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THE CYCLE FOR HEALTH AND FOR HOLIDAYS.
MAX O’RELL IN AUSTRALIA.
M. PAUL BLOUET, the genial humourist critic who Sir BENJAMIN WARD RICHARDSON has been interviewed
makes it his special business to tell us how “ John Bull for the Young Woman on the subject of “ Cycling for
and His Island” strikes our foreign visitors, has conGirls”; and in the Young Man Archdeacon Sinclair
tributed to the Revue de Paris that portion of his forthdescribes a holiday run which he made on his tricycle all
coming book, “ John Bull and Co.," dealing with the the way from London to John o' Groats. In the first of
Australian colonies. these articles Sir Benjamin Richardson says:-
Max O’Rell, during his late lecturing tour round the The greatest benefit that has hitherto sprung from the art
world, does not seem to have lost his time; and his of cycling has been the good it has effected on the health of
criticisms, both kindly and severe, are those of a those who have practised the art. I really know of nothing
shrewd observer anxious to discover the secret of successthat has been so good for health. The true Cockney has been
ful colonisation; and although he does not say so in as quite transformed by the art of cycling, and in a very few many words, he evidently considers Australia superior in years will be unknown even in Cockaigne.
many things to the United States. As for the new costume for girl-cyclists, Sir Benjamin He gives an attractive picture of the colonial cities, "likes it," though it might be made“ a little more like
with their fine public buildings, large parks, and neat what we consider feminine.” He thinks that a bicycle is rows of pleasant homes, where you might easily imagine better than a tricycle for girls, and says that the physio yourself, he says, in some forgotten corner of far-away logical question enters very little into the matter, except England ; the more so-and of this the French writer in regard to overstrain. Women do not bear overstrain can scarcely be said to approve-that our Australian so well as men. A girl ought not to ride more than forty cousins have remained faithful to the roast beef, boiled miles in one day. For drink, nothing beats weak tea, potatoes, and plum puddings of the mother country; for with or without a little lemon in it. Perfectly pure Max O’Rell hoped to find on an Australian bill of fare water, however, is the best possible beverage for cyclists. stewed kangaroo, roast cockatoos, and boiled opossum. Sir Benjamin is sure that cycling leads to improved He laments the Australian abuse of tea, and points out health and strength when not overdone, but he uttered that, did they but know it, the colony might become as a word of timely warning:
great a wine-drinking country as France or Italy. Like The one disadvantage of cycling is that it does not exercise
most of those who visit Australia, M. Blouet laments the the whole of the body. It calls into play certain muscles
class of immigrant who finds his way there, and hints only; and therefore, unless counterbalanced by other exercises, that the colony might have a very different future if a it is apt to cause disproportionate development. Like running few thousand sober, hard-working French peasants could and dancing, its chief effect is on the heart and circulation. be suddenly planted therein. The workman, according Rowing affects the breathing, walking and climbing tell on the to Max O'Reil, is the real sovereign and master of nervous system, and gymnasium exercises---dumb-bells, etc. Australia, but of this sovereign the French traveller gives more on the muscles. In cycling the motion of the heart is
but a poor account. “ The Australian workman is an increased and the circulation quickened. It is healthful to
idler, à drunkard, whose life is spent in a perpetual quicken the circulation a little, but it can easily be overdone, and that is where the danger comes in. I believe all our great
holiday, and who cares nothing about the advancement cyclists have broken down through disordered circulation.
of his country: He will leave the best paid work to One sees so much leaning forward on the newer types of
attend a race a hundred miles from home. He is without machine-is not that very injurious ?
technical knowledge, and becomes turn and turn about Undoubtedly. This is a matter on which I have made a carpenter, a locksmith, a mason, a gardener, a waggoner, protest from the beginning. I almost regret that the old a shearer, and even a schoolmaster.” Again, “ If Ausfashioned machine on which the rider sat upright was ever tralia were peopled with intelligent and laborious tillers given up. No doubt there are many practical advantages in of the soil, she might becoine in time the granary of the the new style, but it has led to a position of the body when world ;
and he pays a just tribute to the German, riding which is unquestionably dangerous.
