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French and German is making a new nation, and beautiful Buenos Ayres and Santiago show what that nation will be. The development of the United States has been the wonder of the nineteenth century. The surprise and glory of the twentieth century is likely to be the achievement of the republics of the sun and of the Southern Cross, of which the poets are already singing and are more gloriously to sing in the supreme century before us.

South America loves to sing of her heroes of the liberation. There is Andean like air in the chorus of her song to Bolivar (El Libertador).

* Compatriots, the day is at hand,
The day great Bolivar was born,
The Alcides new, the tyrant's terror,

America's love and glory." Dulce Patria" the national song of Chili, the vow in which is sometimes sung by the army kneeling, has lines as inspiring: “The strife and the warfare is ended,

And we hear the glad rejoicing of the free!
He who yesterday was our invader,

Can no longer a brother be.
On the field now our banners are gleaming,

Three centuries of stain thus redeeming !
And at last we are free and victorious-

Here in gladness our triumph revealing !
For the heritage of heroes is Freedom,

At whose feet sweet victory is kneeling!



Land beloved ! Our vow now receive,

Vows which Chili upon thine altar swore ; She shall be the grave of free men,

Or th' asylum 'gainst tyrants evermore!"


The national air of Brazil opens as nobly:
May the glorious sun shed a flood of light

O'er Brazil with its hallowed sod.
Despots never again will our land affright-

Never more will we groan 'neath the rod.
Then with hymns of glory resounding,

With new hopes for the land we adore,
Loyal hearts for our country rebounding,
Let our song ring from mountain to shore.

Liberty ! Liberty !

Open wide your pinions grand ;
Thro' tempest dire and battles' fire,

Oh, guard our native land."

There is something pathetic in the songs of these errant Gouchors, whose homes were their saddles, and whose estancias were the plains. They recall the days of Gumez, and his free, wild horsemen, and the romances of a picturesque but tragic barbarism that is forever gone. The water carrier listens at the veranda as he hears the guitar attuned to these themes as the North American lad would do at a tale of Marion's men. The patriots of the plains of the Silver-land who breathed liberty in the


Gouchor Minstrel.

air is a theme that must ever haunt the growing republics of the Sun.

South America has glorious singers and songs, but the greater are to come. The countries of the South temperate zone are pulsing with literary activity and expectation, and Aconcagua is a new Parnassus, and is likely to be the last in the West.

Poets came in brotherhoods at the dawn of the new era, as prophetic heralds, and as inspired and inspiring leaders, and, again, in the decline of an epoch they appear as raconteurs. The poets of the dawn have already appeared in the ten republics of the Andes, and have sung the songs of liberty and love, of the wide pampas, the majestic rivers and groves, and the orchid haunted plateaux. In the faded and gone incarial days poets sprung into the life and inspirations of the golden temples of the Children of the Sun. There was the most poetic race of Indian civilizations. The land of poetry was there, and is there. The end of the long march of the Aryan people toward the West must come in Argentine, Chili and Peru. The Italian emigration to this new Italy is one of art. The mixed race of Argentines, Chilians, Peruvians, Italians, English,

This was the hymn of the Proclamation of the Republic, and the words were by Medeiros e Albu. querque.

O my country
Sooner than see thee bound again

In slavery's chain, I'd give my life for thee. The last poems written before his pitiable end have a Shelley-like sadness:

My mother who is livng yet,
Since I myself am living,
Cradled me in her arms
In hours of hope and bliss.
My father, in infinite love
Gave me his caresses.
Since those hours
Three and twenty years have passed away,
My home has vanished from my eyes


And she who holds Heaven in her arms

an epic poem. He would have been included The mother of my love

in “ Plutarch's Lives," had he lived in the early Wakes me no longer in the morning.

heroic age. After achieving the independence of Farewell, for the last time, Love of my love,

Argentina, he was offered the supreme direction of Light of my shadows,

the affairs of the Purple Republic, but he answered, Soul of my flowers,

“I did not fight for place.' After the battle of My youth, my lyre, Farewell.

