Page images
PDF
EPUB

WANTED: A BRITISH IMPERIAL DOLLAR. The currency of the British Empire is in a sad state of chaos and crisis, according to Dr. J. P. Val d'Eremao's inccount of it in the Asiatic Quarterly. Not India merely, but our Colonies further East, West Africa and the West Indies are “all inconvenienced by the present system, or rather want of system, in Imperial coinage." Within the dominions of the one sovereign, there are no less than nine different systems of currency.

NINE SYSTEMS OF CURRENCY IN THE EMPIRE. The writer divides the Empire into the following groups, according to the currency they employ :

1. British Gold Standard (£ s. d.)–(1) The British Islands. (2) The Australian Colonies; Tasmania, New Zealand, and Fiji. (3) S. Africa, i.e., The Cape Colony and Natal, with their dependencies, including the S. Africa Co.'s territory. 4. Off-lying minor places : St. Helena, Malta, Bermuda, the Falkland Islands.

2. Special Gold Standard.-Newfoundland. Newfoundland las a special gold coin all to itself-the gold double dollar.

3. Foreign Gold Standard.(1) Canada (United States vold dollar and its multiples). (2) Gibraltar (Spanish gold and silver). (3) Many West India Islands (U. S. gold).

4. Legally British gold, practically foreign coins.--Most of our West India possessions.

5. The Mexican dollar.-(1) Hong Kong. (2) Straits Settlements.

6. The Guatemalan dollar.-British Honduras. 7. French silver.---West Coast of Africa, especially Gambia.

8. British and foreign gold.-Cyprus (French and Turkish gold).

99. The Rupee.(1) India. (2) Ceylon. (3) Mauritius.

The way out of this muddle is suggested by the fact that among these various coinages

* There is a certain denomination of money which within an easily remediable difference is common to them all. This is the equivalent of the Cnited States silver dollar. It is nominally the equal of the various “ dollars” of Central and South America; and its near equivalents are our double Horin, the French 5-franc piece, two Indian Rupees, and the Newfoundland half-gold double dollar.

RE-NAME THE DOUBLE FLORIN. Such a coin minted in India for the Eastern half of our Empire, and in London for the Western half, would restore order. Already we have the thing, but we perversely call it a“ double florin "instead of a dollar.

It cannot surely do any possible harm to England to change the names of two of its coins--the double floriu to the dollar, and the florin to the half-dollar; but it certainly would benefit greatly the colonies which in any way deal with or use dollars of any kind, to have an honest home-made British dollar of guaranteed weight and fineness, instead of their being at the mercy, as they are now, of foreign countries for their supply of coins, and trusting to foreign mints for the intrinsic value of what they get. Various British colonies have specifically asked for a British dollar. A British dollar is, in fact, the sole means for establishing a common British currency throughont the empire: it is a means as thorough as it is easily practicable; and a corresponding gold dollar equalling one-fifth ota pound sterling would link gold and silver together on a sure and satisfactory basis, without any empiric changes in our time-honoured currency.

Possibly the simple change of name from double florin to dollar would prove a new and serviceable link between the English-speaking Empire and the English-speaking Republic.

The Sunday Magazine has begun a new feature, entitled - Our What-Not," which is a more miscellaneous collection of occasional notes than those which are to be found in the monthly summary.

THE DEAF AND DUMB. DR. W. H. HUBBARD writes in the Leisure Hour upon Deaf Mutism. His article is brief but interesting. St. Augustine excluded the deaf from the church on the ground that faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Dr. Hubbard says he thinks it would be possible to breed a race of deaf mutes by the constant intermarriage of the deaf-born. When one parent is deafborn and the other has perfect hearing, one child in 135 is deaf. When both parents are deaf, one child in every twenty is also deaf. The following information as to the number and distribution of these afflicted creatures is worth quoting :

