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THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
A. Silva White, pleading for a firm and consistent Tuis month's is a distinctly quiet number. There is African policy, observes that the policy logically much solid reading, but the elements that strike and stir involved in our present position south of the MediMr. Swinburne leads off with a short poem on
terranean is the exclusion of every other European Carnot, in which his vituperation of “the snake-souled power from Morocco, Tripoli, and the entire Nile anarch” is more prominent than admiration of the late Valley; and this, he fears, would require us to join President, or than sympathy with France. The Earl of the Triple Alliance, a step which in its turn would end Meath's disclosure of the “incredible barbarity” of
all prospect of Imperial Federation. Mr. J. C. Fitch Morocco and Mr. Bullock's sketch of competitive
declares the only certain alternative to the compromise examinations in China receive separate notice.
on religious teaching in Board Schools to be a purely
secular system. He points out that Anglican schools, THE ART OF DYING."
where they have had all the children, as in rural districts, Miss I. A. Taylor discusses how men meet death, and have not succeeded in winning them to the Anglican cites as instances the death-scenes among others of Lord Church. He also insists that the Apostles' Creed is an Capell, Bishop Fisher, Sir John Eliot, Lord Collingwood, Anglican formulary. Mr. Selby - Bigge, ex - Proctor, Mirabeau, Carlyle, Sir Walter Scott, Wordsworth, Samuel
writing on college discipline, calmly declares that “In Johnson, Keats, Spenser, John of Barneveld, Coleridge, practice, an English university is a plain compromise Cromwell, Savonarola, and Pope Sixtus. She concludes
between a place of learning and a place of amusement, or, that
in the literal sense of the word, a place of pastime;" and the fear of death in the abstract is a natural instinct, and this compromise, which he once thought ignoble, he now being natura', is doubtless a wholesome one. And this being frankly supports. Mr. Lewis T. Dibdin assails what he 30, a constant realisation of it is scarcely to be desired ..
terms “ The Proposed Overthrow of the Church in Wales.” Formidable as death appears from a distance, the more one He claims to be "a diligent student of Nonconformist looks into the subject the more certain it becomes that man
literature,” but declares that he has “ never seen even an kind, when brought to a practical acquaintance with it, have
attempted defence of disendowment as a matter of right agroed in some blind way to recognise in the enemy whose
and wrong”! approaches they have been so unremitting in their efforts to ward off something altogether different from the terrible and hostile force which they have been accustomed to consider it.
THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW. · We fall on guard, and after all it is a friend who comes to The current number is somewhat above the average. meet us."
Mr. Bellot's plea for the nationalisation of railways, and CENTENARY OF GIBBON'S DEATH.
Mr. Macfie's glowing picture of recent economic progress Mr. Frederic Harrison recalls that Gibbon died in in Mexico, are noticed elsewhere. January, 1794, and that the Royal Historical Society aro
GLADSTONE AND CHAMBERLAIN. preparing a celebration of the centenary. He hopes that Mr. Escott draws a series of picturesque contrasts it will be made the occasion of repairing public omission between the Grand Old Man and his quondam lieutenant. or default, for
He compares the former to Burke and declares that It is a public default that our national collections contain no "alike as English Liberal and cosmopolitan friend of likeness of the greatest historian of modern times, that our liberty, Mr. Gladstone has ever been an idealist first and national monuments contain not a tablet to record his name,
a practical politician afterwards.” Mr. Chamberlain is that his memory is not kept alive by a single object of any
"the embodiment of the genius of electioneering, above kind in any public place or museum, that not a single living
all things the astute and agile party manager." scholar has ever had access to the mass of writings he left, which still remain sealed up in a country house. Edward
House of Commons debater, and as “a rhetorical epiGibbon has been dead more than a hundred years, leaving a
grammatist," and not in these points alone, he is scarcely mass of original papers, memoirs, diaries, and essays to his
inferior to Disraeli himself. Mr. Escott insists that Mr. biographer, who has himself been dead seventy-three years.
