin.'” Mr. Lloyd's indictment of the Standard Oil Trust has remained so long unanswered that a great many people in this country are coming to the conclusion that it is quite unanswerable. However that may be,“ Wealth against Commonwealth,” consid. ered as a piece of literature merely, remains one of the few truly monumental works of our day.
The most important recent contribution to economic theory is a treatise by Prof. F. W. Taussig, of Harvard, on “ Wages and Capital,” the first five chapters of which contain the substance of the author's own views on the celebrated doctrine of the wages fund ; nine further chapters are devoted to the history of the interminable discussion to which the doctrine has given rise, while a final chapter summarizes conclusions. It would probably be impossible to find anywhere a clearer statement of the wages fund philosophy and of its bearing on the relations of capital and labor. The author shows the
tion and Taxes in the United States under the Internal Revenue System” the thoughtful attention of all Amer. ican publicists. If it be true, as Mr. Howe seems to make evident, that instead of $145,000,000, $200,000,000 could be raised with ease from these sources, it is a matter of present importance to Congress, as well as a cause of national self-congratulation. At any rate the history of our experience with this form of taxation is instructive, and that history is carefully and authoritatively presented in the work before us. Mr. Howe is a Doctor of Philosophy of the Johns Hopkins University, and his book is the result of years of research.
Mr. Edwin Cannan's lectures on “ The History of Local Rates in England” make up the first volume of a series of studies" containing the results of researches in econoinic and political subjects conducted by the teachers of the London School of Economics and Political Science, or under their direction. While too technical and special, perhaps, to interest many American readers, these treatises will doubtless find a wide field of usefulness in England. Mr. Cannan is the author of one of the most successful elementary text-books of political economy in the English language.
“ Human Progress : What can Man do to further it?” by Thomas S. Blair, is a work which the author puts forth rather as a series of tentative suggestions than as a completed system of doctrine. The plan of the treatise is not lacking in originality, and some of the points of view adopted are quite new. The author acknowl. edges his indebtedness to the Comtist philosophy, and makes diligent use of the methods of that system. In the strictly economic part of his discussion the positions of the “classic school” of economists are vigorously attacked. The bulk of the book is devoted to theory, Mr. Blair's practical conclusions as to government being confined to a few pages at the end of the volume. He opposes all forms of socialism.
The “Primer” of the Single Tax theory, by the former editor of the Toronto Grip, Mr. J. W. Bengough, is characterized by all the versatility of wit which has made its author so successful as a caricaturist of political and economic subjects. It offers an easy and attractive way of mastering the ground principles of the Single Tax, and it need not be despised by the elders of the “Little Political Economists” for whom it was professedly prepared.
THE NEW BOOKS : CLASSIFIED LIST OF TITLES.
RECENT AMERICAN AND FOREIGN FICTION. Weir of Hermiston: An Unfinished Romance by Robert Louis Stevenson 12mo, pp. 286.
New York : Charles Scribner's Sons. $1.20. George's Mother. By Stephen Crane. 16mo, pp. 177. New
York : Edward Arnold. 75 cents. Summer in Arcady : A Tale of Nature. By James Lane
Allen. 16mo, pp. 170. New York : Macmillan & Co.
$1.25. Briseis : A Novel. By William Black. 12mo, pp. 406. New
York: Harper & Brothers. $1.75. Madelon : A Novel. By Mary E. Wilkins. 16mo, pp. 376.
New York: Harper & Brothers. $1.25. The Quicksands of Pactolus : A Novel. By Horace Annesley
Vachell. 16mo, pp. 324. New York : Henry Holt & Co.
Wisdom's Folly: A Study in Feminine Development. By A.
V. Dutton. 16mo, pp. 294. New York : Henry Holt &
Co. $1. Will o' the Wasp : A Sea Yarn of the War of '12. Edited by
Henry Lawrence, U. S. N., and now brought before the public for the first time by Robert Cameron Rogers.
12mo, pp. 269. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons. $1.25. The Lure of Fame. By Clive Holland. 16mo, pp. 245. New
York: The New Amsterdam Book Company. $1.00. The XIth Commandment. By Halliwell Sutcliffe. Octavo,
pp. 333. New York : The New Amsterdam Book Com
pany. $1.25. The Victory of Ezry Gardner. By Imogen Clark. 16mo,
pp. 173. Boston : Thomas Y. Crowell & Co. 75 cents. Dartmoor. By Maurice H. Hervey. 18mo, pp. 247. New
York : Frederick A. Stokes Company. 75 cents. The Romance of Guardainonte. By Arline E. Davis. 16mo,
pp. 136. New York : J. Selwin Tait & Sons. A Woman With a Future. By Mrs. Andrew Dean. 16mo,
New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company. 75 cents,
Flotsam : The Study of a Life. By Henry Seton Merriman.