Maypu, Chili would have presented to him ten If Sarmiento did not write verse, his prose is thousand ounces of gold, but he replied: "I did not poetry. His “ Fecunda ”translated by Mrs. Horace draw the sword for gain." Peru tendered to him Mann under the title of “Life in the Argentine the crown of the old incarial plateaux, but he said: reads like an epic. The first President of Argentine, • The presence of a fortunate general in the country Rivadaiva, was a literary man. The two literary where he has won victories is detrimental to the presidents, Sarmiento

state; I have achieved and Rivadavia, were

the independence of agreed on the educa

Peru; I have ceased to tional problem of their

be a public man." His times. “The primary

motto was: “Thou school," said Sarmien

must be that which to, " is the foundation

thou oughtest to be, of national character,”

else thou shalt be nothand Rivadavia – “La

ing." After his memorescuela es el secreto de

able interview with Bola prosperidad de los

livar, on that poetpueblos uncientes"(the

tuned night under the United States).

fiery arch of the equaThe bazars of the Ar

tor, when he entrusted gentine cities abound

his affairs of the repubwith the poems or love

lics of the south temsongs of “the Gouch

perate zone to the ors," or the wander.

Emancipator's hands, ing minstrels of the

he prepared to exile pampas. These native

himself from his native singers improvised

land, for the peace of music to the guitar. STATUE OF SIMON BOLIVAR,

the liberated people. There was much poetry

Lima, Peru.

He sailed for France, in the gypsy life of

and there and in Belthese wanderers, a sense of the sublime and beauti- gium lived in poverty for many years. His body ful in nature and free existence, and their collected was brought back to Buenos Ayres, where it was songs will one day have their picturesque sugges- virtually crowned dead, at a funeral such as the tions for the artist. That the semi-barbarous Gouch- world has seldom seen. ors should produce poets is in itself an illustration Simon Bolivar and San Martin had the qualities of the universality of the divine gift, which the work of epic heroes, and their achievements will doubtof Echeverria has illustrated to the world.

less furnish inspirations for literary art that will be Some of the noblest of the patriotic poems of Ar- worthy of the Andean peaks and plains. South gentina are dedicated to the memory of San America not only promises to be the new poet's Martin, the greatest of Creoles, the liberator of land, but one where the epic strain will follow the Argentina, Chili and Peru. This hero merits present prophetic period of reed and song.



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HERE are certain seasons in the life of every nor evidence on every smoothly paved street that the

mal an when he feels a sudden and irresistible world is awheel It is literally true that the burden impulse to take to the woods or at least to exchange of proof is on every man, woman and child to show open air, swift movement and muscular activity for what physical or financial disability prevents him the office and mental drudgery. With some men, or her from owning and using a bicycle, and the not the least useful or skillful in the business occu conventional subject of the weather has been totally

pation they have cashiered in favor of comparative bicycle notes. chosen, this call for a The bicycle and its advantages present every opporreturn to nature recurs tunity for universality of interest. One does not in curiously precise cy. have to be an athlete to ride a bicycle, but can parcles, and this is true of take on a wheel of the delights usually restricted to beings in far more arti athletes ; after the initial cost, the wheel is marvel. ficial surroundings and ously inexpensive, even without counting on the more absorbing profes credit side the gains to health ; above all, it can be sions than that delight used with charming results at a moment's notice, fully absurd old darky if one have only a half hour between the closing of whom Mr. Edwards the office and dinner ; and is at home alike on the described ; who was a

city street and the country road. model farm hand and It would be interesting to know what increase the

servant for eleven bicycle has brought in the proportion of people From the Chicago Times-Herald.

months out of the year, who take regular exercise of any account ; but withonly to surely and mysteriously disappear in the out any data one can easily see the percentage twelfth, vanishing and reappearing without giving must run up into figures of many hundreds. The a suspicion of the details of the hiatus, until acci consequence is a gain to the race at large of indentally detected in his joyous recourse to a camp calculable value. An eininent physician says that fire and stolen roasting ears.

