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LOTTERIES AND ART.
THE INCOME TAX,
THE REVUE DE PARIS. The November numbers of the Revue de Paris are In the same number M. Serre makes an eloquent plea scarcely up to their usual level, the editors apparently in favour of a larger yearly grant to the galleries and relying on a posthumous fragment of Guy de Maupassant museums of France, holding up as an example Great and on a few pages containing a fine and poetical study
Britain, who subsidises her National Gallery to the tune of the sea by Pierre Loti, than on anything more solid.
of £32,000 a year; and Germany, who allows the State M. Leroy-Beaulieu sums up briefly the reign and per
galleries £20,000 a year; whilst in France the Louvre, sonality of the late Tzar of Russia, and Gaston Paris
Luxenbourg, Versailles, and St. Germains divide between
them the miserable income of £6,500! This is the reason continues his account of the Provençal poet Frédéric why no important additions to French galleries are ever Mistral.
made, save in the way of private gifts by public-spirited
donations. Many foreign schools are still unrepresented French readers must find almost a painful interest in
in the Louvre, which, it seems, lacks a Turner to this day. Funck Brentano's exhaustive article on the Income Tax, M. Serre proposes an issue of lottery bonds similar to for it is the one means of raising public money against
that which met with so prompt a success during the which the whole nation has determinately set its face, from
Exhibition of 1889, and points out that in this fashion a the peasant, whose worldly goods are kept and added to in really large sum might be raised to form a permanent art the traditional old stocking, to the wealthy stockholder,
fund. whose income fluetuates from day to day. The partizans
THE NEW AMERICAN TARIFF. of what would be to so many an odious and inquisitional In the second number two novelists, the late Guy de tax point to the excellent results achieved by its means Maupassant and Pierre Loti, are given the first place, in Great Britain, Germany, and Italy. According to M. being followed by M. Brewaert, who discusses in a hopeful Brentano, the tax, whilst causing thegreatest inconvenience spirit the new American tariff.
In it he sees & proand annoyance, will make no real difference to the wealth
mising future for the French exportation trade ; for of the whole country, and he points out triumphantly where under the M’Kinley régime one hundred and that in neither of the three countries already quoted has seventy-seven millions of francs duty were paid by it solved the social question. Making a comparison Americans on French goods, some fifty millions will be between the rich man and the beggar, he points out that knocked off. On foreign works of art they will in future cach on the whole pays out what he gets in. Iu place of pay no duty at all—a joyful piece of news for the many the impît direct, M. Brentano, if we understand him truly, Parisian artists who regard Chicago as a Land of Prowould prefer to see everything in the way of actual mise, flowing with milk and honey. production taxed rather than individual incomes at one per thousand; thus the workman who earned £40 a year
2. JACQUES D'Uzès. would pay 10d., the small shopkeeper who turned over The Duchesse d'Uzès, who was, it will be remembered, £600 a year about 5ş., and the great þarrister or famous Boulanger's faithful if indiscreet friend, and who, in artist making his £20,000 a year, £20.
addition to many social gifts and charming qualities, is a M. Brentano carefully avoids pointing out the fact that, really fine sculptress, has allowed some of her late son's directly or indirectly, the French citizen, especially letters from the Congo to be published; these show the the landowner and peasant proprietor, is already ex young Duke in a pleasant light, and prove touchingly the ceedingly heavily taxed, and looks forward with horror cordial relations which existed between mother and son. to any increase of what is significantly called abroad The young man, for lie was only four-and-twenty when imposition.
he died of dysentery at Kabinda, on the African coast, was THE FRENCII NAVY. leading an expedition through the Congo, and intended
The M. Loir discusses at some length the armament of
to make his way to Egypt through Abyssinia. he naval reserve. Thanks mainly to the efforts of
French Government, as a testimony to his good will and
budding reputation as an explorer, have named one of Admiral Gervais, the French navy is now in an extracrdinarily efficient position; each summer everything is
their new warships Jacques d'Uzès. put on a war footing, and both men and officers become Thoroughly familiarised with their work; during the
Some Christmas Cards. winter months all is arranged on a reduced level, but EVERY year Christmas cards are improving, and for can again bo brought up to full strengtlu in an incredibly the old-fashioned pictorial variety you cannot do better short tiine. M. Loir considers that the naval war of than see the selection which Messrs. Raphael Tuck and the future will take place in the Mediterranean.
