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DR. CONAN DOYLE.
and a mind ready to be taught, its makers desired and obtained In the Young Man, Mr. W. J. Dawson publishes a from cosmopolitan and long-established art its best and finest. character sketch of Dr. Conan Doyle, who is now fully
What so-called “ democratic art” might have done instead, if recognised as one of the most popular of our novelists.
it had followed the example of Whitman in verse, we may well
imagine with a shudder! Mr. Dawson says that Dr. Conan Doyle is characterised
The false prophets of poetry to-day turn from idle singing of by strength and by democratic sympathies. His manli
an empty day, and jauntily solve for us the most difficult ness comes to him by heredity; no fewer than five of his
problems of modern life, with their “news from nowhere”-a family fought in the battle of Waterloo.
fatuous mixture of medievalism, free lust, popular ignorance, One of the stories Conan Doyle has been known to tell is of and wishy-washy westheticism. Many admirers of “ democratic an old Waterloo veteran, from whom he asked a description of art" show a very natural tendency to admire Utopias so conthe great fight. The old man put all he knew into a phrase. structed out of " individualism run mad," as socialism has been He said that when the French came on against the British well described. The office of the democratic poet is not to be square for the second time, the cry of the British Infantry was, inventing new metres, new arts, new politics, new creeds. It " Why, here come those blessed fools again!”
is for him to bring home to the people the intrinsic Best that Dr. Doyle is best known to the public by his “ Adven
Time has accumulated, down to this wondrous present. tures of Sherlock Holmes.” Mr. Dawson says:
It is no sort of secret that the creator of “Sherlock Holmes " THE LABOUR PARTY AND THE UNIONISTS. has grown a little impatient of the attention given to that
SHALL THEY COMBINE ? nimble-witted gentleman, and that he displayed an eagerness to hurry him off the stage of action which certainly was not
MR. J. L. MAHON, Labour-man, ponders in the National justified by the impatience or hostility of the audience.
Review the tactics which his Party shall adopt at the
next General Election. He enumerates the articles of the Speaking of the popularity of his work, Dr. Doyle
Labour programme, and explains the principles behind says:
them. Which Party shall `the Labour-men co-operate There is no finer judge of the merits of a story, as a story, with? Not with the Party now in power. That seems to than the British schoolboy. I should be very well pleased to
him impossible. The chief measures to which the write for the applause of the schoolboy, for what the schoolboy
Government is committed have no place in the Labour likes the majority of readers will like too. Mr. Dawson gives a very excellent account of the high
programme. It has “ not only callously neglected the
interests of labour, but treated the Labour Party with ideals which animate this successful novelist. Mr. Daw
derision, by admitting the justice of its demands and son says:
then placing these demands at the tail end of a proHe believes that he who would truly fulfil the vocation of a literary artist must find in that vocation his entire life. He
gramme of impossibilities.” must be free from distraction, from the excitement of money
The Conservative Party is pledged to resist Home Rule, making, from the mixture of pursuits which is so common
Church Digestablishment, the exceptional treatment of the among us to-day. And with Conan Doyle these are not merely Liquor Traffic, and the abolition of the House of Lords. None speculative beliefs, but they are the spirit of his life. Dr. Doyle
of these points are likely to raise any difficulty with the Labour loses no opportunity of impressing it upon the popular imagina
Party. None of them find a place in our programme. tion that the best thing for the peace and prosperity of the
wish ko nationalise so many other things, it is not likely that whole world is a firm alliance between Great Britain and
we shall assist in denationalising the Church, which is cerAmerica. From Mr. Kipling's view of the Americans he
tainly the most socialistic institution in the country. From wholly dissents, and thinks it wrong both in temper and method.
our point of view, there are many industries which are as much “But I love them,” said Mr. Kipling; “and it is because I
open to reform as the Liquor Traffic, and we should deal with love them that I point out their defects.” “Love should be
the liquor trade on the same principles as we would with any patient of faults," is Conan Doyle's reply. “A nation is not
other trade.... The House of Lords has rejected no measures to born in a day. It has to learn many things, and to unlearn
which we attach special importance. Our difficulty is with Give it time, and it will grow; but it will not help its
the House of Commons, and our worst obstacles and enemies true growth to be perpetually irritating a nation with a caustic
are there. The fact also that Lord Salisbury is pledged to the satire."
