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19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die

20. Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.

21 And the second took her, and died; neither left he any seed; and the third

22 And the seven-and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
23 of them ? for the seven had her-
25 For--neither marry, nor are given in marriage ; but are as the angels
26 And as touching the dead, that they rise-
27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living :-

LUKE xx. part of ver, 27, 28, 29. 31. ver. 33. part of ver. 34. 37, and 38. : 27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there

28 -having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

29 There were—took a wife, and died without children.
31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also

33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven bad her to wife.

34 And Jesus answering said unto them

37 Now that the dead are raised-at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living


Christ replies to the Pharisees. MATT. xxii. 34–41. MARK xii. 28-35. But when the Pharisees had heard that he had Matt. xxii. 31, put the Sadducees to silence, they also were gathered together.

Then one of them, which was a Lawyer, Matt. xxii. 35, one of the Scribes came, and having heard them Mark xii. 28. reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, Matt. xxii 35. Master,

Matt, xxii. 36. which is the first commandment of all ?

Mark xii. 28. which is the great commandment in the law ? Matt. xxii. 36. And Jesus answered

Mark xii. 29.
and said unto him,
The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Mark xii. 29.
Israel ; The Lord our God is one Lord :

And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all Mark xii. 30.
thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy
mind, and with all thy strength : this is the first
and great commandment.

Matt. xxii. 38.

Matt. xxii.37.

Matt. xxii. 39. And the second is like unto it,

Jerusalem. Mark xii. 31. namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as

thyself. There is none other commandment

greater than these. Matt. xxii, 40. On these two commandments hang all the law

and the prophets. Mark xii. 32. And the Scribe said unto him, Well, Master,

thou hast said the truth : for there is one God;

and there is none other but he:
Mark xii. 33. And to love him with all the heart, and with all

the understanding, and with all the soul, and with
all the strength, is more than all whole burnt of-

ferings and sacrifices.
Mark xii. 34. And when Jesus saw that he answered dis-

creetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from
the kingdom of God. And no man after that
durst ask him any question.

Matt. xxii. ver. 37. and part of ver. 38, 39. 37 Jesus said unto him, k Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, k Deut. vi. 3. and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

Luke x. 27. 38 This is the first39 - Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

I Lev, xix. 18. MARK xii. part of ver. 28. 30, 31. 28 —and--asked him 30 --commandment. 31 And the second is like


Christ enquires of the Pharisees concerning the Messiah.
MATT. xxii. 41, to the end. MARK xii. 35–38.

LUKE XX. 41-45.
Matt. xxii. 41. While the Pharisees were gathered together,

Jesus asked them,
Matt. xxii. 42. Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son

is he? They say unto him, The Son of David ".

13 That the expected Messiah should be the son of David, was a thing well known among the Jews, and universally acknowledged: see John vii. 42. and is a most powerful proof against them, that the Messiah is come. Their families are now so perfectly confounded, that they cannot trace back their genealogies with any degree of certainty: nor have they been capable of ascertaining the different families of their tribes, for more than sixteen hundred years. Why then should the spirit of prophecy assert so often, and in such express terms, that Jesus was to come from the family of David ; if he were to make his appeai

Jerusalem. :
And Jesus answered, and said

Mark xii. 35. unto them,

Luke xx. 41. while he taught in the temple, How say the Mark xii. 36. Scribes that Christ is the Son of David ?

He saith unto them, How then doth Dayid in Matt, xxii. 43. spirit call him Lord ?

For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, Mark xii. 36. in the Book of Psalms,

Luke xx. 42. saying,

Matt. xxii. 43. m Psa. cx. 1. in The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my Matt. xxii. 44.

right hand, till I make thine enemies thy foot-

David therefore himself calleth him Lord ; Mark xii. 37.
If David then call him Lord, how is he his son ? Matt. xxii. 45.

And no man was able to answer him a word : Matt. xxii. 46.
neither durst any man from that day forth ask him
any more questions.
And the common people heard him gladly. Mark xii. 37.

MATT. xii. part of ver. 36, 37. 36 –The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

37 - and whence is he then his son ?

LUKE xx. part of ver. 41, 42. and ver. 43, 44. 41 And he said-How say they that Christ is David's son ?

