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THE RECREATIONS OF OLIVER CROMWELL. by Cromwell to secure the peace of the nation were instructed THE LORD PROTECTOR ON HORSERACING.

" to permit no horse-races, cock-fightings, bear-baitings, stage

plays, or any unlawful assemblies within their respective proWHEN Ladas won the Derby he rendered at least one vinces; forasmuch as treason and rebellion is usually hatched good service to the British public. In the controversy and contrived against the State upon such occasions, and much which ensued about the Prime Minister and the turf, evil and wickedness committed." But while the ordinance Lord Rosebery referred to the precedent of the Lord against cock-fighting was confirmed and made a permanent Protector's racing stud, and that again has led to the Act by the Parliament of 1656, the prohibition of horse-races publication in Macmillan's Magazine of an admirable

was never more than a temporary police measure. They were paper by Mr. C. H. Firth upon “ Cromwell's View of

again prohibited for six months on February 24th, 1655, were

suppressed by the Majors-General during 1656, and their proSport.” The attitude maintained by the Puritans and

hibition was recommended by the council in April, 1658. their great leader towards rational amusements has so

FOR BOWLS, BUT AGAINST BETTING. persistently been misrepresented by the Royalists, who confounded liberty with license, and amusement with

There is no doubt, however, that if horseracing had immorality, that Mr. Firth's article will come to many

existed as it does to-day, the Lord Protector would have

made short work of that feature of the modern turf upon people as a surprise. For that reason it is all the more necessary that it should be written and the widest which its existence practically depends. That he would possible circulation secured for it. From this paper we

have permitted horseracing as a sport while suppressing learn that Cromwell-instead of being the narrow pinched betting as a profession seems to be clear from the fanatic who looked askance at every form of recreation,

following extract from Mr. Firth's article :-and who did his best to suppress all manly sport-was in

After August 1st, 1657, any person who " by playing at reality a country gentleman who was devoted to all kinds cards, dice, tables, tennis, bowls or shovel-board, cock-fighting of outdoor sport. Mr. Firth says that although he

or horse-races, or any game or games, or by bearing any part suppressed cock-fighting and bear-baiting, he was

in the adventure or by betting on the hands or sides of such

as do or shall play as aforesaid,” should win any sum of thoroughgoing sportsman, devoted to horses and hounds,

money or “any other thing valuable whatsoever," was to passionately fond of hawking, delighting in a game of

forfeit twice the value of his winnings. When this Bill was bowls, and who was famous from his youth up as an under discussion, one member thought it forbade bowls athlete.

altogether. Many honest men use the game," he protested. “LAUDAELE RECREATIONS."

“My Lord Protector himself uses it. I would have some Cromwell's attitude to all kinds of amusements is

gentlemen added to the Committee that are more favourers of indicated in a letter which he wrote to representations

lawful recreations.” that his son Richard was unable to live within his allowance chiefly owing to his lore of sport:

From this it will be seen that Cromwell personally “I desire to be understood," was Cromwell's answer, " that enjoyed sport. Mr. Firth says :I grudge him not laulable recreations, nor an honourable The real Cromwell was by no means afraid to enjoy carriage of himself in them; nor is any matter of charge like himself or averse to amusements. Oliver,” as one of his to fall to my share a stick with me. Truly I can find in my officers observes, “ loved an innocent jest,” and especially a heart to allow him not only a sufficiency, but more, for his practical jest. Under the cuirass of the General or the royal good. But if pleasure and self-satisfnction be made the robe of the Protector he was always an athletic country gentlebusiness of a man's life, and so much cost laid out upon it, man of sporting tastes. His Royalist biographers make his so much time spent on it, as rather answers appetite than the early taste for athletics one of their charges against him. “ He will of God, or is comely before his saints, --I scruple to feed learnt little at Cambridge,” says “Carrion” Heath, “and was this humour; and God forbid that his being my son should be more famous for his exercises in the fields than the schools, his allowance to live not pleasingly to our heavenly Father, being one of the chief match-makers and players of football, who hath raised me out of the dust to be what I am."