It is estimated that there are at the present time more than a million of this defective race throughout the world, and over two hundred thousand of these are in Europe. According to the census enumeration for 1851 (the first taken of them as a separate class), in England and Wales there were 10,314-one in every 1738.18 of the population. By the census of 1891 they numbered 14,193—or one in every 2013-17. (This proportionate decrease is chiefly due to advanced medical science and improved sanitation.) Locality depends largely upon the physical features of the country, and the habits of the people. They are more numerous in dark, damp, and mountainous regions than in level countries. In Switzerland, for instance, there are 24:5 in every 10,000 of the population, while in the Netherlands there are only 3:35 in the same amount of population. (This is mainly due to Cretinism, a physical and mental degeneracy which is endemic in Switzerland and absent in flat countries.) They are more numerous in rural districts than in cities. The poor are more frequently afflicted than the rich -- and they are incomparably more numerous in Israelitish than in Christian communities. These last three circumstances are plainly owing to two conditions: to consanguineous marriages and heredity. It has been mooted and accepted as possible, by scientists devoted to the subject, that by constant intermarriage of the deaf-born, a distinct-, niin speaking--variety of the human race would result. This hypothesis seems favoured by the following facts and figures. When one parent is congenitally deaf, and the other has perfect hearing, the proportion of deaf offspring is as 1 to 135. In instances of both parents being congenitally deaf, the proportion of deaf children is as 1 to 20.

How to Save our Wild Birds. The root of the evil which threatens many rare species of British birds with speedy extinction is found by Sir Herbert Maxwell, writing in Blackwood, in the professional collector of birds' eggs. Of his destructive pursuit “ the instinct of annexation and the excitement of competition are in most cases the ruling incentive." "Even more mischievous is the eagerness for having stuffed specimens." Sir Herbert sorrowfully reflects that Parliamentary action cannot stop these things. Sir Edward Grey's Bill, by making the molestation of certain species penal, would have darkened the air with birds of prey, and made grouse, partridges, and lambs considerably scarce. To give power to County Councils to protect certain areas appears to the writer to be unworkable. Protection either of species or area would multiply undesirable varieties. Sir Herbert comes to the conclusion that would delight the heart of Mr. Auberon Herbert and his school-tbat the end is to be gained not by State compulsion, but hy moral suasion, aided by such a missionary enterprise as the Wild Birds Protection Society, whose secretary, Mrs. F. E. Lemon Hillcrest, Redhill, Surrey, enrols members every one forwarding half-a-crown subscription. The article concludes with a strong protest against the cruelty of keeping birds in cages.

THE DAILY NEWS, THE NEW YORK TRIBUNE,

AND MR. SMALLEY. In the first of the “ Chapters in Journalism” which Mr. George W. Smalley is contributing to Harper's Magazine, he tells (in the August number) the story of the share which he, as the representative in London of the New York Tribune, had in setting the example during the Franco-German war of using the telegraph for war-correspondence purposes. Hitherto the Daily News has by every one been considered the pioneer in this respect, but Mr. Smalley shows that the whole credit of the undertaking belongs to the paper which he represents. The war had broken out suddenly and unexpectedly, finding the great newspaper offices of London and New York quite unprepared. The greatest difficulty was experienced in getting correspondents into the field, and moreover Mr. Smalley saw at once “ that any single American paper, no matter how well served in the field by its own correspondents, would be heavily handicapped by its want of access to the general news services which every great London journal had at its disposal."

MR. ROBINSON'S REFUSALReflecting much on these matters, I finally went to Mr. Robinson, the manager of the Daily News, and laid my views before him. I told him frankly what we needed-that we asked nothing less than that he should put his office at our disposal, conceding to us the privilege of seeing news, proofs, and everything else, at all hours, whether relating to the war or otherwise. In return we offered him the results of our special service. I told him what we proposed, whom we were sending into the field, what our plans were, what we expected and hoped to accomplish. I pointed out to him that we had behind us the four years' experience of our own war, during which news had been collected on a scale and by methods before unknown, and I said we meant to apply the same or similar methods here, and to adapt our American practices to European fields.

I said we were prepared to spend a good deal of money, and to use the telegraph far more freely than was the custom here, and in a different way. I explained that we did not propose the arrangement for the sake of economy, nor with any wish that either paper should reduce its expenses in reliance on the other. What I meant was that he, on his side, should organise his correspondence exactly as if we did not exist, that we, on our side, should do the same with ours, and that each journal should have the full benefit of the double service. All our telegrams and letters were to be supplied to him in duplicate on their way to New York, and his and ours were to be printed simultaneously in New York and London. Mr. Robinson listened attentively to this statement, which seemed to make little impression on him, asked a few questions as if for civility's sake, and ended by rejecting my proposal altogether. He saw no advantage in it, he said, and could not perceive that the Daily News would gain anything of consequence by accepting it.