Co. send out, some of their designs being of great beauty.
Particularly successful are the Goupilgravures, after GENERAL GRANT'S GERMAN SYMPATHIES.
pictures by popular artists, Mr. Dendy Sadler, Mr. W. S. In an article headel “ General Grant and France," Mr. Coleman, and others. From Messrs. C. W. Faulkner also Theodore Stanton attempts to disprove the generally comes a pretty batch of cards, many of which are done credited idea that the great American soldier considered by some process similar to the Goupilgravure. Both himself during the Franco-Prussian War the enemy of these and the small pictorial calendars are well worth France and the moral ally of Germany ; even Victor Hugo asking to see. The same firm also publishes a tear-off Inentioned him with horror in his “L'Année Terrible”; “Shakespearian Calendar” (Is.), and a new indoor game. and yet, according to Mr. Stanton, there was literally a
entitled “Malletino.” For unassuming good taste, a part great deal of smoke without fire in the whole idea ; so far from display, the series of “Private Society Christmas from disliking France, Grant was only prejudiced against Cards,” published by Messrs. John Walker and Co., the Bonapartes. The often reiterated assertion that he cannot be beaten. Many are printed in old English style had sent telegrams of felicitation to the German Kaiser and without pictures, giving very much the impression of after each Prussian victory in 1870-71 is, asserts Mr. distinction. Some of the best of these are also repro Stanton, an absurd fiction.
duced by some heliogravure process.
SOME ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINES. poem by Hamilton Aïdé, but it is somewhat overweighted
by a long article on “ Notable Portraits of the Queen
and Royal Family." Judging from the pictures, her McClure's Magazine.
Majesty was a great deal better looking at the age of With its issue for November this magazine finishes its six than she has ever been since. “Q.” contributes a third half-year and its third volume. Published at very touching story entitled “ The Bishop of Eucalyptus fifteen cents a number, it has rapidly made a place —a young Congregational minister from Cornwall, whose for itself in a country which already produces utter innocence led him to spend the last days of his life what are in many
in a house with respects the best
a harlot in a illustrated maga
western mining zines of the day.
village, without More than once
ever suspecting over here we have
that his landlady taken a leaf out
was other than a of the American
virtuous lady, book, and have
held in higli restarted rivals to
spect by her Harper's and the
neighbours. Mr. Century. But the
W. W. Astor decheap magazines,
scribes a passage of which the
in Captain Kidd's Strand was the
career. Mr. prototype,
Hitchins has distinctively
copiously illusBritish, and it is
trated paper on encouraging
“Street Scenes in to see that an
Cairo." Walter American jour
Besant gives us nal, not only on
another instal. avowedly similar
ment of his adlines, but draw
papers ing much of its
on London, this matter from our
time dealing with own Idler, should
Westminster, have so soon have
Lord Roberts, in achieved popu
his paper on "The larity. But al
Rise of Wellingthough McClure's
ton,” criticises Magazine by no
and eulogises his means relies only
hero's conduct in on British enter
the Peninsular prise for its con
war. He blames terits, its publica
inim, however, for tion of papers
lack of sympathy, which are appear
and for his harsh ing in our own
and ungenerous magazines pro
reference to the hibits it having
officers and men a regular circula
who served him. tion in London. And so English
English readers, unless
Illustrated they care to sub
Magazine. scribe the dollar
This magazine and a half a year
is this month to have the magaMR. S. S. MCCLURE, OF “MCCLURE'S MAGAZINE."
chiefly devoted to zine sent through
fiction. There is the post, must miss much that is most notable in one article, “ London to New York by. Steerage," by American monthly journalism-such, for instance, as the Frederick A. Mackenzie, which describes how the Napoleon series and the collection of true stories from writer crossed the Atlantic for 36s. Mr. Baillie-Gröbman the archives of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, both of tells some of his hunting adventures in the Rockies. The which begin in this November number.
magazine is disfigured by the insertion of a page of
advertisements devoted to cod-liver oil and Sunlight The Pall Mall Magazine.
