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of a great many manufacturing companies, and several railroad corporations. He is said to be a man of more than usually agreeable personality, who is greatly respected by all those who know him. He is one of the three arbitrators for the Joint Traffic Association,-a fact which testifies to the high esteem in which rival railroad companies have held him both for his ability and judgment, and also for his rectitude and impartiality. Mrs. Hobart is the daughter of the late Mr. Socrates Tut. tle, one of the foremost lawyers of New Jersey, in whose office Mr. Hobart as a young man studied for his profession. One of the fortunate circumstances of Mr. Hobart's nomination lies in the fact that there is undoubted sympathy and friendship between him and Mr. McKinley.


It has sometimes happened in the ReThe Vice-President Should Har- publican National Conventions that monize.'

the vice-presidential place on the ticket has been awarded to a defeated and dis. gruntled faction, as a means of making it more certain that this faction will not sulk in its tents through the campaign. Thus the New York delegation,—which is usually at the centre of such plotting and mischief-making as the circumstances of a convention will permit,-expects as a matter of course to be placated and brought into line by being allowed to name the second member of the

ticket. The consequences of this method of comMr. Hobart was born in Long Branch, pleting the ticket have not always been fortunate Who is Garret A N. J., 52 years ago, and is therefore one for the country. The vice-president ought to be Hobart ?

year younger than Mr. McKinley. He is one of the closest of the president's advisers, and he a graduate of Rutgers College, and studied law in ought to be upon such terms of good understanding the town of Paterson, where he now lives. For with the administration that in case of the presi. thirty years,—that is, since he was 22 years old, -he has practiced law as a member of the Paterson bar. He has rendered his state much service in both branches of the legislature, and has been at different times Speaker of the House and President of the State Senate. In the recent regeneration of New Jersey poli. tics and the rescue of the state government from a most corrupt and immoral control, Mr. Hobart has been one of the conspicuous leaders. He is a man of very considerable wealth, and is president of several local corporations in the nature of water companies, gas companies, street and suburban railways, and the like. He is also a member of the boards of directors


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dent's death there would be no likelihood of any ing of those laws which make government notes
marked change of policy or any re arrangement of and securities redeemable in lawful coin of the
the cabinet. An illustration lies near enough at United States. Gold would under such circum-
hand. As matters have stood during the present stances probably have commanded a premium, and
administration, the death of President Cleveland the situation would have presented many very diffi-
might have precipitated the most overwhelming cult and perplexing aspects. Nothing, therefore,
financial panic this country has ever experienced. could be more ill-advised than the nomination for
While Mr. Cleveland has been doing battle for the vice-president of a man whose views of public
gold standard, -with a firmness and boldness that policy upon the most pressing issues of the day are
his enemies recognize and admit as freely as his not known to be in harmony with those of the can-
friends, not hesitating to einit issue after issue of didate for the presidency. In the case of the selec-
gold bonds in pursuance of his policy, his whole tion of Mr. Garret A. Hobart it happens, fortu-
cabinet working with him in the most aggressive nately, that there is a complete understanding and
fashion for the maintenance of gold payments,– agreement between the two men nominated at St.
nobody has ever heard that Vice President Steven Louis; and, as regards the money plank in partic-
son is in sympathy with the President. On the con ular, the one candidate will stand as unequivocally
trary, it has been generally understood that Vice for the maintenance of the existing gold standard
President Stevenson is in favor of the free coinage as will the other.
of silver.

There remains little to be said about Thus if, in any one of several emergencies Banner Flaunted the other planks of the St. Louis plat. A Case which have arisen within the past two


form. It was to be taken for granted Point.

years, death had overtaken the President, that the resolutions would arraign the Democratic nobody could have guessed the consequences. Vice Congress and the administration of Mr. Cleveland President Stevenson would have entered the White for the revenue deficiency and the increase in the House, and in all likelihood the cabinet would have bonded debt, and that the expression of allegiance been promptly reconstructed. Congress having re. to the policy of a protective tariff would be more fused specifically to authorize the issuance of bonds, unqualified than at any previous time No man it is easy to believe that Mr. Stevenson would have who has observed the drift of politics will deny that thought it neither lawful nor expedient that he never before since the party was founded has the should fall back upon an obsolete statute of twenty Republican camp had so few free traders in it as years ago which by accident remains unrepealed, this year. The platform also demands the restoraand borrow gold to keep replenishing the shrinking tion of the reciprocity treaties, and it is promised redemption fund. He might easily enough have that sugar and wool shall have protection restored felt himself justified in instructing his new Secre to them. Discriminating duties in favor of goods tary of the Treasury that silver dollars are full legal imported in American ships are advocated as a plan tender, and that they are within the mean for the more rapid growth of our merchant marine.