Swedish, and Chinese settlers. Speaking from experience, the Venerable Archdeacon Max O’Rell considers that the Australian has the Sinclair says that there is nothing pleasanter than gayest and brightest nature of any of the English travelling at a reasonable pace on a strong, sound cycle
colonists, but he evidently believes that the whole A15with a long journey before you, a pleasant companion, tralian population is given over to the demon of gambling, fine weather, and good roads. He and a companion and remarks there is no corner of the Bush where a keen travelled in this way from London to Thurso viê Wick
and practical interest is not taken in the result of that and John o' Groats, a little over 700 miles. Without
Australian Derby, the Melbourne Cup. hurrying at all they took fourteen travelling days, The author of " John Bull and Ilis Island” compares excluding Sundays, and used a double Humber tricycle.
Australian amusements very favourably with those of the The route taken was the Great North Road through the Old World, and gives en pressant a well-merited reproach two countries without deviation.
to those Parisian places of amusement where almost Our luggage consisted simply of changes of flannels and every step is made the excuse for a tip or extortionate socks, witti toilet necessaries, and hung quite comfortably fee. In the same article M. Blouet touches on several of between us. The weather was fairly good luring the fortniglit, but there was often a good deal of rain ahead of us,
the problems affecting the Empire, and alludes to the which made the roads heavier than we liked. We only got
great part played by Mr. Cecil Rhodes in South Africa. one or two heavy wettings, and it is always easy to get dry
These few pages discover their author in a somewhat again in an inn or a cottage. If I were taking the journey
new light -- that of a thoughtfui student of contemagain, I would leave the Great North Road occasionally where porary history and a singularly impartial observer. it passes hy important towns-like Peterborough and York; for since the old coaching days the road has, in some of its remoter lengtiis, fallen into decay, and the broad and hari
In the Bookman, Mr. E. B. Murshall gives an account of highway runs rather to the important cities in its neighbour “Gerhart Hauptmann,” the new German dramatist. It hood.
is illustrated by striking portraits.
VICOMTE DE VOGUÉ.
A FRENCH WOMAN ON AMERICAN WOMEN. MADEMOISELLE BLAZE DE BURY, in the Pall Mall In the Revue d-s Deux Mondes Madame Bentzon Magazine for July, givez a very sympathetic and in describes America as she saw it last year. “On the boat, teresting account of the Vicomte de Vogüé, the French American society was represented in an abridged form, man who has interpreted the Russian spiritual idea into and would have led to much astonishment and many French. She says :
mistakes on the part of an uninitiated traveller.” FindFrom Tzarskéselo to Rayenna, whether under the inspira
ing a group of supercilious people dressed with scrupulous tion of Pouchkine or of Dante, whether at Baku or in Rome
regard to London tailor-made fashions, Madame Bentzon listening to the chimes of the Angelus, whether basking under at first supposed that they cxemplified the second generathe relentlessly blue sky above the Acropolis or among the ice tion of a large commercial fortune. She was, however, fields of Siberia, Vogüé seeks ever the secret springs of life, assured that they were of the oldest Knickerbocker lineage and studies in mankind the “ fever called living." The of New York, and thus she first became aware of one everlasting human tragedy, wherever it may be enacted, of the fundamental facts of American democracy-the becomes the story of his own life, and he feels, knows, suffers
aristocracy of old families. “The ladies keep strictly the sufferings of the great human family as if those sufferings apart, the gentlemen occasionally descend from their were his own. The intense struggle upwards of the living pedestal to talk to a pretty woman." Among the average thing called man--so weak and yet so strong, so apparently impotent, so really powerfr:), so cowardly and yet so brave
passengers was a young woman extremely well-dressed, fills him with pity, with awe, with sympathy, or with en
and a very pleasant fellow traveller. Just before landing thusiasm, and his feelings are as overwhelming as though he
in America Mulame Buntzon found out that she was were himself the suffering or conquering hero of whom he is from Louisiana, and had a well salaried post in one of writing. Like Lamartine or Musset, he possesses the same the principal shops of New Orleans. During her holiday profound appreciation, the same power of expression; and he is she had visited Hungary, from whence had come her to the end of this nineteenth century what they were to its ancestors, and had travelled over Germany, finishing up beginning. : Like them, he has fired the enthusiasm of the with France. youth of modern France, and the rising generation comes to
