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Edm. 450). Stitt v. Cass, 4 Barb. 92 ; Bank of Poughkeepsie v. Ibbottson, 5 Hill, 461 ; Hoffman i. Dunlap, 1 Barb. 185; Cornell v, Masten, 35 Barb. 157; Couch v. Mills, 21 Wend. 424; Matthews v. Chicopee Manuf. Co., 3 Rob. 711; Morgan v. Smith, 70 N. Y. 537 ; see, also, & 1278, ante; Miller v. Fenton, 11 Paige, 18; Rogers v. Hosack, 12 Wend. 319; Irvin v. Milbank, 15 Abb. Pr. N. S. 378; s. C., 56 N. Y. 635.

& 1943 Satisfying judgment.-An instrument, speci. fied in the last section, is deemed a satisfaction-piece, for the purpose of discharging, as prescribed in section 1260 of this act, the docket of a judgment, recovered upon an indebtedness released or discharged thereby, as far as the judgment affects the compounding debtor. Where the docket of a judgment is discharged there. upon, a special entry must be made upon the docket, to the effect, that the judgment is satisfied, as to the compounding debtor only. Part of id., & 2; % 1260, ante.

$ 1944. Rights of the debtors not released. Where a joint debtor has thus compounded, à joint debtor, who has not compounded, may make any defence or counterclaim, or have any other relief, as against the creditor, to which he would have been entitled, if the composition had not been made. He may require the compounding debtor to contribute his ratable propor. tion of the joint debt, or of the partnership debts, as the case may be, as if the latter had not been discharged. Id., 88 3 and 4.

$. 1945. Action against persons engaged in transpor tation. In an action brought against one or more per. sons, engaged as a joint-stock association, partnership, or otherwise, in the periodical transportation of passen. gers or property, an objection to any of the proceedings cannot be taken, by a person properly made a defend. ant, on the ground that the plaintiff had joined with him, as a defendant, a person not jointly engaged with him in that business, or on the ground that the plaintiff has failed so to join with him a person so jointly engaged ; unless the persons so engaged have at least thirty days before the commencement of the action, filed in the clerk's office of each county, in which they transport passengers or property, a statement showing the names of all of them. A statement so filed, is conclusive, for the purposes specified in this section, as

against the persons filing it, until thirty days after fil. ing, in like manner, a new statement, showing a change of interest. L. 1836, ch. 385 (4 Edm. 621), amended.

§ 1946. When partner not sued remains liable. Where, for any cause, one or more partners have not been joined as defendants in an action upon a partner ship liability, and final judgment has been taken against the persons made defendants therein, the plaintiff, if the judgment remains unsatisfied, may maintain a separate action upon the same demand, against each omitted partner, setting forth in the como plaint the facts specified in this section, as well as the facts constituting his cause of action upon the de. mand. Code of Proc., & 136, subd. 4, amended. Crandall v. Beach, 7 How. 271.

$ 1947. Continuance of partnership business during action for accounting, etc.- In an action brought to dissolve a partnership, or for an accounting between partners, or affecting the continued prosecution of the business, the court may, in its discretion, by order, au• thorize the partnership business to be continued, during the pendency of the action by one or more of the partners, upon their executing and filing with the clerk an undertaking, in such a sum and with such sureties as the order prescribes, to the effect that they will obey all orders of the court, in the action, and perform all things which the judgment therein requires them to perform. The court may impose such other conditions as it deems proper, and it may in its discretion at any time thereafter require a new undertaking to be given. The court may also ascertain the value of the partner. ship property, and of the interest of the respective partners by a reference or otherwise, and may direct an accounting between any of the partners ; and the judgment may make such provision for the payment to the retiring partners, for their interest, and with respect to the rights of creditors, the title to the partnership property, and otherwise, as justice requires, with or without the appointment of a receiver, or a sale of the partnership property. New








Actions in behalf of the people.

ACTIOLE 1. Action against the usurper of an office or franchise.

2. Action to vacate letters-patent.
3. Action for a fine, penalty or forfeiture, or upon a forfettar

4. Certain actions, founded upon the spoliation, or other misap

propriation of public property. 6. Action to recover property escheated, or forfeited for treason, 6. Miscellaneous provisions relating to actions, etc., in bebas

of the people.




duo. 1948. Attorney-general may maintain action.

1949. Proceedings when complaint names rightful incumbento
1950. Action triable by jury.
1951. Assumption of office by person entitled.
1952. Proceedings to obtain books and papers.
1953. Damages; how recovered.
1954. One action against several persons.
1955. When injunction may be granted.
1956. Final judgment in action for usurping office, etc.

§ 1948. Attorney-general may maintain action The attorney-general may maintain an action, upon his doen information, or upon the complaint of a private person, in either of the following cases :

1. Against a person who usurps, intrudes into, or unlawfully holds or exercises within the State, a fran. chise or a public office, civil or military, or an office in a domestic corporation.