Chamberlain owed his rise “solely to his own eminence" It cannot be supposed that Lord Sheffield's descendants and as a municipal and Radical statesman, and there can be representatives can have any reluctance to a fresh examination no question of ingratitude” to a chief with whom he of the Gibbon remains. And there is every reason that the was never intimate. centenary of our great historian's death should be made the
THE SEVEN CHIEF AMERICAN POETS. occasion of a proper search amongst these precious remnants by authorised and qualified persons.
Mr. Thomas Bradfield includes under this head Bryant, Poe, Longfellow, Whittier, Lowell, Whitman, and Emer
The most American of them all he finds to be Sir Wm. Des Vaux controverts Miss Shaw's roseate
Whittier: forecast of the development of tropical Australia by
Whittier's works reflect the national temperament more means of coloured labour under an aristocracy of whites.
faithfully than any of the distinguished writers we have He gravely deplores the Kanaka traffic as steadily
referred to, with the exception perhaps of Lowell, in those depopulating Polynesia, which cannot be peopled by peculiarly humorous poems which describe with singular Europeans. He prefers for Australia an unmixed English fidelity certain distinctive traits of his countrymen. race, even if the tropical portion remains uncultivated.
OTHER ARTICLES. Besides these objections, the amount of labour required and the competition of more temperate lands will, he
The paper on the position of the House of Lords gives holds, wake North Australian progress extremely slow.
a concise summary view of the constitution of the Upper
Houses of modern nations and our Colonies. Mr. Arthur OTHER ARTICLES.
Withy suggests, as a satisfactory solution of the Land Mrs. Sidney Webb derides“ the failure of the Labour Question and as a settlement of the Home Rule problem, Commission," and scoffs at its Report as an omnium the appropriation to State purposes of the whole of the ezetherum of irresponsible and second-hand opinions” rental value of the land ; "an ideal Budget-no rates, instead of facts. She does, however, rejoice in the no taxes, and a lower rent.” The survey of contemporary " complete collapse” of the Individualist majority. Mr. literature constitutes one-third of the entire contents.
THE FUTURE OF TROPICAL AUSTRALIA.
THE NEW REVIEW.
like a handsome compromise might at this moment be made. The three most important articles in this number are
I have this from inner Papal circles, and I have no doubt it
will be denied, but it is not altogether untrue. by Ir. H. H. Johnston, on “ British Central Africa ;" by Mr. Fred Dolman, on “ Municipalities at Work;” and by
MR. BALFOUR'S GOOD WORK. Mr. Bernard Shaw,on “A Dramatic Realist to His Crities,” Mr. T. W. Russell gives a glowing account of the work They have received notice elsewhere. Sir John Lubbock done by the Irish Congested Districts Board with £41,250 subjects the Budget of 1894 to severe criticism. He at its disposal annually. It makes a goodly tale of argues that the graduated death duties embody a principle industries fostered, taught, or revived. Loans for boats, denounced by economists; they form a tax on capital
and gear lent to fishermen, new fishing grounds adopted, which eventually falls on the working classes; they at curing stations established which have made fishing once discourage prudent saving and generous spending profitable, the redistribution of holdings, improvement of by the rich. He concludes with a sigh for the Referen cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry breeding, instruction in dum. Mr. T. H. S. Escott supplies a generous yet dis bee-keeping, encouragement of creameries, and the laying criminating “Appreciation " of the late Edmund Yates, out of "example holdings,” are among the good things whom he describes as “the chief and most capable
Mr. Balfour's Board has conferred. creator of a new school of journalism." His lecturing tour
OTHER ARTICLES. in America is said to have laid the foundation-stone of the prosperity which marked the latter half of his life.
Professor Dowden contributes a very warm and delicate “The Real Madame Sans-Gêne,” according to Mr. A. D.
