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is hostile to the claims of the colonies to readjust the Imperial tariff for the protection of colonial industries, agriculture, of course, being the chief. What he asks is that an Imperial conference should be summoned to look after the first of all Imperial interests, our naval supremacy :
The common welfare of the Empire demands the assured supremacy of the sea. To sufficiently satisfy that demand two things are required : (1) An arlequate Imperial Fund; (2) The Imperial machinery to administer that fund which will command the confidence of all the contributing portions of the Empire.
OTHER ARTICLES. The only other articles in the review excepting those noticed elsewhere are the Duke of Argyll's paper on Lord Bacon versus Professor Huxley, and Miss Laura Smith's essay, with examples, on the inusic of Japan.
THE CONTEMPORARY REVIEW. THE Contemporary Review for December is somewhat too metaphysical to be a popular number. Emma Maria Caillard's paper on “ The Knowledge of Good and Evil,” and Professor Seth's second paper on “ The Theory of the
Ibsolute” may be very valuable but they are “caviare to the general."
LECONTE DE LISLE.
M. Brunetière, the editor of the Revue d's Deur Jondes, eulogises rather than criticises Leconte de Lisle. He declares :
Tendencies pass, but great works endure: and in the history of literature and of art, those are the real masters whose proructions outlive the tendency. Leconte de Lisle is such a one. Should it be denied that in giving it an enumerative picturesqueness and a truly lyrical didactiveness, he had added to the art of poetical description a value hitherto unknown in our tongue, we may at any rate honour in the author of “Quaïn” and of the “ Fin de l'Homme one of the poets who has sung the most eloquently all that is most painful, most tragic, and most universal in pessimism.
THE CARRYING TRADE OF THE WORLD, Mr. Mulhall has one of his fascinating papers from which an endless number of statistics can be gleaned of really remarkable interest. For instance, speaking of the mercantile marine, Mr. Mulhall says :
The main facts to be borne in mind in connection with the carrying trade on the high seas are these: (1) That we possess fifty-six per cent. of the carrying-power of the world ; (2) that the trade between Great Britain and her Colonies is growing much more rapidly than the general commerce of the world ; (3) that our seamen carry more merchandise per man than those of other nations, and four times as much as the British scaman of 1860; (4) that our annual loss by shipwreck is only half that of other nations, as compared with tonnago atloat.
Passing on he considers the railways, in which LS,350,000,000 of capital have been sunk, returning a dividend of an average of three per cent. Mr. Mulhall says:
The life of a locomotive is fifteen years, during which time it will run 240,000 miles, carry 600,000 tons, or 1,000,000 passengers, and earn £60,000; its ordinary power is 300-horse, and its first cost £2000. The number of locomotives at work is 110,000 representing an approximate value of 200 millions sterling, while that of the shipping of all nations is about 220 millions.
He calculates that the railways give employment to 2,394,000 people, while shipping only employs 705,000:
The gross receipts of the carrying trade in which the above men are employed amount to about 650 millious sterling per annum, which is equal to £189 per man, or nearly £2,000,000 per day.
Mr. Edmund Gosse's character sketch of Walter Pater, whom he knew-intimately and whom he reveres highly, is a very brilliant and interesting piece of literary workmanship. Of Pater he says :
Pater, as a human being, illustrated by no letters, by no diaries, by no impulsive unburdenings of himself to associates, will grow more and more shadowy. But it has seemed well to preserve, while still they are attainable, some of the external facts about a writer whose polished and concentrated work has already become part of the classic literature of England, and who will be remembered among the writers of this age when all but a few are forgotten.
THE SPIRITUALITY OF SEX. Sir Edward Fry's paper on “The State as a Patient" is somewhat lacking in actuality. It is a useful reminder however of what Lucian said long ago “ cities die like men.” The most striking passage in it is that in which Sir Edward Fry speaks of sex as bearing testimony to the divine origin of the world :
It has often appeared to me that nothing is more indicative of the spirituality of the system of the universe, as judged by the end and aim towards which it tends, than the fact of sexuality. In its earliest forms it is a simple physiological fact. But nevertheless it dominates in one mode or another the whole realm of vegetable and animal life. It gives beauty and splendour to the flower, it gives song to the birds, it gives the joys of society to almost all the animal world ; in man it becomes not only the foundation of all of our romance and much of our poetry, but the abiding source of the noblest and most self-denying devotion; and in it St. Paul can find his least inadequate metaphor to express the love and care of the Divine Being for His people upon earth. This great and dominant fact of human nature some modern reformers would wish to neglect or to degrade, and they would subordinate the family life to the life of the State.
