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however, was the five years he afterwards spent at WinI. MR. ALFRED J. EYRE.

chester under Samuel Wesley. In connection with the Handel Festivals, no name, except that of Mr. August Manns, has usually been more Wesley was an erratic genius, & sort of counterpart of to the front than that of the Crystal Palace organist; Hans von Bülow, and the stories of his sayings and but this year sudden illness compelled him to resign at doings are endless. Dr. Garrett describes him as a the last moment and withdraw from public life. Miss magnificent organ-player, but as a teacher he was stern. Flora Klickmann, however, has succeeded in obtaining He rarely if ever gave a word of praise to a pupil, and an interview with Mr. Eyre, who has been so closely no matter how well a thing was done, he would point associated with the music at the Crystal Palace for the out some defect. Some natures he almost crushed. The last four'een years, and in the September number of Chapter at Winchester at that time were hopelessly Sylvia's Journal we get some hints on organ-playing, unmusical, and out of the nine there was only one who not exactly suitable for quotation here, but which would could have imitated a musical sound to save his life, so he students of the king of instruments would do well to Wesley certainly had his own temper tried, if he tried ponder.

the temper of others.

AT CAMBRIDGE. Mr. Eyre insists on organ students earnestly practising From Winchester Dr. Garrett went to Madras as the pianoforte, and he holds that the organ improves the cathedral organist, but the climate was too much for him, piano touch by strengthening the fingers and cultivating and he returned in two years and went to Cambridge, legato-playing. The pedals, of course, require separate where he was elected organist of St. John's College. Since and distinct work, and as organs are not found in every 1873 he has also been University organist. He is, in fact, house, he says much time could be saved by preparing the real educational musical force of Cambridge. Ever the manual part at the piano, and the pedalling on the since the death of Sir Sterndale Bennett in 1875, he has pedal attachment which may now he had for the piano. set the papers and examined for either the Senior or

On the whole, players do not vary the quality of tone Junior Locals, sometimes for both. The Senior papers sufficiently, and their playing is monotonous. It should average 800 a year; the Junior 1,200. Fourteen or be remembered that the mind, more than the fingers, has fifteen times he has examined for the Mus. Bac, and Mus. to do with the freedom with which good players make Doc. examinations of the University, and he has had use of the stops. The organist inust study harmony and much other examination work. Dr. Garrett himself counterpoint. Transposition and playing from the open graduated Mus. B. under Sterndale Bennett in 1857, and score are essentials, and facility in playing from a figured Mus. D., also under Sterndale Bennett, in 1867. In 1878 bass as well as extemporaneous playing should be aspired the degree of M.A. was conferred upon him. This makes to. Every opportunity should be taken to learn how to train him a member of the Senate. His compositions are a choir, and voice-production and solo-singing cannot be mostly services for the Church, anthems, etc., but “The neglected. In a good choir-school the student will make Shunamite," a cantata, is also from his pen. acquaintance with church music. A knowledge of the structure of the organ is another imperative, and

“ The New Storm and Stress.” altogether the competent organist has to pass many Kuno FRANCKE contributes to the Atlantic Monthly a years in hard study.

suggestive analysis of the movement in modern Germany, WOMEN AND THE ORGAN.

which he calls “ The New Storm and Stress.” One reason why so few women take to the organ To-day, as a hundred and twenty years ago, the leading note seriously is that the most lucrative appointments are

of German literature is revolt. In the eighteenth century this practically closed to them. If a girl has real musical

revolt meant the ascendency of the middle classes over a heregift, and works hard at piano or violin, there is nothing

ditary aristocracy which had ceased to be an aristocracy of tho to prevent her ranking with or above men, and earning

spirit; to-day it means the ascendency of the working classes

over a bourgeoisie which has ceased to be the representative of as much. But however accomplished an organist she

the whole people. ... It means a further step towards the final may be, the cathedrals and nearly all churches present a reconciliation of individualism and collectivism. difficulty in the form of a male choir. This would pre To-day, as a hundred and twenty years ago, the names of suppose the engagement of a choir-master, but the simpler the men who first gave life to the new literature are not the and decidedly better plan is that the work of organist names of Germans : the modern Rousseau is Tolstóy, and the and choir-master should be merged and placed in the modern Diderot is Ibsen. But to-day happens what happened hands of a competent musician.

