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THE REVIEW OF REVIEWS.

VOL. XIV.

NEW YORK, OCTOBER, 1896.

NO. 4.

THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.

The sectional bearings of the pending polit- discussing campaign plans at Chicago immediately The East ical campaign have been made constantly after their nomination, Mr. Bryan accepted Mr.

more evident as the situation has developed Sewall's invitation to accompany him to Maine and the lines of battle have been formed. The state from the notification meeting in New York, in elections in Vermont and Maine resulted in enormous Republican successes. In both states the contests had been waged upon strictly national issues, and the voting was undoubtedly in each case a clear expression of opinion on the money question. The Republican ticket in Vermont received 53,396 votes, while the Democratic vote was only 14,905. Thus the Republican plurality was nearly 38,500, while in the corresponding election four years ago it was less than 18,000. The free silver men had conceded Vermont to the Republicans by a large majority; but the country was not prepared to find that the silver voters would number only about twenty per cent. of all the men who appeared at the polls. Vermont Democrats have always been in a hopeless minority. But for that very reason they have been the more faithful and devoted. Their defection this year can, therefore, only be explained as showing how strongly they are opposed to the new Democratic programme represented by Mr. Bryan and the leaders of the Democratic-Populist movement. The most eminent Vermont Democrat has been the Hon. Edward J. Phelps, formerly minister to Eng. land. Mr. Phelps early in the course of the present campaign came out emphatically for McKinley and the Republican ticket, and denounced the Chicago

HON. JOSIAH GROUT, platform of his own party. The election which

Governor-elect of Vermont. chose Mr. Grout as Governor of Vermont was held

order to participate in an aggressive campaign on September 1.

which should stampede the “Pine Tree State" for A much wider national interest was the cause of free-silver coinage. In the midst of The Verdict focussed upon the campaign in Maine

the enthusiasm of July at Chicago, all things seemed of Maine.

preceding the state election of September possible. There were at that time several free sil14. Early in the season the situation in Maine was ver leaders of reputation for political sagacity who considered altogether problematical. A number of

stood committed to the view that Vermont itself years ago the state was actually carried for the might be won over to the support of Bryan if a paper-money doctrine by a coalition of the Demo determined canvass were made. As for Maine, crats with the third-party men then known as these leaders, early in the season, were not merely * Greenbackers ” who were the prototypes of the hopeful but were well-nigh confident. To Senator present Populists. It was believed, therefore, that Gorman of Maryland is attributed the prudent if a lively free silver pro nda were waged in advice which caused Mr. Bryan to change his plans that state this year, some sensational results might

and to give up his intended trip to Maine. Mr. follow. This was the opinion of Mr. Arthur Sew Gorman did not believe that anything could preall, the nominee for the vice presidency; and ac

vent a Republican victory there, and he argued cordingly when Mr. Sewall and Mr. Bryan were

that Mr. Bryan's participation in the preliminary

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possessed by the state of New York, which has thirty-four seats in the same body. Maine's four members of the House, Messrs. Reed, Dingley, Boutelle, and Milliken, are all re-elected this year to the seats which they have occupied with credit for numerous terms. Each of the four received a majority in his district of over ten thousand votes. Their campaign work was all notable, while Mr. Reed's speeches, which were widely reported throughout the whole country, were especially brilliant and incisive. If the Republicans should control the next House, as now seems altogether probable, no one will question Mr. Reed's title to another term in the Speaker's chair. The Speaker wields an immense power and has a heavy burden of responsibility to bear. No man is ever elected Speaker who has not proved his worth by a long term of service in the House. In our opinion there ought to be some special compensation provided for the Speaker, beyond the $5,000 salary of a member of Congress. A good argument might be made to show that there ought to be attached to the Speakership of the House emoluments as great as those of the Vice-President, whose function is to act as presiding officer of the Senate. It was reported several months ago that Mr. Reed had decided that he could not afford to devote any more time to public affairs at Washington, and that he would retire in order to

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campaign would result in a harmful sacrifice of prestige. The free silver men, however, did not neglect their work in Maine, and from six hundred to seven hundred speeches were made by their orators throughout the state. The election was held on Monday, September 14. The Republican candidate for governor, Mr. Powers, received 87,249 votes, while his Democratic opponent, Mr. Frank, received only 34,288. The Republican plurality considerably exceeded 48,000. This very greatly exceeded any Republican majority ever won in previous years. Every single county office in the entire state was gained by the Republicans. As for the legislature, Republicans have secured absolutely every seat in the Senate, and all but a half score more or less in the House of Representatives.

Maine, like Vermont, has for a long time Maine's Influence at given the country an object lesson in the Washington best way to exercise a great influence over national affairs. She has simply adopted the plan of sending good men to Washington, and of keeping them there long enough to gain commanding places in Congress. Thus, in the present Congress, Senator Frye of Maine holds the place of president pro tem. of the Senate; Mr. Reed of Maine is Speaker of the House; Mr. Dingley of Maine is Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee; and the other two representatives in the House, namely, Messrs. Boutelle and Milligan, occupy very important chairmanships. Maine's population entitles her to only four seats in the House, yet her moral influence in Congress is greater by far than that

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practice law and gain a larger income. It is always and well ordered condition of the party, but most unfortunate for the country when a man of great of the men who have been conspicuous heretofore as ability and high character, of whatever party, who Democratic leaders are either openly supporting has served through a long apprenticeship in public the Republican ticket or else are nominal adherents affairs, retires to private life in the prime of his of the Palmer and Buckner ticket with the intenstrength and usefulness. Mr. Reed's acceptance of tion on election day of voting straight for McKinanother term in the House is therefore a matter for ley. Republican harmony in New York has been public congratulation.