AND HIS CHANGE OF MIND. But Mr. Smalley knew better than to take no for an answer. He got Mr. Robinson's leave to discuss the matter with Mr. Frank Hill, the editor of the paper, and Mr. Hill “said without hesitation that he would see Mr. Robinson and urge him to accept.” “He knew his way to Mr. Robinson's mind much better than I did, and the result of his intervention was that Mr. Robinson reconsidered the matter, and accepted.”

“ Mr. Hill's sagacity was vindicated almost at once." Mr. Holt White, a Tribune correspondent, had pushed forward rapidly enough to see the first engagement on the north-eastern frontier of France," and, in pursuance

of his instructions, telegraphed his account of that action direct to London--about a column altogether.”

That despatch marks the parting of the ways between the old and the new journalism of England--between the days when the telegraph was used only for short summaries of news and the days when despatches became letters, and everything of any real consequence, and much that was of none, was sent by wire.

The despatch reached Mr. Smalley early in the evening. Making a fair copy, he went at once to the Daily News office, only to be told that Mr. Robinson had gone home and Mr. Hill had not come in.

THE FIRST FRUITS. I asked to see the editor in charge, and I handed him the despatch. He knew but very imperfectly the agreement we had come to, and he did not know at all what to make of the despatch. He asked more than once if I meant to say that it had come by telegraph. I assured him it had. “ The whole of it?" “ Yes the whole of it.” He was incredulous. He remarked that it was not written on telegraphic forms. I told him I had myself copied it from the forms. He was perfectly polite, but he evidently wanted to see the forms; and as, anticipating some such question, I had brought them with me, I produced them. He looked at them as if I had produced a transcript from an Assyrian tablet. Finally he said he thought he might go so far as to have the despatch put in type, and Mr. Hill would determine what should be done with it. I had done my part, and I left. I confess I opened the Daily News next morning with curiosity. There was the despatch, and there was, moreover, a leading editorial, rather longer, I believe, than the despatch, conimenting on it, and inviting the attention of the reader to this novel, and indeed entirely unprecedented, piece of enterprise in European war news. From that time on there was no further question in Mr. Robinson's mind as to the value of the alliance with the Tribune. Despatches poured in. We were admirably served by the men we had with the French and German armies, and during that memorable six weeks which ended with the battle of Sedan, the Tribune in New York and the Daily News in London were far ahead of all other journals. So much was admitted. From the beginning the alliance was useful to us, for the reasons given above; but for a considerable time it was, if I may say so, still more useful to our partner. With the exception of the account of the battle of Gravelotte, the larger part of the war news was ours, and the system was ours. Mr. Robinson was a very capable man, but it took time to get his forces into working order. A COMPLIMENT FROM THE

TIMES”! Naturally this new and striking departure in war news made the greatest sensation among journalists, and upon the Daily News publishing “the first and, for a long time, the only account of the capitulation of Metz,” the Times, copying the despatch the next morning in full, said :

“We are indebted to the Daily Vpus for the following excellent account of the surrender of Metz, and we congratulate our contemporary on the enterprise and ability of its correspondent.” That also was without precedent, and such a tribute from the Times made no little stir in the world of journalism. It is to be understood, of course, that both the Tribune and the Daily News regarded all these despatches and letters as cominon property, and neither credited them or any of them to the other. Very soon there grew up a legend about this Metz narrative. It was attributed to Mr. Archibald Forbes. No higher compliment could be paid to it or to its author. Mr. Forbes's renown was then in its early growth, but he was already widely known alike for the solidity and brilliancy and military value of his writing, and for his almost matchless energy in the field. He had nothing whatever to do with this Metz despatch, but it is no wonder that outsiders credited him with a particularly good and difficult piece of work.

The incident had a tragic sequel. The correspondent who had brought the despatch from Metz, a young

German-American, Mr. Gustav Müller, was naturally elated with his success, and willing, Mr. Smalley had no doubt, to repeat it.

