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36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them Jerusalem. likewise.

37 But he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son. MARK xi. part of ver. 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32. xii. part of ver. 1, 2, 3, 4. ver. 7, 8.

part of ver. 9. ver. 10, 11. and part of ver. 12. 27 --there come to him the Chief Priests, and the Scribes, and the elders,

28 And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things ? and who gave thee this authority

29 - I will also ask of you one question, and answer me, and I will tell you Or, thing. by what authority I do these things.

30 The baptism of John31 –Why then did ye not believe him ? 32 But if we shall say, Of men1 And he began to speak unto them by parables, A certain man planted a b Matt.xxi.31.

Luke xxii. 9, vineyard -and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.

2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant-
3 And they-
4 -and sent him away-

7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir ; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.

8 And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.

9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do—and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.

10 And have ye not read this Scripture; • The stone which the builders re- c Ps.cxviii.22. jected is become the head of the corner :

11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people ; for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them. LUKE XX. part of ver. 1. ver. 3, 4, 5. part of ver. 6, 7. ver. 8. part of ver. 9, 10,

11, 14. ver. 15. part of ver. 16, 17. ver. 18. and part of ver. 19. 1 -came upon him, with the elders,

3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me :

4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men ?

5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven ; he will say, Why then believed ye him not ?

6 But and if we say, Of men-
7 And they answered, That they could not tell —

8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

9 -A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country

10 that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard—and sent him away empty.

11 And again he sent another servant

14 But when the husbandmen saw him—saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.

Jerusalem.. 15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall

the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard

to othersa Ps.cxviii. 22. 17 _d The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of

the corner ?

18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken ; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

19 And the Chief Priests—the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and * they feared the people: for they perceived that he


Luke xx. 10.

Mark xii. 13.

Matt. xxii, 16.

Mark xii, 14.

Luke xx.21.

Christ replies to the Herodians.
MATT. xxii. 15–23. MARK xii. 13–18. LUKE xx. 20-27.

Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how Matt. xxii. 15. they might entangle him in his talk.

And they watched him, and sent forth unto him certain of their disciples with the Herodians, spies, which should feign themselves just men, Luke xx. 20. that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.

And when they were come, they asked him; saying, Master, we know that thou art true, Matt. xxii. 16. that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither ac- Luke xx. 21. ceptest thou the person of any, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the Mark xii. 14. person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth :

Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it Matt. xxii. 17. lawful to give tribute unto Cæsar, or not?

Shall we give, or shall we not give?

But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and Matt. xxii, 18. said, knowing their hypocrisy, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites ? : Shew me the tribute money,

Matt. xxii. 19. bring me a penny, that I may see it. * In value And they brought unto him a * penny.

Matt. xxii.19. halfpenny :

And he saith unto them, Whose is this image Matt. xxii. 20. + Or, inscrip

and superscription ?

They say unto him, Cæsar's. Then saith he Matt. xxii. 21. e Rom. xiii. 7. unto them, Render therefore unto Cæsar the

Mark xii. 15.

Mark xii. 15.

Matt.xxji. 18

Mark xii, 15.

seven pence

ch. xx. 2.


Matt. xxii. 22.

things which are Cæsar's; and unto God the Jerusalem,

things that are God's. Luke xx. 26. And they could not take hold of his words be

fore the people: and

When they had heard these words, they mar

velled Luke xx. 26. at his answer, and held their peace; Matt, xxii. 22. and left him, and went their way.

MATT. xxii. part of ver. 16. 16 And they sent out unto him—and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man ; for thou regardest not the person of men.

MARK xii. part of ver. 13, 14, 15, and ver. 16, 17. 13 And they send-of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.

14 —they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true-Is it lawful to give tribute to Cæsar, or not?

15 – But he said unto them, Why tempt ye me?

16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription ? And they said unto him, Cæsar's.

17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.

LUKE XX. part of ver. 21. ver. 22, 23, 24, 25. and part of ver. 26. 21 And saying, Master, we know—but teachest the way of God truly: . *Or, of a 22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Cæsar, or no?

23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me ? 24 Shew me a fpenny. Whose image and superscription hath it? · They r Matt. xviii.

28. answered and said, Cæsar's.

25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Cæsar the things which be Cæsar's, and unto God the things which be God's.

26 - they marvelled



Christ replies to the Sadducees.
MATT. xxii. 23–34. MARK xii. 18-28.