no one thing has so benefited mankind within two The whole world seems to be feeling some such hundred years as the invention of the bicycle, and impulse just now. There is an open air movement that the millions of people now using wheels are almost revolutionary in its degree and which can not only “reaping the benefits themselves, but are not by any means be accounted for by any theories preparing the way for future generations which will of a more numerous leisurely class. People are bicy be born of healthy parents.” The busiest physicling, yachting, running, jumping, fishing, hunting, cians have found it necessary to learn to ride in playing baseball, tennis and golf, to an extent which order to understand the needs and queries of their is new in this generation. Nor is any considerable patients, and since the number of the riders is so fraction of these people of the class whose wealth great that a tremendous majority must be of a class makes some such diversion inevitable ; they are who find it necessary to use discretion in their the workers in stores and offices of the great cities ; wheeling indulgences, it has come about after the typewriters, elevator boys, barbers, physicians, law first flurries of learning that the methods of riding yers and clergymen-in short, “ the people." If it and construction of the machines have generally been be true that the times are too strenuous, that Americans are a nation of dyspeptics because they work too hard and take too little physical exercise, the signs of 1896 are very promising of better things.

But if there were no fresh awakening of interest in any but one of these sports, and if there were only the bicycle as a new factor in our life, it would still amount to a revolution in mores. It would be weak to heap bicycle statistics on the heads of readers who have each day a procession of


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governed closely and wisely by the demands of be saved in 1896, and health and symmetrical muscular development. will be satisfied with

Nowadays the world may easily be divided into the sight of gaily spinpeople who wheel and people who do not, and the ning wheelmen who former class seem to hold the balance of power, are opening their pores possessing as they do the solidarity due to this and breathing large single enthusiasm. The bicycle has become a gallons of fresh air inpower in economics and politics. Its association, the stead of loafing at League of American Wheelmen, successfully fights home and smoking. the great railroads and is hearkened to by municipal No business men comand state legislatures. When the wheelmen of Chi plain so loudly of the cago wanted to visit a far western meet they in. bicycle's inroads as sisted that their fares should be at one half price, the jewelers. The

and the railroads were young man whose am-
terrorized into submis bition was to possess
sion by the threat of a handsome watch and
having 150,000 wheel who donned it as
men solidly arrayed symbolic toga virilis,
against them. The now gets a bicycle.
transportation lines in The theatre managers
many states have been say that ruin is in the
forced to do away with
air if people do not on a bicycle as you came up.?

"Oh, did you see a gentleman express charges on bi soon stop riding ; and “No; but I saw a man sitting cycles and treat them one can well believe ing an old umbrella."-From




at the bottom of a hill mendas checkable baggage. them after watching Punch. In several localities the the swarms of lamps local bicycle associa like will o’ the wisps moving rapidly and noiselessly

tions have decided that up the Boulevard between 7 P.M. and midnight. "IF DOUGHTY DEEDS MY

of wheels The manufacturers of clothing are just as badly

ought to be generally off. Every day hundreds of men burn their ships "Mamma, Mr. White says he is longing to give you your first

taxed $1 a head for the behind them and appear at the office in bicycle suits, bicycle lesson."-From Punch. sake of obtaining bet with the construction of which their quondam tailors.

ter cycling roads, and forthwith the legislative powers bowed before them. In the New York City streets sprinkling carts made uncomfortable riding, and an ordinance was at once obtained obliging the water cart drivers to leave a strip of unsprinkled asphalt three feet wide next to each curbing. Legislators are busy with expert testimony on the question of the danger of carrying small children on bicycle handle bars. The League of American Wheelmen is an institution which any Presidential candidate would be loath to offend.

The manufacture of these machines that are spinning noiselessly over every road that offers a respectable track has brought into profitable investment so many million dollars and so many thousand workmen that a statement of the figures would go far beyond the point where the mind is able to grasp the magnitude of the situation. But there is an economic conservation of energy in analogy with the physical law. The wealth of bicycle labor and manufacture has not been gained without corresponding losses, and there is a fresh surprise each day in the reports from tradesmen who have suf. fered by this tremendous diversion of enthusiasm and consumption. With the confectioner and the barkeeper and the tobacco manufacturer we can. not have more than a personal sympathy. The average philosophic citizen is willing to hear that and attitude observable in young ladies of to-day at church

parade and elsewhere is supposed to be the result of constant 700,000,000 cigars that were smoked last year will devotion to the bicycle.-From Punch.