appreciation of Mr. Robert Bridges's poetry. “Notes on Vandam, was not Madame Lefebvre-who among other
England” derive their sole significance from the name of
their author-Paul Verlaine. He finds the English unceremonious acts did not hesitate to have stripped before her a negro servant whom she justly suspected of Sunday “after all not so terrible." Mr. Oscar Wilde secreting a diamond under his clothes—but à certain
furnishes six “poems in prose,” short narratives in the Therese Figueur, who served as a dragoon in the French
style of the Oriental legend, with suggestions ethical and army from 1793 to 1815, and who dared to call Bonaparte
religious, which are more mysterious than significant. to his face a blackamoor. The“ Secrets from the Court
Lord Farrer criticises vigorously certain views of Mr. Reed of Spain” treat of Isabella's marriage to François
on the Silver Question, and elicits spirited rejoinders d'Assise, and how it was brought about. “ The Art of
from Mr. Moreton Frewen, Professor Nicholson, and the Hoarding” is discussed by three experts. London,
Mr. F. J. Faraday. prophesies Mr. Aubrey Beardsley, will soon be
THE NATIONAL REVIEW. resplendent with advertisements, and against a leaden sky skysigns will trace their formal arabesque. Beauty
From the somewhat languorous atmosphere which perhas laid siege to the city, and telegraph wires shall no
vades many of the magazines at this sultry season, the longer be the sole joy of our æsthetic perceptions."
National Review has not altogether escaped. There is M. Jules Chérêt says he aims at an effective and har plenty of variety, but little that stands out in strong monious combination of brilliant colours; eschewing
relief. The manifesto of the Imperial Federation black and white, he prefers red, yellow, and blue to
(Defence) Committee on the duty of the Colonies to consecondary or composite tints. He likes the largest size tribute to our navy, and Mr. Mahon's suggestion of a of poster best, which enables him to introduce life-size possible alliance between the Labour Party and the human figures. Mr. Dudley Hardy approves simplicity
Unionists claim notice elsewhere. in outline, and next to red thinks yellow most effective,
WILL FRANCE TURN SOCIALIST ? as it shows by night. The cuts of pictorial advertise
“H. L.” ments which accompany this symposium make one hope
supposes that France is generally regarded as that it will be long before anything in the style of the
the country in which the system of Socialism will first French specimens is reproduced in this country.
be practically attempted. But he points out that
The total pumber of lots into which the agricultural land is
subdivided is stated in the latest returns to be 14,236,000, with THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW.
an average of 3:50 hectares or 8:64 acres. . . Three-quarters of This month's contents reach a fairly good average. I
the proprietors of the soil of France may be said to own lots
under 4 94 acres, and nine-tenths of them an area not exceeding have noticed elsewhere Mr. Karl Pearson's defence of
14.82. . . It seems hard to imagine that a population which socialism against the theories of Weismann and Kidd,
numbers a landowner for every 3 8 inhabitants, and a Savings the glowing plea of “ Nauticus” for a united Anglo-Saxon Bank depositor for every 6.2 should, according to human race, Mr. Hancock's description of co-operative workmen's foresight, be prevailed upon to lend a willing ear to the social settlements in Mulhouse and Milan, and Dr. Louis revolutionist. Robinson's “ Everyday Cruelty."
THE FATHER OF RUSSIAN REALISM,"
So Mr. Arthur Tilley, varying Turgeniev's phrase, THE ITALIAN OUTLOOK.
styles Gogol, born in 1809 in the province of Poltava :Rev. H. R. Haweis, who has just been“passing through Italy from north to south and from south to north,
Gogol was essentially a humourist; that is to say, he viewed
the topsy-turvydom of life rather with sympathetic laughter gives us his impressions. “ The present re rudescence of
than with savage indignation or scientific neutrality. But the Mazzinian Republicanism (without thu obleness of
quality of his humour underwent a considerable change. He Mazzini) is the actual and grave danger of the monarchy
began as an observer of the human comedy; he ended as a and of the people.” The things indispensable are the lasher of national vices. His earliest mood resembles the monarchy, the army, and-probity. “ From top to gentle malice of Jane Austen, his latest has the bitterness, hottom, every one robs and scrambles and intrigues.” though not the savageness, of Swift. The Pope is now immensely popular.
“A member of the Bechuanaland Police Force," who Many think that were Cavour now at the helm, Leo XIII. was one of Captain Forbes's party, recounts his advenwould come to terms. The old non possumus is felt to be tures, and allows that “there is a broad substratum of obsolete, and for the first time in nineteen centuries something truth” in some of Mr. Labouchere's accusations.