OTHER ARTICLES. W. M. Conway tells with a graphic pen the story of the fall of the mountain of the Plattenbergkopf in the Canton of Glarus which buried part of the village of Elm in September, 1881. One hundred persons were buried beneath the falling mountain. Karl Blind sets forth in a brief paper the reasons for believing that the French have no foundation in truth or in treaty right for their claim to Madagascar. An anonymous writer tells the story of Caprivi's fall. The writer says that the cause was entirely a personal one, and was owing to the susceptibility of the emperor to any encroachments upon his resolutions. The Cologne Gazette bad insisted that Count Eulenberg must go, before the Emperor had announced his decision on the subject. The article was not inspired by Caprivi, but the Chancellor saw that the Emperor did not wish to shut the door definitely on Eulenberg's policy, to which Caprivi could not consent. Seeing this, he thought it better to retire at once, and therefore he declared that he could not disapprove of the article in question, although he had had nothing to do with it. Thereupon he resigned, and Prince Hohenlohe took his place.
MR. EDWARD SALMON, in the Strand Magazine for November, tells us “ How Brass Bands are Made.” Soon we shall also have the Strand Musical Magazine.
The Gentleman's Magazine has several articles of interest. One by George Widdrington, entitled “ The Pities of Italy,” sets forth the many things in Italy about which, you would say, “What a pity!” The Italians, according to Mr. Widdrington, seem to have more than their fair share of original sin. There is another article, “ In the Halls of the Cecils,” which describes the fortunes of Hatfield House.
The extent to which the poor of Londou are plundered by the pawnshops justifies Mr. Donald's plea for an improvement. This he thinks can best be done by putting all the pawnshops under the municipality.
There are many reasons why pawnshops would be more economically managed under municipal control than under private ownership. There would be a decided advantage in having branches all over the city. Valuable articles pledge? in one quarter would pay for small loans in poor districts. The smallest pawns do not pay the pawnbroker, even although. he does charge his hundred per cent. Supervision would not be less expensive under the County Council than at present. The officers would require to be well paid, as the success of the institution would mainly depend on their loyalty to the system, and their method of valuation. There would be considerable scope for economy in the matter of rent. It would not be necessary to have anything like 600 pawnshops.
OTHER ARTICLES. Miss Vernon Lee, in an article entitled “The Craft of Words,” develops the thesis that:
All writing is a struggle between the thinking and feeling of the Writer and of the Reader.
Mr. Makower contributes some reminiscences of Bülow. Dr. Jaeger's manager maintains that there is nothing like leather—that is to say, wool; and Karl Blind describes the relations between Shetland folk-lore and the old faith of the Teutons.
THE NEW REVIEW. Two articles which appear in the New Review, “Suicide among Women,” and “Secrets from the Court of Spain," are noticed elsewhere.
A TRIBUTE TO CAPRIVI. Theodor Barth has an article on "The Three Chancellors," which is really devoted to a eulogy of Caprivi, a narrative of his four years' rule, and explanations as
his overthrow. Speaking of the late Chancellor, Mr. Barth says:
Such a type of character is, I think, peculiar to Germany. A sense of duty, fostered by military and bureaucratic traditions, developing itself nobly and purely under the influences of a laborious life and scanty means; a mental adaptability which enables its owner to master the intricacies of every kind of work, without loss of independence and originality of thought; a lofty standard of honour from which all the temptations of personal gain and petty ambition glance off' harmlessly; and a philosophic indifference to outward show--this peculiar combination of qualities is hardly to be met with out of Germany. But even here it rarely reaches such a perfect development as in the case of Count Caprivi.
FRANK HARRIS'S SHORT STORIES. Mr. Edward Dowden and Mr. Coventry Patmore briefly review “Elder Conklin” and the other stories which Mr. Frank Harris has republished from the Fortnightly. Mr. Dowden says:
Demonstrations in spiritual anatomy-that is the most exact description which can be given in a word of Mr. Frank Harris's stories.