Soap in the very midst of the reading matter. A magazine The best illustrated magazines this Christmas are the of the standing of the English Illustrated should surely be Pall Mall Magazine and the English Illustrated Magazine. able to prevent this defiling of its pages by the introducThe Pall Mall Magazine is excellently printed and admi tion of advertisements in the middle of a story. The rably illustrated. It opens with a somewhat remarkable magazine cannot either be congratulated upon its glaring
coloured illustration. Mr. Clement Scott's paper describing "Sir Edwin Arnold at Home" is interesting and readable.
A LITERARY YEAR-BOOK. For the last five years there has been published, at Eger in Bohemia, an interesting annual called a Literarisches Jahrbuch. It is edited by Alois John, who is now
a well-known writer on German Bohemia, especially the Eger country. An attractive article in the present number is one entitled "The Home of Walther von der Vogelweide," by A. A. Naaff. This long been a bone of contention, and it is doubtful whether the famous minstrel's real birthplace will ever be discovered, but the writer makes a brave attempt to identify it with German Bohemia. Wherever it was, it is certain that Walther was a wanderer, that he went to Vienna, Thuringia, Meissen, and many other courts, and that he died and was buried at Würzburg. He may have been in the Tyrol, but whetber he hailed from Bozen or Sterzing is not of so much importance. The fact remains that he had a marked influence on the minstrels of the Tyrol and the intellectual life of the country, and in the splendid monument which the Tyrolese have erected to his memory they do themselves great honour.
The editor not only describes a people's_opera, “The Monk of Kreuzenstein,” by Professor R. Thoma, but publishes his ideas for an Eger people's play. Dr. S. Günther writes a geological study of the Egerland ; Carl Eggermann discusses the Prague Society for Science and Art in connection with the national literature of German Bohemia; Dr. Johannes Bolte has unearthed a Meisterlied by Heinrich Wolff on Wallenstein's death; and there are quotations from Goethe's Diaries relating to his various visits to north-west Bohemia.
Harper's Magazine. Harper's Magazine has some wonderful illustrations in Mr. Poultney Bigelow's description of "An Arabian Night and Day.” “The Time of the Lotus” is a welcome reminder that the Japanese are famous for other things besides their skill in war. The paper by Mr. Andrew Lang criticises, and Mr. Abbey illustrates, Shakespeare's "Taming of the Shrew.”
The Cosmopolitan. THE Cosmopolitan for November is well up to the average. The first place is given to the reproduction of the portraits of some famous women, American and English. The paper on
“ The Great Passions of History” is devoted to Agnes Sorrel, the mistress of Charles VII. The paper on "The Art Schools of America and the Public Library Movement” describes the effort of the Western Republic to provide itself with the appliances of civilisation. The paper on “ The Public Control of Urban Transit,” which is noticed elsewhere, describes the fund by means of which great things might have been done bad it not been squandered away by corruption.