Referendum should be quite enough for all practical purposes.
So far there are no serious difficulties in the way of co-operaOne great doctrine which Dr. Doyle insists upon, in
tion with the Conservative Party; but neither are there any season and out of season, is the fundamental doctrine
positive reasons for it. upon which TAE REVIEW OF REVIEWS was founded
Mr. Mahon finds in Mr. Chamberlain's programme of namely, the unity of the English-speaking race.
last November, grounds for at least discussing co-operaTHE POETRY OF DEMOCRACY.
tion with the Unionists. He undertakes a rather large
order when he says :MR. NICHOLAS P. GILMAN in the New World warmly protests against Mr. Addington Symonds taking Walt “ It will be our duty to see that at all future General Whitman's “barbaric yawp' as representative of true
Elections the leaders of parties give a clear and practidemocratic art. He objects to classifying poetry as
cable programme of the measures which they intend to pass, feudal, aristocratic, democratic.
and upon which they seek the confidence of the country.” “The poet's office is essentially democratic; he is to maintain respect for the common nature that is in every
The Schack Gallery at Munich. human being, and to increase the sum of daily kindliness. ADOLF FRIEDRICH COUNT VON SCHACK, about whom so ... It is not a Walt Whitman, but a John Greenleaf many German magazines have been writing, was a poet, Whittier or a James Russell Lowell, who shows us the just philologist, Oriental scholar, etc. He was born in 1815, relations of democracy and the poet.” Appeal is made and died last April. His works include poems, dramas, to the World's Fair buildings.
a history of Spanish literature, etc. He also founded the That splendid city in white on Lake Michigan was made
picture gallery at Munich known as the “Schackothek," glorious, not because democracy had spun from its conceited
and bequeathed it to the German Emperor. The latter, brain a new art of sculpture, a novel order of architecture and however, has withdrawn his claims to it, and the gallery a modern code of colour; but because, with a sound instinct remains in the possession of the Bavarian capital.
“A DROP OF BLOOD."
hundred and fifty francs for the story. "I have got all A STORY BY MAARTEN MAARTENS.
I have wished,” says Amidon," and it is nothing. More The later numbers of Kringsjaa are rich in interesting
than all-yet less than nothing !” He stands silent then original articles and well-selected extracts from the
in an agony of doubt. Two hundred and fifty francs for English and Continental reviews. In No. 10 B. III.,
a night's work, and Celestine and the child are so white
and thin! His dawn is breaking. Money and fanie! Maarten Maartens commences a pathetic little story
“But no," he cries, almost roughly, “one cannot sell entitled "A Drop of Blood.” The hero is a fine figure
one's own child to prostitution!” a born poet, with high ideals, and devoted to his art with The last chapter is left over till the next number of his very life's blood. He is only two-and-twenty, and Kringsjaa, and it remains to be seen whether the poet has already been married three years, poor fellow. It will cause Estrelle, his star, to fall, and will barter his was not a blessing he received from his father when he drop of blood for money and fame. married sweet Celestine, and at the opening of the story we find him living in bitterest poverty in a narrow, foul
Religious Persecution in Russia. smelling back street with his patient young wife," who THERE is a brief but interesting paper in Good Words, possibly is not really so beautiful as the picture of her made up of extracts from letters written by a peasant that he carries in his heart," and his little daughter Lina. born in Kherson, in Southern Russia, who for the last “ The angel of life had stood by Amidon's cradle and fifteen years has played an important part in developing cursed him where he lay. He was a poet.” And in the Stundism in Russia. It is illustrated by several rough cupboards and drawers lie his rejected poems massed in drawings of Stundists in prison garb. They are chained confusion--every one a drop of his heart's blood, the fire by their ankles, and have one half of their head shaved. of life burning in them still and never to be wholly The letters begin by describing how one peasant, consmothered. Celestine only half understands them, but victed of being a Stundist and of not having had his loves them fully. And as for himself, they are more to child baptised in the Orthodox Church, was sent to gaol him than Celestine, or Lina, or himself. It is much to for two months, and had his child taken from him which say, but not too much, for " in those poems lies more of was given to a Greek Orthodox to be educated. A peasant his real self than in his whole body." Yet he stands, in the province of Kieff describes how at night the police perforce, behind the counter of a small stationery shop, swooped down upon his cottage and seized his tracts patiently swallowing the not really so ill-meant gibes of and hymn-book. Another Stundist describes how they had his good-humoured little tub-bodied, currant-eyed master, to meet for worship in the sedge by a river's bank, where Mons. Lalois.