had nothing to do, which do not need to be pressed Boston and Philadelphia in the lead as golfing cen. and creased ; which are very cheap comparatively, tres. It is to be hoped, by the way, that some one will and which last longer, except in certain parts which disabuse the public mind of the belief in the word shall be nameless and which can easily be made “ links as applying to any golf course. The links double. The shoemaker is aghast at the slump in of England are sea meadows, and the grounds outheeling and half soling, and the hat maker does not side of Denver could not be more solecistically deapprove of those cheap hats which have no assailable scribed than by the phrase "golf links.” dignity to begin with, and which, therefore, prac- The game was without a doubt helped into gen. tically last forever. And the plight of the horse eral favor by its usual association with aristo

cratic surroundings. It is one of the oldest games, indeed, and has been for centuries the sport of princes. But, as a matter of fact, in its older habitats it is not by any means restricted to princes or noblemen or millionaires either. The famous St. Andrew's Links themselves are a public course, and the English populace in general are not below indulgence in the game. There is a public course at Cortlandt Park, New York, but in the present state of skill in America a visitor there enjoys a very mild quality of golf. Given the course, there is scarcely a game which requires less expenditure

of money than golf, and there is no reason why its LOVE'S ENDURANCE.

popularization should not extend much further, Miss DOLLY (to her fiancé): “Oh, Jack! This is delightful!

especially as it forms, even more than bicycling, a If you'll only keep up the pace I'm sure I shall soon gain con- means of pleasant outdoor exercise open to the midfidence." (Poor Jack has already run a mile or more and is very short of condition.)- From Punch.

dle aged and elderly as well as to vigorous young men.

The sport has been promptly admitted to the coldealer, the stable keeper and riding master is ob.

umns of the press; our weeklies are even furnishvious.

ing regular reports from the golf contests of Both bicycling and the other new game-new so England; the most staid newspapers discuss through far as America is concerned-of golf, are having a grave columns the arguments, pro and con, for a marked effect on the popular method of passing the

“slow back;” and an Sabbath. People who do not allow wheeling in

authoritative work on their families on Sunday are now regarded as strict

golfing claims as much Sabbatarians, and while the same cannot be said

space for review as Mr. perhaps of golf, still numbers devote themselves to

Lecky's book on democit of a Sunday afternoon who would not think of

racy. playing tennis or baseball on that day. The prac

Another game of even tice of wheeling on the Sabbath clearly results in a

more ancient traditions net gain of righteousness, even if one does not con

and aristocratic presider the effect during the remainder of the week on

tensions than goif is the disposition of the cyclist. Perhaps it might be

coming every day more shown that the attendance at church was less, and

into favor with those yet we see in the papers every day accounts of the

Americans who are entertainment of cyclists by progressive ministers,

fortunate enough to be of sermons preached inviting them to church, and

EXPERIENTIA DOCET. able to indulge in it. of processions of wheelmen going there. But ad

PROFICIENT BICYCLIST: Polo ponies, however, mitting that some falling off from church attend- Well, old chap, how are you

are a luxury which a

getting on!" ance is to be looked for,—when one considers the

COMMENCING BICYCLIST: very small proportion amount of loafing and drinking on the Sabbath

“Thank you, not badly; but I
find I can get off better."-

of the public can enjoy; which wheeling is taking the place of, there is not From Punch.

yet we hear that there much temptation to pessimism on this score.

are now no less than Within its necessarily restricted limits the game thirty clubs in the new polo association, and every now of golf has made strides in the favor of Americans and then this noble and exhilarating game breaks out which would seem marvelous were it not for the in some fresh region. Indeed, it is of world-wide popu. much more rapid advance of wheeling. Where only larity now; whether in India or Persia or London or three years ago a solitary golf course in America the Long Island meadows, the men who have once was a curiosity and a mystery, there are thousands mastered it are equally enthusiastic. The dash and of men and women of all ages who have become fierce excitement of the polo skirmish, the inimifair average players ; there are courses about table horsemanship required of the leaders in the art, Denver, Chicago, Detroit, Aiken, S. C., Thomas- the pluck and quickness called forth, will always ville, Ga., and a dozen other points, with, however, keep polo alive and on the increase while there are

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