The Century. THE Century produces its Christmas number in a very ugly back. It is copiously illustrated with full-page pictures of Christmas subjects, beginning with Van Dyck's Madonna of the Donors, and bringing us down to Van Uhde's Appearance of the Angels to the Shepherds. Besides Mr. Sloane's first instalment of "The History of Napoleon Bonaparte," the magazine contains an admirable article upon Crispi, by Mr. Stillman, and is illustrated by an excellent portrait of the Italian statesman. There is a pleasant paper describing “Life in Old Maryland," and there is, of course, the usual quantity of fiction. Rudyard Kipling's story, "A Walking Delegate,” is a rather poor skit upon trades union agitators, cast in the form of a parable, in which the horses on a Vermont farm are in vain incited to strike by a disreputable nag from Kansas. The horses are made to talk Yankee, and the horse from Kansas is well-nigh kicked to death--a fate which, apparently, Mr. Kipling would accord to the trades union agitator.
Scribner's Magazine. The great feature of Scribner this month is the reproduction of nine of the best known pictures of Mr. Watts and eight of his portraits of famous men. The number is strong in poetry; Mr. Rudyard Kipling's poem being given the place of honour. Miss Kimball's "A Modern Sir Galahad” and Mr. Lampman's “A Woodcutter” are above the average.
The “Mantle of Osiris” is an interesting story, the writer of which believes he has solved the mystery of how the ancient Egyptians were able to move great masses of stone by the hypothesis of a metal which he calls the mantle of Osiris, which, when placed beneath any weight, destroyed the power of gravitation, and enabled them to lift it as if gravitation had almost ceased to exist. He points out, that if such a metal could be discovered, the problem of perpetual motion would be solved. It would only be necessary to hang a heavy wheel with half of its diameter excluded from the power of gravity by a sheathing of the mantle of Osiris, and one side of the wheel would constantly be descending heavy and ascending light.
DIARIES AND CALENDARS, MESSRS. JOHN WALKER and Co. have sent us a selection of their very ingenious and useful loop-back pocket diaries, whose chief peculiarities are that, in the majority of cases, each shows a week at an opening, and that tbe pencil is held by a loop at the back of the binding, which cannot, as in most diaries, get torn away. The largest of these (No. 184, 8s.), bound in morocco, and beautifully finished, is full letter size, and with the capacity and convenience of a pocket-book; or the same can be liad in Russia leather (No. 194, 10s.). Slightly smaller size, in the same material, is numbered 183 (6s. 60.). A less bulky pocket diary are those with a leaf, 24 inches by 59. No. 67 (2s.), for instance, has no pockets, and is so slim that it will take up but little room. The No. 1 size is for the waistcoat pocket, and is very well arranged. It ranges in price from 6d., for a cloth limp plain binding, to 4s. for a Russian leather. The same publishers issue a very useful and handy tablet diary (3s. 6d.) for the desk, better than anything of the kind we have seen.
From Messrs. DE LA RUE and Co. (of Bunhill Row, E.C.) also comes a batch of diaries, pocket diaries, almanacs, many of which seem to be intended particularly to appeal to feminine taste. A series of desk almanacs, with or without glass as protection, is sure to be popular, some of them giving space for the noting of appointments, while one, rather elaborate, holds the racing fixtures for 1895. Of the pocket diaries the most convenient is No. 4121D (to hold letters); and a chronicle of events and a regular budget of papers could be kept in No. 3544C. Both the “ Portable Diary and Memorandum Book" and “The Condensed Diary and Engagement Book "-intended for the purse—are well arranged and cheap; and the tiny finger-shaped condensed diaries are very fascinating. The little calendars and stamp cases, too, are pretty.
POETRY IN THE PERIODICALS.
He saves the sheep,
So spake the fierce Tertullian, The following is the last verse in Mr. Canton's poem:
So limned they Christ; and bold, yet not too bold,
So nursed the child-like heart, the angelic mind,
One Shepherd and one fold!
All-all were Christ's! And then they drew once more
The Shepherd Beautiful. But now He bore
In the Nineteenth Century, Mr. Swinburne addresses a
'A Baby Kinswoman," a little girl whose mother is dead. The poem is full of suggestions that the mother still enjoys the sight of her child, that,
Sweetest sight that earth can give,
Sweetest light of eyes that live. The poet suggests that the child is conscious of the presence of the departed—
Thine above is now the grace;
The writer of an article upon Mr. Joseph Howe, the Nova Scotia statesman, in the Canadian Magazine for November, quotes his centenary poem, which in some respects is not an unfitting pendant to Colonel John Hay's sonnet: From the Queen of the Islands—then famous in story,
A century since, our brave forefathers came;
Enlarging her empire and spreading her name.