NUMBER IN EACH
100 PERSONS OVER TWENTY.
NUMBER IN EACH
100 MALES OVER TWENTY.
NUMBER IN EACH
100 FEMALES OVER TWENTY.
I think on the whole it would not be an exaggeration to say
that such a social evolution as the ethical economists have THE June number maintains a fairly high level of
planned could not be accomplished, even for a single year, interest, without, however, any articles of exceptional
given eminence. There is plenty of variety within
without doubling the wealth of every country which tried it,
while making no increase in the population. range, but sociology threatens more manifestly than ever
HOW BALTIMORE GOT RID OF TRAMPS. to swallow up literature. Nearly one-half of the contents consists of discussions in economics; and the Mr. E. R. L. Gould tells how Baltimore last winter shadow of social statistics hangs over most of the
dealt with the unemployed. The people receiving remainder.
lodging in Baltimore police stations as tramps numbered SEX, MARRIAGE, AND DIVORCE.
in 1892, 25,132; in 1893, 39,976. A central relief comMr. C. D. Wright, Superintendent of the Census, con
mittee, formed from charitable and business associations,
opened two shelters for non-residents, where the labourtributes a paper simply bursting with facts and figures
test-of splitting so much wood--was rigorously applied, on the proportions of sex, marriage, and divorce in the
and opened stoneyards for the resident unemployed. population. One table may be cited :
The police sent on applicants to the shelters, and only when they were filled allowed the police station to be occupied. The nightly number of tramps dropped from 334 in the first fortnight of January to 233 in the next four weeks, and in the following six weeks to 171. The police stations were finally closed to tramps on February 3rd. The stoneyards were closed on April 5th.
THE POOR V. THE HEATHEN. United States
The success of Christian missions in India is maintained England and
against the recent aspersions of Mr. Gandhi, by Mr. F. Wales... Scotland
P. Powers. He begins with the striking remark that Ireland
“as the contributions for the support of Protestant Austria-Hun
missions all over the world did not in 1892 quite equal gary ... Belgium..
the sum estimated to have been spent on the poor of the
one city of New York in the season of 1893-4, it will Out of every hundred persons in the United States in
hardly be claimed that the poor are neglected on account 1890 there were fifty-one males and forty-nine females : the of missions.” “Protestant Christianity is growing in total excess of males over females being 1,513,510. The India as fast as it is in the United States. To the popular fancy that the married are fewer in towns than
suggestion that a vegetarian diet would make the in the country is contrary to fact. In the divisions missionary more acceptable to the Hindu, Mr. Powers where urban population predominates the single are pro- . retorts, “If abstaining from meat fosters the belief that portionately fewer, as in populations chiefly rural they
there is a god under a cow-hide, it is the duty of are most numerous. The divorced in the United States missionaries to eat meat three times a day if thereby they number only 0:35 per cent. of adults: or one to every 185 may help to convince the dupes of Brahman superstition married persons.
“ Divorce was more common among that beef is diet and not deity.” the native whites of native parentage than among the whole population." “ Among the negro population the
PROJECTED SOUTH POLAR EXPEDITION. divorced were more prevalent than among any other
Dr. F. A. Cook, who is fitting out an expedition to classes."
winter within the Antarctic, thus describes his plan of
action:WHO WILL PAY THE BILLS OF SOCIALISM?" This is Mr. E. L. Godkin's question. “The peculi
Securing a stout steam whaler of some 300 tons burder, I
shall set sail from New York about October 1st, 1895, and arity of the social evolution which the philosophers
proceed directly to a South American port, where a supply of say is now impending is, that it is to be not a
beef and tallow will be procured, to be manufactured into money-making, but a spending evolution. Everybody pemmican. The ship will be provisioned for three years. is to live a great deal better than he has been in Our course will be laid for the Falkland Islands, where the the habit of living, and to have far more
coal-bunkers will be re-filled. From the Falklands we will But where is the money to come from to meet steam down to ... Louis Philippe, which is an eastern division this enormous increase in the living expenses of every
of Graham Land. On an island of this coast a lifeboat will civilised population? The total wealth of the United
be placed, in order to furnish an avenue of retreat in case of
disaster... States is some £13,000,000,000. Evenly divided it would
At the farthest attainable point to the south
where there is land and a safe anchorage, headquarters will give £1,000 to each family of five persons; which invested
be established ashore. A structure capable of enduring the at six per cent. would yield £60 a year, or 24s. a week.