they had sometimes to stand up to their knees in ice and Poor Amidon, after much resistance, for “he is, by water for an hour. In the province of Kieff, Stundists God's mercy, a born poet,” is persuaded at last to try his were seized and kept in gaol for fifteen days without trial. hand at prose, for it is a prosaic world, as Lalois says. During this time their heads were shaved, they were His master suggests, furthermore, that he must make his supplied with barely sufficient food to keep them alive, novel of a spicy flavour—the kind of thing to tickle the and they were beaten and cuffed by the police. А literary palate. That will pay. But Amidon is true to Stundist who is convicted of endeavouring to convert an his ideals and to his art, and, when once he has become Orthodox is exiled to Trans-Caucasia for life or for a reconciled to jilting his worshipped poetic muse for the term of years. If they then refuse to give up their while, he finds he can frame his beautiful thoughts as proselytism they are sent to Siberia. Extracts are given finely in prose. And it is a sweet story that rises from from a Stundist sent to fourteen years' penal servitude the drop of ink that holds the drop of blood. He would on the charge of blasphemy. Another Stundist sent for sooner die than dishonour the gift of God by writing life to the heart of Central Siberia gives a very pleasant prurient, vulgar trash like “My Father's Wife,” and “The account of his life there. He finds many of his brethren Crime in Mogador Street.” He sends his story out to in that district, and hears of them 3,000 versts away on seek its fortune; and the poor little ill-furnished room is the Amoor. “ You will find it pleasant enough here,” he no longer lit with a miserable paraffin lamp. Hope's says, and then adds as a special attraction that there are golden morning sun shines gloriously in upon them and splendid opportunities for bee culture. mingles its rays with the rainbow-coloured gleams from fantasy's torch. And then awake those little elves of
Hesba Stretton at Home. beauty, whose sleep is lighter than any one can think, and In the Young Woman Miss Friederichs describes Hesba play about with laughter and with song; they fill the air Stretton in her home at Ivycroft, Ham Common. She with a rare delight; a thousand fragrant blossoms spring found the author of " Jessica's First Prayer" very difficult into life where'er they tread; a glorious song of victory to interview. She succeeded however in eliciting from rings through the room-it is the triumph that always her or her sister the fact that she has in hand a new and follows the miracle of a new creation. Poor Celestine unpublished story on religious persecution in Russia, working away in her corner knows little of all this, “but which has been written in collaboration with Stepniak, the angel of life, you see, had stood by Amidon's cradle the Russian exile. Sympathy makes strange bedfellows, and blessed him also, so that whatever he did, he was still and it is curious to find so mild and evangelical a Christian the poet."
linked arm-in-arm with a political assassin. Hesba At last, after seven weeks of suspense, his sweet little Stretton's stories sell enormously. Upon one of her story returns. The editor, to whom he has sent it-a short stories which sold at a shilling, and on which she celebrated man-is exceedingly pleased with it. He recog had a royalty of a penny a copy, she has received no less nises Amidon's genius, but-his heroine is too innocent. than £400—that is to say that a hundred thousand of that The end of the story would be more striking if the runaway book must have been sold. Her publisher is a lucky Estrelle, instead of remaining pure, were to return to her husband fallen like himself, but with innocent coaxing smiles. If Amidon will make this slight alteration or JOHANNES BRAHMS and Carl Reinecke form the suballow him, the editor, to do so--well and good. Two jects of slight sketches in the Universum.
