« PreviousContinue »
A NEW NOVELIST.
A LADY IN TIMBUCTOO.
THE NOUVELLE REVUE.
herself. “Allow me," she said in a letter which has been JIADAME JULIETTE ADAM gives the place of honour preserved, “to show you the dangers you are in her June 1st number to Prince Albert Monaco, who, courting. : You know how many times I have as is well known, has devoted a considerable portion counselled you to take care of your daughter. When of his enormous fortune to maritime explorations. In you brought her to see me, her hair dyed yellow, and a four-page article he discusses the proposed English she much embellished, the sight gave me great Channel Bridge which I noticed last month when it pain. . . . Believe me there is no existence so miscrable, appeared in an English Review.
so deplorable as that of a courtesan. There are no
riches, no delights, no advantages which cau compensate In the same number ends the Recollections of the
for such a sacrifice. Believe me of all human calamities
that of being obliged to live in this fashion is the worst, Italian painter, Joseph de Nitis; and M. E. Tissot con
and joined to that is the thought that after all the tribntes an appreciative account of the new French
sufferings we undergo in this world, we shall also be novelist, Paul Margueritte, a delicate and earnest writer, whose work gives a truer picture of modern Continental
most terribly punished in the next.”
Veronica definitely renounced her evil career at the life than is generally to be found in the pages of con.
age of forty, and even at one time thought of starting a temporary French story-tellers. Paul Margueritte is the eldest son of the famous General of that name who was
religious order. She died in 1591, and to this day her killed at the battle of Sedan during the Franco-Prussian
verses, especially those in praise of Venice, take a conWar. The future novelist was born in Algiers just
siderable place in Italian literature.
M. Dargène describes a visit to St. Helena, and tells thirty-four years ago, and, as was but natural, the two terrible years, 1870-71, made a profound impression on
once more the story of Napoleon I.'s exile, imprisonment,
and death. his young imagination. In deference to his mother's
Other articles consist of some recollections of Skobeleff's wish he abandoned all thought of becoining a soldier,
campaign, 1880-1, by a Russian naval officer, A. de and entered one of the public offices. His first literary work was a realistic study, not unlike the work belonging
Mayer; a review of the causes which have led to the to the school founded by Zola. But although remaining
estrangement of France and Italy, by J. Caponi; and an
article on personally intimate with the great writer, he soon dis
Past and Present French Parish Rights,” by
M. G. E. Simon. avowed his methods, and was one of the five young authors who wrote a protest against their master's methods when the latter published “ La Terre.”. Of his
THE REVUE DE PARIS. later books, “ Ma Grande" and "Sur le Retour" may be ELSEWHERE will be found noticed M. de Coubertin's quoted as among the best types of French novels, and
“ Athletic Sports at Home and Abroad.” The worthy to take place with the works of Alphonse Daudet. June numbers of this, the youngest of the French reviews,
are less interesting than usual, if we except the fiction, Madame Paul Bonnetain continues and concludes her
which is of a high order. interesting account of her voyage through Timbuctoo.
THE CHARACTER OF THE NATIONS. According to this lady, a constant trade is done in human The best article in the June 1st number consists of flesh and blood, and she herself bought, for the sum of some extracts from the diary kept by a French student, £7, and gave to her little daughter, a young girl slave. M. Jean Breton, in Germany. This young man, who Belvinda turned out a good investment, she is still has a pretty gift for language, gives a bright and devoted to her mistress, and on the party's return from pleasant picture of life in Heidelberg and Berlin, the Niger some months later, the first words said by the especially of the famous Vereins, or social clubs, whichi doctor, who had once examined the little slave, were, play so great a part in Germany. According to the “This is not Belvinda, you must have bought another worthy Frau in whose house he boarded, English child," so great a physical change had been wrought in students are not held in high honour in foreign univerthe child by the good food and kind treatment which sities. “The English,” she observed, “ are all selfish. she had received.
