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Mark ix. 3.

Galilee,

Mark ix. 3.

And his raiment became shining,
Matt. xvii. 2. as the light,
Mark ix. 3. exceeding white,
Luke ix. 29. and glistering,

as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.

And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias:

Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake,

Luke ix. 30.

Luke ix. 31.

Luke ix. 32.

the children of Israel were afraid to come nigh him, Exod. xxxiv. 30. And the reader may likewise observe, that the word éxbaubtopal, which is here translated, 'to be greatly amazed,' is used by St. Mark, in another place, to signify, particularly, the being astonished and terrified at a glorious and supernatural appearance," chap. xvi. 5, 6.

In addition to these remarks, it must be observed, that there were traditions among the Jews, that Moses and Elias should return to earth during the reign of the Messiah.—Schoetgen, to prove this, quotes Debarim Rabba, sect. 3. fol. 255. 2. and Tanchuma, fol. 42. 1. Horæ Hebraicæ, vol. i. p. 148.

It may be remarked here, that one Evangelist, in relating the transfiguration, states that Jesus went up into the mountain six days after the previous conversation, (vide the preceding section), and by another that it was eight days. This discrepancy is easily reconciled. St. Matthew marks the interval of six complete days; whereas St. Luke takes into calculation the day on which the conversation was held, and that likewise on which the transfiguration took place ; making thereby eight days.

The sleep of Peter and the Apostles does not appear to be generally understood. Some suppose, that as St. Luke has mentioned this circumstance in the midst of his narrative, that the disciples were asleep during the time of the transfiguration, and while Moses and Elias were conversing with our Lord. The passage in St. Luke must be considered as in a parenthesis; and seems to imply, that the Apostles had fallen asleep most probably from fatigue, the difficult ascent, or, as others suppose, from the length of time in which our Lord continued in prayer. Whatever might have been the cause, they were certainly awoke from their lethargy by the celestial glory that surrounded them.

Bishop Hall, in his Contemplations, has also many admirable remarks on the subject of the transfiguration. He arranges his matter under the four heads: of Time, Place, Attendants, and Company. His devotional thoughts on the various particulars are eminently beautiful (a).

(a) Hall's Contemplations, Works, Pratt's London edition, 10 vols. 8vo. vol. ii. p. 374.-See also Porteus's Works, vol. v. lecture 15. Dr. Holmes also, late Dean of Winchester, the Collator of the Septuagint, in a sermon, preached at Oxford, 1777, has expressed the same opinions as those of Bishop Porteus.-Witsius Meletemata Leidensia, Diss. iv. de Glorif. in Monte, p. 215.—Whitby in loc.-Doddridge, Fam. Expos. sect. 90 and 91.--Pilkington, Evan. Hist. notes, p. 85.—Schoetgen, Horæ Hebraicæ, vol. i. p. 148.

Galilee.

Luke ix. 33

e 2 Pet. i. 17.

Luke ix. 31.

they saw his glory, and the two men that stood
with him.

And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Luke ix. 33.

Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, Matt. xvii. 4 it is good for us to be here: [and] if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : not knowing what he said.

For he wist not what to say ; for they were sore Mark ix. 6. afraid.

e While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud Matt. xvii. 5. overshadowed them : and they feared as they entered into the cloud; and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, Matt. xvii. 5. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.

And when the disciples heard it, they fell on Matt. Ivii. 6. their face, and were sore afraid.

And when the voice was past, Jesus was found Luke ix. 36. alone.

And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Matt. xvii. 7. Arise, and be not afraid.

And when they had lifted up their eyes, they Matt. xvii, & saw no man, save Jesus only.

And-looked round about, they saw no man Mark ix. 8. any more, save Jesus only with themselves.

And as they came down from the mountain, Je- Matt. xvii. I. sus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man”, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.

And they kept that saying with themselves, Mark ix. 10. questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean.

23 The transfiguration of Christ was intended to reconcile the minds of the Apostles to the sufferings and death of Christ, and to remove the inveterate prejudices that prevailed among them, and the Jewish converts in general : 1st. With regard to his sufferings, which they conceived to be inconsistent with his dignity. And 2dly, with regard to the ceremonial law, which they were persuaded was not done away with by the Gospel, but that they were to exist together in full force, and to be equally obeyed. This prejudice continued for many years after our Lord's resurrection. St. Paul tells us, Acts xxi. 20. “ several thousand Jews believed, and yet were all zealous of the law." And it was the suspicion that St. Paul had forsaken, and taught others to forsake Moses, which brought his life in most imminent danger, and actually occasioned his imprisonment, (Acts xxi. 28-36.) No wonder, then, that our Lord should impose silence on his Apostles at this period of his ministry, on the subject of the abolition of the law of Moses. --Bishop Porteus' Lecture, p. 65.

Matt. xvii. 10.

Matt. xvii. ll.

Mark ix. 13.

