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Luke xxii. 25.


Luke xxii. 26.

Luke xxii. 27.

John xiii. 3.

John xiii. 4.

Luke xxii. 24. there was also a strife among them, which of thèm Jerusalem.

should be accounted the greatest.

e And he said unto them, The kings of the e Matt. xx. Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among yoù, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.

For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth ? is not he that sitteth at

meat ? but I am among you as he that serveth. John xiii. 2. the devil having now put into the heart of Judas

Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him ;

Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;

He riseth from supper, and laid aside his gar

ments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
John xiii. 5. After that he poureth water into a bason, and

began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them
with the towel wherewith he was girded as.

Then cometh he to Simon Peter : and * Peter * Gr, he. said unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?

Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.

Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.

Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.

Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit:

and ye are clean, but not all. John xiii. 11. For he knew who should betray him : there

fore said he, Ye are not all clean.

So after he had washed their feet, and had

John xiii. 6.

John xiii, 7.

John xiii. 8.

John xiii. 9.

John xiii. 10.

John xiii. 12.

25 It is not certain where this section ought to be inserted. Michaelis and Newcome place the washing of the disciples' feet after the preparation of the Passover, and the promise of Judas to betray Christ. Pilkington and Lightfoot, before those events. Michaelis represents the washing as taking place before the feast of the Passover. The rest of the harmonizers principally arrange it at the supper at Bethany.


taken his garments, and was set down again,
he said unto them, Know yė what I have done
to you?

Ye call me Master and Lord : and ye say well; John xiii. 13. for so I am.

If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed John xiii. 14. your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.

For I have given you an example, that ye John xiii. 15. should do as I have done to you.

Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is John xiii. 16. not greater than his lord ; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.

Matt. X. 24.
Ch. xv. 20.


Christ sitting at the Passover, and continuing the Conversation,

speaks of his Betrayer.

MATT. xxvi. 21–26.


MARK xiv. 17-22.
JOHN xiii. 17-31.

LUKE xxii.

& Ps. xli. 9.

* Or, Prom henceforth.

h Matt. x. 40.

If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do John xii. 17. them.

I speak not of you all ; I know whom I have John xiii. 18. chosen: but that the Scripture may be fulfilled,

He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.

* Now I tell you before it come, thát, when it John xiii. 19. is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.

Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that re- John xiii. 20. ceiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.

When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in John xiii. 21. spirit. And as they sat, and did eat, Jesus

Márk xiv. 18. testified and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, John xii. 21. That one of you, which eateth with me,

Mark xiv. 18. shall betray me.

John xiii. 21. But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth Luke xxii. 21. me is with me on the table.

And they began to enquire among themselves, Lukexxii. 23. which of them it was that should do this thing.

Mark xiv. 19. And they began to be

Jerusalem. Matt.xxvi.22. exceeding sorrowful; and began every one of them

to say unto him,
Mark xiv. 19. one by one,
Mat. xxvi. 22. Lord, is it I ?
Mark xiv. 19. and another said, Is it I?
Mark xiv. 20 And he answered and said unto them, It is

one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the

dish. Mat. xxvi. 23. He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, i Po. xli. 9.

the same shall betray me.
Mark xiv. 21. The Son of man indeed goeth,
Luke xxii. 22. as it was determined,
Mark xiv. 21. (and) as it is written of him: but woe unto that

man by whom the Son of man is betrayed !
Matt. xxvi.24. it had been good for that man, if he had not been

born 26. John xiii. 22. Then the disciples looked one on another, doubt

ing of whom he spake. John xiii. 23

Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of

his disciples, whom Jesus loved.
John xiii. 24. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that

he should ask who it should be of whom he

He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him,

Lord, who is it?
John xiii. 26. Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a

sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had 0r, morsel.
dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the

son of Simon.
John xiii. 27. And after the sop, Satan entered into him.
Matt. xxvi.25. Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and

said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou
hast said.

John xiii, 25.

26 This also is a Hebrew phrase. Among the instances collected by Schoetgen, is a sentiment which ought to be deeply engraven on the memory and the conscience of all who can appreciate the privilege of possessing and studying the Scriptures. Quicunque scit Legem, et non facit illam obyyy xx xbw ng suit, melius ipsi esset, si non venisset in mundum. “ If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.” Schemoth Rabba, sect. 40. fol. 135. 1. 9. apud Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 225.