42 And David himself saith - The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
44 David therefore calleth him Lord; how is he then his son ?

ance when the pablic registers were all demolished? Is it not evident that God designed that the Messiah should come at a time when the public genealogies might be inspected, to prove that it was He who was prophesied of, and that no other was to be expected? The Evangelists, Matthew and Luke, were so fully convinced of the conclusiveness of this proof, that they appealed to the public registers; and thus proved to the Jews, from their own records, that Jesus was born of the family mentioned by the prophets. Nor do we find that a Scribe, Pharisee, or any other, ever attempted to invalidate this proof, though it would have essentially served their cause, could they have done it. But, as this has not been done, we may fairly conclude it was impossible to do it. Clarke in loc.


Christ severely reproves the Pharisees.
MATT. xxiii. 1, to the end. MARK xii. 38–41.

LUKE XX. 45, to the end.
Luke xx. 45. Then, in the audience of all the people, Jerusalem.
Matt. xxiii. I. spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples :
Mark xii. 38. And he said unto them in his doctrine,
Matt. xxiii. 2. The Scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses seat:
Matt. xxiii. 3. All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe,

that observe and do; but do not ye after their

works : for they say and do not. Mark xii. s. Beware of the Scribes, Matt. xxiii. 4. " For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be n Luke xi. 46.

borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they
themselves will not move them with one of their

Matt. xxiii. 5. But all their works they do for to be seen of

men : they Mark xii. 38. love to go in long clothing, Matt. xxiii. 5. ° they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge • Num.xv. 38.

12 the borders of their garments, Matt. xxiii. 6. . P And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and p Luke ii. 43.

the chief seats in the synagogues,
Matt. xxiii. 7. And greetings in the markets, and to be called

of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
Luke xx. 47. Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew,
Mark xii. 40. for a pretence,
Luke xx. 47. make long prayers; the same shall receive greater


9 But be not ye called Rabbi : for one is your q James iii. 1.

Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.
Matt. xxiii. 9. And call no man your


the earth : ' for one is your Father, which is in heaven, Matt.xxiji.10. Neither be ye called Masters : for one is your

Master, even Christ.
Matt.xxiii.]). But he that is greatest among you shall be

Matt. xxiii.8.

r Mal. i. 6.

your servant.

Matt.xxiii. 12.

s And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be s Lukexiv. II. abased ; and he that shall humble hiinself shall be

& xviii. 14. exalted. Matt.xxiii.13, But twoe unto you,

Scribes and Pharisees, hy- Luke xi. 52. pocrites ! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves,

neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in. Matt.xxiii.14. Wóe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo


Jerusalern. crites ? for ye devour widows' houses, and for a

pretence make long prayer : therefore ye shall re-
ceive the greater damnation.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo- Matt.xxiii.15.
crites! for ye compass sea and land to make one
proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him
twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.

Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Matt.xxiii. 16. Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor !

Ye fools and blind : for whether is greater, the Matt.xxiii. 17. gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold ?

And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is Matt.xxiii,18.

nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that *05, debtor, is upon it, he is * guilty.

Ye fools and blind : for whether is greater, the Matt.xxiii. 19. gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift?

Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, Matt.xxiii.20. sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

And whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth Matt.xxii.21. by it, and by him that dwelleth therein.

And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth Matt.xxiii.22. ', by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo- Matt. xxiii.23. u Luke xi. 42. crites ! " for ye pay tithe of mint, and + anise, Gr. üvntov, and cummin, and have omitted the weightier

matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith :
these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the
other undone.

Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and Matt.xxiii.24. swallow a camel.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo- Matt. xxiii.25. x Luke xi. 39. crites ! * for ye make clean the outside of the cup

and of the platter, but within they are full of ex-
tortion and excess.

Thou blind Pharisee ", cleanse first that which Matt.xxiii.26.


14 Our Lord, no longer under restraint from fear of apprehension, as he was now on the point of offering Himself a willing victim, reproached the Pharise es in the strongest terms, in the presence of all the people, for their shameful pride and hypocrisy, and for their wilful misapprehension of the spirit and intent of the law of Moses. In this passage he seems particularly to allude to the custom prevalent among the more ostentatious of them, but condemned by others, of covering their head and eyes, lest they should look even upon the wickedness of the world, upou wicked men, or upon any'thing which might-incite them to evil.

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