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Matt. xx. 1.

Matt. XX. 2.

* The Roman penny is the

Matt. xx. 3.

an ounce, which after

Matt, xx. 4.

xviii. 28.

Matt. xx.5.

Matt. XX. 6.

Matt. xx. 7.

Matt. xx. S.

Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard.

MATT, xx. 1–17.
For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man On a tour.
that is an housholder, which went out early in the
morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

And when he had agreed with the labourers for a * penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

And he went out about the third hour, and saw eighih part of others standing idle in the market-place,

five shillings And said unto them ; Go ye also into the vine- the ounce is yard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And every

halfpenny, ch. they went their way,

Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.

And about the eleventh hour he went out, and
found others standing idle, and saith unto them,
Why stand ye here all

the day idle ?
They say unto him, Because no man hath hired
us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vine-
yard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.

So when the even was come, the lord of the
vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers,
and give them their hire, beginning from the last

unto the first. Matt. xx. 9. And when they came that were hired about the

eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.

But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.

And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,

Saying, These last + have wrought but one hour, 701, have and thou hast made them equal unto us, which hour only. have borne the burden and heat of the day.

But he answered one of them, and said, Friend,
I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree

with me
for a penny?

Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give

unto this last, even as unto thee. Matt. xx. 15. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with

mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good ?

m So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen 30.

Matt, xx, 10.

Matt. xx, II.

Matt. xx. 12.


Matt. xx. 13.

Matt. xx. 14.

Matt. xx. 16.

m Ch. xix, 30.

30 The expression here used is supposed to refer to the manner in which the VOL. I.



Christ is informed of the Sickness of Lazarus ".

JOHN xi. 1-17.
Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of John xi. I.
Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Mar.

On a tour.

Romans selected men for recruiting their armies. The honour of being chosen to serve their country in a military capacity was esteemned the reward of superiority. The consuls summoned to the capitol, or the Campus Martius, all citizens capable of bearing arms, from the age of seventeen to forty-five. They drew up by tribes, and lots were drawn to determine in what order every tribe should present its soldiers. That which was the first order, chose the four citizens who were judged the most proper to serve in the war; and the six tribunes who commanded the first legion, selected one of these four, whom they liked best. The tribunes of the second and third legions likewise made their choice one after another; and he that remained entered into the fourth legion. A new tribe presented other four soldiers, and the second legion chose first. The third and fourth legions had the same advantage in their turns. In this manner, each tribe successively appointed four soldiers, till the legions were complete. They next proceeded to the creation of subaltern officers, whom the tribunes chose from among the soldiers of the greatest reputation. When the legions were thus completed, the citizens who had been called, but not chosen, returned to their respective employments, and served their country in other capacities.—See Clarke's Comment. in loc.

31 The resurrection of Lazarus is placed by Archbishop Newcome after John .. and after the supplementary chapters of St. Luke. Tatian, Gerson, and some others, agree in the same arrangement.

After the feast of the dedication, our Lord went to Bethabara, beyond Jordan, the place where John baptized, (John X. 40.) Archbishop Newcome supposes, that, as he remained there, and as St. John proceeds immediately to the resurrection of Lazarus, Mary and Martha sent to him while he was now at Bethabara. But this gives us no proof that many circumstances did not take place during our Lord's abode at Bethabara, and likewise, as probable, from the 13th to the 18th chapters of St. Luke, that he made another circuit through some parts of the country before he went to Bethany to raise Lazarus from the dead. It appears, from Matt. xix. 1, and Mark x. 1, that after our Saviour had performed many miracles, and given those evidences of his divinity which were to precede his last journey to Jerusalem, he went beyond Jordan, and, we may reasonably conclude, to Bethabara ; at which place, according to Lightfoot, he received the message from the sisters of Lazarus.

Lightfoot further observes, that he remained in the place where he was when he heard of Lazarus' sickness, that he might die before he came to him, that God might be the more glorified by his raising, (ver. 15.) so did he make sure to stay long enough after he was dead before he came, that the glory might be the more. Compare ver. 39, with these sayings of the Jews, Maym. in Gerushin, per ult. “If one look upon a dead man within three days after his death, he may know

John xi. 2.

John xi.

John xi. h.

John xi. 5.