then: the foreign pioneers are quickly being succeeded by Mrs. Eyre, it may be added in conclusion, has proved

German writers of originality and power; and...the nearly her prowess on the piano and on the organ, and her simultaneous appearance of such works as Sudermann's “ Hei. professional duties at the Guildhall School of Music

mat” and Hauptmann's “ Die Weber” augurs well indeed for

the future of the German drama. occupy her most of the day. There are eight little Eyres, generally known to musicians as “the octave,”

The “Heimat” shows the contrasts represented by and Ruth, the eldest, a girl of fourteen, is a promising

Conservatives and Radicals, Monarchists and Social Demopianist.

crats inevitably drifting towards a new corporate conII. DR. GARRETT.

sciousness which shall embrace both authority and

freedom. The “ Weavers” shows only the tragic fate of In the Musical Herald of September there is a bio.

the revolting proletariat. graphy of Dr. G. M. Garrett of Cambridge, who celebrates his professional jubilee this year. Dr. Garrett was DEVOTION and sociology seem to have been happily admitted as chorister of New College, Oxford, under the combined in the "Retreat” and “ School of the Kingrenowned Stephen Elvey, brother to Sir George, who was dom,” which some four hundred men ad women organist to the Queen. Dr. Garrett's brothers had also attended in the end of June at Iowa College, Grinnell, been in the New College choir, but both are now clergy and which Mr. Archibald H. Bradshaw sketches with men The real formative time of the organist's life, vividness in the Altruistic Review for August.


though here and there we can catch faint echces ana odours. The most remarkable paper in the Fortnightly Review

as it were, from earlier work. From his first essay, down to is Mr. Malato's "Anarchist Portraits,” which is dealt with

the praise of Dorian discipline in his last book, Mr. Pater

loved the travail of the soul in art; his was something of the elsewhere. LORD SALISBURY'S SCIENCE.

priest's, the soldier's abiding consciousness of law and limita

tion in their lives: orderliness, precision, ritual rigour, were Mr. Karl Pearson wrings his hands with dismay not dear to him; and to the strictness of artistic duty he gave the unmixed with fierce wrath over the praise bestowed upon obedience of one under the salutary command of a superior. Lord Salisbury's inaugural address to the British Associa

MUNICIPAL MUSEUMS FOR LONDON. tion. The reason for his indignation is because he

Mr. Frederic Harrison has an excellent paper on the realises that what he calls the new bigotry has risen upon the ruins of the old, and Lord Salisbury's address municipal museums of Paris, which is chiefly devoted to ministers directly to the new bigots, of whom it would

describing the Hôtel de Ville and the museum in the

Hotel Carnavalet. Mr. Harrison says:-seem that Benjamin Kidd and Professor Drummond are leading exponents. He says:

The idea of the Hôtel de Ville decorations apparently is to

make the building a museum of modern art, a civic LuxemAt a time when everything spells “Reaction,” when there is a peculiar need for men of science to stand shoulder to

bourg gallery, the prize of the aspiring sculptor and painter.

Londoners are fast learning this lesson of municipal patriotism; shoulder and justify their methods and their work to the people, the “ voice of English science” conveys a message of

and they cannot too early study the example in this matter of despair and of ignorance which finds not the least justification

the city of Paris, which places its urban government in a

building that reflects and concentrates the beauty of their in the facts, and, however unintentionally, gives disastrous

beautiful city, and forms at once a museum of art and an support to that new bigotry which is likely to prove such a

historic monument. · And among the various undertakings powerful engine of political warfare in the days to come.

which the new Council of our old City will have to take in Science, like Humanism, puts into the hands of its pseudo

hand are an adequate Museum of London antiquities, a friends weapons for its own destruction. They do not even

Library of London illustrations, and a comprehensive history show an accurate knowledge of where science now stands or

of London in all its phases, and in all sides of its long and what are its immediate prospects. They are the words of that

memorable annals. reaction which is noticeable on every side, and they have been

OXFORD versus YALE. hailed as such by the new bigotry, which, adopting much of the terminology and some of the results of science, neglects Mr. W. H. Grenfell gives a very spirited account of the its intellectual methods and its instruments of research. Anglo-American university sports. It is written in a

bright and sympathetic fashion. He points out ihat:A very charming literary paper is Mr. Lionel Johnson's Oxford University was successful in winning all the races, tribute to the literary work of his old friend Walter

and that in throwing the hammer and putting the weight it was far behind the fine performances made by Yale.