Mr. Coventry Patmore, whose paper is much shorter than Mr. Dowden's, says :
The manner or technical element in Mr. Harris's stories seems to me beyond criticism. The severity with which he confines himself to saying things, instead of talking about them, is wholly admirable. It is a work of real and rare genius, greatly, to my thinking, misapplied. Morbid anatomy, except in so far as it helps by contrast to glorify health, has no place in true art; and a very large proportion of this book is devoted to morbid anatomy without any adequate presentation of the contrast of health.
A WAR CORRESPONDENT'S STORY. Mr. Montagu describes the experience of a war artist chiefly during the Russo-Turkish war. The article concludes with an interesting anecdote :
As a Pasha in remote corners of Anatolia, I have assumed with equal success a very different rôle. A scarlet fez, a many-coloured turban, a sash of cardinal red, containing a goodly display of weapons, together with an escort of dashing, if rather dirty, irregulars, whose spears glittered in the sunlight, giving one an importance undreamt of in prosaie England. I had a curious rencontre once with another Pasha, whose brilliant personal get-up and that of his retinue threw myself and followers completely into the shade. As we passed each other that mighty man salaamed to his saddle-cloth, while I, in a moment of forgetfulness, saluted. Then a strange far-away look came into that Pasha's face, as, with a broad grin and an Irish accent, he said: “Eh, but yer forgot to salaam, Montagu, yer forgot to salaam!” and the next moment I had discovered that magnificent horseman to be my old friend Edmund O'Donovan, the brilliant “Special" of the Daily Nerrs, who, it will be remembered, afterwards lost his life while representing the interests of that paper with the army of Hicks Pasha in Egypt.
A PLEA FOR MUNICIPAL PAWNSHOPS. Mr. Donald transfers from London to the New Review his cogent plea for municipal pawnshops. He says:
The following shows the different treatment extended to poor borrowers in the leading capitals of Europe. A loan of 2s. 60. for one week pays interest per annum as follows: Paris, 0; Madrid, 6; Brussels, 7; Berlin, 12; London, 260.
BIBLIOTHECA SACRA. The incursions of the everywhere aggressive Social Question stir even this erudite theological quarterly into something like journalistic feverishness. Mr. Holbrook. of Chicago, leads off with a paper professedly on “Christian Sociology,” but really intended as a counterblast to recent utterances of Professor Herron, the prophet of applied Christianity in the West. The writer is warm in defence of a system of economics, which he declares to have been evolved by the best Christian thought and scholarship;” but which turns out to be suspiciously like the orthodox political economy. “A later age,” he says, triumphantly, “may do better in the interpretation of the Master, but the best minds in the sphere of economics have arrived at conclusions." He glorifies an “enlightened self-interest” over against the effort of “ the sentimental school” to reduce self to zero. The Evolution of Anarchy is sketched in a more sympathetic spirit by Rev. Jean Frederick Loba, D.D. He traces it from the French Revolution through Saint Simon, Fourier, Louis Blanc, Proudhon, Owen, Lassalle, and Marx. He finds the movement human and humane, but attributes its failure to the one-sided character of its leaders. The violence of individual anarchists does not enter naturally into the principles of the reformers. Rev. Principal Simon's inaugural address at the Yorkshire United College thus describes the subject matter of systematic theology: “It is the religious life, the beginnings of which are found in Abraham, which reached its culmination in Jesus Christ, and which from Him has gone on diffusing itself down to the present day." Dr. Warfield and H. Osgood write separate papers to urge the same point that faith in Christ and acceptance of the Higher Criticism are incompatible. Mr. Leonard's “ Outlook for Islam "claims notice elsewhere. The other articles discuss more abstruse problems in philosophy.
JOSEPH JOACHIM has been interviewed by Baroness von Zedlitz in the Iloman at Home for December, and many portraits accompany the article.
Moritz ron Schwind's “Cat Sovata” has also been reproduced.
THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.
issue, in legislation, however urgent; no isolated moral THE North American Review for November contains sentiment, however valuable in itself; nor any sectional or two important papers referring to an Anglo-American
race prejudice, however powerful or inveterate, -will serve to Alliance, which are dealt with elsewhere.
justify or sustain a separate political organisation, in the
presence of the American people, long enough to assure THE FUTURE OF THE NOVEL. Mrs. Amelia Barr, writing on the modern novel, thinks that the future belongs to women. She thinks that the
THE FORUM. novel with purpose has had its day :
The Forum for November is a fairly strong number. Woman is the born story-teller of humanity, and men may Several of its principal articles claim notice elsewhere. very well leave her to strike the note to which the fiction of Sketches of personal character and work are especially the twentieth century will respond. The world will live too prominent, making five papers out of the dozen. Two fast, and travel too fast, to read tales which are really epics political portraits present a great contrast. “ Indeand philosophy. Life will be too eager and mechanical for fine
pendent” paints Senator Hill in very dark colours, as novels, though the world will never grow too old or be too busy
*the product of machine politics" and without moral to say, “ Tell us a story.” It may like to have its religion,
resources. philosophy, and politics administered in novels; but it is far
THE FATHER OF THE TARIFF BILL. more likely to ask only amusement, only the ever-welcome repetition of that old story of love, that is for ever young; for
William L. Wilson as a tariff reform leader is the when men and women scek amusement as a relief from positive subject of a glowing eulogy by Mr. H. L. Nelson:work, they do not like to enter what they think is a theatre, What we know of Mr. Wilson is that he is one of the and find it to be a temple.
best products of American political, social, and educational A STUDY IN COMPARATIVE IMMORALITY.
institutions; that he is capable of devoting himself to an idea
to the point of sacrificing his chosen carcer if that be essential; Max O’Rell, in a brief paper, repudiates with vehemence
that he is conscientious and laborious; that he possesses great the complacent assumption of the Anglo-Saxon that the
firmness of character; that he does not look backward once hig English-speaking man is more moral than the French
hand is on the plough; that he never yields so long as there man. He maintains that he is not more moral-he is
is hope of conquering, although he never permits his passions only more dull. The following sentences sum up what to control his intelligence; that lie is singularly honest and Max O’Rell has to say on the subject :
unselfish. French immorality is often refined, artistic, Attic. Anglo AMERICAN EXPERIENCE AND THE GOTHENBURG PLAN. Saxon immorality is gross, brutal, and debasing, and perhaps,
Mr. E. R. L. Gould thus summarises the situation on that account, less attractive and therefore less dangerous. Vice that is gay is not hopeless. Sombre, unsmili vice is
presented by the Temperance problem :-incurable. It is high time that international stone-throwing
Prohibition, local option, State monopoly, high-license, and should cease, now that all the world travels and can see for low-license, have been tried--most of them during long periods itself. Whoever has known anything of life in Paris knows
and in various sections of the country. that the young man who has a liaison plays at an imitation of 1. The consumption of liquor has increased, and the prison the best days of matrimonial life, which does not entail the population is advancing. laying aside of all self-respect and respect for women. He 2. The ratio of licenses to inhabitants, in large cities, often takes his Fifine for walks, drives, and picnics. He takes her
now attains disgraceful proportions. to the restaurant, to the theatre, and is not ashamed, I am 3. The alliance between liquor and politics is being drawn sorry to say, to be discovered in her company. For a time he
closer and closer. brings this woman up to his level, and behaves in her presence He cites the very different results of the Scandinavian almost as he would in the presence of a respected wife. The system, which he would introduce with slight modificaAnglo-Saxon, for the time being, behaves “ like a brute beast tions into the United States. that has no understanding."
Rev. S. W. Dike sets himself to correct exaggerated Senator John L. Mitehell has a paper which may be
ideas of the wage-earners' loss during the depression by commended to students of Parliamentary procedure. It
statistics for Massachusetts, from which he concludes is entitled “How a Law is Made," and describes the
that the average wage-earner in that State was better off difficulties which are thrown in the way of legislation in
in 1893 than in most former years. Colonel Dodge Congress and Senate. He says:
thinks the issue of the Eastern War depends on the In the Fifty-second Congress there were fifteen
question whether Japan has a Von Moltke or not. Mr. thousand bills introduced in the Senate and House. They
G. F. Edmunds argues against electing Senators by the were referred, as they were in the earlier Congresses, to the
people instead of by the States. proper committees. Thousands of them were considered by these committees, and reported back to their respective Houses either favourably or unfavourably, and hundreds of them wero IN Longman's Magazine there is an article by Richard passed, but of the whole number introduced only a small Jefferies, entitled “ The Idle Earth,” in which he sets percentage became laws.