2. Against a public officer, civil or military, who has done or suffered an act, which by law works a forfeiture of his office.

3. Against one or more persons who act as a corporation, within the State, without being duly corporated; or exercises within the State, any corporate rights, privileges or franchises, not granted to them by the law of the State.

Code of Proc., 8432 ; 2 R. S. 581,8 28 (2 Edm. 603). People v. New York, 32 Barb. 35, s. c., 19 How. Pr. 133; 9 Abb. Pr. 253; People v. Att'yGen’ı, 22 Barb. 114; 8. C., 3 Abb. Pr. 13; 13 IIow. 179; People v. Hills, I Lans. 202; People v. Albany R. R. Co., id, 308; People v. Tobacco Manuf'g Co., 42 How. Pr. 162; People v. Ingersoll, 58 N. Y. 1, People v. Hall, ci. App., Feb. 1880, 21 Aib. L. J. 433; People v. Fairchild, 67 N. Y.


$ 1949. Proceedings when complaint names rightfus incumbent. In an action, brought as prescribed in the last section, for usurping, intruding into, unlawfully holding, or exercising an office, the attorney-general, besides stating the cause of action in the complaint, may, in his discretion, set forth therein the name of the person rightfully entitled to the office, and the facts showing his right thereto; and there upon, and upon proof, by affidavit, that the defendant, by means of his usurpation or intrusion, has received any fees or emoluments belonging to the office, an order to arrest the defendant may be granted by the court, or a judge. The provisions of title first of chapter seventh of this act apply to such an order, and the proceedings thereupon and subsequent thereto, except where special provision is otherwise made in this title. For that purpose, the order is deemed to have been made as prescribed in section 549 of this act. Judgment may be rendered upon the right of the defendant, and of the party so alleged to be entitled; or only upon the right of the defendant, as justice requires.

Code of Proc., 88435 and 436; 2 R, S, 382, 83 30 and 31 (2 Edm. 603), amended, People v. Thatcher, 55 N. 525 ; People v. Albany and Susquehanna R. R. Co., 57 id. 161 : City of Buffalo v. Mackey, 15 Hun, 204; N. Y. Juve nile Guardian Society v. Rosevelt, 7 Daly, 188; People v. Ferris, 16 Hun, 29 ; & 1984, post; see People ». Snediker, 3 Abb. 233; People v. Clark, N. Y. 349; People v. Cook, 8

$ 1950. Action triable by jury-An action brought as prescribed in this article is triable, of course and of right, by a jury, in like manner as if it was an action specified in section 968 of this act, and without procuring an order, as prescribed in section 970 of this act.

New. People 2". Albany and Susquehanna R. R. Co., 57 N. Y. 161 ; Davis v. Morris, 36 id. 569; Mann v. Fairchild, 2 Keyes, 111; Bradley v. Aldrich, 40 N. Y.511.

$ 1951. Assumption of office by person entitled. Where final judgment is rendered, upon the right and in favor of the person so alleged to be entitled, he may, after taking the oath of office, and giving an official bond, as prescribed by law, take upon himself the exe cution of the office. He must, immediately thereafter, demand of the defendant in the action, delivery of all the books and papers in the custody, or under the con. trol, of the defendant, belonging to the office from which the defendant has been so excluded.

Code of Proc., % 437; 2 R. S. 582, 2 32 (2 Eum. 603). People v. Murray, 73 N. Y. 535 ; In re Welch, 7 How. 282, In re Cobee, 8 id. 367.

$ 1952. Proceedings to obtain books and papers.If the defendant refuses or neglects to deliver any of the books or papers, demanded as prescribed in the last section, he is guilty of a misdemeanor; and the same pra ceedings must be taken to compel the delivery thereof as are now or shall hereafter be prescribed by law, where a person who has held an office refuses or neg. lects to deliver the oificial books or papers to his suc. cessor.

Code of Proc., ? 138, and R. S., id., & 33, see & 1323, ante. People ex rel. Daily v. Livingston, Ct. App., Feb. 1880, 21 Alb. L. J. 174: Re Bartlett, 3 How 114; Re Baker, 11 id. 418; People v. Peabody, 26 Barb. 437 ; Con, over v. Davlin, id. 429; Welch v. Cook, 7 How. Pr. 282; People v. Cono ver, 6 Abb. Pr. 220.

§ 1953. (Amended 1884.] Damages ; how recov. ered.- Whëre final judgment has been rendered, upon the right and in favor of the person so alleged to be entitled, he may recover, by action, against the defend. ant, the damages which he has sustained in consequence of the defendant's usurpation, intrusion into, unlawful holding, or exercise of the office. See 6 Wall. 291.

Code of Proc. 439; also R. S., il., ?? 34-38. People v. Ballou, 12 Wend. 277; see People v. Snedeker, 3 Ab!). Pi, 233.

$ 1954. One action against several persons.--Where

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