The Protection

- coin


5. The United States has the right, in reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine, to respond to the appeals of any American state for friendly intervention in case of European encroachment.

6. We hopefully look forward to the eventual withdrawal of the European powers from this hemisphere.

7. [Touching the annexation of Canada), the ultimate union of all the English-speaking part of the continent by the full consent of its inhabitants is hope. fully anticipated.

8. The government of Spain has lost control of Cuba, is unable to protect the property or lives of resident American citi. zens, and cannot comply with treaty obligations ; and there. fore the United States should actively use its influence and good offices to restore peace and give independence to the island.

These propositions are tainly definite ; and, taken in connection with the proposed renewal of reciprocity treaties, they constitute a foreign policy that ought to keep the next Secretary of State sufficiently busy. Nothing is said any. where in the platform about international arbitration.


The Other Planks.


From a new photograph.

A Clear-Cut

The planks which deal with our forForeign eign relations are by no means timid or Policy.

of doubtful meaning. The Republican party now stands committed to the following propositions, which for brevity we condense, while retaining in general the phraseology of the platform:

1. The Hawaiian Islands should be controlled by the United States, and no foreign power should be permitted to interfere with them.

2. The Nicaragua Canal should be built, owned and operated by the United States.

3. By the purchase of the Danish Islands, we should secure a much needed naval station in the East Indies.

4. American citizens and American property in Armenia and elsewhere in Turkey must be absolutely protected at all hazards, and at any cost.

As to the navy, the following sentence

suffices to show where the party stands : “We there. fore favor the continued enlargement of the navy, and a

complete system of harbor and seacoast defenses. The subject of immigration is dealt with as follows: “ We demand that the immigration laws be thoroughly enforced and so extended as to exclude from entrance to the United States those who can neither read nor write." As to the reform of the civil service, the following plank is at once concise and satisfactory :

The civil service law was placed on the statute book by the Republican party, which has always sustained it, and we renew our repeated declarations that it shall be thoroughly and honestly enforced and extended wherever practicable.” Other planks demand a free and unrestricted ballot, condemn lynching, favor a national board to arbitrate the sort of disputes that lead to railway strikes, and favor the pending homestead bill. Of those ambiguous platitudes which are so frequentin most American

political platforms only two can be found in this one. The first of these is a meaningless expression of sympathy" for all wise and legitimate efforts to lessen and prevent the evils of intemperance and promote morality." The other informs us that the Republican party is mindful of the rights and interests of women, and proceeds with a number of sentences which are merely silly and which carefully make no allusion to the suffrage question. The plat form as a whole is the most frank, straight-forward

and well-constructed document of its kind that any great party in the United States has adopted for many years.

We have alluded to all its planks except Admission

of one, which we have reserved for a little Territories.

further comment, and which does not seem to us to be as honest and frank a statement of party policy as the rest of the platform. This plank deals with the admission of territories, and its first sentence sums it all up : “ We favor the admission of the remaining territories at the earliest practicable date, having due regard to the interests of the people of the territories and of the United States.” The remaining territories are not mentioned by name; but, as most of our readers know, they are New Mexico, Arizona and Oklahoma. These three terri. tories are actively clamoring for admission, and all of them had expected to secure the boon at the hands of Congress during its recent session. If there is one thing more than anything else that the Republican party, as the situation now shapes itself, has good reason squarely and avowedly to oppose, it is the admission in the near future of these three territories. A careful reading of the sentence quoted above will show that the platform makers did not intend to give an open and candid expression of opinion on this subject.