Madame Bentzon found the features of the New York him for help and hope, and the faith that man must ever need. The old religious formulæ no longer satisfy their craving; the
belles wanting in English regularity, though "some New 80-called pseudo-realism of the day has led them away from
England faces” made her think of Greek statues retheir ideals; and yet youth, looking forward, not back, needs
touched by an æsthetic hand. But Western women are faith and ideals to feed upon. His influence must not be
of mixed races, and lack distinction. Of the whole bevy underrated. Alone in France to-day he has had the courage
of girls on board the ship she considered that if they had to speak frankly as a great-hearted lay preacher, leaving been young married woman their behaviour would have religion as religion alone, but proving by the very sincerity of seemel in French eyes perfectly “correct.” One source his convictions, by tho carnestness of his pleading, by the of confusion to a French observer is that all ranks of logic of his arguments, by the limpidity of his style, by the American women dress well, and that the “flirting scenes range of his experience and human sympathies, that an ideal,
in hotels, restaurants, and on steamers are often due to a belief, a standard of right and wrong are essential toʻman as the checrful high spirits of a factory girl out on a holiday; is breath to every living thing: The superb language of this poet-preacher, unequalled to-day in France, has aroused the
for you cannot in America tell ’Arriet by her clothes. enthusiasm of the younger generation, as well as the admira
At Chicago Madame Bentzon was of course warmly tion of his older readers; for his sincerity, his experience, his
welcomed by the working philanthropists, artists, and genuine Christianity, are so far beyond discussion that the
literary women who do so much honour to America; man is forgotten in the things he has written. It is a power,
but they were more or less astonished when she told not an individual, that speaks; and yet it is essentially a man them that she had never spoken in public in her life, and speaking to a fellow-man, undeterred by possible consequences did not feel equal to take part in a Conference. She to himself, so long as the truth be known and understood. observes whimsically that they “ seemed as much grieved Without even mentioning the Book, or any name that might as were the Turkish ladies when they discovered that antagonise professed or professional sceptics, he has contrived Lady Mary Wortley Montague was imprisoned in a corset, to evolve in the mind of all his readers the conviction that
or as we ourselves might feel in watching the mutilated Faith, Hope, and Charity sum up the primary duties of man
feet of a Chinese woman." towards himself and towards his neighbour, and to these he has added duty, the basis of all honour, teaching thereby that
For all the interests of the Woman's Building and for love and cheerful resignation are really the essence of all
the work of Miss Addams at Hull House, the writer bas good; teaching besides, by implication, that true beauty the warmest and the most intelligent sympathy, and involves, demands an isleal, and thus protesting against the gives an admirable report of a Conference held upon the worship of materialism.
question of rich versus poor, where the speakers enterThe impulse once given, others were found to direct it into tained the most opposite convictions. special channels.
Albert de Mun, the impassioned orator, inspired by the doctrines of Vogüé, applied them in a practical “ The Political and Economic Importance of the Great way to the advantage of the working classes, for whom he claimed an increase of material comforts, more security, a
Siberian Railway” is set forth in an article in the better class-organisation, and especially the lightening of the
Engineering Magazine, by Dr. Hermann Schönfeld. This burden borne by the woman. The “ Pasteur” Wagner, author
railway, he says, if accomplished, must be counted among of two remarkable books, “ Justice” and “ Jeunesse,” followed
the greatest achievements of this century in the way of the same trend of thought, less as a preacher than as a philo
construction of rail- and water-ways. * With this stusopher. And yet Vogüé stands alone. He can be neither pendous work Russia will enter among those nations imitated nor copied. His disciples--perhaps it were wiser to which give this century its brilliancy and glory for say his active admirers---bave understood the principles of his having raised the techvical and commercial progress of philosophy; and, each according to his powers, has followed in the human race to an almost incredible standard. Two the master's steps, in the attempt to revive a higher ideal among
undertakings of similar dimensions are still left to be those whom as legislators or churchmen, they are able to reach.