When there is any jam or butter on the tables, they take A VENETIAN ASPASIA.
it all, and leave none for the others; apart from this, The most interesting article in the June 15th number
their behaviour is fairly good. The French are very deals with the life of a Venetian courtesan who seems to
amiable and witty, but they are not serious, and come in have played a considerable part in the Italian world of
very late at night. The best of all are the Americans, art and letters during the Renaissance. M. Rodocanachi
who are correct, good-natured, simple, and straightgives a vivid and exceedingly pathetic picture of this
forward.” “And the Russians, madame ?” “Do not Veronica Franco, who was, according to her biographer,
speak to me of Russians—they are dirty people!” po mean poetess, and who has left behind her one of the
M. Breton noted with astonishment the extraordinary most eloquent and terrible warnings to those tempted to
knowledge of French possessed by the German nation, follow her evil example ever written. Her reputation
and also the hero worship of Bismarck. He declares for beauty, grace, and learning spread through all
that the Professors even quote the ex-Chancellor when Europe, and travellers through Italy went far out of
giving their lectures. their way in order to catch a glimpse of “the adorable
PRISONERS' AID SOCIETIES. nymph of the Adriatic.". Veronica was born in the year In the same number M. Rivière contributes an 1546, and died comparatively young, leaving her fortune important article on the various French Prisoners' Aid to various religious institutions. But even before she Societies. It seems that there existed in the Middle bad repented and seen the error of hier ways, she realised Ages various associations which had for their end that so clearly and dispassionately the dangers which sur of extending spiritual and material assistance to those in rounded her that on one occasion she offered to give a prison, and Molière makes Tartuffe boast of visiting considerable sum of money in order to save the daughter prisoners. But for a long period after the Revolution little of one of her friends from the fate which had befallen or nothing was done to help discharged prisoners, and it
was not till 1875 that a serious effort was made to deal ing reminiscence of Miss Henrietta Montalba, whose with the question.
premature death is a great loss to sculpture. In England, points out M. Rivière, there exist fifty The Magazine of Art for July gives an etching, "Homeseven Prisoners' Aid Societies, one of which can boast of wards,” after Fritz von Uhde, the German painter of the Queen as President. In Sweden the King himself peasant life and of religious pictures. Mr. John Brett took the matter in hand, and it is there that the penal criticises Raphael's cartoons, and Mr. Spielmann writes system is best organised, if we except Holland and on the Sculptor's “Ghost." The article most worthy of Belgium; in Sweden a home also exists for ticket-of attention, however, is a brief discussion of the various leave women. In Germany there have been for a long schemes for enlarging Westminster Abbey, The question time various organisations which differ only in name is still an open one, but Mr. H. P. Burke Downing, the from their Swedish and English prototypes. The French writer, thinks the site which will ultimately be chosen is society is presided over by M. Beranger, a distinguished that to the south-east of the Chapter-House, while Mr. Senator and philanthropist. Owing to his efforts, three Pearson's suggested chapel on the Refectory site is the ex-prisoners' homes are now being worked with most one to which Mr. Yates Thompson has recently offered satisfactory results. There an ex-convict is given food to contribute £38,000. and shelter till he can find employment. During the last In the Studio (June 15), the price of which went up to ten years three thousand discharged prisoners, men and eightpence a month or two ago, we have articles on women, have been helped in this manner. Another Stencilling as an Art," by Mr. E. F. Strange; “Dry Point society of the same kind proceeds somewhat differently Eto ings by Helleu," by Mr. G. P. Jacomb-Hood; “ The and gives all its energies to procuring situations for its Colouring of Sculpture," by Mr. G. Frampton and by Mr. protéges. The Huguenots have not been behindhand in M. Webb, etc. An auto-lithograph, " A Study in Movethe good work, both Pastor Robin and Madame Henri ment,” by Mr. R. Anning Bell, is included in the number. Mallet, the wife of the well-known Protestant banker, taking an active part in the good work.
The New England Magazine.
THE June number of this magazine contains the best
account of General Neal Dowe that I have yet seen. In the June 15th number Commandant Peroz gives There are two articles which will be of great interest to a vivid picture of war in the Soudan, and winds up with
students of political evolution, entitled “Government by the following significant passage: " Thanks to the fashion Commissions." In Massachusetts twenty-two permanent in which native warfare is conducted even the conquerors commissions have been appointed since 1870. Before may be said to be in some ways the conquered . .. for that date only nine existed. The advantage of governwhat remains to us? A blackened and barren soil which
ment by commission is that it secures the voluntary and native labour can alone make fertile." M. Peroz has unpaid services of a class of men and women whose evidently no belief in the future colonisation of the
labour could not otherwise be obtained. These commisFrench Soudan.