promoted by the nomination for governor of Mr. Black, a young lawyer of Troy, who had won local fame and secured a seat in Congress through his prosecution of the corrupt gang which had committed ballot box crimes and had murdered Robert Ross at the polls in Troy several years ago. Mr. Black's selection came unexpectedly, and was in large part due to the fact that the avowed and longstanding aspirants for the nomination were numerous and so determined to defeat one another that none of them could possibly secure the prize. Finally it appeared that Mr. Platt had intended to take the nomination for himself. Inasmuch as the convention was under his control, he could have had the honor; but candid friends, it is said, made it plain to him that the people of New York would under no circumstances elect him. Whereupon he made a virtue of necessity and declared that after all he“ would rather be a plain, simple boss than be governor.” Mr. Black, meanwhile, had made an eloquent speech in the convention, and circumstances favored his choice. Mr. Platt, also, having consented, the thing was done. Mr. Black will receive the united support of both wings of the Republican party, and it seems likely that the mugwump element will support him to a man, while the reform Democrats will also to some extent give him their ballots.

The Democratic convention of New York New York assembled at Buffalo on September 16.

For many days and even weeks prior to this convention, the one question in Democratic circles was, what Senator Hill would do. The

question was not asked in local circles alone, but HON. FRANK S. BLACK OF TROY, Republican Nominee for Governor of New York.

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The

Democrats.

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The

Elsewhere in the East the Republican New York prospect seems to be growing brighter Republicans.

from day to day. Nobody has the slightest doubt as to the outcome in the six New England states, and those few persons who have continued to say that New York could be carried for the Bryan ticket have come to be looked upon as eccentric rather than as persons well informed or of good judgment. And yet, after all, the situation is so extraordinary that all old-fashioned methods of forecasting must be condemned as worthless. The Republican party in New York is in excellent form, and it seems easy to make up great mass-meetings composed in large part of men prominent enough to be recognized as persons of consequence when their names are printed in the newspapers. Not only are the Republicans highly satisfied with their prospects and proud of the exceptionally harmonious

TIT

"WOLFERT'S ROOST." SENATOR HILL'S HOME NEAR

ALBANY,

agitated the Democracy from one end of the coun-
try to the other. Every effort was made by Senator
Jones and the Bryan organization to secure Mr.
Hill's indorsement of the Chicago ticket. The
newspapers had a different story to tell every day
as to Mr. Hill's intentions. Meanwhile the Senator
kept himself in mysterious retirement most of the
time at his home near Albany, the famous political
retreat known as “ Wolfert's Roost.” At length,
when the convention assembled, Mr. Hill concluded
not to attend. Through his henchmen he exercised
some measure of control over the doings of the con-
vention, but left it still a matter of uncertainty
whether or not he would support Bryan. The
Buffalo convention was certainly a curious political
occasion. It was conspicuous chiefly for the ab-
sence of every man of eminence in the
entire party. The dominant personal-
ity in it was that of Mr. John C. Shee.
han, who has succeeded Richard Cro-
ker as leader of Tammany Hall. Mr.
Sheehan came to New York City from
Buffalo three or four years ago. He
had held a political office in Buffalo.
He left that city under charges of de.
falcation. It is not for us to decide
whether the irregularities in the man-
agement of his Buffalo office were due
to carelessness or incompetency, or to
something worse. His rapid rise to
power and authority in the councils of
Tammany Hall must indicate the possession of un-
usual political skill and capacity for leadership. His
various speeches and addresses as reported in the
newspapers make it clear, however, that he is a
man of very inferior education and attainments.
In those respects he compares badly with Gilroy, or Drawn for the Journal.
even with Croker. It would seem strange that the

JOHN C. SHEEHAN, LEADER OF TAMMANY.
Democratic party of the great state of New York
should submit itself to the rule of such a man as

vention held in Chicago on July 7, 1896 ; cordially ap

proves the nominations there made ; pledges to William John C. Sheehan. The logical candidate for the

J. Bryan and Arthur Sewall its hearty and active supgubernatorial nomination was a young Tammany

port, and declares as its deliberate judgment that never brave named William Sulzer, who is the local leader in the history of the Democratic party has a platform of the free silver Democrats, and who went to Buf- been written which embodied more completely the interfalo very earnestly urging his title to “bear the stand- ests of the people, as distinguished from those who seek ard.” But Mr. Sheehan and the Tammany leaders legislation for private benefit, than that given to the frowned upon Mr. Sulzer's ambition and gave the

country by the National Democratic Convention of 1896. nomination to the Hon. John Boyd Thacher, Mayor T he fact was that Tammany Hall, and the city of Albany, Mr. Thacher is a public man of literary delegates in general, while not enthusiastic for free tastes and pursuits, whose ambition to be governor silver, were determined at all hazards to maintain of the state has been well known for a number of their vantage ground of Democratic regularity. years. He had not, however, been regarded as a They were obliged, therefore, to accept the results supporter of the principal doctrines of the Chicago of the Chicago convention. The country delegates platform; and his nomination at Buffalo seemed a at Buffalo, on the other hand, were full of convicrather anomalous proceeding in view of the fact tion and zeal on the silver question. Mr. Sheehan that the convention had just adopted a platform of and his Tammany crowd, therefore, who held the its own which began with the following complete balance of power, made a compromise by giving the indorsement of the Chicago convention:

country delegates everything they wanted in the The Democratic party of the state of New York in

platform, while refusing to put a free silver man at convention assembled unreservedly indorses the platform the head of the ticket as candidate for Governor. adopted by the Democratic party at the National Con- Mr. Thacher was nominated as the only “sound

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WAN

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