forth his reason for thinking that agricultural depression SINE QUA NON OF A THIRD PARTY.
can never be overcome until the earth can be compelled Bishop Merrill has a long and somewhat prosy paper
to work a little harder than it does at present. upon “ Èvolution of Political Parties,” the gist of which
In the United Service Magazine a Japanese barrister is to say :
sets forth the case for the Japanese, and Colonel Maurice
and Admiral Colomb have their say on the bearing of the There is no foundation for a political party to stand upon that is either broad enough or strong enough to give the
Japanese campaign upon the vexed question of fleets and slightest hope of achieving success in controlling the affairs of
armies. Captain Oliver gives an account of Prince Henri the nation, except some principle of construing the constitution
D’Orleans' visit to Madagascar. Spenser Wilkinson of the United States, which is sufficiently far-reaching to
describes the work of the Ordnance Survey. Brigado touch every department of the government, and to determine Surgeon Colonel Chino writes on the unprepared condition the character and genius of our institutions. No temporary of the Army Medical Department.
THE REVUE DES DEUX MONDES.
THE NATIONAL REVIEW. The Duc de Broglie continues his studies in diplomacy
The Votiona? Reviews is a strong number this month, with an account of the Duc de Nivernais' diplomatic
as regards both value and variety. Lord Salisbury's missions to Berlin (Austrian Alliance Treaty of 1756).
critique of Lord Rosebery's plau and other principa}
articles are noticed elsewhere. WHAT IS LUXURY?
HOW BEST TO ATTACK PARIS.
“The Next Siege of Paris” is the subject of a very M. Leroy-Beaulieu discusses at some length, under the
interesting discussion by Mr. W. Laird Clowes. To generic title of “ Studies in Sociology," the part which is, and should be, played by luxury in human life.
invest the city would require a circuit of one hundred
miles and an army of one million, four times as many is nothing,” he observes shrewdly, "more difficult to
men as in 1871. Rations were then the chief difficulty define than the word luxury; what is a luxury to some
inside; but now, thanks to improved methods of pre is a necessity to others," and he offers himself the follow
serving foods and pasteurising milk “it is difficult to ing definitions: “Luxury consists in those superfluities
believe that any future siege will last long enough which exceed what the general population in any given
to exhaust the huge accumulations” permanently in country and at any given time consider as essential, not
readiness. The line of approach to Paris from the east only to their absolute needs of existence, but to those
and north-east so bristles with fortresses and entrenched affecting decency and comfort.” The moralists and politicians of all ages have joined
camps that Mr. Clowes thinks it almost impracticable. with economists in considering luxury a kind of crime,
He suggests that Germany might choose the sea as the
nearest roud to Paris. Her navy should now be strong, and M. de Laveley declared that although luxury
enough to destroy or shut up the moiety of the French increases the love of the beautiful and ideal, it also
fleet not required in the Mediterranean. She might send strongly appeals both to the vanity and sensuality of
after her fleet a flotilla of crowded transports, and land human nature; and Rousseau somewhat rashly as
her troops in the mouth of the Seine and find no fortresses serted that if there were no luxury there would be no
worth mentioning between them and Paris. “And then poverty.
the French defence might probably be broken with comM. Leroy - Beaulieu considers that civilisation and
parative ease," under attack from before and behind. humanity would both lose much if all luxury were eliminated.
Why should we learn history? Professor Prothero's FROM RUSKIN TO PEARS' SOAP.”
answer deals chiefly with the value of the study for proM. de la Sizéranne continues in both numbers his
moting intelligence, truthfulness, sympathy, judgment, really remarkable account of contemporary English art
and enlightened patriotism in politics. London Governand painters. He defines Mr. Watts' work as being
ment is discussed in three papers. Sir John Lubbock's essentially mythical art, and quotes a phrase lately used
principal objection to the Unification Scheme is that the by the great painter to a friend: “I paint ideas, not
Commissioners take away from the city several selfobjects.