sions deal with charities, savings banks, labour statistics, M. Rebelliau attempts to give a" new reading of the
police, free libraries, and I know not what else. A more complex personality of Richelieu's Fidus Achates, Père popular article, and one which is copiously illustrated, Joseph, perhaps the greatest diplomatist of his day, and deals with “ The Telephone of To-day." It is the best a man whose lack of personal ambition gave him a account of the telephonic system which has appeared in strange security and power.
the magazines for some time past. The Cointe de Circourt, one of the few survivors of the French navy of 1829, contributes a charming review of
The Arena. the Prince de Joinville's lately published Recollections. But his few pages are interesting mainly because of the
THE Arena for June begins the first number of its assurances they contain of the Comte de Chambord's more
tenth volume with a frontispiece of Victor Hugo, and a than friendly feelings toward the Orleans family. M. de copiously illustrated paper on “ The Back Bay of Boston,” Circourt, an old and valued friend of " Henri V.," quotes
the wealthiest part of the capital of New England. Mr. at some length a conversation held with the master of
Hamlin Garland writes with much enthusiasm on the Frohsdorf in 1854, and which, if accepted as true by the attempt of New Zealand to apply the principle of the Bourbon Legitimists, should lead to their complete recon single tax. Rabbi Schindler pleads for the nationalisation ciliation with the Comte de Paris and his claims to the of electricity. Mr. Paul Tyner gives directions for the French throne.
development of the sixth sense, extracts from which will Other articles in the Revue de Paris deal with the
be found in the new number of Borderland. Mr. Flower political policy of Leo XIII., the newly discovered Greek
writes on "The Social Ideals of Victor Hugo," and in the Hymn to Apollo, Baron Haussez's Souvenirs, and a
books reviewed publishes a very appreciative notice of critical essay on Baudelaire by G. Rodenbach.
“If Christ Came to Chicago." Professor L. W. Batten has a paper on "The Higher Criticism of the Hexateuch."
The supplement dealing with the Union for Practical THE ART MAGAZINES.
( Purposes is full of interest. The Secretary of the New The art magazines maintain their usual level of York Vigilance League mentions, among other instances excellence. The July Art Journal has an etching, “A of the comparative barbarism of America, the absence of Surrey Landscape," after Mr. Vicat Cole, and a sonnet by any public lavatories. He says that Birmingham has 96, Mr. William Sharp,“ The Peace of Summer," is a repro Liverpool 222, whereas Boston has only twenty-one, duction in colours after C. Bernamont. Mr. Walter Arm Philadelphia six, New York five, and Chicago none. strong again writes on • The Tate Collection,” and Mr. Three-fourths of the people of New York live in tenement Edmund Gosse on the “The New Sculptuie.” Another houses. For eight ths in the year no one can take writer defends the expenditure on instruction in art at a swimming bath in New York, whereas Birmingham South Kensington; there are articles on the Royal has five public swimming baths open all the year Academy, and Miss Hepworth-Dixon gives an interest round.
SOME ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINES.
The illustrated interview in the Strand this month is English Illustrated Magazine.
devoted to Sir Francis and Lady Jeune. Mrs. M. Griffith The English Illustrated Magazine has as its frontispiece gives us the inside views of Her Majesty's yacht Victoria a very beautiful female face-Glycera-by N. Prescott
and Albert. This month's paper on "Crimes and CrimiDavies. Among the more notable articles may be noted
nals” is devoted to forgers and begging letter-writers. “ The Humours of the Duchy of Cornwall," by "Q.”
The god-daughter of M. de Lesseps strings together pic"Lincoln's Ian Fields, Past and Present,” by Robert
tures of her god-father and his multitudinous children. Hunter, is another paper of a similar kind. Eva Bright's description of her experience as an organ-grinder is
Ludgate Illustrated Magazine. interesting. She blistered her hands and wore the shoes This magazine publishes a rather gruesome story off her feet, and when she got home her wrists arhed entitled “The Dead-Shot Gunner, a Legend of the Field badly. Lady Jeune writes on “ Conversation in Society," Artillery.” The story forms the subject of the frontisand contrives to say nothing in particular. Alan Cole's piece, which represents the unfortunate gunner shooting paper on Tapestry” is illustrated with several well
himself from the cannon into the grave he had dug for known tapestries, and the rest of the magazine is filled
his corpse. Mr. James Payn, of the Cornhill Magazine, is with the usual assortment of fiction, good, bad, and the subject of Mr. Joseph Hatton's sketch in the series indifferent.