I asked him to return to his post at once; gave him, as was usual, a large sum of money; we said good-bye, and he walked out of the office in Pall Mall. From that day to this I have never heard of nor from him. He vanished utterly into space. As he had every inducement to continue his career, I always supposed, and still suppose, that he was either shot in some skirmish, or murdered by some of the plundering bands always hanging on the rear of an army. The inquiries made at the time came to nothing, and it is too late to expect the secret to disclose itself, but I should still be much obliged to anybody who could give me a clue to the fate of Gustav Müller.

there. In the face of threats, insults, and passive (and occasionally active) opposition they have persevered, and are now winning an ever-increasing reward.

From a White Father in Biskra I learned that the work so silently and unostentatiously done by these African Sisters is. of so great importance that if, for any reason, it were impossible for both the White Fathers and the White Sisters to remain there as missioners, the Fathers would unquestionably have to give way.

“In a word,” he added, “we are the pioneers, forever on the march after receding boundaries; the Sisters are the first dauntless and indefatigable settlers, who bring the practically virgin soil into a prosperous condition, full of promise for a wonderful and near future."

I asked if there were many mischances in the career of those devoted women.

“Few," he replied: "strangely enough, fewer than with the White Fathers. We have had many martyrs to savage vio lence, to the perils and privations of desert life. The Sisters have had martyrs also, but these have lost their lives in ways little different from what would have beset them in any other foreign clime. As for endurance, both of climatic strain and privations generally, I have come to the conclusion that women can undergo more than men; that is, if they have any. thing like fair health, are acting in concert, and are sustained by religious fervour. They do not, as a rule, act so well on their own initiative; they cannot, naturally, do pioneer work. so well as men; and though they have superior moral courage, they are unable to face certain things, in particular absolute loneliness, isolation, remoteness. Many a White Father would instinctively shrink from the task fearlessly set themselves by some of the more daring Sisters; yet these very heroines would be quite unable to cope with some hazards almost inevitable in the career of one of our missioners."

Personally, I think the greatest work is being achieved by the Roman Catholic Church, and in particular by the institutions and societies inaugurated, and the specially trained emissaries sent forth by Cardinal Lavigerie.

WOMEN'S MISSION AMONG THE MOORS. MR. WILLIAM SHARP, in the Atlantic Monthly for August, has a very interesting paper on “Cardinal Lavigerie's work in North Africa.” From this it appears that the Cardinal's chief work was the introduction of women into the mission field of Algeria.

It will however interest many readers to know that this mission work in Kabylia, as indeed elsewhere throughout Franco-Moslem territories, is due even more to the Sisters of Our Lady of African Missions than to the indefatigable and unselfish labours of the White Fathers, praiseworthy and resultant in innumerable good works as the efforts of these apostolic emissaries have been and are.

On his elevation to the see of Algiers—to be more exact, on his voluntary and self-sacrificing transfer thither from his wealthier and more comfortable seo of Nancy-Mgr. Lavigerie almost from the first foresaw the need of women missionaries to carry out his schemes of evangelisation and social and domestic regeneration. His plans were regarded dubiously even by many of his fellow-bishops and higher clergy, and a large section of the public openly protested against the idea of Christian women being sent into regions where their honour would not be safe for a day.

The archbishop had that supreme quality of genius, controlled impatience. Within a quarter of a century he is said to have declared once to his Holiness, the late Pope, “ French Africa will be civilised by women.”

From the inoment he explained publicly the need for women missioners, volunteers were ready. The first response to his appeal came from his old diocese of Nancy—from the wellknown and venerable community of the Sisters of St. Charles. A novitiate was formed that year (1868) at Kouba.

