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Peter goes again to the Sepulchre.
LUKE xxiv. former part of ver. 12.
and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes
Christ appears to St. Peter.
LUKE xxiv. latter part of ver. 12.
that which was come to pass ".
Christ appears to Cleopas, and another Disciple, going to
27. I have placed this clause by itself, as it was most probably on his return from the sepulchre, after he had received the accounts of the women, that our Lord appeared to St. Peter. His desire to see our Lord, and perhaps to implore his forgiveness, as well as that characteristic eagerness and ardour, by which he was on all occasions distinguished, excited in him the desire to make his second visit to the sepulcbre, to examine it, to be again convinced that the body was removed; and in the hopes of meeting our Lord, if Christ would condescend to meet him. Cranfield very beautifully observes, “St. Peter had denied his Master, and had his Master shewed himself to any other of the men, before he shewed himself to him, might he not have thought his repentance ineffectual, his reconciliation impossible, and consequently be plunged into despair ? Though his fall was attended with inconceivable aggravation, yet the magnanimity and mercy of his Saviour was still greater, and knew no bounds."
28 These sections are arranged in their present order upon the concurrent testimony of all the harmonizers, as well as the internal evidence. Every thing recorded in them affords a new source of wonder. Christ, in his glorified form, passes through the folded or barred up doors, as if his body were like the light, or the air, and yet he appeals to his disciples to satisfy themselves that he was not a spirit, but possessed of material and solid flesh. We are assured that with this same body he ascended into another state, and that our bodies shall be made like his at the day of the resurrection. Philip iv. ad fin. (a.)
(a) See Kuinoel, where the different opinions concerning the body of Christ,
two of them, as they walked, and went into the
And they talked together of all these things Lukexxiv. 14. which had happened.
And it came to pass, that, while they communed Lukexxiv. 15. together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
But their eyes were holden, that they should Luke xxiv. 16. not know him.
And he said unto them, What manner of com- Lukexxiv. 17. munications are these that ye have one with another, as ye walk, and are sad?
And one of them, whose name was Cleopas, Luke xxiv. 18. answering, said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?
And he said unto them, What things? And Lukexxiv. 19. they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people :
And how the chief priests and our rulers deli- Luke xxiv.20. vered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.
But we trusted that it had been he which Lukexxiv.21. should have redeemed Israel : and beside all this, to-day is the third day since these things were done.
Yea, and certain women also of our company Lukexxiv.22. made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;
And when they found not his body, they came, Lukexxiv.23 saying, That they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.
And certain of them which were with us went Luke xxiv. 24. to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said ; but him they saw not.
Then he said unto them, O`fools and slow of Luke xxiv.25. heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken!
Ought not Christ to have suffered all these Lukexxiv. 2. things, and to enter into his glory? are briefly summed up. See also Bishop Horsley's Sermons on the Resurrection, sermon fourth. I am contented with the facts of Scripture, and dare not indulge in the various conjectures which present themselves on these subjects. The reader who is fond of such speculations on these points, inay peruse the works of King, (Morsels of Criticism,) More, Fleming, Flavel (on the Soul) Thomas Aquinas Prima Pars, Question 50, to the end of Question 65.
Luke xxiv.27. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, Jerusalem,
he expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the
things concerning himself?.
they went: and he made as though he would
But they constrained him, saying, Abide with
spent. And he went in to tarry with them. Lukexxiv. 30.
And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake,
and gave to them. Lukexxiv.31.
And their eyes were opened, and they knew
him; and he * vanished out of their sight. * Or, ceasca Luke xxiv.32. And they said one to another, Did not our them.
heart burn within us, while he talked with us by
to be seen of
Cleopas and his Companion return to Jerusalem, and assure the
Apostles that Christ had certainly risen.
And they went and told it unto the residue :
Mark xvi. 13.