entitled “ Pens and Pencils of the Press.” There is an
illustrated paper devoted to Champion Dogs and another Harper's Magazine.
describing Highgate School. The paper describing The most notable illustrations in Harper's for July are “Rambles Through England." deals with the country the fifteen little pictures which Mr. Du Maurier contributes
round about Torquay. to illustrate his novel “ Trilby.” Mr. Charles Dudley Warner beging a new serial, entitled “The Golden
The Idler. House,” which is illustrated by W. T. Smedley. There
In the Idler, Dr. Bowdler Sharpe writes an article is an interesting gossipy paper on the domestic life of American presidents, under the title “ The President at
entitled “Some Humours of Bird Life." Nearly all the Home.” The paper describing the making of great guns
illustrated papers go in now for the humorous side of at an American naval factory is very much like a paper
natural history; witness for instance the “ Zig-zags” in
the Strand, which seem as if they would never come to upon Woolwich arsenal or Lord Armstrong's works
an end. A paper entitled “A Saunter through Somerset” at Elswick. “The Editor in his Study" notes that woman suffrage has become fashionable in society, and
is illustrated by a number of photographs of bits of attributes it very largely to the influence of the World's
scenery which are much better printed than usual. The
Idlers' Club takes as its theme for discussion whether or Fair. Somehow, he says, after the experience of work
not a substitute can be found for swearing. Robert Barr, at the great exhibition tens of thousands of women who
J. Gordon, and several head masters express their opinions, had been organising congresses and assemblies and dis
and Dr. Parker sums up by declaring that the swearer is charging semi-public functious found it very dull to go
akin to the mad dog ! back to their old lives, and so have therefore rushed into politics. Certainly politica in America have much more need of them than they of politics.
THERE is a strong flavour of summer and holiday about The Century.
the July number, which opens suggestively enough with PERHAPS the most striking'illustrations in this number
a copiously illustrated sketch of the North Shore of are those by J. W. Taher of “The Flying Dutchman,"
Massachusetts. Carl Lumholtz's researches * Among “The Phantom Burning Ship,” “St. Elmo's Fire," and
the Tarahumaris, the American Cave-dwellers,” furnish other phantasms of sailors' superstition. Mr. Harry
a curious travel-paper. E. L. Week's pictures of Beasts of Fenn's pictures accompanying Mr. Marion Crawforil's
Burden, and A. B. Frost's “ types” of American working“ Coasting by Sorrento and Amalfi” are models of clear
men, may also be mentioned. The frontispiece is a fine and beautiful engraving. Messrs. Ellwanger and Robin
reproduction of Flameng's “The French in Holland.” son contribute a jubilee retrospect of the German Punch,
The journal kept by the late Dr. Schaff during the the Fliegende Blätter, which was started in 1814 in
Gettysburg week, when the war swept over his seminary, Munich by Caspar Braun and Friedrich Schneider,
which was only some forty miles from the great battleCharacteristic specimens of its comic art are reproduced.
field, is exceedingly vivid. A portrait of T. W. Parsons, for whose poetry Mr. Aldrich prophesies lasting and growing fame, forms the frontis
McClure's Magazine. piece. Mr. A. F. Matthews gives a glowing account of The first place in the June number of this magazine is the U. S. battleship Indiana, which cost, by-the-bye, given to Mr. Hamlin Garland's somewhat lurid account just half as much as the territory of Alaska, and very of his visit to Homestead. A great deal that he says nearly (fourteen-fifteenths) as much as Louisiana. Mr. would equally well apply to any large English ironworks, J. Van Dyke discusses the pictures at the World's Fair, although we gather from Mr. Garland's description that and finds them only intensify the impression made by the the work at Homestead is more trying than it is here. pictures at Paris in 1889. “In the older countries of General Greely discusses the question as to whether or Europe the changes have been few, but with Scandinavia not the present Arctic expeditions will reach the Pole. at the North and America in the West, they have been It is somewhat slight, and not very hopeful. The Polar sudden and rather brilliant." The book of our art has icecap which lies immediately north of the Behring Sea just been opened.”. Dr. Albert Shaw's study of “Munici will always, he thinks, dominate the Polar Ocean. Mr. pal Housekeeping in Germany"and M. Antonin Dvorák's Cleveland Moffet has an excellently illustrated article on paper on “Franz Schubert" claim separate notice. “Wild Beasts in Captivity.”