AN EMPIRE OF ORGANISED ATROCITY.
behind the back, so that the sufferer could in no way alleviate
his torture. Many of the men went mad or died, and in the “ALTHOUGH I have travelled in many countries,
case of the survivors the hands rotted and dropped off. Morocco is the most barbarous land I have ever seen.”
And for the continuance of these horrors, it seems the Such is the verdict of the Earl of Meath writing in the
Christian nations are responsible ! Vineteenth Century of his recent visit. “It is a country where injustice reigns in the place of law.” From the It is international jealousy, suspicion, and fear, which late Sultan, who rewarded the man who raised him to prevent the Powers of Europe and America from taking united
action to sweep from the face of the earth this unspeakably the throne by fourteen years' imprisonment without
barbarous tyranny. spocified cause, down to the humblest soldier who imprisons the most innocent persons for the sake of the fee to be paid on arrest, “ officials live on the miseries and CO-OPERATIVE WORKING-CLASS SETTLEMENTS sufferings of their fellow-creatures."
IN ALSACE AND ITALY.
Two interesting developments of the co-operative In a Moorish prison the captives sleep half-naked on the mud movement are described in the Fortnightly Review by Mr. floor; they are all huddled together in one apartment, without Chas. Hancock. In Mulhouse, a city of 70,000 inhabidistinction as regards crime or innocence, for many are simply tants in North Alsace, the Industrial Society, which is a thrown into prison on account of their reputed wealth or pros sort of Civic Church—the patron or organiser of every perity by avaricious officials, who, by prolonged imprisonment
institution in the town_started in 1858 a company for and sometimes by torture, hope to squeeze money out of them or discover where they have hidden treasure. Of an evening it housing the workers. This provides
that, beginning with a payment of £12 down for a house valued at £120, and of £12 per annum payable in monthly instalments, interest being calculated at 5 per cent. on both sides of the account, the whole sum due, with interest, becomes liquidated at the end of thirteen years, and the purchase deed is then handed over.
There are now two settlements. In the old settlement were built an establishment comprising baths and washhouses, the prices charged being most moderate; also a bakery and restaurant, the tenant of the premises being under express agreement to supply bread at a price per loaf less than its ordinary cost in the town. The restaurant further supplies soup, a plate of beef, roast meat, vegetables, potatoes, and wine at moderate sums, which vary in accordance with a tariff fixed from time to time. There are in the new settlement upwards of eight hundred and twenty houses, occupying an area of about fifty acres. The maisonettes are described as models of cleanliness and tidiness.
The shareholders are not allowed to receive a dividend on their shares higher than 4 per cent.; and whenever the winding-up of the company takes place, all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and reimbursement of shares at par will, under the society's statute, be devoted to works of public utility. The capital is not large (£14,200), but it is amply sufficient to meet all requirements. In addition to the share-capital, there is a reserve fund amounting to 10 per cent.
of the capital, also a further dividend equalisation fund, THE LATE SưLTJS OF YONCCCO.
available to secure regular payments to the workmen-shareholders.
In Milan the “workmen's quarters ” supply houses, is not unusual for the prisoners to be all bound together by a which become the tenant's property by payment of about chain passing through an iron collar which each captive wears. the same rent as would get him only an insanitary lodging thus making it necessary for all to rise or sit, or lie down
elsewhere. together. Open and uncleansed cesspools within the prison add sometimes to the indescribable horror and misery of the
The principle of the plan adopted by the society is shortlı place. There is no inspection, no medical attendance, no
this: The houses, so soon as they are finished, are given alleviation in sickness. ... When a prisoner is an absolute
possession of to a shareholder, who becomes the actual tenant, pauper, and unable to purchase food, the authorities give him
i.e., within such a period as he chooses, the cost being defrayel daily a small piece of coarse bread, provided by religious endow
by annual instalments. The period covered may be from one ment, sufficient to prolong the agonies of starvation.
to twenty-five years, and according to thie number of years it
is spread over, he will pay a higher or a lower instalment, as DIABOLICAL TORTURES.