For a few years the obvious results were sufficiently humble to give some colour to the derision or misrepresentation of the covertly malicious, the openly hostile, and the indifferent. But at last even the hostile had to admit that a labour of extraordinary importance, whether tending to ultimate good or ultimate evil, was being fulfilled throughout Algeria, and even among the intractable Kabyles and the haughtily resentful Arabs and Moors. Now, the African Sisters, as they are called succinctly, are a recognised power in the land; and even the most bigoted anti-religionist would hesitate to aver that their influence is not wholly for good

Among the Arabs there was and is a spirit of wonder and admiration for the dauntless courage, the self-sacrificing devotion, the medical knowledge and skill, the tenderness and saintly steadfastness of these heroic women. Hundreds have been brought to a different attitude entirely through observation of the Seurs de Notre Dame d'Afrique. In the words of the eminent Jesuit whom I have already quoted, The moral superiority of these women, their self-denying kindness, their courage and devotion deeply impressed the unbelievers, who gazed at them with astonishment and admiration, as if they belonged to a different order of beings, and were something more than human."

Not very long ago, no European women were able to appear in Sidi-Okba, even with an escort, without having to run the risk of insult, and even violence. Well, the African Sisters have not only gone to this unlikely place, but have thriven

THE ORIGIN OF MR. CARLYLE'S BLUMINE. ELIZABETH MERCER, in the Westminster Review, contributes a few pages in which she throws some light upor the lady whom Mr. Carlyle first loved, and whom he immortalised as Blumine in “ Sartor Resartus." It secms that Blumine was a Miss Kirkpatrick. She was

The daughter of a Begum at Hyderabad, a Persian princess by descent, who married Colonel Kirkpatrick, an English officer, holding a high post at the Court there. Her hair, which Carlyle describes as “ bronze-red," was, she Buid, pecoliar to the Persian royal family. In person she was far more foreign than English, and it was this rare combination of Eastern grace and beauty, with the highest English culture. which made her so very charming.

Elizabeth Mercer writes :

I was connected with Mrs. Phillipps (Blumine), my first cousin having married her niece, Christine Kirkpatrick, one of the three daughters of her only brother, Colon William Kirkpatrick. This led to our first acquaintance, when circumstances took me as a girl to Torquay in the year 1847. Captain and Mrs. Phillipps were then residing at it charming place called the “ Warberry.” She was arranging books in the library one morning, when she turned to me and said

“ Lizzie, have you ever read • Sartor Resartus' by Carlyle ? “No, I had not."

"Well, get it, and read the ‘Romance.' I am the heroine, and every word of it is true. He was then tutor to my cousin. Charles Buller, and had made no name for himself; so of course I was told that any such an idea could not be thought of for a moment. What could I do, with every one against it? Vow any one might be proud to be his wife, and he has married a woman quite beneath him."

This was all she said, and the subject was never alluded to again.

(

WHAT SHOULD BE DONE FOR THE UNEMPLOYED. (4.) Places of discipline and training (farm colonies and A HINT FROM MassacHUSETTS.

workshops), to which those who are able, but deliberately

refuse to work, can be sent as to a prison, where they shall be In the Annals of the American Academy there is a very kept until they prove their willingness and ability to earn an excellent paper by J. G. Brooks of Cambridge, Mass., in honest livelihooil. which he discusses charity and the unemployed. The If slowly and cautiously we were to work our way toward an first part of the article is devoted to an examination organisation of these four measures, that should become part of the new social feeling which has taken possession of of a common discipline, it seems to me fair to hope that we democracy. Mr. Brooks points out that the passion for

should begin to act upon public opinion so as to secure its com equality of opportunity has come_to stay. He then

operation. passes on to describe the position in England, France, and

CHILD LABOUR IN THE UNITED STATES. Denmark. Humanity on every side is in revolt against the old aristrocratic doctrine of charity. King Demos

The symposium on “Child Labour in America” in the has at last got in his word, and politicians and economists

Arena for June is very painful reading. It supplies the agree with Socialists in believing that the older forms

chapter and verse for what I said in the article Oil of charity must be remo lelled.