Speaking of the political and international aspect of the contest, Mr. Grenfell says :

This match is the first of its kind. We may hope that it will not be the last occasion on which the undergraduate youth of the English-speaking race may meet to try their strength on the greensward and their fleetness on the running path; besides the better knowledge, and we may say also, appreciation of each other, which such an interchange of visits between different countries copfers, the bond of athletic rivalry is, and has always been, a strong one, and if anything has been done by this meeting to draw two great portions of the Anglo-Saxon race closer together, Mr. Greenhow will not have run, nor Mr. Hickok put the weight, in vain.

THE NAVAL MANEUVRES. “Nauticus," writing on the Naval Manœuvres, scoffs at the partial mobilisation which always takes place in July, and which, although partial as regards the ships, is exhaustive as regards personnel. What it comes to, he



says, is

That, on July 18th, you mobilised, in numbers, just less than one-half of the ships which, so far as material was concerned, were nominally ready; and in so doing you practically, as I have shown, exhausted the list of your available officers and



(Prom a photograph by Elliott and Fry.)

Pater. It is impossible to summarise, but the following sentence will enable the reader to form some idea of the estimate in which he held Mr. Pater:

Charm is well-nigh everywhere in Mr. Pater's work, a golden grace upon the delicate sentences; and a charm that is strangely strong He stands alone, with no contemporary in any way resembling him; and he recalls no one in the past,

He urges that for mobilisation to be a real test of the conditions that would prevail in the case of a sudden outbreak of war, mobilisation should be tried without notice at another period of the year. He also protests against sticking to the rut of the Irish Channel :

I fail to see why you should not have cruiser man@uvres in the Atlantic, with Queenstown, Jamaica, Bermuda, and Halifax as your bases for the various squadrons. Or, if time will not serve for that, you may very advantamously take Kirkwall


or Lerwick as your northern, and Bantry Bay as your southern


I NOTICE elsewhere Mr. Gladstone's lay sermon on MRS. LYNN LINTON AND PROFESSOR DRUMMOND. Mrs. Besant's statement of the doctrine of the Atonement. Mrs. Lynn Linton having apparently wearied herself, The rest of the number is good and varied. as she long ago wearied every one else, by her threadbare

ARE UNITARIANS CHRISTIANS ? dissertations on the wickedness of the modern woman,

Dr. Vance Smith, replying to Mr. Gladstone's paper on has now turned her attention to Professor Drummond.

Heresy and Schism,” takes occasion to put in a protest She ridicules his new book, which, among its many other

against the calm manner in which Mr. Gladstone and sins, commits the grave crime of fulfilling all the condi

others rule Unitarians out of the Christian Church. tions which please average people. This is her summing

After explaining what is the belief of the Unitarians in up of the whole matter:-

Christ, Dr. Smith asserts that Christianity is not a system Nothing delights average people so much as picturesqueness

of dogma, but a life of discipleship. He maintains of statement irrespective of its truth-as sentimentality irreducible by logic or reason to anything resembling common-sense.

that it is a mistake and somewhat perverse in these days and And, as the exponent of that form of pseudo-science which altogether inadequate, to conceive of Christianity as in its puts new wine into old bottles, and expects to make a good

essence a doctrinal or dogmatic system, however long descended thing of the storage, Professor Drummond supplies all these

or extensively diffused it may be. That sort of Christianity ingredients in profusion. Hence his popularity. He brings has, in fact, been the source of untold miseries in the past his subject, which only the educated can rightly understand, experience of Christendom. down to the level of the ignorant. He strips science of her

THE LESSON OF THE NAVAL MANEUVRES. divinity and sends her out as a cottage-maid, or rather as a