accomplished,-i.c., conducting a railiray through the The article is illustrated by an excellent portrait of the whole length of the western hemisphere and the comprose-poet of modern France.
pletion of the Panama canal.”
the "Samaritaine," near the Pont Neuf-these are the four great rivals of the “ Bon Marché.” Zola has described such an establishment in his famous novel the Bonheur des Dames (“ The Ladies' Joy ").
It is evident that this immense system of distribution which has thoroughly taken possession of the civilised world is susceptible of many abuses, It also offers wonderful facilities for intelligent perfecting in the best sense. And very much in this moral and industrial direction was assuredly achieved by the simple workwoman Marguerite Guérin, who became the wife of Aristide Boucicaut, and to whom, as his widow, he confided all the vast interests which they had jointly
THE MAMMOTH STORES OF FRANCE.
THE STORY OF THE BON MARCHÉ. IN the Revue d-s Deux Mondes Vicomte Avenel gives some curious details of the great Parisian shops. The writer considers them a great social gain, and a development of democratic genius in which there is little to regret. He says that they replace the immense fairs of the Middle Ages, for in the thirteenth century every wine merchant of the South of France had a special depot in the fairs held in Champagne. At the Fair of Beaucaire, when Cardinal Richelieu was Minister, the value of the merchandise amounted to six millions of francs (£240,000 sterling) As communications between province and province became easier, the great fair declined, and pedlars wandered from village to village, while in the towns the mercers rose into special importance. They amassed large fortunes, and were allowed (in those days of strict supervision) to sell various other kinds of merchandise, such as jewellery, carpets, and ironmongery. It is curious to learn that every piece of silk and stuff was registered as it left the loom, and that the legal width of silk was gravely deliberated upon by the Council of State.
The great mo lern emporiums of Paris may be said to date from the First Empire, when their names were striking and picturesque. Theix signs were The Iron Mask,” “ The Devil on Two Sticks," " The Two Magogs." Only one of these has survived to the present day. Under Louis Philippe arose "The Beautiful Farmer's Wife,” the “Street Corner," and tho Poor Devil.” But the future of these enterprises was still considered so uncertain that when M. Deschamps, who founded the “ Ville de Paris," asked his father to entrust him with the paternal savings, the elder man replied, “Not I; I would not lend a draper five shillings."
The rise of Aristide Boucicaut, who founded the "Bon Marché," is well told by M. d'Avenel. So far from being a capitalist, Boucicaut began with hardly any capital; his father was a little hat maker in B:llême, and he himself was a clerk in a large shop in the Rue de Buc, when at forty-two years of age he entered into partnership with a M. Vidau, who had a small shop higher up the same street. The customers were poor, and Boucicaut at first gave away needles and thread to entice people to the shop. Little by little, saving, purchasing, turning over the nimble ninepence, and organising with rarə intelligence, he laid the foundation of the enormous business known to all Europe In 1863 he bought out M. Vidau, being assisted to find the necessary sum, not by the Jesuits, as was reported, but by M. Maillard, a French merchant who had made his money in New York. How the great shop grew must be read in M. d'Avenel's paper; and also the wonderful intelligence with which the childless widow of Boncicant finally distributed the huge fortune made by her husband and herself, arranging that the shares in the business should only be sold to those employed by the business, and no one holder allowed to acquire more than a fixed number.
The " Printemps," near the Gare St. Lazare; the “ Belle Jardinière," which oddly enough is the great emporium for men and boys; the “ Louvre," which now pays £1,500 a year for the string which is used to tie up its parcels;
CHRISTIAN SOCIALISM. The new number of the Quarterly Review gives the first place to a protest against the Social Christian Union and its doctrines. It begins thus:
Rather more than four years ago the British public was greatly moved by a bold project for curing the ills of society hy diverting to the service of secular undertakings a great organisation which owed its existence and its influence to faith in the life eternal.