governing powers of a kind they leave to vestries in other Mr. Holman Hunt is, according to the French critic,
parts of the metropolis, J., libraries, schools, public the English exponent of Christian art, and he tells the buildings. The Earl of Suffolk urges that friction between story of how the painter of "The Light of the World”
farmers and foxhunters should be obviated by paying the went and worked in Palestine, quoting the following
farmers well for the inconvenience they suffer, the money sentence written by Holman Hunt from Jerusalem to a to be exacted by an unbending tariff levied on those who friend: “You know how far above my human affections
come to hunt. is my love for Christ.” With Sir Frederic Leighton,
THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW. M. Sizéranne is apparently less in sympathy; he observes WE regret to notice that Dr. Chapman, who has been that the President of the Royal Academy, though officially so long connected with this review, has passed away. the head of English artists, is in reality the most Possibly his successor may be able to give new life to the continental painter in England. He has visited every old and famous magazine. The current number contains country, frequented every school of art, learnt all several articles, but none of very great interest. Barald languages, reproduced all styles. Mr. Alma Tadema is Claydon replies to Beswicke Ancrum, and argues that by noted as being essentially an historic painter, and endeavouring to remedy the evils of marriage by declared to be, though a Dutchman, thoroughly English encouraging concubinage, he would be more likely to in his art. Passing on to Sir John Millais, M. de promote misery than happiness. The most interesting Sizéranne tells the following anecdote : Some years paper in the number is that which describes how woman ago the painter of “The Huguenots was taking a suffrage got itself established in New Zealand. It was walk in Kensington Gardens with a friend; suddenly passed by one vote only in the Upper House, where the stopping before the Round Pond, he observed, “How Minister who introduced and voted for the Bill spoke strange it is to think that once I also was a little against it. It was treated as a huge joke, and was por boy fishing here for sticklebacks, and now here I am in the forefront of the Government programme in the again, become a great man; I am a baronet, have hope that the Upper House would suffer by rejecting it. a fine house, plenty of money, and all my heart The net effect of the woman's vote in the first election in longed for," and with these words walked on quickly. which it was exercised was to emphasise the drift of On this remarkable utterance M. Sizéranne builds up public opinion. The writer, Mr. Norwood Young, thinks many conclusions, and finally declares that “John's that women are like men, only more so, and that women's career” might be written under the title of “Ruskin to votes will generally be founıl on what is supposed to be Pears' Soap, or the Stages of a Perversion."
the winning side. An anonymous writer suggests as an Herkomer is cited as a great portrait painter, alone eirenikon to socialists and individualists, that the very capable of showing an English man and an English young and the very old should be treated by socialistic woman of the present day as they really are, although methods, while the strong and middle-aged should be the painter, like Holbein, is a German.
allowed to take their stand on individualism.
THE NOUVELLE REVUE.
with bunks innocent of any furniture save a white pillow, PIERRE LOTI's “ The Desert," an account of his late
no light ever penetrates but that given by a dim lamp journey to the Holy Land, is still the feature of the swinging from the roof; the opium-eaters, male and Nouvelle Revue ; and as usual Madame Adam devotes female, sat or lay on the bunks, each having close at much of her space to Russia and things Russian, includ hand a little tray, on which stood the bottle of opium, ing an excellent article dealing with the Judicial Revision tiny spirit lamp, pipe and long needle made of platinum, now taking place in that empire, and a fine prose-poem
which in turn procure temporary Paradise to the addressed from France to Russian womanhood.
frequenters of a joint. Under the form of a letter to a young diplomat, the
Vigorous efforts have been made by a number of Count de Mouy sums up his ideas of modern diplomacy. Baptists to combat the opium fiend ; they have established and points out how one engaged in the making and
a msion chapel in the centre of Mott Street, and there, unmaking of history should conduct himself. He
dayi ter day, night after night, a band of devoted mer counsels" an amiable reserve," and considers as essentials.
and women try to grapple with the growing evil; but tact, good breeding, and gentleness of manner; whilst though the Chinese convert to Christianity is a sincere above all things he insists on the absolute necessity of
and worthy individual, making an excellent catechumen, high private character. "Let a diplomats dirty linen,"
and seemingly absolutely convinced of the folly of his he observes significantly, “ be always washed at home.”