William Laird Clowes explains, for the benefit of the young priest, of whom no one need be afraid. But he lets slip

uninstructed public, that the recent naval man@uvres truth in this endeavour to extract milk for babes out of the

which were conducted in the Irish Sea were carefully meat for men ; and his rendering of synthetic philosophy is both inadequate and shallow. Whatever is true is borrowed ;

arranged so as to afford a close reproduction of the actual whatever is false, strained, and inconclusive, is his own. His

conditions of warfare, whicb would prevail if we were at sin is the sin of plagiarism, with the additional offence of

war with France in the Mediterranean. The lesson was distortion in the lifting.

rather an unpleasant one, for the English fleet was SIR JAMES BROOKE AND SARAWAK.

smashed, and the French left masters of the MediterraHugues le Roux describes clearly and well the wonder

The moral of this object lesson is thus stated : ful work which Sir James Brooke did for civilisation in To make certain of holding the Mediterranean we must, in Sarawak. It was indeed a great achievement which addition to other measures, regularly maintain in that sea a enabled this young Englishman to establish, almost by

naval force stronger than any foreign naval force in the same the unaided force of his own genius, the orderly, peace

waters. We cannot rely upon being able to reinforce from the

Channel our Mediterranean fleet with the necessary promptiful, and civilised government among the tribes of the

tude when pressing occasion arises. The second lesson is that Dyacks, among whom, Mr. le Roux says:

so long as Gibraltar remains without the means of repairing on No social or religious function could take place among the a large scale any vessels that may go thither seriously tribes without bloodshed. Young unmarried girls came forth damaged, it is of hardly any use at all as a naval base. The from the long seclusion to which they had been condemned third lesson is that when fleets are separated the interior posisince childhood, so anæmic that they could hardly stand; a tion still confers, as it has ever conferred, enormous advantages slave was killed in their honour, and the blood of the victim

upon him who holds it. sprinkled over them. Head-hunting had decimated the race.

SHOULD WOMEN SMOKE? It was imperative that husbands should conjure evil spirits by bringing a human head to their wives before the expected

There is a very bright little paper by Mrs. Frederic birth of a child. Boys might not aspire to manhood without Harrison, in which this question is discussed, in a conhaving earned the badge of the head-hunter. A skull was the versation over afternoon tea in a country house. Mrs. first gift of a lover to his mistress, and the last token of Harrison is dead against smoking for women, chiefly on respect by which the living could honour the dead. On the ground that it tends to add another link to the chain account of his rank no petty chief could be buried without which reduces the modern woman to slavery. There is a many freshly decapitated heads to form his escort into the

great deal of force in what she says in the following next world.


We have idols of the house, idols of the toilette, idols of Mr. J. Barr Robinson replies in an article entitled

society, idols of fashion; and now we propose to enslave our"Imaginative Currency Statistics” to Mr. Mulhall's selves afresh, and to sacrifice to a new idol, more exacting than &rticle in the Contemporary on “Bimetallism in the any of these. I am persuaded that many women suffer so Mansion House.” Mr. Barr Robinson's point can be much from the fatigue and weariness of spirit that all these judged from his concluding sentence:

sacred rites involve that they have no health or spirit left for No other solution has been put forward that would in any

the real enjoyment of life. And surely if we read the signs of material degree mitigate the extraordinary industrial, com

the times aright, great social changes are in store for us. I mercial and financial depression, except the restoration of

am no Puritan, nor do I believe that a level of uniformity is at silver to the monetary function which it performed in the

land; but I think that the mass of our people will have to world for more than two thousand years. The only policy,

return to a plainer mode of life, to a life as sober as that which therefore, that can seriously be regarded as worthy of adoption

our great-grandmothers lived before the manufacturing boom by the leading nations is to restore silver to its former func of this century. It will be a very good thing for all of us, and tion along with gold, and to carry this out by international

will solve a good many of the problems which now agitate agreement.