17 This was the most solemn manner of expressing an affirmative. Berachoth Hier. citante Wagensiel ad sota, p. 1001. Zipporenses quærebant, numquid R. Judas mortuus esset ? filius Kaphræ respondit, po'TON 170x, vos dixistis. Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 225.


Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do John xiii. 27. quickly.

Now no man at the table knew for what intent John xiii. 28. he spake this unto him.

For some of them thought, because Judas had John xiii. 29. the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

He then having received the sop went immedi- John xii. 30. ately out: and it was night.

MATT. xxvi. ver. 21. and part of ver. 22, 23, 24.
21 And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, That one of you shall
betray me.

22 And they were
23 And he answered and said

24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed !-

MARK xiv. part of ver. 18, 19, 21.
18 -said, Verily I say unto you, One of you-shall betray me.
19 -sorrowful, and to say unto him-Is it I ?-
21 - good were it for that man, if he had never been born.

LUKE xxii. part of ver. 22.
22 And truly the Son of man goeth—but woe unto that man by whom he is
betrayed !

Judas goes out to betray Christ, who predicts Peter's Denial of

him, and the Danger of the rest of the Apostles.

LUKE xxii. 28–39. JOHN xiii. 31, to the end.
Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, John xii. 3).
Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glo-
rified in him.

If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify John xiii. 22. him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.

Little children, yet a little while I am with you. John xiii. 33. * Ch. vii. 34. Ye shall seek me : kand as I said unto the Jews,

Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to

A new commandment I give unto you, That ye John xiii. 34.

love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also 1 John iv. 21. love one another.

By this shall all men know that ye are my dis- John xii. 35. ciples, if ye have love one to another.

Ye are they which have continued with me in Luke xxii. 28. my temptations.

I Lev, xix. 18.
ch. xv. 17.
Eph. v. 2.



Luke xxii. 29. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Fa- Jerusalem.

ther hath appointed unto me; Luke xxii. 30. That ye may eat and drink at my table in my

kingdom, "and sit on thrones judging the twelve m Matt. xix.

tribes of Israel. Luke xxii, 31. And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, "Sa- n 1 Pet. V. 8.

tan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you

as wheat: Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail

not: and when thou art converted , strengthen

thy brethren. Lukexxii. 33. And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go

with thee, both into prison, and to death. Luke xxii. 34. ° And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall • Matt. xxvi.

not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice

deny that thou knowest me. Luke xxü. 35. PAnd he said unto them, When I sent you with- p Matt. x. 9.

out purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any

thing? And they said, Nothing.
Luke xxii. 36. Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath

a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip:
and he that hath no sword, let him sell his gar-

ment, and buy one.
Luke xxii. 37. For I say unto you, that this that is written

must yet be accomplished in me, 9 And he was q Isa. liii. 12. reckoned among the transgressors : for the things

concerning me have an end.
Luke xxii. 38. And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords.

And he said unto them, It is enough a.
John xiii. 36. Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest

thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou
canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow
me afterwards.

28 “ When thou art converted;" when thou hast recovered from that fall which I foresee.

29 This part of Christ's address to his disciples has been much misunderstood. From ver. 35, our Lord's intention may be supposed to be, to remind them that all their wants had been hitherto supplied. But now, as he was about to be removed, he forewarns them that it would be hereafter necessary for them to act for themselves, and to provide against danger and difficulty. The disciples interpreted this literally, as appears from ver. 38, when our Lord slightly censures their misapprehension, by “it is enough," and so closes the conversation. He was about to enter the scene at Gethsemane, and had not time then to listen to, or correct their erroneous inferences, ikavóv ést, absurdum est, quod profertis, desinite tam anilia profari. 'Ikavóv ési, eadem est cum 7007, sufficit tibi, quæ a Judæis adhibetur, quoties ab altero absurdum quid profertur, qui tacere debebat, &c. &c.—See Lightfoot and Schoetgen, vol. i. p. 313.

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