cudgels, or any other boisterous sport or game.” He “was That letter exactly expresses Cromwell's sentiments. soon cloyed with studies,” adds Bates, “ delighting more in His constant desire was to live pleasingly to his Heavenly

horses, and in pastimes abroad in the fields.". We hear occaFather, but he never grudged "laudable recreation.”

sionally of his hunting at Hampton Court or elsewhere, but

nothing beyond the bare fact is recorded. Marvell has a brief THE RACEHORSE CONTROVERSY.

allusion to the subject in his elegy on Cromwell's death, where Mr. Firth, however, is not satisfied with the evidence he writes: that the Lord Protector ever kept racehorses. He says:

All, all is goge of ours or his delight

Iu horses fierce, wild deer, or armour bright. A modern biographer. Mr. Waylen, boldly asserts that “

Queen Christina of Sweden collected a small herd of reindeer continued in Hyde Park during the Protectorate; and Dick

which she meant to present to Cromwell, but some were eaten Pace, the owner of divers horses who live in racing chronicles, was the Protector's stud-groom.” But he gives no authority

by wolves, and the rest died before they could be transported for these statements, and neither of them is confirmed by con

to England.

HIS PASSION FOR HORSES. temporary evidence. Towards public amusements in general, Cromwell was (in theory, at all events) more liberal than is

But Cromwell's chief delight was in horses. Had he usually supposed. The policy of Cromwell and his govern not loved his horses, it is doubtful whether he would ment is perfectly clear. Certain amusements are suppressed, have risen to be Lord Protector of England. His famous not as sinful or inherently unlawful, but because under existing Ironsides owed their success, not merely to the Godconditions they are dangerous to the public peace or the public fearing spirit which he infused into their ranks, but also morals. This is the line taken by Cromwell in defending his to the sedulous care with which he looked after the policy to his Parliament. He complains of the “folly” of the horses. “Cromwell used them,” says a contemporary nation which could not endure to be deprived of its amusements even for a moment. " A great deal of grudging in the nation

chronicler,“ daily to look after, feed and dress their horses, that we cannot have our horse-racings, cock-fighting, and the

and when it was needful to lie together on the ground.” like. I do not think these unlawful, but to make them recrea

Twice during the Civil War Cromwell protested against tions that they will not endure to be abridged of them.” The proposals to engage, not because he was slow to fight, but sentence is untinished, and the words “is folly” or “is unlaw because the horses were so worn and spent that they were ful" must be supplied. In 1655 the Majors-General established not capable of service. After the King lost his head,




Cromwell appeared in public in more than regal state Western States of America could take thousands more Chingwith six gallant Flanders mares of reddish-grey. Six men than they at present have, to the advantage of the whole years later, he drove with a coach of six white horses, of community in each and every case. which, says the chronicler, it is certain none of the

CHINESE GAMBLING. English kings had ever any such. One function of After minimising the evils of the use of opium, and English diplomatists during the Protectorate was to buy declaring that Chinese gambling does not approach in horses for Cromwell. They were acquired from Naples, mischief t) that of our racecourses, or the ordinary Tripoli, Aleppo, and elsewhere. It was alleged against American gambling hell, he mentions a curious circumCromwell by his enemies, that on one occasion when the stance in extenuation of the Chinese addiction to games parliamentary deputation waited on him to urge his of chance:acceptance of the crown, he kept them two hours

Untiring industry, patience, and perseverance, extreme waiting in order to inspect a Barbary steed in the garden thrift, the inborn habit and faculty of saving a little day by at Whitehall.

day, however scanty his earnings--these are the very qualities HIS ACCIDENT IN HYDE PARK.

that have turned against him the hands of men belonging to a Cromwell loved not only to ride but to drive spirited

less industrious, less frugal, and less provident race. The horses. This on one occasion nearly cost him his life. In

Chinaman, although proverbially meek and mild, is a man of

dauntless courage and unflinching fortitude. The Chinaman 1654 the Count of Oldenburg sent him a present of six

abroad invariably provides for his own poor, and his games are horses, and it was while trying them in Hyde Park that

voluntarily and cheerfully taxed for the purposes of charity. he nearly lost his life :