the case may be. In these instalments are included the cost But the most brutal punishment of all was meted out in of the ground on which it is built, the cost of the actual build1892 to the chief rebels in the Angera rising. Those who ing, and the interest on these two sums, calculated at 4 per were caught had their right hands slashed to the bone at cent., also the rates payable thereon. ... The society has no every joint on the inside with a sharp razor. Then salt was speculative idea in view.... The workmen-shareholders are paid rubbed into the wounds, and finally a sharp flint stone was their dividend at a rate not exceeding 6 per cent.; but any placed in the palm, and the fingers closed tightly over it. other profit is devoted to paying off original debts and conOver the hand was then stretched a piece of raw cowhide, stituting a reserve” to help those who through no fault of which was tied firmly round the wrist. As the cowbide dried, their own are out of work and unable to keep up the regular it contracted, causing fearful agony. The arms were bound payment of their rent or instalment.
NONSENSE ABOUT THE MODERN WOMAN. hold up a higher standard for themselves, let them refuse to BY LADY VIOLET GREVILLE.
worship money in the vulgar fashion of the day, let then
abjure worldly' marriages and accept high thinking and plain IN the Humanitarian, Lady Violet Greville writes an living; let them consort rather with the noble and the honest article entitled “The Home-loving Woman,” which is
than with the rich and those whom wealth has made powerful;
let them purge society of the unhallowed leaven that has little more than a long lamentation over the degeneracy
crept into it, of its low aims, its mean frivolity, its scarcely of the modern woman.
veiled dishonesty ; let them make their homes what they HOME LIFE EXTINCT!
should be, a shelter, a refuge, an ark of salvation, a haven of
rest and peace where the world is no longer out of joint, but Lady Violet does not even deem it inconsistent with
where reigns one great harmony of love, with woman as the her professed regard for sobriety and truth to declare that apostle of justice, strength and courageous heroism, joyfully “the domesticated and home-loving woman is now a thing accepting her real mission to restore order out of disorder, to of the past, and that home life par excellence is extinct."
re-establish the nice proportions of unwritten laws, and to The craving for excitement, says this authority, is
spread over all the common and mean things of the earth the
subtle and suave perfume of her grace and goodness. spreading with an appalling downward tendency, and is acting like poison on the younger generation. The
It is a pity that a writer who sees so plainly what
women ougiit to do comes so far short of practising revolting daughter, she declares, revolts against work,
what she preaches as to write this most unworthy against duty, and against domesticity, as well as against article. conventionality. She even makes bold to declare that
WHAT Miss REPPLIER SAYS. the modern woman dislikes marriage, and so forth, and
In Scribner's Magazine Miss Agnes Repplier writes an so forth. The natural criticism that rises in the mind
article in somewhat of the same strain, but what she of the reader is that even if the modern woman is as bad says is characterised by a regard for truth and decency as she is painted, Lady Violet is quite determined to prove which is not a characteristic of the former article. She that an old-time woman can be quite as extravagant and gently but wisely scourges the craze which prevails absurd. No doubt there are some abnormal creatures,
more in America than it does here, of treating women's but to speak of decimal one per cent. as if they repre
work as separate from men’s. Speaking of women sented the whole is a little too much.
workers, she says : -SECOND-HAND BRIDEGROOMS IN DEMAND!
The first and most needful lesson for them to acquire is to
take themselves and their work with simplicity, to be a little Notwithstanding the fact that the modern woman has less self-conscious, and a little more sinoere. been the first to protest against the habitual complicity At present there is some truth in what she says--that in the immorality of man which characterised her prede.
women like to be told that they are doing all things well, cessors, Lady Violet Greville, on the strength of a black
and that they have nothing to learn fror anybody. But guard play now being performed in Paris, declares that this is a passing phase. the modern women are coming to desire husbands who
As the number of women doctors and women architects have had many mistresses before they take one wife.
increases with every year, they will take themselves, and be MOTHERHOOD UNPOPULAR.