29 This desponding sentiment, “ We trusted that it had been he that should have redeemed Israel," &c. &c. must have been the general opinion of our Lord's disciples. All their hopes were buried with him in the sepulchre. They thought it impossible that he whom they had lately seen bleeding, and expiring on the cross, " the very scorn of men, and the outcast of the people,” should by his own power break the bands of death, and rise again in greater beauty and perfection, “ For as yet they knew not the Scriptures."
The Scriptures represent, in many passages, that “ it behoved Christ to suffer." This was typified in the Patriarchal age, by the offering up of Isaacin the Law, by the brazen serpent-by the sacrifice of the animals, particularly by that of the paschal lamb. In the prophets :- 1. Isa. liii. 5. 7, 8.-2. Daniel's prophecy, Dan. ix. 25, 26. "the Messiah shall be cut off.”—3. Zech, xii. 10. “ they shall look on me whom they have pierced.”—In the Psalms; Psa. ii. 1-3. xx. 1-18. xvi. 10. “ Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption."
It was intimated that he should rise again the third day—Isaac the third day was released-sacrifices eaten the third day. The resurrection does not seem to be alluded to in the prophets, except in the type of Jonah, and in Isa. liii. and Zech. xii. 10. But on the prophecies and types fulfilled in the sufferings of Christ, see the sermon of Joseph Mede on Luke xxiv. 32. Hales's Analysis, vol. ii. part 2. and West on the Resurrection,
And they rose up the same hour, and returned Lukexxlv.33. to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,
Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath Luke xxiv.34. appeared to Simon 30.
And they told what things were done in the
k Mark xvi.14.
1 Mark xvi.
Christ appears to the assembled Apostles, Thomas only being ab
sent, convinces them of the identity of the Resurrection Body, and blesses them.
LUKE xxiv. 36-44. JOHN xx. 19-24. Then the same day at evening, being the John xx. 19. first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus, 'as they thus spake, Jesus stood in the midst of Luke xxiv.36. them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
But they were terrified and affrighted, and sup- Luke xxiv.37. posed that they had seen a spirit.
And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled ? Luke xxiv.38. and why do thoughts arise in your hearts ?
Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I my- Luke xxiv-30. self: handle me, and see ; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them Luke xxiv.40. his hands and his feet. and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when John xx. 20. they saw the Lord.
And while they yet believed not for joy, and Lukexxiv.41. wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat ?
And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, Lukexxiv.42. , and of an honeycomb.
30 It has been supposed that this verse ought to be read interrogatively, for, in Mark xvi. 13. we learn that the apostles did not believe the testimony of the two disciples from Emmaus, while it is here asserted that they were saying, at the very time when the disciples from Emmaus came into the room, The Lord has risen, &c. This difficulty is removed, if we suppose that our Lord had appeared to St. Peter, and they were expressing their incredulity at the moment the disciples arrived from Emmaus, in the language of this passage, Has the Lord risen, and has he indeed appeared unto Simon ?
you : as
John xx, 22
Luke xxiv.43. And he took it, and did eat before them. Jerusalem. John xx. 21. Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto
Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy
unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they
JOHN XX. part of ver. 19, 20. 19 -and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you, 20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands
John xx. 24.
John xx. 25.
Thomas is still incredulous.
JOHN XX. 24, 25.
The other disciples therefore said unto him,
Christ appears to the Eleven, Thomas being present.
JOHN xx, 26–30.
Mark xvi, 14.
1 Cor. xv. 5. * Or, toge
ther. 31 This verse of St. Mark has generally been supposed to refer to our Lord's appearance to his disciples on the evening of his resurrection. But St. Luke and St. John both describe the first appearance of Christ to his disciples, and neither of them gives the least intimation of any thing like reproof, which they then heard from the mouth of their affectionate Lord. The whole of his discourse and behaviour to them was directed at that time to the composing of their troubles, and the satisfying of their doubts. Reprehension was reserved for the following Sunday, when a whole week having been allowed them to examine and