You remember what the great Russian said, that if OTHER ARTICLES.

we wanted freedom “ we must simplify our lives.” Mr. A. H. Savage Landor has an interesting travel

IN DEFENCE OF UNIVERSITY EXTENSION. paper describing his journey to the sacred mountain in Mr. Whibley's paper ridiculing the University ExtenChina. The journey was taken from Pekin, and nearly sion as a farce, has brought to the defence of the cost Mr. Savage Landor his life. The only other paper University Extensionists two very capable champions in is Paul Verlaine's article on Shakespeare and Racine. the persons of Mr. Sadler and Mrs. James Stuart, the


but politicians are profoundly corrupt. The Daily News is their favourite British organ. Athens struck him as one of the most delightful capitals in Europe. Mr. Lawrence Irwell's elementary discourse on evolution is somewhat redeemed by its concluding list of books to read on the subject. With grim outspokenness Mrs. Hawksley demands as a right for every young woman knowledge of what is involved in marriage. Alice Low treats of Henry Kirke White as a forerunner of Keats, and finds it difficult to decide whether White is a lesser Keats or Keats a greater White. “A Practical Miner” tells from his own observation how English money has been spirited away over American gold mines. Mr. Bellot's review of Mr. Shaw Lefevre's “ English Commons and Forests” cites many instructive cases of land-grabbing greed checked by the action of the Commons Preservation Society.

last named being a bright and lively writer whom I do not remember meeting before in any of the periodicals. They go over the field with the confidence born of a detailed knowledge of the facts, and are supported by the approval which has been expressed by competent experts abroad. They naturally speak most of the benefits to those who attend the Extension lectures, but Mrs. Stuart refers to the advantages which have accrued to the Universities themselves, and expresses, the conviction that the greatest hope for our Universities, those treasures-houses of learning which are the glory of the whole nation, and which many of us love so well, lies in that broadening movement of which the Local Lectures are but one phase.

AN APPEAL TO MONOMETALLISTS. Mr. J. P. Heseltine once more pleads for silver in a paper, the chief object of which he obligingly summarises as follows:

(1). That monometallism is a new creed dating from 1873.

(2) That the leaders or exponents of the monometallic creed are, though influential, very few in number.

(3) That of the five whose names are mentioned, one only, Mr. Bertram Currie, has practical experience of business.

(4) That three only out of the five-Mr. Giffen, Mr. Macleod, and Mr. Lloyd-have published their views.

(5) That silver has practically not fallen in exchangeable value in any part of the world, except as against gold.

(6) That the disregard of the silver standard by England, France, Germany, and America, has been to the great disadvantage of each and all of them.

(7) Lastly, to appeal to Mr. Giffen, Mr. Macleod, Mr. Lloyd and Mr. Bertram Currie to publish their views as to what advantages England has gained by refusing to promote an international ratio of parity.


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Mr. E. R. Spearman discusses the system which the Home Office recommends for adoption in England as a substitute for the Bertillon system of marking criminals. He argues with considerable force for adopting the Bertillon system en bloc. Prince Krapotkin continues his admirable paper on Mutual Aid in the Mediæval City.” Mr. Theodore Bent describes his recent journey through South Arabia, and Mr. Drage retorts somewhat viciously to Mrs. Sidney Webb's attack on the Labour Commission. The Review concludes with a

very charming paper by Dr. Jessopp on “The Parish Priest of the Past.' Dr. Jessopp says it is a deep-rooted delusion that our great landlords built our medieval churches. Everything goes to show that the immense majority of the old churches of England were built, not by the great men, but by the small people with the clergy at their head. During the earlier centuries, churches in England belonged to the parishioners exactly as board schools do now.

THE CONTEMPORARY REVIEW. THE Contemporary Review is a good number with some very solid papers. Professor Goldwin Smith's review of “If Christ Came to Chicago " is noticed elsewhere.