Coxeyism."—that Elizabeth Barrett Browning's “Cry Hence whatever else may be forgotten, this background

of the Children” is up to date in America to-day. In of democratic sentiment must be taken into account. The

proof whereof take the following extract from the paper idea of the right to work has taken deep root, and the

by the secretary of the New York Working Women's

Society:agitation which it has created will make the problem simple by bringing the conditions of the problem into

Few realise what children employed in factories must en lurc. consciousness. The day has passed when it is possible,

In our textile factories children walk twenty miles a day. or even advisable, that the well-to-do class should be

Two-thirds of the yarn manufactured in this country is spun allowed to settle that question. Labour itself must

by children under sixteen years of age. In our thread mills

children walk nearly as many miles. In button factorics chilundertake the responsibilities and acquire the education dren eyelet twenty gross of buttons a day. In our great feather that is to be got in sharing in the common respon factories, all through the hot weather children stand ten hours sibilities of the administration of relief. The next daily steaming feathers over pipes from which volumes of hot great step in charity work is the democratisation vapour are constantly escaping. Our postmen and policemen of the administration. Socialists and trades unionists work but eight hours daily, and have the benefit of fresh air must be pressed into the service of the boards of

and sunshine ; but the children of tender years are constantly guardians and frelief authorities. In Boston women

running to and fro in the vitiated atmosphere of our mercantile have been put upon the board of overseers, and this

establishments, from ten to sixteen hours daily. Those change, which was ridiculed a few years ago as being

employed as stock girls are seldom allowed to use the elepromoted by absurd doctrinaire sentiment, has doubled

vators, and are all day bearing heavy burdens up and down

long flights of stairs. The average wages of these children is the strength and efficiency of the Boston board. Yet

but $1.60 per week, and they are fined for absence, tardiness, Boston, when the committee for the relief of the un

and all mistakes. It is frequently the case that children are employed was asked to admit one or two trades unionists

promoted to the position of saleswomen, yet receive the wages among its members, refused.

of cash-girls. Many merchants claim that they cannot After you have democratised your machinery, what conduct business without a system of fines, because of the will you do with it? Mr. Brooks asserts that the indifference of employees to their work; but the very system, first thing is to discriminate and to register all those

the constant surveillance of floor-walkers and superintendents, who are out of work. Work should be provided, not so

the stern exactions of business, are incentives to indifference.

The majority of these children are engaged for low wages much as work, but as a test. Wood-yards, street work,

because they are incapable of performing the duties required tailoring and sewing, the thorough cleaning of ports and

of them, and then fined for their inability. alleys, can be employed for this purpose. The right to work can be recognised by the city if the authorities are

Why the Birth-rate Decreases. allowed to control all conditions of place, wages, etc., in which work is given. After having registered the

The fact that the birth-rate is decreasing in America

leads Mr. J. L. Brownell, in the Annals of the American unemployed and established a work test which will drive off four-fifths of the loafers, what is to be done with the

Academy for June, to draw up a most elaborate paper remaining genuine out-of-works? Mr. Brooks is against

crammed with statistics compiled from the census creating public work in order to keep them employed returns, in which he discusses the cause of this

phenomenon. His conclusions are as follows:---you do not get thirty cents' worth of result for a dollar's expenditure—but recommends that they should 1. Whether or not it be true that the means spoken of by be sent to some training-school, where they could learn Dr. Billings, M. Dumont, M. Levasseur, and Dr. Edson have to do something of which society is in need and would be

become an important factor in the diminishing birth-rate of

civilised countries, it is evident that it is not the only factor, willing to pay for. As for the loafers, he would send them

and that, quite apart from voluntary prevention, there is a to a penal industrial colony. Mr. Brooks thus sums up

distinct problem to be investigated. This is shown by the his proposals :

fact that the white and the coloured birth-rate vary together. (1.) Employment bureaus distributed over county and city 2. Mr. Spencer's generalisation that the birth-rate diminishes districts with investigation so organised that it can do its as the rate of individual evolution increases is confirmed by a work before it is too late to manage the applicants.

comparison of the birth-rates with the death-rates from nervous (2.) Adequate graded work tests that shall convince the diseases, and also with the density of population, the values of public that the applicant has been taken fairly at his word agricultural and manufactured products, and the mortgage and offered what he claims to be seeking-work. Such work indebtedness. tests separate the best in every variety from those for whom 3. The Malthusian theory in general, that population tends something may be done, because of the will to do something. to increase faster than the means of subsistence, is not true of

(3.) Trade schools (agriculture included) to which those the United States at the present time. In the regions where can be sent who have accepted the tests and proved their wealth increases most rapidly, the population increases most willingness, but lack of skill and capacity.

slowly.