taken by the world, with more simplicity and candour. They
will also do much better work when we have ceased writing As a specimen of the fairness of this new censor of her
papers, and making speeches, to signify: our wonder and sex, we note that she calmly confuses the protest of women delight that they should be able to work at all; when we have against enforced and unwilling motherhood to a dislike ceased patting and praising them as so many infant prodigies. of motherhood itself, and this she asserts is the terrible Perhaps the time may even come when women, mixing freely feature of the woman novel. It means, she remarks in political life, will abandon that injured and aggressive air that a woman is unsexed, that she has lost that distinguishing
which distinguishes the present advocate of female suffrage. quality of pure femininity, which is what men seek for anii
Perhaps, oh, joyous thought! the hour may arrive when worship in a good woman. It means that the instincts of the
women, having learned a few elementary facts of physiology, rake, which Pope cruelly said lay at the bottom of every
will not deem it an imperative duty to embody them at once in woman's heart, have come to the fore, and hare transformed
an unwholesome novel. her nature into something abnormal, endowing her with the Instead of encouraging each other to put up inferior passions and vices of the man while withholding from her his standards of their own in place of the best standards of sobriety, his strength, and his steady balance.
men, she urges them to drop all nonsense about women's It may be true of a miserable minority; for it is inevi work merely as women's work, and recognise that if they table that in any period when liberty succeeds repression, have to be worth anything their work must be judgeil that the new wine will go to the head, and that many regardless whether the worker wears petticoats or women, like many men in similar circumstances, will trousers. make fools of themselves. But what is unpardonablo in such papers as this of Lady Violet's, is that they place the extravagances of the few to the debit of the
Our Portrait of Ladas. whole sex.
MR. CLARENCE HAILEY, the photographer through WHAT WOMEN SHOULD DO.
whose courtesy we are enabled to give a portrait of Lord When she abandons criticism and vituperation and Rosebery's horse, has been particularly successful in the attempts to describe what women ought to do, she has
groups that he has taken of the horse, its owner, its nothing to suggest beyond the same things which the best modern women have been trying to accomplish. She
trainer, and its jockey. In that we have selected for says:
reproduction the old gentleman on the left of the picture If women really wish to mould the destinies of men, if they
is Mr. Matthew Dawson, the jockey is Watts, and at the wish to introduce a finer code of honour and purity, let them horse's head stands Mr. Felix, the veterinary surgeon.
WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE IN AMERICA. THERE are two papers in the North American Review for June, entitled "Woman's Suffrage in Practice.”
IN COLORADO. The first is by Governor Waite of Colorado, who speaks with a somewhat uncertain sound as to what woman suffrage has already done. Governor Waite is a Populist, and the Populists are for woman's rights.
The principle of equal rights for all against which for the past quarter of a century the two old parties have waged relentless war is the sign by which the People's Party is to conquer. It will, at no distant day, not only redeem women from political servitude, but also emancipate man and woman from industrial slavery.
But although the People's Party has faith in the future, it does not seem to be very certain as to the actual results attained so far. Governor Waite says:
It must be admitted that the effect which equal suffrage will produce upon the State and nation is a matter of conjecture. In Utah, the right of women to vote under the Territorial laws did not injuriously affect polygamy, but polygamy there was a tenet of the Mormon religion, and a large proportion of the female voters were polygamists by faith or practice. In Wyoming and Washington, to my knowledge, no extraordinary progress has been made in the line of political reform that can be traced to female suffrage, and in Colorado snilicient time has not elapsed to speak understandingly of the result. Certainly there is little hope of the future, unless women, adınitted to suffrage, acquaint themselves more thoroughly than men with political affairs, and “come up with greater zeal to the help of the Lord against the mighty,” in providing a remedy for the fearful condition of this nation, the result of the positive acts of conspiring monopolists, and the hitherto criminal negligence of the mass of the voters.
The results of the woman suffrage movement are instructively presented by Miss Mary Anne Greene in the Forum for July. She recalls the interesting fact that women were legal voters in New Jersey from 1776 to 1807. The franchise was then restricted to “white male citizens,” on the plea that male voters after voting once dressed up as women or negroes and voted again! The modern demand for woman's suffrage was first formulated at a woman's rights convention in 1850. It achieved legislative enactment first in the territory of Wyoming in 1869, and next in the State of Colorado in 1893.
