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“ Protocol of a conference held at Washington on the twenty-eighth day of May, one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-four.
“Whereas it is provided by Article XXXII of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingiom of Great Britain and Ireland, signed at Washington on the 8th of May, 1871, as follows:
“. It is further agreed, that the provisions and stipulations of Articles XVIII to XXV of this treaty, inclusive, shall extend to the colony of Newfoundland, so far as they are applicable. But if the Imperial Parliament, the legislature of Newfoundland, or the Congress of the United States, shall not embrace the colony of Newfoundland in their laws enacted for carrying the foregoing articles into effect, then this article shall be of no effect; but the omission to make provision by law to give it effect, by either of the legislative bodies aforesaid, shall not in any way impair any other articles of this treaty ;'
“And whereas an act was passed by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, and approved on the first day of March, 18733, by the President of the United States, entitled 'An act to carry into effect the provisions of the treaty between the United States and Great Britain, signed in the city of Washington the eighth of May, 1871, relating to tisheries,' by which act it is provided :
“Section 2. That whenever the colony of Newfoundland shall give its consent to the application of the stipulations and provisions of the said articles eighteenth to twenty-fifth of said treaty, inclusive, to that colony, and the legislature thereof and the Imperial Parliament shall pass the necessary laws for that purpose, the above-enumerated articles, being the produce of the fisheries of the colony of Newfoundland, suall be admitted into the United States free of duty from and after the date of a proclama-. tion by the President of the United States, declaring that he has satisfactory evidence that the said colony of Newfoundland has consented, in a dne and proper manner, to have the provisions of the said articles eighteenth to twenty-tifth, inclusive, of the said treaty extended to it, and to allow the United States the full benefits of all the stipulations therein contained, and shall be so admitted free of duty, so long as the said articles eighteenth to twenty-fifth, inclusive, and article thirtieth, of said treaty, shall remain in force, according to the terms and conditions of article thirty-third of said treaty;'
"And whereas an act was passed by the governor, legislative council, and assembly of Newfoundland, in legislative session convened, in the thirty-seventh year of Her Majesty's reign, and assented to by Her Majesty on the twelfth day of May, 1874, intituled An act to carry into effect the provisions of the treaty of Washington as far as they relate to this colony:
"The undersigued, Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State of the United States, and the Right honorable Sir Edward Thornton, one of Her Majesty's most honorable privy council, knight commander of the most honorable Order of the Bath, Her Britannic Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States of America, duly authorized for this purpose by their respective governments, having met together at Washington, and having found that the laws required to carry the Articles XVIII to XXV, inclusive, and Articles XXX and XXXII, of the treaty aforesaid, into operation, have been passed by the Congress of the United States on the one part, and by the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Canada, and by the legislature of Prince Edward's Island and the legislature of Newfoundland on the other, hereby declare that Articles XVIII to XXV, inclusive, and Article XXX, of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty shall take effect, in accorilance with Article XXXIII of said treaty, between the citizens of the United States of America and Her Majesty's subjects in the colony of Newfoundland on the first day of June next.
“Iu witness whereof the undersigned have signed this protocol and have hereunto affixed their seals.
Done in duplicate at Washington this twenty-eighth day of May, 1874. [L. S. ]
· FAMILTON Fisti. (L. S.]
" Edwd. THORNTON."
Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. GRANT, President of the United States of America, in pursuance of the premises, do hereby declare that I have received satisfactory evidence that the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain and the legislature of Newfoundland have passed laws on their part to give full effect to the provisions of the said treaty, as contained
in articles eighteenth to twenty-fifth, inclusive, and article thirtiet h of said treaty.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this twenty-ninth day of May,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sev(SEAL.]
enty-four, and of the Independence of the United States of America the ninety-eighth.
U. S. GRANT. By the President: HAMILTON FISH,
Secretary of State.
Circular No 53.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
. To the Diplomatic and Consular Officers
of the United States : GENTLEMEN: Hereafter passports issued to a citizen of the United States from this Department are to be regarded as valid for two years from their respectives dates, but not longer. I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant,
Mr. White to Mr. Fish.