Matt. xvii. 13.

Luke ix. 36. And they kept it close, and told no man in those 'Galilee.

days any of those things which they had seen.

And his disciples asked him, saying, Why ich ni. 14. then say

the Scribes at Elias must first come?

And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias
Mark ix. 12. verily cometh first, and restoreth all things: and

how it is written of the Son of man, that he must
suffer many things, and be set at nought.

But I say unto you, that Elias is indeed come,
Matt. xvii, 12. already, and they knew him not, but have done

unto him whatsoever they listed. Mark ix. 13. as it is written of him. Matt. xvii. 12. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.

Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.

MATT. xvii. part of ver. 1, 2. ver. 3. and part of ver. 11, 12.
1 - Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John-and bringeth them up into an
high mountain apart,

2 And was transfigured before them—and his raiment was white-
3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
11 —truly shall first come, and restore all things.
12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come-

MARK ix. ver. 4, 5. 7. part of ver. 8. ver. 9. 11. and part of ver. 13.
4 And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking
with Jesus.

5 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.

7 And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.

8 And suddenly, when they had

9 And as they came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead.

11 And they asked him, saying, Why say the Scribes that Elias must first. come ? 13 -and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed

LUKE ix. part of ver. 28, 29. 33, 34. and ver. 35. 28 -he took Peter and John and James29 -and his raiment was white

33 ---Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here : and let us make three tabernacles: one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias

34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them

35 And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.

SECTION XVIII.

The Deaf and Dumb Spirit cast out.
MATT. xvii. 14-22. MARK ix. 14–30. LUKE ix. 37–

part of 43.

Galilee.

Mark ix. 17.

Luke ix. 38.

Matt. xvii. 14.

Luke ix. 38.

Mark ix. 17.

Matt. xvii, 14.

Matt. xvii, 15.

Luke ix. 38.

And it came to pass that on the next day, when Luke ix. 37. they were come down from the hill, much people met him.

And when he came to his disciples, he saw a Mark ix. 14. great multitude about them, and the Scribes questioning with them.

And straightway all the people, when they be- Mark ix. 15. held him, were greatly amazed, and running to him saluted him.

And he asked the Scribes, What question ye Mark ix. 16. * Or, among * with them? yourselves.

And behold, there came to him a certain man of the company, one of the multitude, and kneeling down to him, answered and said, Master, I have brought unto Mark ix. 17. thee my son, which hath a dumb spirit ; Lord, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: have mercy on my son: for he is mine only child : for he is a lunatick, and sore vexed : for ofttimes Matt. xvii. 15. he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water.

And, lo, a spirit taketh him,
Or, dasheth And wheresoever he taketh him, he + teareth Mark ix. 18.

he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that Luke ix. 29.
he foameth again,
and gnasheth with his teeth, and pineth away:
and bruising him hardly departeth from him. Luke ix. 39.

And I brought him to thy disciples,
and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast Mark ix. 18.
him out;

And I besought thy disciples to cast him out; Luke ix. 40. and they could not.

He answereth him, and saith, O faithless gene- Mark ix. 19. ration, how long shall I be with you ? how long shall I suffer you? bring him Bring thy son hither

Luke ix. 41. unto me.

Mark ix, 19.

Matt. xvii. 15.

Luke ix. 38.

Luke ix. 39.

him :

Mark ix. 19.

Matt. xvii. 16.

Mark ix. 18.

Mark ix. 20.

Luke ix. 42.

And they brought him unto him :

Galilee.
And as he was yet a coming,
Mark ix. 20. when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare

him ;
Luke ix. 42. the devil threw him down,
Mark ix. 20. and he fell on the ground, and wallowed, foam-

ing

And he asked his father, How long is it ago since this came unto him? And he said, Of a child.

And ofttimes it hath cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him : but if thou canst do any thing, have compassion on us, and help

Mark ix, 21.

Mark ix. 22.

us.

Mark ix. 23.

Mark ix. 24.

Mark ix. 25.

Mark ix. 26.

Mark ix. 27.

Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth.

And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe ; help thou mine unbelief,

When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come out of him, and enter no more into him.

And the spirit cried, and rent him sore, and came out of him : and he was as one dead ; insomuch that many said, He is dead.

But Jesus took him by the hand, and lifted him

up; and he arose. Matt. xvii. 18. and the child was cured from that very hour : Luke ix. 42. and he delivered him again to his father.

And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God.

And when he was come into the house, the
disciples

Then came-to Jesus apart,
Mark ix. 28. and asked him privately, Why could not we cast

him out?

And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, & If ye have gLukexviį. 6. faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place ; and it shall remove ; and nothing shall be impossible unto you:

And he said unto them, This kind can come forth by nothing, but by prayer and fasting.

Luke ix. 43

Mark ix. 28.

Matt. xvii. 19.

Matt. xvii. 20.

Mark ix. 29.

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