[ocr errors]

MR. HOLMAN HUNT AND A FREE SUNDAY. the harvest), are not convincing proofs of His repudiation of THE ARTIST'S IDEA OF CHRIST.

forcible authority; and that His preference for the experienced An excellent portrait of the great painter, which is here

in the world's battle of life (even though these were not reproduced, prefaces his paper in the Humanitarian on

unspotted in the social strife), over those who stood apart from “Sunday Observance." His arguments for a freer Sunday

the turmoil, and used life as though it were for isolated and

selfish sanctimoniousness, -we ought not to ignore His everwill attract less attention than his delineation of the character of Christ. Mr. Hunt describes the present

repeated utterances against making His kingdom an over

bearing one. ... When He adds, “ Where the worm dieth not, Sunday law as a piece of " tyrannical persecution,” but and the fire is not quenched," the ulterior mercy is revealed. is careful to say, " It is the falsehood of extreme rigour that, Waste and rain continuing to our selfish affectioris, and we wish to escape from

the separation of the dross now, but the falsehood

from the pure metal still of extreme latitude we

going on, there must at should just as much

last be repentance, and object to." For the

with that salvation. maintenance of the

Christ was beneficent and

consistent all through. present law, the arguments I have

If we forbid the study heard are all religious ;

of science and art in now I advocate a change,

our galleries and mulet me declare, on Chris

seums on a Sunday, tian grounds. In Jesus

we should certainly Christ I recognise our

lay ourselves open to supreme Lord, for after

the charge of not believhaving looked abroad on

ing in the ultimate perall the world, I find no

fection and triumph of wisdom, love, or heroism like to that He showed.

our Lord's principles.” As an artist I am tempted

The further the wanto wander one phrase

derers without the fold aside, and add that He

become acquainted with was truly the Divine

the mysteries of Nature artist, for Art is discrimi.

and Art, the nearer they nating Love, and His love

will be in spirit to true was divinely comprehen

wisdom. ... I believe sive. The reflection of

that every full - minded Him in modern morose

person who goes to & Puritanism is surely

museum, and makes himnothing but a cruel dis

self acquainted with the tortion of the image of

evidence existing there the gentle-hearted Mes

of the links in the order siah, who uttered, “Be

of Creation, and of their hold the lilies of the field,

relation to earlier and they toil not, neither do

later facts, has instincthey spin; yet Solomon

tively increased in him in all his glory was not

the certain ty of the arrayed like one of

Author's existence, and these"; who, in the con

of his grandeur and of trast that He draws be

his all-sufficiency to bring tween Himself and John

about justice and love at the Baptist, takes the

the last. character of the flute

Patience, too, is player in the marketplace, playing to the list

taught by the best less that they might dance,

works of nature and of in contrast to the other,

art in our museums who mourned unto them

Mr. Hunt thinks while yet they had not

“ Christian ought to wept. He was the con

HUNT, R.W.s.

have nothing but convivial prophet, who came (From a photograph by Bassano.)

fidence in affording opeating and drinking, a

portunity to the busy wedding guest, a friend of publicans and sinners, who lovel little children, who instructed the ignorant

man to refresh body and soul on Sunday” with " innocent

- ver patiently and instructive recreation.” lle laments that we and hopefully, although only seeing a far-off leavening of ignorance; who healed the sick, who made whole the lamo

Christians, in our rigidity, have done much to drive and the blind, who asked more than once whether it was not

honest but impatient men to abjure religion altogether." lawful to do good on the Sabbath-day; doing these ingratiating acts as a means, the surest of all, of converting sinnars, even the most degraded, to new hope and the bliss of untried right

The Pall Mall Magazine is evidently making a feature eousness. “I have come that ye might have life, and that yo

of studies of former by present military heroes. Lord might have it more abundantly."

Wolseley recently retold the story of Napoleon. This But supposing that the examples of Christ's love of beauty

month Lord Roberts gives the first of a series of papers and of unerippled happiness and pleasure, which He displayed on the military career of Wellington. The frontispiece as a means of winning the erring to a surer desire and attain is a very fine engraving of Crompton's "Hst — he ment of perfection (as the ripening beanis of the sun hastea conies.”

[graphic]

N.

W. HOLMAS

« PreviousContinue »