UNITED STATES LEGATION, Buenos Ayres, September 12th, 1873. (Received Oct. 22.) SIR: An attempt to assassinate the President of this Republic was recently made, the assassins firing upon him while passing through the streets in his carriage at 9 o'clock in the evening. He escaped unhurt, however, and the men who made the attempt, two Italians, (brothers, by the name of Guerri,) were arrested, one of them confessing their guilt and stating that they were employed by a person unknown to them.
It is the general belief that the crime was instigated by persons concerned in the rebellion in Entre Rios.
Shortly after the occurrence, I called upon the President and officially congratulated him upon his escape. He expressed the opinion that the attempt was dictated by the malice of “anti-progresistas"-men who are opposed to the general education of the people and their advancement in civilization, the energetic advocacy of which has rendered him obnoxious to this class; but felicitated himself upon
the progress already made, and the certainty of the complete triumph of this essential principle of republicanism, which the death of no one man could materially retard. I have, &c.,
Mr. Osborn to Mr. Fish.
UNITED STATES LEGATION, Buenos Ayres, June 13, 1874. (Received July 21.) SIR: The presidential electors chosen at the late election by the peo. ple of the several provinces, met on yesterday for the purpose of casting their ballots for President and Vice-President of the Argentine Republic. In this province (Buenos Ayres, the most important and most populous, the votes of the electors were for General Bartolome Mitre for President and Señor Torrent for Vice-President. No dispatches have yet been received of the result in the other provinces, but it is generally conceded that Don Nicholas Avellaneda for President and Don Mariano Acosta for Vice-President, have obtained a large majority of the electoral vote
and are elected. The friends of General Mitre claim that frauds of the most gigantic character were practiced by the party of the successful candidate, and some of his partisans and newspaper organs have been making suggestions of resistance and revolution if the result should be against him; but I do not think they will attempt to put their threats into execution. It is understood that the present administration (President Sarmiento) is favorable to the claims of Señor Avellaneda, and he would, of course, exercise the entire power of the government to put down any disorder which might arise. The papers this morning mention rumors of a popular disturbance in the province of “Entre Rios," but it is not generally credited. It is not probable that General Mitre will do anything to aggravate or encourage the bad temper which may now exist; and as the President-elect does not assume the office until next October, all excitement will doubtless be subdued long before that time.
It has been suggested to me that General Mitre is favorable to a peaceful solution of the present diplomatic misunderstanding between Brazil and the Argentine Republic, and that Señor Avellaneda is the candidate of the war party, but I have not been able, thus far, to find ang substantial foundation for the statement. I have, &c.,
THOMAS O. OSBORN.
Mr. Osborn to Mr. Fish.
UNITED STATES LEGATION, Buenos Ayres, July 10, 1874. (Received August 20.) Sir: The ninety-eighth anniversary of the Independence of the United States was recognized and observed at this legation on the 4th instant.
The legation was thrown open at 2 p. m., and a reception, given by the minister-resident, was attended by President Sarmiento in person, accompanied by his cabinet-ministers and justices of the supreme court; by ex-President General Mitre and the President-elect, Dr. Avellaneda by a large number of senators and deputies of the National Congress; by the governor of the province of Buenos Ayres, and his staff; by the entire diplomatic and consular corps, and many prominent native citizens, as well as the American residents here.
The Argentine Republic having paid distinguished honors to our national anuiversary, not only by the presence of his excellency the President, and their excellencies the several ministers of state and justice, at this legation, but also by the adjournment of the National Congress and the supreme court for the day; by saluting our flag with twenty-one guns; by flying the Argentine flag from the public buildings, and by giving other evidences of friendship and good will toward the United States, I had the honor to request by note the commander, Cap. tain Mahan, of the United States steamer - Wasp,” if consistent with the rules and regulations of the Nary Department, to cause a proper salute to be given by his guns to the Argentine flag on the 9th instant, which is known as the independence day” of the Argentine Republic The request was complied with for the reasons set forth in his reply to my note, copies of which I have the honor to inclose.