Ev'ry field she explores we are beckoned to tread; Each laurel she gathers our future day brightens ;
We joy with her living, and mourn with her dead. Then hail to the day when the Britons came over,
And planted their standard, with sea-foam still wet; Above and around us their spirits shall hover,
Rejoicing to mark how we honour it yet.
Harper's Majazine publishes a batch of verse by W. D. Howells, of which the foll g, on eredity, is one of the best:
That swollen paunch you are doomed to bear,
COLONEL John Hay, in the Pall Mall Magazine, indites a sonnet, “On Landing in England,” which is well worth quoting as an American tribute to the motherland :Once more hail, England! Happy is the day
When from wide wandering I hither fare,
Touch thy wave-warded shore and breathe thine air;
Old names ring out as with a trumpet's blare;
While on, with quickened pulse, we journey where
To warm our hearts by ancient altar fires;
Thou fair and mighty mother of our sires! In the Idler Mr. Rudyard Kipling contributes a poem on “The Story of Ung," a fable for critics. When in the glittering ice-fields thousands of years ago, Ung, the primeval artist, arose and fashioned pictures on bone, the tribesmen at first almost worshipped him, and then began to criticise him. Whereupon Ung departed in wrath to the cave of his father to complain of the ignorance and the injustice of the criticism of these early reviewers. The sage-father comforted the petulant son in verses which may be recommended to all the tribe of the criticised. The gist of the comfort is in the first verse: And the father of Ung gave answer, that was old and wise in
the craft, Maker of pictures aforetime,' he leanad on his lance and
laughed. “ If they could see as thou seest, they would do what thou
hast done, And each man would make him a pistura, and—what would
become of my son ?” To the Atlantic Monthly, Samuel V. Cole contributes the following sonnet entitled “ Venice":
Only a cloud, -far off it seemed to me
No habitable city,--when, behold,
Came gradual distinctions iu the fold
O'er quiet lanes of water, caught the gold
Of the Italian sunset, and thus rolled
Cathedral, palace, all things, all too soon
And, looking backward over the lagoon,
As mist blown seaward underneath the moon.
HERE is a little quatrain contributed by Clarence Urmy to Longman's Magazine, on “Ghosts,” to whichi the most material of us sceptics can take no objection:
Three ghosts there are that haunt the heart,
Whate'er the hour may be:
The ghost called Memory.
I. - THE ADDRESS TO ELECTORS AND THE
PARISH COUNCILS ACTS. MOHE Address to the Electors drawn up at Mr. Fowler's
National Social Union was issued last month, and widely circulated throughout the country. This Address, the text of which appeared in the Review last month, is undoubtedly the most comprehensively signed manifesto ever issued by the representatives of the moral forces of the nation on the eve of local elections. Seeing the difficulties involved in attempting to formulate a decisive expression of opinion that would be at once general enough in its terms to secure the adhesion of men representing all portions of the Christian Church, and at the same time practical enough to be hailed as a useful campaign document by those engaged in the actual work of electioneering there is reason to be satisfied with this initial effort of the National Social Union. If English Christendom had been united under one form of Church government, the leaders of the English Church would 'naturally have drawn up this Address. Owing, however, to our unhappy differences, neither the Archbishop, the Cardinal, nor any of the heads of the Free Churches felt themselves in a position which would justify them in addressing the whole nation. Hence it was left to an outside body to formulate the convictions which are common to all who have thought seriously upon questions of local administration, and submit the Address so prepared to the heads of the Churches and the leaders of social reform for approval. The Address as drawn up has served two distinct purposes. First, it emphasised as no other thing 'has done this year the enormous importance of the first elections under the Parish Councils Act, and appealed to ministers without distinction of sect to use their position in order to impress upon their congregations the religious duty of taking an active interest in the election of the best available persons as members of the new boards. The Address when it was issued was prefaced by the following circular :
The National Social Union beg respectfully to submit the accompanying “ Address to the Electors” to the consideration of all those who, whether in the Press, from the pulpit, or on the platform, can command the attention of their fellowcitizens.