THE NOVEL OF THE MODERN WOMAN.* " It is a subject,” murmured Strange, with a slight movement of the shoulders, " which I must admit I find painful to
discuss with young ladies." “Ah,” said Alison, in her quiet, serious voice, “but then I am not a young lady.' I am only a woman taking a great
deal of interest in others of my own sex." The Story of a Modern Woman.” Page 205. MHE Novel of the Modern Woman is one of the most tributed to the perfecting or the marring of the said T notable and significant features of the fiction of the heroes' domestic peace and conjugal felicity. The woman
day. The Modern Woman novel is not merely in fiction, especially when the novelist was a woman, has a novel written by a woman, or a novel written about been the ancillary of the man, important only from her women, but it is a novel written by a woman about position of appendage or complement to the women from the standpoint of Woman. Many women dominant partner." But in the last year or two the have written novels about their own sex, but they have Modern Woman has changed all that. Woman at last
hitherto considered women either from the general standpoint of society or from the man's standpoint, which comes, in the long run, to pretty much the same thing. For in fiction there has not been, until comparatively recently, any such thing as a distinctively woman's standpoint. The heroines in women's novels, until comparatively recently, were almost invariably mere addenda to the heroes, and important only so far as they con
has found Woman interesting to herself, and she has studiel her, painted her, and analysed her as if she had an independent existence, and even, strange to say, a soul of her own. This astonishing phase of the evolution of the race demands attention and will reward study. It bewilders some, angers others, and interests all. In place, therefore, of describing any one book of the month Í propose to devote this article to a rapid glance at some of the more prominent of the novels of the Modern Woman, illustrating it with their portraits, and giving, wherever it is possible, their own statement in their own words of the message which in their novels they sought to deliver to the British public.
The Modern Woman, par excellence, the founder and high priestess of the school, is Olive Schreiner. Her "Story of an African Farm” has been the forerunner of all the novels of the Modern Woman. What
* "The Story of an African Farm," by Olive Schreiner. (Hutchinson ) 3s. 6:1.
paradox it was, that book-how delightfully characteristic .natural disabilities of her sex should not be artificially of the topsy-turvydom of the new order! Who could aggravated by the arbitrary interdicts, restrictions, and have foreseen that the new, and in many respects the vetoes of the other sex. Woman, in short, claims the most distinctive note of the literature of the last decade rights, the privileges, the opportunities, and the responsiof the nineteenth century, would be sounded by a little bilities of a human being. Woman has a mind, and it chit of a girl reared in the solemn stillness of the Karoo, may be, strange though it may seem, an immortal soul, in the solitude of the African bush? The Cape has and therefore with as much right to live her own life and indeed done yeoman's service to the English-speaking save her own soul as if she had not inherited the sex of world. To that pivot of the Empire we owe our most Mother Eve. pronounced type of the Imperial Man and of the HER MEDITATIONS ON MARRIAGE AND MOTHERHOOD.. Emancipated Woman. It is not impossible that when the twentieth century dawns there will be few to
But this in no wise involves or implies any forgetting dispute the fact that Cecil Rhodes and Olive Schreiner of her sex, of her destiny, and of her duty as the mother present the most characteristic and distinctive represent
of the race. So far from this being the case, it will atives of the genius of the English-speaking world; the
be seen that in almost every case the novels of the modern man and the woman who, for good and for evil in their woman are pre-occupied with questions of sex, questions respective vocations, have stamped the signet of their
of marriage, questions of maternity. To be a mother is character most deeply upon the plastic thought of the
and always will be the chief responsibility, the crowning coming generation.