strongest gales, and so built as to afford an adequate protection The total wealth of the United Kingdom is £8,500,000,000, from the cold, will be erected. or about £1,200 to each family of five; which at four
After the long Polar night has passed, a select party per cent. would yield it £48 a year, or less than a pound
will set off south, and the writer sees "no reason why a a week. Neither sum allows for increase of luxury.
well-equipped sledging party should not be able to reach In one year in Great Britain
the geographical pole, starting from the eightieth paral118,830 had incomes over £300 a year, the total being lel." The entire expedition will not number more than £110,565,955. On the assumption that these people ought to fifteen, five being the scientific staff. be despoiled and made to share with their less fortunate
OXFORD THE IDEAL OF LEISURE AND CULTURE. brethren, let us see what would happen. The population of the kingdom in the year these returns were made was
President G. S. Hall pleads for fellowships that shall 37,176,46t. If the income, then, of people having more than provide leisure and guidance for post-graduate study, $300 a year were divided among the masses per capita, it with a view to the training of professors. He looks would give each individual an income of about 13 annually. with admiring envy to this country :
THE MODERN GIRL.
All the Oxford colleges now have fellowships, 367 in all, Brilliant society, in short, is like a game of skill, or a ranging in number from Wadham, with 8, to All Souls, with concert, in which the best results are produced only by 50, and with an upper and lower limit fixed for each Fellow. specially gifted persons, and must not be confounded with that Probably nowhere in the world can be found groups of more other social intercourse founded on close relationship, or early scholarly or delightful young men than these coteries of the association, or a desire to discuss any given serious subject. best youth in England, for which the whole educational system has been sifted, and who are to be future leaders. Their
HOW SHOULD DOCTORS BE PAID ? scholarly activity and productivity is now increasing, and Dr. William A. Hammond, in an article entitled “What these 21 little groups are academic ideals of leisure and
Should a Doctor be Paid ? ” says that not ten physicians culture nowhere paralleled. Nearly the same may be said of the 17 colleges of Cambridge, England, with their 334 fellow
out of every hundred receive as much compensation as ships. Besides these, Oxford has 180 scholarships and about
the Corporation attorneys and other lawyers employed by 126 exhibitions, and Cambridge 518 scholarships.
the city of New York. Dr. Hammond thinks that the recently the universities have begun to rival the colleges.
American millionaires are very mean to their doctors, Cambridge has 48 and Oxford 41 fellowships and scholarships. and never think of paying them in accordance with the The Secretary of Agriculture, Mr. J. S. Morton,
services which they render. This is all the worse prophesies of hope to the American farmer. The outcry
because :about mortgages has been too loud. Census returns No class of men do so much in the way of charity as those show that about seventy per cent. of all the farms in the who practise medicine. It is time that superior skill in them United States are unencumbered.” With the increase of and wealth in their patients should count for more than has population land and food must rise in value. Only let
hitherto been the case, and their fees should be promptly paid. them abjure Protection.
DEFAULTING AMERICAN STATES.
In an article entitled “Our Family Skeleton,” John F.
Hume describes the various repudiated or neglected THE North American Review for June devotes much of
debts of many of the Southern states, Arkansas has its space to a discussion of Coxeyism, publishing no fewer
bonds out for eight or nine million dollars which can than four articles upon the subject. These are noticed be bought at ten to fifteen cents on the dollar. North elsewhere, as also are the articles on "Woman Suffrage Carolina has twelve millions out which can be bought at in Practice."