Can his Caucasian detractors in America and Australia say On Friday, September 29th, he went with Secretary Thurloe the same thing of their gambling saloons and race meetings? and some of his gentlemen to take the air in the Park, ordered, He then draws a picture of a Chinaman creating an the six horses to be harnessed to his coach, put Thurloe inside it, and undertook to drive himself. “ His Highness," says a

oasis in the great wilderness of Australia, and a comletter from the Dutch ambassadors, “ drove pretty handsomely

panion picture of another Chinaman washing the tailing for some time; but at last provoking those horses too much

in a gold field :with the whip, they grew unruly, and ran so fast that the

Where the Caucasian has admitted himself to be played out, postillion could not hold them in; whereby his Highness was

the Mongolian is saving gold! Here is an alchemist who can Aung out of the coach-box upon the pole, upon which he lay

find the precious metal in the dirt-wash from the battery in 'with his body, and afterwards fell upon the ground. His foot

which every appliance that money can purchase and man's getting hold in the tackling, he was carried away a good while

ingenuity derise is in operation. in that posture, during which a pistol went off in his pocket;.

THE CHINESE AS COOK8. but at last he got his foot clear, and so came to escape, the

The accusation that the Chinese are blacklegs and coach passing away without hurting him.”

undersell white labour is a favourite excuse for the

attacķs which are made upon them, but when Chinese are Another amusement of which he was very fond was employed as cooks in hotels they are paid the same wages hawking. He and several of his officers went out of their as white cooks, but that circumstance in no way lessens way to go hawking a few days after the crowning mercy the antipathy with which they are regarded. Mr. Mitof Worcester, and some years later when he was hawking chell says:on Hounslow Heath he made such friends with the

Their great disqualification in the eyes of their enemies lies Royalist Sir John Long, who was an expert at the sport, in the fact that they make their employers' interests identical as to cause great scandal to Sir John's Royalist friends. with their own. “ John " the cook is absolutely reliable. He Such is the picture which Mr. Firth gives us of the never goes on strike for an eight-hours' day, and never by any greatest of English rulers. Nothing can be more opposed chance touches a drop of liquor. Yet many an hotel in the to the popular caricature of the great Puritan, who in

colonies has been burned to the ground for no other reason Macaulay's malignant sarcasm suppressed bear-baiting,

than that the owner employed a Chinese cook. The disabilinot so much because it gave pain to the bear as because

ties of the Jews in medieval Europe sink into nothingness it gave pleasure to the people.

when compared with the disabilities of the Chinese in modern


Occasionally we get a glimpse of what the race might achieve MR. EDMUND MITCHELL publishes in the Vineteenth were these disabilities removed. Thus in Melbourne, two or Century an article upon “ The Chinaman Abroad.” Mr. three years ago, a Chinese boy in attendance at the premier Mitchell is evidently of opinion that the Chinese are high school in the city beat everyone in the senior class, and the salt of the earth. Seldom has the heathen Chinee came out first in Latin, Greek, French, mathematics, English found a more enthusiastic and uncompromising champion.

literature, and each and every subject in the curriculum. But he was the son of a christianised Chinese missionary, and so

had avenues opened to him that are barred to all other Chinese His paper, in fact, is little more than a demonstration children in the land. The average working Chinaman, as I that the Chinese are hated more for their virtues than

have shown, has to bear the burden of contumely, and has to their vices, and in their vices even they compare very

live the life of the leper outside the gates. Yet he braces himfavourably with the English-speaking populations in the

self to the cruel and unequal struggle, and in the end achieves midst of which they dwell. He says :

a qniet triumph in the face of every difficulty. Has chivalry My plea for the Chinaman in new countries such as Cali

died out among the Caucasian race that honour should be

denied to such achievement ? fornia or Queensland amounts to this—that for the development of these regions his presence in certain force cannot but prove one of the grandest factors conducing to success. His

THE Gesellschaft for September gives a sketch of total exclusion is a most short-sighted and mistaken line of

E. Humperdinck, whose children's opera, “Hänsel und policy; his deportation is little less than a national crime, for

Gretel,” has made his name famous. There is also a it puts back the clock of progress and renders useless a large

study of the opera, which seems to be founded on a amount of necessary and arduous pioneer work. Furthermore, Grimm fairy tale, has leading motives, witch scenes, and I say uuhesitatingly that both the Australian colonies and the other things to attract.