John xi. 6.

he was.

John xi.7.

John xi. 8.

John xi. 9.

(" It was that Mary which anointed the Lord On a tour. with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, Matt. xxvi. whose brother Lazarus was sick.)

Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying,
Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.

When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness
is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that
the Son of God might be glorified thereby.

Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and

When he had heard therefore that he was sick,
he abode two days still in the same place where

Then after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into Judæa again.

His disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?

Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.

These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.

Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.

Howbeit Jesus spake of his death : but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep.

Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus iş dead.

And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe; nevertheless let us go unto him.

Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellow disciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.

John xi, 10.

John xi. II.

John xi. 12.

John xi. 13.

John xi. 14.

John xi. 15.

John xi. 16.

him; but after three days, his visage is changed.” Again, Lerus. in Moed Katon, fol. 82, col. 2. “Three days the soul flies about the body, as if thinking to return to it; but after it sees the visage of the countenance changed, it leaves it, and gets it gone for ever.”.

Lightfoot's arrangement of the resurrection is the same as that of Bishop Richardson, and it is sanctioned by the learned Archbishop Usher, Lamy, Toinard, and others.


J.P. 4742.

V.Æ. 29. lem ;

Matt. xx. 17.

On a tour.

Matt. xx. 17.

Christ again predicts his Sufferings and Death 32.
MATT. xx. 17–20. MARK X. 32–35. Luke xviii. 31–35.

And they were in the way going up to Jerusa- Mark 1. 32.

And Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Be- Luke xviii.31. hold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. and Jesus went before them : and they were Mark x. 32. amazed ; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve disciples apart in the way, and began to tell them what things should happen Mark 1. 32. unto him, and said unto them,

Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Matt. xx. 18. man shall be betrayed and delivered unto the Chief Priests, and unto the Mark x. 33. Scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles, to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him:

For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and Lukexviii. 32. shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on :

And they shall scourge him, and put him to Luke xviii.33. death : and on the third day he shall rise again.

And they understood none of these things : and Luke xviii.34. this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.

Matt. xx. 17.

Matt. XX. 19.

During our Lord's final journey to Jerusalem, he forewarns his disciples of his approaching sufferings and death, in the fullest manner. He explicitly unfolds to the twelve disciples the spiritual nature of his kingdom; but their understandings were so blinded by their own preconceived ideas of Messiah's power, that they knew not the things that were spoken. He was now about to perform one of the most convincing and stupendous of his miracles; and he embraces the opportunity to predict all that awaited him to his disciples. He declares that he was going up to Jerusalem, not to assume the pomp and robes of royalty, as they but too fondly expected, but to be betrayed, to be insulted, to be scourged, and to be put to death. His disciples at this very moment, as is evident from the conduct of the sons of Zebedee in the next section, were ambitiously anticipating their temporal honours.

MATT. XX. part of ver. 17, 18, 19.

On a tour. 17 —took the twelve

18 -unto the Chief Priests and unto the Scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,

19 _ And shall deliver him to the Gentiles and the third day he shall rise oJohnxviii.32. again.

MARK X. part of ver. 33, and ver. 34. 33 —the Son of man shall be

34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.


Matt. xx. 20.

Mark x. 35.

Mark x. 36.

Ambition of the Sons of Zebedee.
MATT. xx, 20-29. MARK X. 35—46.

Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's chil- On the way to dren with her sons,

Mark x. 35. James and John, the sons of Zebedee,
Matt. xx. 20. worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of

saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do
for us whatsoever we shall desire.

And he said unto them, What would ye that I

should do for you? Mark x. 37. They said unto him, Grant unto us that we

may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on

thy left hand, in thy glory.
Matt. xx. 21. She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons

may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other
on the left, in thy kingdom.

But Jesus answered,

But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what
ye ask : can ye drink of the cup that I drink of?
and be baptized with the baptism that I am bap-
tized with?

And they say unto him, We can. And Jesus
said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink of the cup
that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am
baptized withal shall ye be baptized :
But to sit on my right hand and on my

hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given to

them for whom it is prepared, Matt. xx. 23. of my Father.

And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John ;

Matt. XX. 22.

Mark X. 38.

Mark x. 30.

Mark X, 40.

Mark X. 41.

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