five to eight cents on the dollar. South Carolina has'
six millions at two to five cents on the dollar. West Mrs. Sarah Grand continues her series of papers upon Virginia has fifteen millions at six to seven cents on the “The Men and Women of To-Day,” this time discussing
dollar. Among the other defaulting states are Georgia the Modern Girl. It is neither so insolent nor so piquant
with five millions, Louisiana with twenty, and Missisas her previous dissertation upon the Modern Man. As
sippi with seven million dollars. None of these bonds might be expected, Mrs. Grand thinks much more of the
are worth even a cent in the dollar. Texas is also in the modern girl than she does of the modern girl's brother,
black list. It is curious that in all these states which the Man of the Moment:
have repudiated or neglected bonds the state treasuries In the first reaction from the old state of things the chattel
have lost millions of dollars by treasury defalcations, for
as the state steals from its creditors so do the officials girl is apt to rebel against necessary as well as unnecessary restraint, and the consequence is anything but edifying; but
steal from the state. at the same time there are girls growing up among us in all classes who promise to be among the finest specimens of their sex the world lias ever seen in any numbers. Now and then
The Bishop of Albany has an article on New York individuals of the kind have appeared to show what women
State University; and Sir Ashmead Bartlett, of all might be, but it is only in our day that the type has blossomed people in the world, has been chosen to write on the out into many representatives. These girls are the product of * Political Outlook in England.” More space this month the higher education which is truly both higher and an is given to notes and comments, and the number closes education; and happy is the man who secures one of them for with an index to the 158th volume. a wife.
WHOM SHOULD WE ASK TO DINNER ? In a paper entitled “Fashion and Intellect,” Mr. W. Longman's Magazine devotes considerable space to H. Mallock discourses upon the subject, whom should we
two hunting papers-one an account of how Nansen, invite to dinner if we wish to have a pleasant dinner
the Arctic explorer, shot bears in Greenland; another party? The success of a dinner, he says, depends prim
describing chamois hunting above the snow-line.
Chu arily upon the following condition :
Cassell's magazine for boys, offers a bicycle That the guests should be persons, not necessarily well
for the subscriber who will send in a postcard with the acquainted with each other, but at all events occupying
cleverest answer to “Why I should have the Bicycle," positions which are, roughly speaking, similar-accustomed and secondly, “What will I do for Chums if I win it.” to the same manners, judging people's breeding and appear
The magazine maintains its high character for the ance by the same unformulated standards, instinctively looking quantity and quality of its letterpress and illustrations. at life from the same or from neighbouring standpoints, and The excellent paper on “Gatherings” in Cassell's thus seeing it in practically the same perspective..
Family Magazine contains much the most popular account Men of great intellect are not necessarily good diners of scientific novelties which is to be found in the out. Social intercourse in its most finished and most periodicals. Among other things there is this month an brilliant form is only possible in a class wliich is, in some account given of a new wind motor, by which a windsense, an aristocracy, and has an hereditary nuclens. mill twenty feet in diameter is fixed to a dynamo below. The best English society is an aristocracy still. In the With the wind going sixteen miles an hour the motor whole of England, he says, there are not more than 250 develops four horse-power. There is also an excellent men with more than £50,000 a year, and between 70 and article on Firemen in the series on “People who Face 80 of them are old-established landed magnates.
THE REVUE DES DEUX MONDES.
American audacities.” Monsieur M. R. Pinet is quoted The Revue des Deux Mondes opens with an article by by M. de Vogüé as describing the wonderful way in M. Leroy-Beaulieu on The Reign of Money,” in which which the French Church, shaking off the trammels of the writer pleads what is fast becoming an unpopular the State, has built churches and opened schools. He
advises the Catholic Church to fortify its possessions cause, the defence of capital. He denies that it is a
new Feudality,” and declares that great modern fortunes silently, so that when the day of separation from the do not tend to supply the second and third generation State finally arrives, she may be found solidly standing with an unearned increment, for all the poorer countries on her own resources, asking no help for the maintenance of modern Europe are those in which the labourer suffers of her priests. The fear present to reasonable Catholics most. On the first point he thus expresses himself: “If appears to be that if once the clergy were freed from money tends to roll up like a snowball, it also melts as their position as salaried officers of religion, the strict such.” The reader will also find some acute observations laws against association would hamper them fatally, and on the influence of the immense shops and stores worked prevent the great development of charity and teaching on the principle of ready money.
institutions which is taking place in England and her
Colonies, and in the American United States. Renan REMINISCENCES OF CHICAGO.