THE ESSENTIAL INFERIORITY OF WOMAN. note of the new woman movement. His interviewer ACCORDING TO MR. HALL CAINE.

reports his o’servations on this subject as follows: In the Young Woman an interviewer writes an account

“I cannot resist the feeling that there is among the leaders

of what is called the New Womanhood an erroneous idea of of the author of "The Mansman,” in the course of which

the lives that men live. I have travelled a good deal, lived that popular novelist delivers himself of certain oracular

much among men, and claim to know my own sex, and I say obiter dicta concerning what he is pleased to describe " the

confidently that by far the larger proportion of men live fundamental and natural inferiority of women as a sex.”

clean and wholesome lives." In another part of the conversaMr. Caine says:

tion Mr. Caine told me that when in a smoking-room chat he There is an absolute inequality, an inequality that began in made the same remark to Dr. Conan Doyle, the creator of the Garden of Eden, and will go on till the last woman is born. Sherlock Holmes fully endorsed it. “At the same time," my It is not an inequality of intellect, but of sex. How can we host added deliberatively, “I am conscious that many men escape from the belief that woman is the subject creature ? live impurely, and that there is danger that women be thrust Once a woman marries she becomes conscious of this, willy in ignorance into purely conventional marriages, which, if they nilly. There is no getting

knew more, they would over the essential inequality

shrink from in horror. My of sex.

position" - decisively-"is The new woman will

this: that a woman should find it somewhat difficult

marry for love; that in order to argue with a dogmatist

to marry for love she should

be free to love only where so decided as Mr. Hall

her judgment approves, and Caine. She may, how

that a judgment based on ever, be permitted to re

ignorance may be dangermind him that if he will

ously unsound. Therefore go back to the Garden of

I am forced to the concluEden, to the Garden of

sion that all women should Eden he shall go, and

know certain facts about that the domination of

the world in which they live. the male is not the most

To tell girls the kind of

life that some men live conspicuous element in that sacred narrative.

might have the effect of

rubbing the bloom off their The man was certainly

modesty, but even that is not the party of the

better than that their happiinitiative, and almost his

ness should be wrecked only articulate utterance

through ignorance. The first in the Garden was to

generation of the emancithrow the blame upon

pated always have to pay his wife in a fashion

for their emancipation, and which seemed to imply

so, maybe, girls of the prethat he had not yet found

sent day will have to pay out the fundamental and

the price of knowledge. But

all this will amend itself; natural inferiority of her

men's lives will become sex. Mr. Hall Caine, how

purer when women demand ever, goes gaily on to

that they shall be pure; so make an assertion which

that in a generation or two is quite as extraordinary

we shall get back for woman as the story from the

that sweetness and bloom Garden of Eden :

that is half her charm, and The male is of necessity

that freedom in the choice the dominant creature.

of a life-partner which is Nature tells us

her inalienable right." so in a

(From a photograph by Martin and Sallnow.) thousand voices; with our own eyes that on the average the offspring

A USEFUL INVENTION. partakes more of the character of the male than of the

-Mr. W. Webber, of 6, female. This great truth was recognised in the Garden of Saltram Place, Plymouth, sends me for review, not a book, Eden, it has been recognised in all history, and must be but an ingenious contrivance called the Memonitor. It is recognised to the end. Can we think that a group of women a wooden box of peculiar construction, intended to stand at the end of the nineteenth century are going to alter all on the writing-desk for the reception of letters of engagethis, to reverse the order of all the ages and all the climes, and

ments or any papers relating to business under negotiachange the laws of nature ? Summing up, Mr. Hall Caine asserted that “because the

tion, and required ready at hand for easy reference,

instead of having to search the permanent files of the New Womanhood is not making its reckoning with the fundamental and natural inferiority of women as a sex, it

office. Letters or papers requiring attention on any parcannot permanently succeed. The woman movement is doing

ticular date are placed in the divisions as represented by some good, and a great deal of harm. It is true that woman the numbers. When the particular business is concluded has been basely treated in all secondary matters, and all that the papers relating thereto should be passed out of the we are changing; but the primary inequality must remain so Memonitor to the permanent files of the office. In this long as

men are men and women are women. It is a way all the business in hand is kept in proper order. pathetic tragedy based on natural law.”