“General" Booth, in the fascinating and fantastic proposals which, as the ostensible author of "Darkest England and the Way Out,” he then made, gave significant expression to a tendency which is active not only in the ranks of the Salvation Army, but also among the members of every Christian denomination, not excepting the Church of England.
General Booth and the Christian Socialist Unionists are, in the opinion of the reviewer, on the wrong tack. He says:
What the people can claim from the Christian ministry is, not political sympathy, but spiritual service. The last, however, involves that frank association with the popular life which is almost inevitably expressed by political sympathy. The essential thing is that the political sympathy should be chastened by loyalty to the supreme spiritual interests of which the clergy are the exponents and guardians The Dean of Ely struck a false note when he said that “ Christianity arose out of the common people, and was intended in their interest." It is the essence of heresy thus to appropriate to some the grace that was intended for all. The Gospel is not democratic, it is catholic. There is no virtue in poverty, there is no crime in wealth : the poor man and the rich man can but be disciples, to whom the principle of greatness is service. Christianity must not shrive! to a class religion. The normal issues of political and industrial conflict are not in such sense moral that partisanship is obligatory on Christia 's. It is the cardinal bluuder of the Christian Socialists to assume the contrary. Those issues are for the most part morally neutral: the antagonism is between the prejudices and self-interest of classes, not between right and wrong
We think the duty of the clergy is to urge upon both combatants those principles of justice which both are likely to forget. Of one thing we are positive: the clergy fatally hamper their power of spiritual service when they enter the ranks of contending parties. The social value of their position is precisely conditioned by its independence. As partisans they will be popular, but their popularity will be purchased by their power. The influence of the Church upon Society is not the less beneficent because it is indirect.
The Christian method of regeneration in his opinion is based upon the regeneration of the individual, and the regenerated individual influences Society. He trusts that the Christian Socialists will learn this truth in time, and will not allow their cause to be ruined and their great opportunities of usefulness to be wasted by the hotheaded action of the more extreme section of the union.
AN AUSTRALIAN'S IMPRESSIONS OF AMERICA. men ought to be. More Australian girls stay at home to By Miss SPENCE, OF ADELAIDE.
look after the household ówork, whereas in America the
withdrawal of the best elements of American womanhool In Ilarper's Magazine for July Miss C. H. Spence, of from domestic work is a serious matter. American men Adelaide, South Australia, describes her impressions of have not grasped the principles of co-operative distributhe United States of America, a country which she h.s tion and consumption as Englishmen and Scotchnen just been visiting; and her observations are interesting have done. They are leaving it to the women. They are and suggestive. She thinks that Australia is more nearly also leaving to them the reading of books; men only have akin to America than what England can be. This does
time for the newspapers. The American women, eren the
suffragists, do not study politics closely, and in this not prevent her from marvelling at the extraordinary
respect they differ from the educated English woman. delusio:is which the Americans indulge in concerning
Miss Spence notes that there is no comparison whatever Great Britain and her colonies. She mildly remarks that
between the purity of elections and the security of the it is difficult to make the Americans understand how Civil Service, and the honesty of the administration in gentle is the bond between the Mother Country and her America and in England. Woman suffrage, she think, self-governing colonies. Socially, the United States are would be reactionary at first, but it would tend to purify more democratic than the Australian Colonies, but politi- politics. Like every one else who looks at America to-day, cally Australia is more democratic than America. Money
she is much impressed at the enormous power of the is much more powerful in America than in Australia. It
corporations over railroads and telegraphs, which is a is a common belief in America that England and the
constant peril to liberty. The following suggestion does
not seem to have occurred to any one but Miss Spence, colonies are under & monarchical and aristocratic rule;
whose paper, although brief, is very vivacious and full but in England the power of the Queen and peers is of interesting remarks :steadily diminishing, while in America the President and
I may be looking a long way ahead, but perhaps in the Senate dominate the House of Representatives. The future the two Houses may be a Parliament of men elected by Republic is also the most lawyer-ridden country in the men and a council of womón chosen by womin. There is world.
nothing which the classes can contribute to the masses Fifty-eight out of eighty-five senators are
valuable as the best thought of woman to aid the best thought lawyers, and 229 out of 356 members of the House of
of man. Representatives belong to the same profession. Miss Spence says that she cannot but look upon this prepon
NOVELTIES IN WOMAN'S WORK. derance other than obstructive to all reform. The lawyers are hide-bound, whereas America needs radical reforms.