Several years ago the Republican party, Some Recent believing itself under the practical ne- .

cessity of admitting North and South Dakota and the territory of Washington, surprised the country by going further and admitting also Montana, Idaho and Wyoming. More recently, upon the urgent advice of leading

Republican politicians, Utah has been admitted. It was believed that no matter how solidly Democratic the South might remain, and no matter how adverse might be the fortunes of the Republican party in the doubtful or variable states of the East, the Republican control of the Senate would be certainly assured for a long period of years by virtue of Republican success in North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah. But what has been the result of this piece of party policy upon the position of the Republican party itself ? If it had not been for the representation of these new states in the United States Senate, Congress last winter would have passed the Dingley bill for the relief of the revenues, and the President would have been accorded authority to borrow gold on advantageous terms. These very states which were relied upon to perpetuate the Republican control of the Senate, are now promising to hold the balance of power in the Senate in such a way as to make it impossible for the Republicans to enact any monetary or revenue laws for some years to come, even though McKinley should be triumphantly elected and the House of Representatives should continue to have as large a Republican majority as it contains to-day.

Drawn for the Journal.


with the almost certain prospect of adding thereby six more anti-Republican, free-silver senators to the able group whose obstructive policy was so clearly disclosed last winter.

Free Silver and


Until the Maryland and Minnesota the Democratic State Democratic conventions opposed

the strongly running tide, the Western and Southern conventions had been declaring with such overwhelming majorities and such unmistakable enthusiasm for a free silver plank at the Chicago convention that it had begun to seem absolutely certain that the free silver men would not only find themselves with the simple majority needful to adopt a platform, but also with the requisite two thirds majority which the custom of National Demi. ocratic Conventions demands for the choice of the presidential nominee. The administration Democrats seemed to have lost their credit altogether. The Kentucky convention had followed the lead of Blackburn, repudiating Carlisle and gold; Secretary Hoke Smith had shown himself unable to influence the Georgia Democrats, Secretary J. Sterling Morton was similarly disregarded in his own State of Nebraska, Postmaster: General Wilson had a like experience in West Virginia, and there seemed no chance to avert the adoption of a free-silver plat. form, and the nomination of a free-silver candidate at Chicago. On the 17th of June President Cleveland issued a strong appeal to the sound-money Democrats. He urged them to do their utmost to prevent the party from taking a position which he believed would lead it to defeat and to ruin. Hon. William C. Whitney, Ex-Secretary of the Navy, who was on the eve of sailing for Europe, changed his plans and announced his intention to throw himself into the struggle between the Democratic factions. Mr. Whitney is considered the most consummate manager and tactician in the Democratic party. It was due to his strategy that President Cleveland four years ago received the nomination at the hands of an obviously reluctant and unwilling party. But the situation is quite different this year, and at best it seems a very forlorn hope that Mr. Whitney proposes to lead, in the early days of this month, at Chicago. He refuses to be considered as a candidate for the Presidency ; but it is not unlikely that if his efforts against silver should be successful, he would be obliged to accept a nomination on his own platform. Ex-Governor Pattison of Pennsylvania is perhaps the most available of all the other Eastern candidates whose names have been mentioned.

The attempt to induce the Democrats at Candidates

Chicago to accept Senator Teller as their Chicago.



The bolt at the St. Louis convention, The Bolt Led by

though headed by Senator Teller Western Senators.

and the Colorado delegation, was actively managed by Senators Pettigrew of South Dakota, Dubois of Idaho, and Cannon of Utah. Whether their cause wins or fails in the November election, these gentlemen will remain for some time to come in their seats in the United States Senate ; and they,—with several other Western senators elected as Republicans standing shoulder to shoulder with them, and by a coalition with the group of Populist senators,-estimate that it will be entirely feasible for them as a silver group to hold the bal. ance of power and obstruct legislation at least for several years to come. The prospect is not a pleasant one for those who like definite action in public affairs. Nevertheless every far-seeing man must recognize the fact that the peculiar structure of the United States Senate bids fair to deadlock all important legislation touching financial questions, at least through the remaining years of the present century. In view of the fact, then, that the admis. sion of these sparsely populated territories is proving to be the most injurious policy ever adopted by the Republican party, so far as its own welfare is concerned, there can be no important reason why Republicans should be zealous for the immediate admission of Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona,

candidate is not very likely to succeed. The experiment of 1872, when Horace Greeley bolted the nomination of Grant and was accepted as their candidate by the Democrats, was too disastrous to be repeated twenty-four years later. Moreover, only one-fourth of the St. Louis delegates who voted for


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