Papers required for reference under name or subject matter Notwithstanding this, there will be many who will be can be placed in the division represented by the alphaglad to read what Mr. Caine has to say as to the dominant betical letter, where they will remain until required.




Hall Caine




a remark which escapes criticism owing to the impossiMR. ST. LOE STRACHEY has an article in the Vineteenth bility of understanding what it means. Mr. Strachey is Century bearing the above title. It is a smart article, severe upon what he calls the policy of excessive reserve:flippant and shallow. Vr. Strachey professes to have The man may have no cnemies, but he has no hearty band discovered in the present Prime Minister no fewer than of co-operators—men who feel the strengthening bond of a seven different personalities. They are as follows:

He has shrouded liis purposes and stands 1. The Home Rule Lord Rosebery.

alone. when the crisis of his fate comes Lord Rosebery will 2. The Unionist Lord Rosebery.

know what it is to have no true followers. 3. The Democratic, Socialist, Labour-Radical Lord Rosebery. But surely Lord Rosebery was quite as reserved, and 4. Lord Rosebery the Political Boss.

stood quite as much alone, before Mr. Gladstone retirect 5. Lord Rosebery the man above party.

as he does to-day. Yet, as Mr. Strachey's own narrative 6. Lord Rosebery the Sphins.

shows, the heartiness with which men of all shades 7. The Newmarket Lord Rosebery.

co-operated to place him in office is almost beyond belief. Of course this method of dealing with a political opponent If his followers stood him in such good stead at that is very easy, and it would be just as easy to discover crisis of his fate, why should they fail him at the twenty Mr. Gladstones as it is to find seven Lord Rose next or the next after that? Oh, but says Mr. Strachey :berys. After Lord Rosebery has been a little longer in Could a man have shown a greater want of nerve and fibre office Mr. Strachey's seven will probably have increased than Lord Rosebery dil here? No wonder that all heart and to seventeen. Lord Rosebery has many sides to his hope has gone out of the agitation against the Lords, and that character, but that surely cannot be regarded as a serious the Leeds Conference fell as flat and dead as piece of putty. charge against him. To be a many-sided man used to be What would Mr. Strachey have Lord Rosebery do? regarded, not so long ago, as one of the highest com He is not so inept as to run his head against a stone wall pliments which could be paid to any one. But Mr. and to have commenced upon a revolutionary campaign Strachey professes to doubt whether there is any Lord against the Lords merely because they gave expression to Rosebery at all :

"the views of the predominant partner"; this would not Thackeray, in his Georges, describes a Royal Prince who have been “brilliant failure" but desperate suicide. wore a wilderness of waistcoats one over the other. These in fact made up his Royal Highness. You stripped one off and

PRINCE BISMARCK AT HOME. there was another below ; but if you persisted until the very end, you found that beneath the last waistcoat there was

MR. W. H. Dawson, in the Young Man, describes a nothing. The Prince was an affair of waistcoats. Possibly visit which he recently paid to Friedrichsruhe. How Lord Rosebery is an affair of aliases and atmospheres, and no long ago it was is not stated, but he seems to have had a real Lord Rosebery exists. No doubt it is also possible that good time, although it is to be hopeil that he took fuller there is an irreducible element, an archetypal Lord Rosebery, notes of the Prince's conversation than those which he though one not discoverable by the imperfect analytical gives to the readers of the Young Man. All the members apparatus at our command. In any case, I have no option but

of the Prince's family were present. Bismarck sat at the to treat Lord Rosebery as if he were nothing but a bundle of

table in a long black cloak, closed at the neck with a seven aliases, for that is all I can find in him.

white tie fastened in a bow in the old style. The official That may be so, but the fault may be not that of Lord

stiffness of his bearing was unbent, and he seems to have Rosebery, but that of his critic. I am more inclined to been genial and communicative as he sat between his two believe this to be the case, owing to the folly of such an great hounds. He was the autocrat of his own breakfast obiter dictum as this:-

table, for every one present seemed anxious to listen and Lord Rosebery's want of definite objects, whether real or to learn. Mr. Dawson thinks that they were repaid, for his assumed, is the source of his ineptitude as a politician--the conversation is simply a succession of sententious utterreason why he has been so brilliant a failure as Prime Minister. ances. Mr. Dawson had often wondered whether or not