ELIZABETH L. BANKS writes an interesting paper in The lawyers are the most serviceable tools of the corpora
Cassell's Family Magazine for July on New Paid Occupations, rings and trusts, and when any good idea is to be
tions for Women.” A New York girl, who found herself a carried out they stifle it under the cry that it is un
penniless orphan, after having lived in luxury, obtained constitutional. By a curious paradox the laws of the
the means of making a good livelihood by combing, country where there are most lawyers are worst carried
brushing, and exercising the dogs of her acquaintances, out. The conservatism of the average American is the
for a dollar a week eich. Others followed her example,
and it is now said that there are over a hundred young greatest obstacle to progress, and what with their written constitution and with their lawyer-ridden legislature,
women in New York who make a very snug income in she evidently feels that Australia has little to envy in
They wash the faces and paws of the pet America,
dogs, brush and comb them, give them their breakfast, On the other hand, she is delighted with the versatility
and then take them for an hour's constitutional. Another of the American people, which is their most striking
novelty is that of breaking-in new boots. A lady and characteristic, and with the social equality which fosters
her two daughters undertake to wear boots of a certain it. She is chiefly interested in the American women.
size for a few hours daily for a week at the rate of a She thinks that American manners are franker than
shilling a pair. By this means they always go aloit English, and the women have a fine intelligence and
in new boots, and the ultimate owners find them easy greater clearness of perception. The following is a rather
to the feet. An English woman of title is making a gool acute and suggestive observation :
income by table decorating. Her work is so much in It seems to me as if women are becoming the more educated
demand that she has engaged an assistant to help her in sex in America, not so much because the high-schools and
th less elaborate decoration. She is paid from two to universities are open to them as because they find such training
four shillings an hour. Another novelty is that of the indispensable for the avocations they prefer. It does not need
lady duster, who is employed to dust the best furniture the higher culture to buy and sell, to watch fluctuations in and bric-a-brac. Window draping is another means of prices of goods, of stocks and shares, to corner the market, or making a living. Luly cooks are not so much of a novelty. to arrange for a pool. But these are masculine fields, and they Gentlewomen are also employed in washing and putting are the most lucrative fields.
away china aud plate, washing and mending fine lace, Miss Spence is much impressed with the beautiful painting door panels, and in placing dados. Smart family relations which she has seen in forty American women in town undertake the shopping of their country homes which she visited. She notices that the children sisters at a commission of ten per cent. In Englishare few, but those that are allowed to come into the world woman in London makes a living by selectiog suitable are charming. She doss not think that American girls apartments for those intending to visit the metropolis at are as a lventurous in the matter of travel and outdoor a fee of five per cent. of the first month's terms. The exercise as their English cousins, but they have more latest addition to a fashionable dressmaking establishfree intercourse with men. American girls are as much ment is a French girl who acts as a suggester for the ashamed of doing nothing to earn their living as young benefit of the customers.