glory of woman. So far from ignoring this, the novel Last month Olive Schreiner sent me, with kindly
of the modern woman dismays Mrs. Grundy by taking greeting, a picture of an African farm.' It represents marriage seriously. Marriage may not be the only object her husband and herself counting the sheep on the
of a woman's existence, but it is a chief element in Karoo in the early morning, watched meanwhile by a
her life, and the indispensable condition of the perpetuacongregation of sedate and stately ostriches. It is a
tion of the race. Marriage, then, is no longer a mere pretty idyll of that free natural life for which the desert affair of trousseaux and of bridesmaids, of finding an born has always pined, and in which alone she is really eligible parti, and being provided with board and lodging 'at home. Far from the madding crowd, in the radiant
for life. It is much more an affair of cradles and of solitude of the South African Karoo, where merely to
nurseries, a question involving grim and terrible questions breathe the air is an intoxication of life, Olive Schreiner of heredity, and imposing weighty responsibilities of conceived the story, the influence of which, confessed or
training and education. Therefore,” cries the modern unconfessed, can be seen or felt in all the literature of the woman, “let me know and understand, and allow me at Modern Woman. The chapter “ Lyndall” contains the
least an equal right 'in deciding upon shaping the germ and essence of all the fiction of the Revolt, expressed
conditions of the new life, which I have to take a prewith a sanity and a restraint which are not always con dominant share in fashioning before birth and in training spicuous in those who come after. For Olivo Schreiner,
afterwards." And nowhere in our fiction is this cry more unlike most insurgents, is no mere rebel, too hot with the
clearly and more calmly urged than in the "African heat of the barricade to forget the justice of the judge,
Farm." If woman is to suffer and to be sacrificed to nor does she, while demanding human rights for her
the new generation which she must nurse at her breast, sex, set wrong to balance wrong by pretending to see
she must know and understand all that marriage involves, nothing that is weak and faulty among those whose cause
all that maternity demands. she pleads. This moderation is her strength, for we seem
HER REVOLT AGAINST LOVELESS WEDLOCK. to be listening to the summing up of the judge rather
The third great note of the Modern Woman novel is than to the pleading of the advocate.
the revolt against monogamic prostitution, or sex union UNDER THE CURSE ?
without love, endured for the sake of economic advantage, The first note of the novel of the Modern Woman is
or indulged for the satisfaction of mere animal appetite. the recognition of the fundamental fact that in society as And here also Olive Schreiner strikes the true key with at present constituted woman has the worst of it. This
firm and unfaltering finger. Every one has read fact, as obvious as the sun at mid-heaven, has hitherto Lyndall's discourse to Waldo, but all of us will be better been conventionally denied. In face of the undisputed
for reading it again. It is a marvellous compendium of conviction of every living male that he would regard all the ideas struggling in the brain and finding expresit as a change for the worse to be born of the opposite sion in the life, the writings, and the acts of the Modern sex, it is an amazing illustration of the power of make Woman. believe that it actually strikes many readers as a startling and daring assertion when Lyndall calmly remarks that
We were equals once when we lay new-born babes on our “this one thought stands- never goes-if I might but
nurse's knees. We will be equals again when they tie up our be one of those born in the future, then, perhaps, to be
jaws for the last sleep. born a woman will not be to be born branded." That
• Mark you,” she said, “ we have always this advantage over they are so born now, is so true that, speaking as a man, you-we can at any time step in to'ease and competence, where I always feel as if every human being born a woman you must labour patiently for it. A little weeping, a little owed Nature a grudge. The whole woman movement wheedling, a little self-degradation, a little careful use of our of tc-day may be summed up in Lyndall's aspira advantages, and then some man will say, 'Come, be my wife!' tion. Woman at the end of the nineteenth century With good looks and youth marriage is easy to attain. There demands, just as man demanded at the close of the
are men enough; but a woman who has sold herself, even for eighteenth, the opening of the career to all who have
a ring and a new name, need hold her skirt aside for no creature
in the street; they both earn their bread in one way. Marriage talents, without distinction of caste or sect or sex.
for love is the beautifullest external symbol of the union of Because Nature has handicapped Woman adversely
souls ; marriage without it is the uncleanliest traffic that defiles is
for handicapping her favourably by the world.” She ran her little finger savagely along the topmost law and custom. But that is not demanded, even by bar, shaking off the dozen little dewdrops that still hung there. the Modern Woman. All that she asks is that the “And they tell us we have men's chivalrous attention!” she
WHAT OLIVE SCHREINER SAYS.