Mr. Strachey assumes that Lord Rosebery has been Bismarck had gone to school of Oliver Cromwell, especially incpt, and that it is justifiable to write off as a failure a as an orator, for Bismarck's speeches have a great similarity Prime Minister who has not been in office more than six to the pointed, abrupt speeches of Cromwell. Bismarck, months. This is like the jibe of a petulant child rather however, told him that he had never read any of Cromthan the opinion of a serious politician. Ineptitude is well's speeches, or any of Carlyle's books except those surely the last word which should be applied to a poli- relating to Prussia. Talking of English literature, tician whose elevation to the first position implied almost Bismarck said that in his youth he had spent his fancy miraculous gifts in the management of men; and as for his upon Byron and then had sobered down to 'Thomas Moore. failure as a Prime Minister, it would have been interesting The conversation lasted for several hours, After breakhad Mr. Strachey stated how any heaven-sent Minister fast the family withdrew, and Bismarck and Mr. Dawson could have achieved more of a success than Lord Rosebery talked freely upon many subjects, from the position of did last session. When he took office, it was almost the England in Egypt to old age pension schemes:universal opinion of his opponents that his Administra

While expressing himself as dissatisfied with the principle tion would go to pieces before the end of the session. So of universal suttrage, upon which the German Imperial Parfar from this being the case, his tact, his self-suppression, liament is elected, he allowed that the constitutional arrangehis capacity for the management of men, enabled him to ments in vogue in the various German states are transitional. surmount the dangers; and when the prorogation came,

" Doubtless," he said, “ we shall have to go through the same he could say that his Ministry was much more firmly stages which you in England have passed through--though seated in office than it had been six months before. This with variations and modifications incidental to time and place. is what Mr. Strachey calls a “brilliant failure.” The

But in any case it will be a slow proces, and no one can forebrilliance is certainly more conspicuous than the failure.

see the direction which developments will take.”

As Bismarck sat there, talking atfably in his hospitable room, Another sample of Dr. Strachey's criticism is the

large pipe in hand, with the mild afternoon sunshine coming statement that:

through the windows, he looked the very bean ideal of the Lord Rosebery, indeed, should be described as a great veteran thinker and fighter, who, having done a life's hard political melodrama rather than as a statesman,

work, has earned rest and is enjoying it.





THE GERMAN EMPRESS AT HOME. exclaimed the boy impatiently, being wearied of these admoTHE PATRON SAINT OF THE THREE K's.

nitions, “ father may be a sinner, but I know mother isn't!”

It was the same lad who said to the Emperor on the day after “My dear one may not be the loveliest woman in the

Bismarck's dismissal : " Father, they say that you will now tell world, but she certainly has the most beautiful arms," the people what to do all by yourself. You'll enjoy that, won't so wrote the present German Emperor to his mother

The conversation was not prolonged. when he was in the first bliss of courting his “briar

The little princes are dressed English fashion, and rose as he called Augusta Victoria of Schleswig

taught English games and sports. They speak English Holstein, whom he afterwards made his wife. The

exceedingly well. The Empress is said to prefer English Kaiser was only twenty years of age when he wooed and

gowns to German ones. Although she wears very modest won his wife with scant regard for the wishes of his

low-cut gowns, some priests recently made a commotion grandfather. She is a woman--according to Mr. Arthur

in Berlin by commanding the members of their congregaWarren, who is the author of the sketch in the

tions to remove from their dwellings all portraits of the Woman at Home, from which these quotations are

Empress in low-necked dress, conduct on their part made -- who entirely fulfils the Kaiser's ideal of

which greatly roused the ire of the Kaiser. what a should be. William II. has no

A DEVOTED HUSBAND. patience with the new woman or any of the emancipated of her sex.

Mr. Warren gives a pleasant picture of life in the royal

palace: He has declared more than once that he prefers a

When the Emperor is away from home he makes a point of wife who can make jam to one who can discuss a con

sending daily messages and gifts to his wife and children.