12mo, pp. 350. New York : Longmans, Green & Co.
$1.25. A Marriage by Capture : A Romance of To-day. By Robert
Buchanan. 16mo, pp. 196. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippin
cott Company. 75 cents. The Broken Ring : A Romance. By Elizabeth Knight Tomp.
kins. 12 mo, pp. 277. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons.
$1. In Sight of the Goddess : A Tale of Washington Life. By
Harriet Riddle Davis. 16mo, pp. 227. Philadelphia : J.
B. Lippincott Company. 75 cents. A Bad Penny. By John T. Wheelright. Octavo, pp. 162.
Boston : Lamson, Wolffe & Co. $1.25. Whose Soul Have I Now! A Novel. By Mary Clay Knapp.
12mo, pp. 242. Boston: Arena Publishing Company.
$1.25. In Homespun. By Edith Nesbit. 16mo, pp. 189. Boston :
Roberts Brothers. $1. Nets for the Wind. By Una Taylor. 16mo, pp. 227. Boston:
Roberts Brothers. $1. The Way they Loved at Grimpat : Village Idyls. By E. Ren.
toul Esler. 16mo, pp. 231. New York : Henry Holt &
Co. $1. Princess Anne: A Story of the Dismal Swamp, and other
sketches. By Albert R. Ledoux. 32mo, pp. 132. New
York: The Looker-On Publishing Company. 50 cents. The Dream-Charlotte : A Story of Echoes. By M. Betham
Edwards. 12mo, pp. 384. New York : Macmillan & Co.
$1.25. White Satin and Homespun. By Katrina Trask.
18mo, pp. 139. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph & Co. 75 cents. Out of Bounds. Being the Adventures of an Unadventurous
Young Man. By A. Garry. 18mo, pp. 218. New York:
Henry Holt & Co. 75 cents. Rome. By Emile Zola : Translated by Ernest Alfred Vize
telly. Two vols., 12mo, pp. 434-473. New York : Macmillan & Co. $?.
The Reds of the Midi : An Episode of the French Revolution.
By Félix Gras : Translated by Catharine A. Janvier
lomo. pp. 383. New York : D. Appleton & Co. $1. The Bicyclers, and Three Other Farces. By John Kendrick
Bangs. 16mo, pp. 186. New York: Harper & Brothers.
31.3. A Mountain Woman. By Elia W. Peattie. 12mo, pp. 251.
Chicago : Way & Williams. $1.25. Across an Ulster Bog. By M. Hamilton. 16mo, pp. 254. New
York: Edward Arnold. $1. In the Valley of Tophet. By Henry W. Nevinson. 18mo, pp.
276. New York : Henry Holt & Co. $1. Quaint Crippen, Commercial Traveller. By Alwyn M. Thur
ber. 12mo, pp. 253 Chicago : A. C. McClurg & Co. $1. The Damnation of Theron Ware. By Harold Frederic. 12mo,
pp. 512. New York: Stone & Kimball. $1.50.
Beneath Old Roof Trees. By Abram English Brown. 12mo,
Boston : Lee & Shepard. $1.50. Memoirs of Barras, Member of the Directorate. Edited,
with a general introduction, prefaces and appendices, by George Duruy. Translated by C. E. Roche. Vols. III., IV., octavo, pp. 633-656. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Each volume $3.75 Eliza Pinckney. By Harriott Horry Ravenel. 16mo, pp. 331.
New York : Charles Scribner's Sons. $1.25. Maria Mitchell : Life, Letters and Journals. Compiled by
Phebe Mitchell Kendall. Octavo, pp. 293. Boston: Lee
& Shepard. $2. A Few Memories. By Mary Anderon (Madame de Na
varro). Octavo, pp. 263. New York: Harper & Brothers.
$2.50. Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc. By the Sieur Louis
de Conte (Her Page and Secretary). Octavo, pp. 461.
New York: Harper & Brothers. $2.50. Jeanne D'Arc: Her Life and Death. By Mrs. Oliphant.