THE POPE AND THE BIBLE. The author of “The Policy of the Pope" is either Mr. E. J. Dillon alias Mr. E. B. Lanin, or his double. It is difficult, indeed, to believe that any other man in Europe could write the article which this anonymous critic has devoted to expose the dilemma in which the Roman Church finds itself owing to the encyclical of the verbal accuracy of the Bible, excepting the same man who devoted so much time, a year or two ago, to a similar remorseless exposition of the policy of Pobedonetszefi. The following exposition of the difficulties with which advocates of the literal accuracy of every word of Scripture are involved, affords us a fair example of his familiar style :

Summing up the account of the matter given by our Italian and English apologists, we find that what it comes to in ultimate analysis is this. It pleased God to issue a message to mankind, “ Epistola omnipotentis Dei ad creaturam," and to enshrine it in a book, the only book of which He is the author. His scribes being imperfect men, He wrought miracles upon miracles for the sole purpose of preserving the message pure and undefiled by the breath of error, as it passed through these human channels. So marvellous were these miracles, that when the Prophets gave expression to the current errors of their age, they were so completely in the power of divine grace that the terms they employed are even at the present day found to dovetail with the forınulas of physical science.

And yet the work which He thus willed should be perfect has come to His creatures in a lamentable state of corruption. He adds dryly that it is now admitted by all my English adversaries-viz., that what we invariably term errors, if found in a book written by a mortal, are truths when met with in the Word of God.

THE COST OF LIVING IN AMERICA. Mr. Andrew Carnegie writes a brief but very interesting paper, in which he contrasts the cost of living in Britain to America. He maintains that, while wages in England are a little more than half the rate paid in the United States, the cost of living to the workman is cheaper. He enters into considerable detail, and quotes the prices for various commodities, and what is more to the point, mentions the experience of various households which migrate between England and America, the members of which find it is quite as che to buy goods in New York as in Glasgow or Liverpool. The American workman, however, has so many more wants than his English brother that he does not make his wages go so far. For rich people America is dearer to live in, but for

THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW. THERE is an agreeable variety in the bill of fare for this month; and perhaps out of compliment to the season the strenuous purpose which usually dominates is less pronounced. Mr. Edmond Mitchell's forcible “Plea for Co-operation as a Remedy for Agricultural Depression ” claims separate notice. Mr. W. Miller's “Impressions of Greece" are vivid and entertaining: He is enraptured with the scenery, although lamenting that “modern Greece is a land without trees." He finds a tour in Greece as cheap as one in Italy. He reports the Greeks honest, and brigandage extinct except on the Turkish frontier. “Most of Greece is as safe as Piccadilly.” The Greek people are thoroughly sound, and all enthusiastic about politics;

the poor man who lives on the European scale, Mr. ficial, and should on no account be interfered with, Carnegie thinks the United States is cheaper than the old nerer prescribe it to their patients excepting in the country.

case of disease, and he effectively demolishes the THE TOMB OF THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE.

theory that the natives of India would revolt unless Mr. Frederick Greenwood writes, as Mr. Kossuth once

a check is placed upon the spread of the pracdescribed himself, as a Death prophecying bird” on

tice of opinm eating. He writes very strongly on • The New Drift in Foreign Affairs,” pointing out that

the subject of native opinion, closing his paper by a very his predictions are being fulfilled and that the Triple

vigorous and timely insistence upon the need of a higher Alliance tends inevitably to decay. Germany will, he

standard of personal morality on the part of Anglothinks, inevitably gravitate towards an agreement with

Indian officers. He says it is still a common belief, in Russia or France, or possibly both, at our expense. The

some parts at least of India, that to keep a woman and result will be

to get drunk are the two distinguishing marks of the 1 resolute squeezing of England by Russia and France in

Christian religion. Religious tests have rightly been regions a long way off from Charing Cross, with the complacent

abandoned for candidates of the Civil Service, but Mr. acquiescence of the German Powers; and, for that matter, with Alexander suggests that they might be replaced with no disturbance (as yet) to the calmer and more up-to-dato advantage by a standard of decent living. statesmanship of Great Britain. WHAT SHOULD BE DONE IN ARMENIA.