Whenever he attends a banquet he will select a plateful of stitution. The Empress fills that bill exactly; she can

bon-bons to send home to the boys, and a box of flowers for the make jam, and cares nothing whatever about political

Empress. If he goes on a yachting or a naval cruise he sends constitutions. Another saying of the Emperor's is, that a messenger ashore in the launch at the first practical point he could wish nothing better for the welfare of his nation cach day, with a tclegram or a letter for the home circle. than that the girls of Germany should follow the example The Empress Augusta Victoria, being a model housewife, of the Empress and devote their lives, as she does, to can mend and sew, and knit and darn, and bake and brew as the cultivation of the three K's-Kirche, Kinder, and well as any woman in the empire. Of course she has done Küche.

very little of that sort of thing since her marriage, but before that these things were part of her systematic training: Often

in her maiden days she made her gowns and trimmed her hats, A very pretty story is told by Mr. Warren as to the

and they say at Court that even now she takes the whole first meeting of the Imperial pair. The Emperor, then a charge of the Emperor's linen, replaces his lost buttons, and young man of twenty, was shooting at Prinkenau, her mends his socks. They say that English socks are most in father's shooting-box. One day he lost his way in the favour with the family, and the story bas long been current park, and came upon a rustic rose-covered summer. that Prince Henry, the Emperor's brother, being reproved house, where a pretty girl of his own age was sleeping by his wife with an unpatriotic partiality for English-made in a hammock. He did not disturb her, but went on

hosiery, exclaimed : “ Patriotism is all very well, my dear, but his way, thinking of a little German poem known as

it must not be allowed to dye one's legs." Tbe British the “ Briar Rose.” Later in the day he met the girl

haberdashers may glean from this tribute some consolation for in the castle, and saying, “ Here is my briar rose again,”

depressed trade.

THE EMPRESS ON SERVANT GIRLS. he introduced himself, and fell in love offhand. They were married on his twenty-second birthday. Since

Every Monday night the Empress gathers round her a that time she has set herself to realise the German group of young ladies belonging to the Court families, ideal of a devoted hausfrau.

and they do needlework for the poor. Her servants are

devoted to her, and one of the few articulate utterances THE MOTHER AT HOME.

of Her Majesty which are on record relates to the servant She goes to bed at half-past ten, and rises at six.

girl question :She begins the day by making her husband's coffee.

“ To my mind, the unsatisfactory condition of our servants They dine at one, and take a simple supper at eight.

is due to the fact that their mistresses fail to take sufficient She is now the mother of six boys and one girl, and looks

interest in their welfare. The chief complaints of domestic after them assiduously both at work and at play. The

servants are that they have too many hours of work and too boys are passionately fond of pony racing. They ride little personal freedom. But if we were to allow them more ponies given them by the Sultan, and their mother freedom, we might expose them to serious temptation. We should, officiates as judge, decorating the winner with a blue therefore, do all in our power to make our servants' leisure hours ribbon. The boys learned to fish when they were at as attractive as possible within doors, particularly by giving Felixstowe, and pursue the sport of angling with great

them nice, cheerful bedrooms, which, I fear, is often far from eagerness. They also like cycling, but their great delight being the case. I sincerely hope that architects will bear this at present is in a miniature fort which has been erected

in mind when designing houses. Besides, we ought, in various in the palace gardens for their amusement. They have

parts of the town, to establish Homes for Servants where they

can meet of an evening, and more particularly on Sunday many pets, the favourites, after the ponies, being small

afternoons, in order to discuss subjects of common interest, and, dogs, some of whom on one occasion entered the Em

if possible, receive instruction in their domestic duties. But peror's study and tore to pieces the best part of a treaty, the chief question with regard to our female servants is their and rent a rescript which was waiting the Imperial moral character, for who can exercise greater influence on signature.

our young children than servants who are daily in their AN ENFANT TERRIBLE.

company?” The eldest boy, the Crown Prince, is a little bit of an Mr. Warren concludes his paper by telling us that every enfant terrible:

night an hour before going to bed the Empress enters up One day the little Crown Prince was being laboriously her diary. No one is allowed to read it except the Emcatechised by the chaplain, who continually impressed upon peror, and it is always kept in a safe. That book ought him the doctrine that all men are sinners. “ Well!” to supply much information for future historians.

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