“ Heroes of the Nations" series. 12mo, pp. 417. New
York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. $1.50. Richelieu. By Richard Lodge, M.A. 12mo, pp. 245. New
York : Macmillan & Co. 75 cents. The Life and Works of Robert Burns. Edited by Robert
Chambers. Revised by William Wallace. In four volumes. Vols. I., II., octavo, pp. 492-416. New York : Long
mans, Green & Co. $2.50 each vol. Cyrus W. Field : His Life and Work (1819-1892). Edited by
Isabella Field Judson. Octavo, pp. 332. New York :
TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION. On Snow-Shoes to the Barren Grounds : Twenty-eight Hun.
dred Miles After Musk-Oxen and Wood Bison. By Caspar Whitney. Octavo, pp. 334. New York: Harper &
Brothers. $3.50. Vikings of To-day; or, Life and Medical Work Among the
Fishermen of Labrador. By Wilfred T. Grenfell. 12mo,
pp. 356. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company. $1.25. Three Gringos in Venezuela and Central America. By Rich
ard Harding Davis. 12mo, pp. 296. New York: Harper
& Brothers. $1.50. Tenezuela : A Land Where It's Always Summer. By William
Eleroy Curtis. 12mo, pp. 322. New York: Harper &
Brothers. $1.50. At Hawarden with Mr. Gladstone, and other Transatlantic
Experiences. By William H. Rideing. 16mo, rp. 259.
New York: T. Y. Crowell & Co. $1. In India. Translated from the French of André Chevrillon,
by William Marchant. 12mo, pp. 205. New York : Henry
Holt & Co. $1.50. Idyllists of the Country-Side By George H. Ellwanger.
16mo, pp. 263. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. $1.25.
HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY. A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in
Christendom. By Andrew D. White, LL.D. Two vols.,
8ro, pp. 415-474. New York : D. Appleton & Co. $5. The Winning of the West. By Theodore Roosevelt. Vol.
IV., Louisiana and the Northwest, 1791-1807. Octavo, pp.
353. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. $2.50. The Making of Pennsylvania. By Sydney George Fisher, B.A.
12mo, pp. 364. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott Company.
31.50. With the Fathers : Studies in the History of the United
States. By John Bach McMaster. 12mo, pp. 334. New
York: D. Appleton & Co. $1.50. One Hundred Years of American Commerce. A History of
American Commerce by One Hundred Americans. Edited by Chauncey M. Depew, LL.D. Two vols., imperial octavo,
pp. 924. New York : D. O. Haynes & Co. $14, $17, $20. Women in English Life from Medieval to Modern Times.
By Georgiana Hill. Two vols., octavo, pp. 370-372. New
POLITICS AND SOCIOLOGY. Lincoln's Campaign ; or, The Political Revolution of 1860.
By Osborn H. Oldroyd. 12mo, pp. 241. Chicago : Laird
& Lee. 75 cents. Wealth Against Commonwealth. By Henry Demarest Lloyd.
12mo, pp. 563. New York: Harper & Brothers. $1. Wages and Capital : An Examination of the Wages Fund
Doctrine. By F. W. Taussig. 12mo, pp. 347. New York:
D. Appleton & Co. $1.50. A History of Modern Banks of Issue, with an Account of the
Economic Crises of the Present Century. By Charles A. Conant. Octavo, pp. 596. New York: G. P. Putnam's
Sons. $3. A Handbook on Currency and Wealth. By George B. Wal
dron, A.M. 18mo, pp. 150. New York: Funk & Wag.
nalls Company. 50 cents. Taxation and Taxes in the United States under the Internal Revenue System, 1791-1895. By Frederic C. Howe. 12mo,
New York: T. Y. Crowell & Co. $1.75. The History of Local Rates in England. Five Lectures. By
Edwin Cannan. 12mo, pp. 140. New York : Longmans,
Green & Co. 75 cents. Human Progress : What Can Man Do to Further It! By
Thomas S. Blair. A.M. 12mo, pp. 581. New York: Wil.
liam R. Jenkins. $1.50. The Up-To-Date Primer: A First Book of Lessons for Little
Political Economists. By J. W. Bengough. 12mo, pp. 75.
LEADING ARTICLES IN THE JULY MAGAZINES.
A Visit to the Lick Observatory. Mrs. A. A. Stowe.
Art in the Ballet. C. Wilhelm.
Godey's Magazine.-New York. July.
The Land of the Shah. George Donaldson.
Training and Life of a New York Fireman. Rufus R. Wil Confessions of Public School Teachers. Young America in Feathers. Olive Thorne Miller.
The Silk Industry of Japan. Arthur Hornblow.