former evil habit, as can easily be imagined converts are The anonymous account of the Judicial Revision which few and opium-eaters many in this God-forsaken corner of is apparently about to take place in Russia
New York. inspired from some official source. It is interesting
Mrs. Shaw has but a poor opinion of John Chinaman to learn that Nicholas Mourouvieff has been placed at
as a husband. She points out that marriages between the the head of a Commission whose duty will consist of
Chinese and members of the poorer white population where inquiring into and revising the whole of the Russian
they have established themselves never turn out well. A Judicial system. The Russian Minister of Justice has law passed in 1892 forbids any fresh Chinese enigrant addressed a long report to his confrères on the subject;
to enter the United States for the next ten years; and in this he points out that simplification rather than
yet, notwithstanding all the efforts made and the vigilance elaboration is the object to be aimed at by the Com
exercised in order to prevent their passing through into mission when drawing up new laws and regulations.
the country, many Chinamen still find their way into the A violent anti-English article by Colonel Chaillé-Long
land which represents to them immediate wealth and a deals with Kassala and the Egyptian Soudan; but what
happy old age spent at home.
TAE Arena for November has one of the inevitable The second number contains only one article likely to articles by a Japanese on the causes which led to the be of interest to foreign readers--namely, that contributed war in the East. The Rev. W. H. Savage writes by Mrs. Matilda Shaw on the Chinese population of New sympathetically upon the religion of Emerson. А York, its haunts and habits. The Celestials, it seems, member of Congress describes the new slavery which is have established themselves in that ward of the American being established by the money power. Mr. L. W. city surnamed by the police “ the Bloody Sixth.” Johnny Garver sketches an ideal university. Mr. Thomas E. -for so a Yankee calls his yellow brother-is the washer Will has an article in which he discusses the best way woman, or rather washermao, of the town. Mott Street of opposing political corruption. Jr. Buell describes is his principal place of residence, and it would be, Immigration and the Land Question. There are two observes Mrs. Shaw significantly, less prudent for a papers for and against spiritualism, of which the advocate woman to wander there alone after dark than to adven has much the best case, and puts his points much more ture herself alone among the Red Indians of the Wild forcibly than the opponent. The editor, Mr. Flower, West, for the latter sincerely believe in the Great begins a series of papers upon the century of Sir Thomas Spirit and fear his anger; but the Chinese inhabi More, and Miss Catherine H. Spence has an article in tants of Mott Street care for nothing but the police, which she pleads for proportional representation as the although their god or joss can boast of his temple situated only moraliser of politics. Incidentally contrasting in the middle of the street and quarter affected by his Australian and American politics, she says > worshippers. At the door of the joss-house a number of Social freedom Americans have, and the whole atmospher Chinamen, who are there for nothing else, act as public is sweet with it; but that seems to blind them to the slavery criers to the passers-by, telling all the Chinese local news, to which, in political and economic directions, they submit from: including celestial theatrical announcements, and occa the party machine. There are many things which are blockel. sionally reading sentences out of the Book of Destiny.
by the politicians in America which have been successfully
carried out in Australia. Our civil service is permanent and A PROWL IN OPIUM DENS.
efficient; no one is displaced owing to a change of ministry. The opium dens, or joints, as they are called, are, We have taken the dependent children out of institutions and according to the American authoress, still “winked at” placed them in foster homes carefully selected and guarded. by the New York police. A stranger, especially a woman, We merely elect our members of Parliament and our municipal finds it almost impossible to obtain an entrance into one bodies, and do not elect functionaries on party lines. We do of these places; and it was with great difficulty that
not raise election funds for the campaign or reward active Mrs. Shaw persuaded a friend of her husband's, a famous partisans with the spoils of office. We have no ward politicians.
no machine and no boss. detective, to allow her to go into one of the Chinese opium dens with him. At last, wrapped up in a long waterproof cloak, which effectually disguised her sex, she accompanied THE Idler is almost entirely devoted to fiction, with the him to the haunt of the " pipe hitters.” The place they exception of Mr. G. R. Burgin's account of Mr. Po‘ter, it visited was situated in a cellar placed below the ordinary naturalist who seems to have a genius for stuffing and basement of a Chinese house. In this kind of cave, lined grouping wild animals in comic attitudes.