and Taine both discussed the position of the clergy in M. Jules Viole in the same number tells of some of the
the provinces of France--Renan declaring, “ that the marvels of science collected at the World's Fair of bishop will soon be the only personage erect amidst a Chicago. “An old inhabitant of the city which is now dismantled society," and Taine maintaining that the so flourishing, told me that sixty years ago he had seen provincial populations have become simple privates zupon the great site a tiny hamlet protected by a little under unstable functionaries. “Only the Bishop is fort. The feminine population there consisted of eleven intact and upright.” This article is also interesting for women in the service of the tradespeople who supplied its thoughtful criticism upon the present state of political the garrison. These women were the ornament of the and social affairs in France. balls given by the officers of the fort, though their daily
NAKED, BUT ASHAMED TO BE SEEN EATING. avocations kept them in the neighbourhood of a kitchen
“ The Travels of a German Doctor in Central Brazil "are range, as yet innocent of electricity. Whilst listening
reviewed by M. G. Valbert, who among many interesting to all this, I was admiring the great city which lay beneath our eyes, its parks, its wide avenues bordered particulars recounts that the learned Dr. Von den Steinen by detached houses, its large streets served by tramways,
was kindly received by Indian tribes who never dressed its gigantic lifts, its port busier than the port of London,
themselves except for social festivities. They were, howits railways more numerous than those of any other
ever, extremely delicate-minded, and their refinement capital in the world; and the roads upon the outskirts
took the form of thinking it a dreadful thing to eat in where no houses are as yet built
, but which are already public. Having received some fried fish from a kindly supplied with the machinery for bringing water and
hand, and being extremely hungry, the doctor began electricity, the telephone and the car; the houses will
eating it in public. All the company present lowered follow later, ... And in this busy centre there is a con
their eyes, and turned away their heads. If they saw a stant effort to substitute machine for human labour.
European at table d'hôte they would die of confusion.
Dr. Von den Steinen attributes this excess of refinement Hence a complete regularity of type. The watchmaking trade has six models: three for men's watches, threo
to a survival of the instinct which causes a dog to hide for women’s. American industry creates for sale enormous
himself while gnawing a stolen bone ! batches of identical objects; and when these are sold off,
OTHER ARTICLES. begins upon something new and deluges the market For historians there is in the June 15th number an afresh."
interesting article on Marie de Medicis, the second wife THE CATHOLIC REVIVAL IN FRANCE.
of Henri of Navarre. A paper on the Germanic literature A paper of Vicomte Melchior de Vogüé, entitled
relating to Wagner is succeeded by a second part of Apropos of a Religious Debate," records a discussion
“House Rent in France." This comparison of the rise which took place in the French Parliament on the 17th
and fall in the value of French habitations from one of last May. He declares that these debates are be
century to another is full of instruction and interest. coming a phenomenon of constant recurrence, and while
The Vicomte G. d'Avenel sums up his study of seven discussing the possibility of a free church in a free state,
centuries by remarking on the increase of town values declares that “Great ambitions are waking in the heart
and also of cultivated lands, but says that the latter is no of our Catholic youth, and especially among the younger
longer on the ascension, and in some parts of France is clergy. The latter submit with impatience to their
seriously on the decline. The price of labour remained enforced seclusion within the silent shades of the stationary up to the year 1800, and is now rising steadily, sacristies; they wish to re-enter the current of the
while land no longer commands its old price. century, take part in social discussions in the pulpit, a nd give their opinion on all the subjects which interest The Young Man this month is a good number. Besides other citizens. They know that such wide activity will the articles on Mr. Conan Doyle and Dr. Jessopp, which are be forbidden them as long as the jealous surveillance of noticed elsewhere, there is an interesting paper by Mr. the State confines them within the walls of the sacred Massingham, on " How a Morning Daily Paper is Proedifice. The example of America is before their eyes, duced.” Dr. R. F. Horton tells us how he preache: tempting as a mirage, impressing their minds with his first sermon. In the Young Woman, besides Miss stories of the successful and independent growth of the Friederichs' account of “Hesba Stretton at Home,” Mrs. Catholic Church in the New World. Their living Peonell describes how she rode through Transylvania on imaginations turn'more and more towards this promised her bicycle, and there is an article discoursing upon our land of liberty, and they easily forget the enormous lady hymn writers. In the next number there will be weight of an historic past, which presses upon the published an illustrated interview with Dr. Benjamin National Church of France and forbids the adoption of Richardson on “C'ycling for Girls."