THE NEW REVIEW. Mr. H. F. B. Lynch concludes his paper on the Ar

The September number is not exceptionally attractive. menian question by suggesting that -

Notice has been taken elsewhero of the articles on China we should seriously exert ourselves with the Turkish Govern

and Japan,--in which both Sir Edwin Arnold and “Naument to secure the appointment of suitable officials to the

ticus” forecast victory for Japan,--of Mr. Henniker governorships of Erzerum, Bitlis, and Van, and that we should

Heaton's satire on the world's divorce laws, and of require of them, at least within the area of the platean, to

Mr. Wordsworth Donisthorpe's rather desultory defence secure to the Armenians complete immunity from the depre of anarchy. Contributions to biography are supplied by dations of the Kurds. On the other hand, the Armenians who Lord Lyttelton's hitherto unpublished “ Reminiscences inhabit the wilder districts of the neighbouring regions might of Napoleon's First Days of Captivity on Board H.M.S. reasonably be expected to draw more closely to the centres of Vorthumberland,and by Miss Hall Caine's " Child's Regovernment.

collections of Rossetti.” She never met, she says, a man If this is not done, he thinks

so full of ideas interesting and attractive to a child. · Mr. It is probable that a solution for the present difficulties will T. H. S. Escott appeals to the Lords of Dalmeny and ultimately be found in the constitution of a separate province Devonshire, with a further glance at Mr. Chamberlain, to under definite guarantees.

reconsider their differences and reunite the Liberal ranks A SUGGESTION FOR THE NAVAL CONSTRUCTOR. in the common effort to promote social and industrial

reform. Mr. Hartley Withers discusses the financial outMr. James Eastwick, writing on “ Possible Develop

look. He finds “at the bottom of all the mischief” of ments in Naval Armament," maintains that

recent year's “over-financing followed in due course by By the use of gear of a fairly uniform type-in itself no

over-trading." But it is chiefly the wealthier or investsmall advantage—the present défects would be remedied. A

ing class which has been hit; the wage-earner has lived great increase in the fighting power of the ship might be combined with a great saving in weight both of guns and armour;

merrily. "Certainly, all indications seem to show that and this saving would enable the guns to be carried at a higher

the tide is preparing to turn, and that only the state of level in a smaller ship. In fact, it seems hardly too much to

the commercial nervous system delays the revival.” say that if a Centurion with her 10,500 tons displacement were There are two dark clouds on the horizon: the collapse in re-armed with two 12" and four 6" automatic guns with their

India, and the demands of labour at home which threaten crews well sheltered by her belt armour, she would be a match to drive capital abroad. In a chatty paper on “Sport for the Majestic as at present designed and armed, notwith and Sportsmen,” Major Gambier-Parry reckons the annual standing her four 12" and twelve 6' guns and her 14,900 tons outlay in England and Wales on foxhounds and stagdisplacement. These suggestions have within the writer's

hounds at over half a million sterling; on horses (hunters) own knowledge been worked out into a detailed scheme.

at about the same figure; on shooting licences at a quarter There is a somewhat difficult paper on spirit and of a million; on powder and shot " blazed away”in sport matter by Emma Marie Caillard. Her point is that- also at a quarter of a million. just as thought is essentially self-manifesting, so the life of spirit is essentially self-manifesting, and that as language is

THE NATIONAL REVIEW. the utterance of the one, so matter is the utterance of the other. And from this standpoint, even while recognising the THERE are many papers in the Vational Review calling deep and far-reaching significance of that tremendous pro for special mention. There is a short story by Mr. blem which has yet to be faced, there is hope--almost bound Frederick Greenwood, and a paper by Hiram Maxim on less hope—in the vista opened before us.

"The Prospects of Flying,” which is quoted elsewhere. As we survey the rise in the scale of being through inorganic

A writer, calling himself “ The Ordinary Man,” describes to organic, and finally to superorganic life: Material forms are the fortresses of spirit, whose every conquest is thus made

the state of the English Bar. A Conservative M.P. then

discourses on “Some Features of the Session.” Mr. T. E. the basis of operations for others still beyond; and again, each material form is the product of spirit, but becomes in turn a

Kebbel meditates among the harvest fields on new support for spiritual growth?

things rural and political. Colonel Howard-Vincent

argues in favour of drawing closely the trade ties between THE OPIUM QUESTION IN INDIA.

the colonies and the mother country, and Sir Frederick Mr. Joseph G. Alexander, who travelled with the Opium Pollock contributes an essay on Thomas Hobbes and Commission through India, has a very effective reply to Malmesbury, whom he describes as one of the most Sir Lepel Griffin. He points out that the medical men, notable English publicists and memorable English who maintained that the use of opium was most bene writers.


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