The Address is an attempt to embody within brief compass some of the most important considerations which, in the opinion of the leading representatives of the moral forces of the community, outside of party politicians and administrators, should be pressed home to the electors who, for the first time, will exercise the franchise under the Parish Councils Act.
In the midst of the anarchy of contending sects and rival parties, it has been found possible to elicit a virtually unanimous expression of opinion from men and women of all creeds and of all parties as to the plain and obvious duty of the good citizen at the coming elections.
This clear and authoritative utterance may be said to represent one of the first and more promising efforts to make articulate the voice of the national conscience, a task which for two centuries has been abandoned in despair owing to the existence of sectarian ditferences and the anarchy of creeds. It was cvoked by the appeal of Mr. Fowler, the author of the Parish Councils Act, for support against the tendency of some headlong partisans who seemed in danger of wrecking the success of the measure by their determination to exploit its provisions in the exclusive interests of their own party.
It will be seen that the Address deals chiefly, not to say
exclusively, with the elections to the Boards of Guardians, but the same general principles apply to all the Elections under the Parish Councils Act, and it was thought better to concentrate attention upon the election of the Guardians, because the full significance of the Electoral Revolution that has been wrought in the constitution of the Authorities charged with the relief of the poor has been very inadequately appreciated by the nation at large. It is hoped that ministers of religion may be able specially to direct the attention of their congregations to the pending elections on the first or second Sunday in December.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of Winchester, Durham, Peterborough, Carlisle, Chester, Southwell, and Gloucester and Bristol preferred, instead of signing the Address, to intimate their concurrence with its drift by the extracts from their charges or other utterances.
The Address was signed by the following among other representatives, of the religious and social organisations of England :
• THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
BISHOP OF NORWICH.
(The Bishop of St. Asaph is
abroad.) ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS. (The Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster is absent from the
country.) BISHOP OF NORTHAMPTON. BISHOP OF SHREWSBCRY.
METHODISTS. Rev. J. Walford GREEN, D.D., President of the Wesleyan
Methodist Conference. Rev. HENRY J. POPE, D.D., Ex-President of the Wesleyan
Methodist Conference. Rev. T. BOWMAN STEPHENSON, D.D., LL.D. Rev. DR. JAMES H. Rigg, Principal Westminster Training
School. Mn. J. BAMFO:D SLACK, President Wesleyan Local Preachers'
Association. Rev. M. BARTRAM, President of the Methodist New Connexion. REV. SAMUEL WRIGHT, Ex-President United Methodist Free
Church. Rev. JOHN WENN, President of the Primitive Methodist
Conference. Rev. W. GOODMAN, Secretary of the Primitive Methodist
Connexion. MR. W. P. HARTLEY. Rev. J. WOOLCOCK, D.D., Ex-President Bible Christian Conference.
CONGREGATIONALISTS. Rev. GEORGE S. BARNETT, D.D., Chairman Congregational
Union. Rev. John Brown, D.D., Ex-Chairman Congregatioral Union. Rev. L. R. Thomas, Chairman-Elect, Congregational Union. Rev. A. M. FAIRBAIRX, LL.D. Rev. Robert BRICE, D.D. Rev. ROBERT F. HORTON, D.D. Rev. Joseph PARKER, D.D.
PRESBYTERIASS. REV. JAMES MCIR, D.D., Moderator of the English Presbyterian
Church. Rev. Walter Morison, D.D., Ex-Moderator of the Englisb