Ajioat, and also among the American navy. Guess the weight THE FRIEND OF THE BLUEJACKET.
of the literature-temperance, gospel, and anti-intidel, for we The Young Woman for June published, as one of its
use all kinds--that we sent out from Portsmouth last year ? leading features, an account of Miss Agnes A. E. Weston,
Twenty tons! Our motto is : " For the glory of God and the one of the women who have won a foremost place among
good of the service.” The work is becoming much more diffi
cult and important, because just now the navy is being greatly the philanthropists of our time. It is probable that Miss augmented. Weston has contributed as much to the fighting force of our navy as any human being, and our bluejackets could
It is interesting to note that Miss Weston has a very better spare a Lord of the Admiralty than they could
strong conviction as to the need of maintaining a truly spare the lady of the Sailors' Rest. Miss Weston gives imperial navy. In reply to a question from her interan interesting account of how she came to take up the viewer, she said she considered the navy was much question :
undermanned. There were ten thousand more men needed Twenty-seven years ago, when I was in my own home at than what were at present in the service to keep the ships Bath, I knew some of the soldiers there, and wrote to one who going. Miss Weston can comfort herself, however, by rewas going out to India. He was
flecting that while she cannot very pleased at this, and on the
add a bluejacket to the muster ship showed the letter to the
roll of old England, she has sick-berth steward, who said, “I
contributed mightily towards would give anything if I could
making those who are already get a letter like that sometimes ! Da you think that lady would
on board ship much more write to me?” The soldier told
efficient than they would have him that as I wrote to a redcoat
been otherwise. One sober he didn't see why I shouldn't
sailor is worth two drunken write to a bluejacket. When the
ones any day, and Miss Weston sailor got a letter from me he was
has made many sober who astonished and surprised, he has
without her would have gone since said, that anybody should
down to drunkards' graves. write to him, and went into a quiet corner, read the letter, and thanked God for giving him a friend.” The man afterwards
JOB AS INDIVIDUALIST. left the navy, went into the
THE New World contains surgery at Portsmouth dockyard, and when his time was up joined
several high-class articles. Dr. the Medical Mission at Liverpool.
Holtzmann, of Strassburg, Friends there were so struck by
pronounces a warm but dishis ability that they enabled him
criminating eulogy on Baur's to go to America to study medicine.
work in New Testament critiHe took his diploma, and is now Dr. George Dowkontt, head of
cism, and while allowing that the Medical Mission in New
Ritschl has pierced the York.
Tübingen ranks here and “ That was my first bluejacket friend,” said his benefactor, “and
there, protests against the we still correspond.”
fashion of supposing Baur “And from that beginning has
to be obsolete. Professor grown the Royal Naval Temper
Duhm treats of the book of ance Society ?" “ Yes. He supplied the names
Job, the date of which he of other men, and in that little
places after the Exile. The simple way we went on, until my
error of Job Dr. Duhm finus correspondents got so numerous that I started a printed letter.
to lie in (From a photograph by Debenham, Southsea.) But I still write to thousands of
The one-sided individualism men individually—of course I
which looks for a manifestation have three secretaries to help me. At the start, when the men of the justice of God in every single case of human virtue or came home, they were very anxious to see me,-seemed to wickedness. ... He thinks that God can treat an individual think I was a sort of myth,
,--so I went to Devonport and entirely as an individual, without reference to the whole Portsmouth to meet them.”
sphere of His dominion. It is a noble, but one-sided, Every one in Portsmouth and Devonport knows of Miss
individualism which is here involved in enigmas and struggles Weston's work. Nor is it at these two headquarters
in distresses. The friends of Job are also individualists. alone that her praise is in everybody's mouth. She
They, too, judge every case by itself, and not according to the
great connection of things. says :
The poet plainly wishes us to turn our eyes from the single We have a branch of the Royal Naval Temperance Society instance to the whole of divine creation and providence. on board ere:7 hip in Her Majesty's service, including the
The chief matter in the solution of the problem is not, torpedo boats. We publish monthly an official organ, called
however, the speech of God, but His appearance: Job Ashore and Afloat, which is edited by Miss Wintz, my lifelong
sees Him. “To be personally conscious of God—this is friend and invaluable colleague. Last year the circulationchiefly in the Royal Navy, but also to some extent among the
the beginning and the end of all trae religion and the merchant seamen-was 407,895. For years I brought out a
blessedness of the truly religious man, though his flesh monthly letter for the men; now I write one to the boys as
and his heart fail.” There are other articles of valge well; 532,050 copies were circulated 1.st year with Ashore and to theologians and kindred specialists.