LUKE xx. 27–41.
Luke xx. 27. Then came to him,

The same day,
Luke xx. 27. certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there

is any resurrection"; and they asked him,

Matt. xxii. 23.

12 Bishop Warburton endeavoured to show that the doctrine of the resurrection could not be proved from the law of Moses; he omitted, in this paradoxical


Matt, xxii. 25.

Luke xx. 29.

Luke xx, 31.

Mark xii. 21.

Luke xx. 31.

Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any Luke xx. 28. man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no chil. Mark xii. 19. dren, that his brother should take his wife, and raise


seed unto his brother. Now there were with us therefore, seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and hav- Matt. xxii. 25. ing no issue left his wife unto his brother :

And the second took her to wife, and he died Luke xx. 30. childless.

And the third
took her, and in like manner the seven also
had her,
and they left no children, and died.

Luke xx. 31.
Last of all, the woman died also.

Luke xx. 32. In the resurrection therefore, when they shall Mark xii. 2. rise, whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her to wife.

And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye Mark xii. 24. not therefore err, because ye know not the Scriptures, neither the power of God ? The children of this world marry, and are given Luke xx. 34. in marriage. In the resurrection they neither marry, nor are Matt. xxii. 30. given in marriage.

Mark xii. 22,

Matt, xxii. 28.

Mark xii. 23.

attempt to confute the argument which may be derived from the traditional interpretation of their Scriptures, by the Jews. The Sadducees, like sects in all Churches, became a party, by rejecting the common faith of their countrymen, and by affecting a singularity of opinion. The Jews were accustomed to censure all who denied that the resurrection could be proved from the law: Hi sunt qui partem non habent in seculo futuro; qui dicunt, legem non esse de cælo, noun in Dinon swan fox, et resurrectionem non probari posse ex lege (a).

The Sadducees asked the question that follows, for the purpose of ridiculing the doctrine of the resurrection. In our Lord's answer, he not only rectified their opinions, but so explained the doctrine, as to overthrow the erroneous decision of the Pharisees on the same point; who had decided that if two brothers married one woman, she should be restored at the resurrection to the elder, or to him to whom she had been first married (6).

(a) Avoda Sara, fol. 18. 1. Sanhedrim, fol. 90. 1. Ap. Schoetgen, Horæ Heb. vol. i. p. 176. (6) The same idea, that in the resurrection, &c. Matt. xxii. 30. is found in Massecheth Derech Erez, in Jalkut Rubeni, fol. 134. 1. na vyen you nayn(mensam) bibunt ; 7792700 x5neque liberos generant. It likewise occurs in Berachoth, fol. 171. and in Sohar. Exod. fol. 18. col. 190. and Jalkut Rubeni, fol. 178. 2.

Luke xx. 35. But they which shall be accounted worthy to Jerusalem,

obtain that world, and the resurrection from the

Mark xii. 23. when they shall rise from the dead, they
Luke xx. 35. neither marry, nor are given in marriage :
Matt. xxii.30. but are as the angels of God
Mark xii. 25. which are in heaven.
Luke xx. 36. Neither can they die any more: for they are

equal unto the angels, and are the children of

God, being the children of the resurrection.
Matt. xxii. 31. But as touching the resurrection of the dead,
Luke xx. 37. now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed:
Mark xii. 26. have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the

bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God
of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God

of Jacob?
Matt. xxii. 32. God is not the God of the dead, but of the liv-

Luke xx. 38. for all live unto him :
Mark xii. 27. ye therefore do greatly err.
Luke xx. 39. Then certain of the Scribes answering said,

Master, thou hast well said.
Luke xx. 40. And after that, they durst not ask him any

question at all,
Matt. xxii. 33. And when the multitude heard this, they were

astonished at his doctrine. MATT. xxii. part of ver. 23. ver. 24. part of ver. 25. ver. 26, 27, 28, 29. and

part of ver. 30, 31, 32. 23 —came to him the Sadducees, & which say that there is no resurrection, & Acts xxiii. and asked him,

24 Saying, Master, h Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his bro- h Deut. xxv. ther shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

25 -seven brethren: and the first-
26 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.

Gr, seven, 27 And last of all the woman died also.

28 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife shall she be of the seven ? for they all had her.

29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the Scriptures,' nor the power of God.

30 For in heaven-
31 --have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,

32 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Ja- i Exod. iii, 6 cob? MARK xii. ver. 18. part of ver. 19. ver. 20. and part of ver, 21, 22, 23. 25,

26, 27. 18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection ; and they asked him, saying,


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