Mrs. Connor, Journalist. Alice Severance.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Mary C. Francis.
Great Singers of this Century.-IX. Albert L. Parkes. Water Works Machinery. Charles L. Newcomb.
Music in America.-XV. Rupert Hughes.
Harper's Magazine, New York. July.
General Washington. Woodrow Wilson.
Literary Landmarks of Venice. Laurence Hutton.
Ohio. Charles F. Thwing.
Ladies' Home Journal.-Philadelphia. July.
Home and Personality of Joan of Arc. Emma A. Hopkins. Century Magazine.- New York. July.
Feeding a City Like New York. John G. Speed.
This Country of Ours.-VII. Benjamin Harrison. St. Peter's. F. Marion Crawford.
The Other Side of Robert Burns. Arthur Warren. Glimpses of Venezuela and Guiana. W. Nephew King.
Souvenirs of Summer Days. William M. Johnson. Life of Napoleon Bonaparte.-XXI. Frank W. Stokes.
The People Who Live in the Moon. Alden W. Quimby. An Arctic Studio (77° 4' N. Lat.). William M. Sloane. A Family Record of Ney's Execution. Mme. Campan.
Lippincott's Magazine.-Philadelphia. July. Impressions of South Africa.-III. James Bryce.
Decadence of Modern Russian Literature. Recollections and Anecdotes of Bülow. Bernard Boekel
Pennsylvania and Her Public Men, Sydney G. Fisher.
My Rural Experiences. Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen.
The Southern Ideal. Annie S. Winston.
Yankee Doodle. Caroline T. Bansemer.
McClure's Magazine.-New York. July.
Longfellow, Whittier and Holmes. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps.
A Woman's Ascent of the Matterhorn. Annie S. Peck. The Preservation of Wild Animals. R. W. Shufeldt.
Charles H. Taylor of the Boston Globe. E. J. Edwards. Engineering Magazine.-New York. July.
The English in South Central Africa. G. G. Hubbard.
The Edge of the Future. Cleveland Moffett.
Lincoln as a Lawyer. Ida M. Tarbell.
Munsey's Magazine.- New York. July.
Shore. Direct Production of Electricity from Coal. G. H. Stock- Types of Fair Women. bridge.
Prominent American Families.-IV. The Goulds. T. S. Recent Improvements in Gold Milling. H. M. Chance.
Our Schoolboy Soldiers. Whidden Graham.
New England Magazine.-Boston. July.
Andreas Hofer, the Hero of the Tirol. W. D. McCracken. Demorest's Family Magazine.- New York. July.
Henry Barnard, the Nestor of American Education. J. L.
Penobscot Bay. Edwin A. Start.
Scribner's Magazine.- New York. July.
Coney Island, Julian Ralph. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly.-New York. July.
On the Poetry of Place Names. Brander Matthews.
A Thousand Miles Through the Alps. Sir W. M. Conway. General Robert E. Lee.--VI. Col. J. J. Garnett.
A New Art. J. Cater Beard. Colonial Homes of Virgina. Virginia C. Mayo.
Some Portraits of J. M. W. Turner. The University of Heidelberg. Prof. Sulzbache.
A French Friend of Browning-Joseph Milsand. Th. Bent The Use of Dogs on the Battlefield.
THE OTHER AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PERIODICALS.
(From the latest numbers received.) American Amateur Photographer.- New York. May.
American Monthly.-Washington. June. Working Up.
The Jay Treaty. Elizabeth B. Johnston. Realism and Impressionism. Robert Atkinson.
George Washington's Ancestors. Julia W. Fontaine,
The Free Quakers. Mary C. Emerson.
American University Magazine.-New York. May. About Isochromatic Plates. Oakley Norris.
The Amherst Senate. D. W. Morrow. American Magazine of Civics.-New York. June.
University of Pennsylvania Bowl Fight. C. K. Meschter.
Bucknell University:-1. Enoch Perrine.
Appleton's Popular Science Monthly.-New York. June. The New Superstition. J. W. Mason.
Principles of Taxation.-V. David A. Wells. National Currency and Hard Times.-II. H. H. Trimble. How the Great Lakes Were Built. J. W. Spencer. The Benefit to Women of Suffrage.
Dr. Nansen's Throwing Stick." John Murdoch. Bimetallism a Compromise. - Is it a Solution ? D. Strange. Co-ordination of Our Educational Institutions. E. H. Magill Civil Service Reform and the Workingman. Herbert Walsh. Frogs and Their Uses. R. W. Schufeldt.