WHAT THE CONSTITUTION SAYS. The Supreme Court in 1874 “ established the fact that the Constitution of the United States, in its present form, neither grants nor forbids the elective franchise to women, but leaves each State free to aclmit or exclude them as it sees fit." Efforts were consequently made in seven States so to construct or amend the Constitution as to admit women to the vote, but with success in Colorado only. Even Acts conferring municipal or school-suffrage have been pronounced unconstitutional. “Consequently the only sure way to extend the electoral franchise to women will be by the adoption of an amendment to the Constitution, or by securing a specific provision when a new Constitution is framed." It is pleasant to know that "Society” no longer looks askance at the movement. “Now, in New York, political equality has become fashionable, and ladies of wealth and position are enthusiastically working to obtain a recognition of woman's right to the ballot in the new Constitution to be framed for the State by is convention now in session."
"THE PROSTITUTE VOTE." Mr. Matthew Hale is pained at the prospect, and bewails “the useless risk of the ballot for women. Of his three chief objections, he evidently thinks the second the strongest :
An unsavoury fact must be plainly stated and squarely looked in the face. The number of prostitutes in the city of New York alone has been estimated at from 30,000 to 50,000. Every city in the State adds its quota to this disreputable army. These women, who live by selling themselves, soul and body, would of course sell their votes. There is no class among the present voting population analogous to this degraded and unfortunate army of lost women. A large proportion of them would be made legal voters by the proposed amendment. They would be cnongh to turn the scale in a close State election. . . . So far no candidate has felt obliged to pander tu the “prostitute vote.”. Would bringing this element int) politics tend to purify the suffrage or to improve the condition of the State ?
Mr. Hale surely forgets that as good women immensely outnumber the bad, the net result of the woman-vote must be to curtail, and not to extend, the area of political corruption. Besides this there are many distinct and solid advantages that would follow the enfranchisement of the prostitute (female). As for the prostitute (male) no one ever proposes his disfranchisement.
The Review of the Churches republishes the correspondence between Dr. Lunn and Mrs. Besant, on the moral evils of Hindooism. Dr. Fry, the Rev. J. F. Wilkinson, and Miss Harriett Byles discuss the bearing of the Parish Councils Bill upon religion. The Rev. A. F. W. Ingram gives a good account of the work of Oxfor? House in Bethnal Green. Cauon McCormick and the Rev. Dr. David Davies discuss the question of the influence of the Church on the masses. I quote elsewhere from Mr. Tom Mann's contribution on the same subject.
The Governor of Nebraska, who follows the Governor of Colorado, speaks for a State which has not got woman suffrage, and which, according to him, has no intention of conceding the franchise to women. The Governor says:
Every reasonable demand short of a grant of the clective franchise seems to have been anticipated by our statutes. The laws have even gone further, and given women rights and privileges not bestowed upon males. By way of comparison, it may be remarked that the Nebraska laws relating to the sule of intoxicating liquors are far more thorough and farreaching, and are better observed, than they are in the sister and adjoining State, Wyoming, where woman suffrage has obtained for a quarter of a century.
He then quotes the following passage from a newspaper, which asserts that
" At the capital city of Wyoming gambling-houses are abundant, and open saloons are as frequent as any other kind of stores, and the charge is made that not a single act of legislation aimed at the betterment of the human race has been passed through woman's influence.'”
How true this may be I cannot say, but it is true that in Lincoln, the capital city of Nebraska, a city of more than 65,000 inhabitants, there are no gambling-houses, no houses of prostitution, and the few saloons which exist are held under the most rigid restriction.
IN NEW YORK.
Dr. Shaw, in the American Review of Reviews, says that nine-tenths of the members of the Constitutional Convention in the State of New York are said to be adverse to the idea of woman suffrage. The demand for the franchise of women in New York State does not appear to possess more than a very limited support.